Pros and cons of clinker tiles + photo and application features
Under the general name "clinker" is meant a number of building and finishing materials that are made from shale clay using the extrusion method. It is he who makes it possible to achieve the maximum degree of strength, frost resistance and durability of the material.
An important fact is that clinker is an environmentally friendly ceramic product that is characterized by a very beautiful appearance.
The range of use of clinker tiles is extremely wide - finishing facades, swimming pools, sidewalks, stairs and the rest.
Clinker was able to get his name at home, that is, in Holland.
It comes from the characteristic sound emitted by clay bricks / tiles that have gone through the firing and pressing stage when tapped. In such a country, residents needed a material that, in terms of operational characteristics, did not differ from stone, or even surpassed it. This is how the technology of clinker production was invented, which consists of clay. The mass was baked in an oven, where the raw material was influenced by a constant and very high temperature. This is how clinker, bricks and other similar cladding materials appeared.
They were not inferior in parameters to natural stones. It is for this reason that the technology of making the material has become incredibly widespread in Western Europe, and by itself it began to be widely used for building, external finishing works, paving roads, sidewalks, alleys, terraces, and then for stylizing the interior decoration of a building. It is for this reason that the main production facilities are still concentrated in the countries of Western and Northern Europe.
The clinker is used for cladding a previously prepared and ideally leveled surface so that the visibility of the brickwork is obtained. Clinker can also be used as a primary material to create solid panels that are used for facade decoration. It is used in various forms for cladding. Moreover, clinker is used even for wall insulation. In country houses, they are often lined with external house pipes, as well as other ventilation systems.
They are also used to decorate houses and other buildings made of stone, concrete, wood and other materials.
Through it, they make very beautiful stairs and other design elements in the landscape on land plots, lay out paths for the garden, and also the floor on the terraces or in the gazebo. Another purpose will be finishing fences of artificial water sources, such as a pond, a fountain, a stream in a suburban area.Through it, the pool is also lined. Clinker is usually used to finish in-house stoves / fireplaces in baths.
This is due to the reliability and durability of such a material. It is used for revealing walls inside industrial and residential buildings. In addition, in car workshops, garages and other premises, where a huge load is placed on the floor, and even the floor is made through it. So the range of use of this material for decoration will be extremely wide.
The finishing material got its name from the German word "blade".
This was the name for the beautiful sounds that were heard when knuckles were tapped on surfaces. The first tiled batches were made in the 19th century in Holland. At this time, Europe reached an incredible process in the development of industry, which increased more than 3 times, as well as agriculture. Electricity, steel and oil became the symbols of the era. There was also a need to strengthen and build communication paths.
For this reason, scientists began to experiment with various raw materials and components. As a result, a tile appeared that was not inferior to stone in terms of strength. This was the first time such a material was used as a road surface between Harlem and Amsterdam, the capital of North Holland.
For the first time, a road between two cities in the Netherlands was paved with clinker tiles. The material was able to quickly gain popularity, and even more so in countries where natural stone was mined in small quantities.
The clinker began to be used not just for roads, but also as a building material. With time, other technologies came to replace it. But clinker is still used as a finishing material.
Clinker tiles should be sized according to their size. European manufacturers produce material with a thickness of 1 to 1.
7 cm. In this case, the length will be equal to 24 or 30 cm, but such indicators are conditional, and often factories themselves choose the size for products. For example, a small-sized clinker tile used as a paving stone has a size of 10 * 20 cm. Its thickness is usually 5 cm, and in order to imitate a tile, a product with a size of 30 * 30 cm is produced. Flexible clinker tiles have a weight that equals from 4 to 6.
4 kg per square meter with a thickness of 0.4 cm and more, due to which it practically does not affect walls, ceilings and the base. Since certain dimensions are not fixed, all buyers can order the product according to their dimensions. Domestic manufacturers, although they use foreign equipment, are trying to produce building materials according to TU. Usually clinker made in the countries of the former USSR and used for facade decoration will correspond to such dimensions - 0.
45 meters in width, 0. 15 meters in length and 0.9 cm in thickness.
As mentioned earlier, the choice of clinker color depends on the shade of the clay and the temperature at which it was fired.Usually brown and red clinker tiles come off the conveyor.
Green clay creates a red hue. Black and white colors are extremely rare. By adding coloring pigments, the color of the product can be affected. Due to this, there are beige, yellow and even "ivory" on sale. Smooth tiles, which are glazed, can be equipped with additional colors on the outside, including patterns.
Moreover, they also make imitation tiles for wood or stone. It is used for interior and exterior decoration. It should be borne in mind that semi-antique building material is ideal not only for classical, but also modern style trends.
Please note that dark tiles that imitate brick can be used in rooms that are furnished in Gothic, industrial and even vintage style.
The scope of application of clinker tiles is not limited to house facades.
Excellent performance characteristics, a large range of colors and textures make this material popular in the following areas:
This quality makes it possible to finish with clinker in the sauna and pool.
There is also a lawn / drainage clinker, which is a lattice through which grass can grow, and without obstacles. A car can freely pass on such a lawn, and without the danger of damaging the soil.
Facade clinker tiles are not cheap - from 1600 rubles per square meter or from 35 rubles per piece. But the unsurpassed performance properties of the material and its beautiful appearance will fully pay off such investments.
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