Currently, no one has yet come up with an absolutely perfect construction technology, consisting of one big plus. Therefore, in this review, we will consider the advantages and disadvantages of frame houses, owner reviews and expert assessments.
Why is everyone in Russia and the world so attracted to frame houses? Let's take a closer look at this technology with you.
An important advantage of frame housing construction is affordability for a wide range of consumers. Saving money accompanies the Customer at almost all stages of construction, starting from the foundation, transportation costs, installation work and the cost of the materials used.
This affects the final costs for
It is not for nothing that the construction of frame houses is most in demand in European countries and the USA (the practical western buyer has long noted the advantages of a frame house). In Russia, it is also gaining more and more popularity.
What constitutes such a positive? What technologies make it possible to make the finished object inexpensive and of high quality? Let's take a look at the advantages of frame construction technologies.
Any development begins with this element.
The frame house, due to the lightness of its construction, does not require a strong foundation. The low weight of the frame walls allows the use of a tape with a shallow depth and even a point block foundation. For difficult soils - the best option.
If we compare the weight of 1 m2 of frame and timber walls, then the weight of the frame is almost 2.5 times less.
In comparison with a brick house, this figure is even better.
In flooded areas with closely located groundwater or on the banks of water bodies, frame housing construction using a pile foundation has no competitors at all in its simplicity and reliability.
In areas that are seismically unstable, frame houses are most preferable, because they can withstand seismic impacts up to 8-9 points.
To summarize, we note: each construction site begins with a foundation, while for a developer using frame technology, each construction site begins with saving money.
The first advantage of frame construction is the low cost of the foundation, without compromising the quality of the building.
The transportation of the frame house itself and its components to almost any place to any building site does not cause difficulties due to the small mass of component materials.
There are no massive elements in a frame house. Ease of erection of the foundation and further construction allows you to do without heavy special equipment. The site does not require a crane, excavator, manipulator, etc.
This is a huge plus, since it is not always and not everywhere on the construction site it is possible for such equipment to pass.
Besides, it is quite expensive.
There is no concept of a construction season for a frame house.
The opinion has taken root that construction work can only be carried out in the warm season. For frame housing construction is characterized by the possibility of construction at any time at any temperature.
Sometimes building in winter is even preferable, there is no autumn-spring mud.
But by spring it will be possible to celebrate housewarming and prepare for the summer season. And it works faster in cold weather (you don't get stagnant, you don't "smoke" much).
Construction work is not tied to the availability of water supply and to external temperatures, since there are no hydro cycles during the installation process.
The time required to build a turnkey house is significant lower, but what is there - significantly, an order of magnitude lower, in comparison with other building methods.
A small team of 3 - 4 people builds a frame house on a turnkey basis from the foundation within four months.
And the power kit at home (box) can be built within a month.
The production cycle is the lowest in housing construction, this is the noticeable advantages of frame houses in turnkey construction. Time is money, in frame house building this formula is absolutely accurate.
The advantages of frame technologies are even more obvious when adding to existing floors of a building.
Evaluating the advantages of frame construction is most simple when installing communications.
No additional costs are required for the arrangement of communication tapes (electric cable, ventilation ducts, water pipes, etc.). They can be laid in cavity walls and ceilings. There are both economic and aesthetic advantages of frame technology.
In the simplicity of finishing work, the huge advantages of frame houses in front of brick and timber houses.
No plaster is required, as in brick or foam concrete; no additional contour frame is needed, as in a log house. All this significantly reduces not only time, but also costs.
Smooth walls, floor and ceiling, the possibility of free internal planning of the premises, make the finishing process easy and interesting. Cutting out building materials in place makes it possible to slightly adjust the project, apply various options for the configuration of the walls (bay window, curly polygonal walls), which will not increase the cost of the object, as is the case with log houses.
In addition, if you wish, you can do the decoration yourself, allowing your creative inspiration to unfold.
Timber houses, as you know, require long-term shrinkage. It is impossible to start finishing work in them immediately after the box is installed or close the outer contour of the house.
An additional heating device for shrinkage often leads to distortion of the walls of a log house, if insufficiently dried material was used in construction.
Uneven shrinkage can even lead to deformation of the geometry of the roof contour, which is a significant disadvantage of log houses.
The frame house is devoid of these shortcomings.
Immediately after the installation of the power part of the building is completed, you can start finishing work, install windows and doors. That is, you can start operating the new building almost immediately if the customer chooses to do the finishing work on their own.
Exclusive advantages of a frame house in the possibility of quick and inexpensive, practically waste-free, dismantling and installation on another building spot. If necessary, the structure can be quickly dismantled, transported and installed at a new location. It is preferable to lay such a possibility at the stage of project development.
The frame house is able to fit into any landscape and relief, it is not required to clear the building site of trees standing next to the building spot.
Having evaluated the advantages of frame construction technologies, it is fair to ask: what, in fact, are the advantages of frame houses as a final object.
Advantages of frame houses
Frame buildings are very warm. The tightness of walls and joints, ideal geometry of surfaces, waterproof and windproof membrane, lead to the absence of drafts and airflow. Thermal insulation is evenly distributed in the cavity of walls and floors, which excludes the appearance of points and lines of cold (bridges).
The reduced thermal conductivity and energy intensity of the frame wall provides coolness in heat and warmth in winter. It is often enough to heat the room with warm floors. Advanced technologies and materials provide excellent thermal insulation of the walls.
With a small thickness (150-200 mm) walls, they retain heat similar to a brick house with a wall thickness of 500 mm. An added bonus is savings in heating costs.
When using high-quality insulating materials for partitions and ceilings (for example, Ecowool), a good sound insulation coefficient is established. This insulation has double functionality - heat insulating and noise reducing. The walls are quiet enough for their insignificant thickness.
You can save on building a house, and then, with a big plus, spend all the saved money during the operation of the house. The advantages of frame houses are that cost savings occur both during the construction stages and during operation.
The frame construction and
have a significant density, which allows you to really save on
heating in the cold season.
The main advantage of is the ability to operate the heating system in a differentiated and targeted manner. Unused rooms can be put on a starving regime, and comfort can be increased in actively used areas, at the same time using the heating circuit economically and plastically.
Frame walls are absolutely indifferent to temperature extremes, therefore, in conditions of inconstant use, there is no need to maintain the temperature regime in the absence of the owners. Arriving at any time for a short period, the house warms up quickly, within an hour.
Customer Alexander Pavlov shared his impression with us:
Came with my family for the weekend. It's frosty outside, inside the house too. He turned on the heating. During the time while the products and skis were unloaded from the car (not even an hour had passed), the room warmed up to + 18 ° С. All weekend we walked around the house, like in a city apartment - in rooms + 22 ° С, coziness and comfort.
Electricity consumption for heating, if there is no gas on the site, is significantly lower - about 0.2 kW / 10 m2, against the typical norms of 1 kW / 10 m2, which is good news.
According to experts, the owners of frame houses spend 5 times less on heating services.
Facade maintenance, unlike log houses, does not require costly annual renovation.
Light inner atmosphere .
The use of natural wood and its derivatives in a frame house retains all the features of a wooden building: "breathing" walls and moisture capacity of materials generate a special comfortable atmosphere. Even in the production of oriented strand board OSB, binding components are used that are more harmless than in the production of chipboard, from which a significant part of the furniture is made. Therefore, we can say that a frame house made according to the mind is actually harmless.
Due to the small thickness of the walls, the advantages of frame buildings - in bright interiors. To obtain the same illumination in a brick house, it is necessary to significantly increase the glazing area, which not only increases costs, but also makes the house colder.
Good illumination visually enlarges the space.
It is often asked whether frame houses are environmentally friendly ... Are we harming nature? Indeed, wood is used in the construction of the frame.
For OSB, waste is used from processing mainly wood balance (small meter) of preventive felling and forest cleaning. Therefore, construction using frame technology causes much less damage to nature than log houses. In addition, the production of constructive materials requires minimal energy consumption, compared to the production of bricks and cement. The construction of frame houses is one of the most "sparing" construction schemes, and the most energy-efficient.
The advantages of frame buildings are due to exclusive properties materials used.
They are not afraid of either heat or cold. In a frame house, it is warm in winter and cool in summer. To obtain the same small heat loss, a brick wall is required 15 times thicker (2.5 meters for the Moscow region).
A room with thick walls, be it brick or massive timber, requires more time to achieve the required air temperature.
With equal areas of the building area and the same height of buildings, the internal area and cubic capacity of the premises of a frame house are on average 20% larger. Only due to this factor, the cost of 1 m2 is significantly reduced in price. Building brick houses, a very expensive construction, but reliable, but this is an inappropriate waste of resources, this thinking still remains from the times of the Soviet Union, "reliability from enemies" behind thick brick walls.
Spreading, resonance of partitions and interfloor ceilings
Of course, this is a minus of any wooden contours, which is associated with the low weight of structural elements. This disadvantage is partially eliminated by the use of heat and sound insulation "Ekovata" (you can read more about the sound insulation of a frame house here - click here).
Construction scheme wireframe is more complex than other options. The specifics of assembling a house using frame technology requires workers qualified in this area, a well-developed project and working drawings, high-quality construction tools. If you wish, you can build a small frame house with your own hands without the proper skills (you can find the necessary expert advice here - click here), but for capital development it is better to turn to professionals.
There is a biased positioning of the frame structure as a light, summer or temporary building. Of course, this is not a drawback not of the technical or technological properties of the house, but an insufficient study of the issue (read more about the structure of frame walls here - click here).
And here it should be noted that houses built using frame technology are gaining more and more popularity with us, thanks to their numerous and undoubted advantages.
If you need a warm, high-quality, beautiful house, with low operating costs, built in a short time at an affordable price, the advantages of frame construction technologies and the advantages of frame houses will prompt right choice.
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