Alpine chalet style houses at first glance evoke sympathy and desire to have such a cozy and presentable home at the same time. This direction in the design and decoration of low-rise cottages is based on the principles of building the most practical and comfortable houses for shepherds, hunters and farmers, residents of the Alpine mountains.
Translated from the French chalet - a hunting, country house, shepherd's hut. These buildings of poor people were distinguished by simplicity of design and carefully thought out arrangement of each element of construction and decoration. The need to save money forced the villagers to choose materials that were extremely practical and at the same time aesthetically pleasing.
Therefore, in the arrangement of houses of this style, stones, wood, and natural insulation are widely used.
Alpine chalet style house
The first thing that pays attention to when analyzing the design features of these buildings is the visual delineation of the facade horizontally. There are also modern, modernized options for the construction and decoration of alpine chalets. But initially these buildings are exactly like this: the lower floor is stone, and the superstructure (second floor or attic) is wooden. Accordingly, the color and texture of the lower and upper parts of the building are different.
Another feature of this architectural style is the sloping roof. It can be multilevel and often has several slopes.
Chalet with a sloping roof
An indispensable attribute of such a home is a fireplace built exclusively from natural materials. Therefore, the roofs of alpine chalets are invariably topped with massive but flat chimneys and chimneys.
Chimneys on the roof
Shepherd's houses, which initiated this style, had a much more modest appearance than modern buildings.
But both are distinguished by the simplicity and elegance that are dear. In order to embody the true spirit of these most comfortable and extremely simple houses, you will have to work hard. And the first thing to do is to choose a facade design.
Three-floor chalet house with an attic
Charming winter chalet
The abundance of modern finishing materials, imitating natural wood and stone as accurately as possible, allows you to turn an ordinary low-rise house into an Alpine chalet. The visual similarity may not only be external.
In the interior decoration, you can also use the same materials.
Initially, the Alpine chalet is a dwelling, reliably built of massive timber, which was supposed to protect from the bad weather in the mountains
Interior in the style of an alpine chalet
As for the color scheme of the facade, it is recommended to choose soft, harmonious tones. The priority is white, shades of brown and gray, brick.If difficulties arise when choosing a color scheme, you can take several photos of an Alpine chalet and, on their basis, develop a design for the facade of your house. Finishing elements such as railings, platbands, balusters can be decorated with simple, unpretentious carvings.
Forged parts are out of place in these buildings.
Chalet decoration in gray and brown tones
Chalet style house in beige colors
When deciding how to remodel your house into a chalet, you need to take into account that not everything depends on the design of the facade. The structure of the building must necessarily have similarities with cozy alpine houses. First of all, it is a sloping roof, a massive high base, strict geometry of forms. Chalet roofs are characterized by wide overhangs that protrude far beyond the building.
Terraces and balconies are arranged under these ledges. Therefore, it may be necessary to make very serious and expensive changes to the structure of the house. But the end result will certainly please.
Massive roof overhangs over the balcony
All European states do not differ in size and are located close to each other. In addition, almost all of them are located in the same climate zone.
All this led to the intersection and borrowing of architectural styles.
In this regard, several types of chalets are distinguished:
English chalets are distinguished by steep roofs and rare use of wood as both the main building and decoration material. Such buildings are erected mainly of stone and brick (both the first and second floors).
The facade of the house in the English style
German chalets are strict and laconic.
These houses are distinguished by the simplicity of decoration, close to the style of "minimalism". Chalet roofs are certainly covered with tiles. Above the first floor, there is most often a residential attic.
Facade of a German-style house
Bavarian chalets are characterized by the use of wood in different directions and combinations. For example, both planed boards and shingles can be present in the facade decoration.
Modern European chalets are mainly erected on USHP (insulated Swedish plate). The basement of the building is certainly stone or brick. Concrete in the construction of these buildings is used only if further finishing with materials imitating brick or stone is provided.
Combined chalet house
Chalet style, project
French chalets may have more than one balcony. Moreover, their sizes may be different.
All European trends in chalet style have one thing in common: in the design of the facades there are vertical stripes-columns, built of brick or lined with materials that imitate brick and stone.If such columns are not provided for by the structure of the building, the corners are drawn in the same way.
Chalet in France
Chalet Edelweiss in Courchevel
Holiday chalet in Courchevel (France)
To comply with all the architectural subtleties of the style, you may need the help of a specialist. Basically, this is about design issues. Facade finishing works can be handled independently.
The following materials can be used for facing the first floor of the house:
Facade panels for stone
Brick wall panels
Wood is required for finishing the second floor. It is necessary if the house is completely built from any other material. If the building is initially erected in the chalet style, the second floor does not require finishing, since it is built from natural wood (mainly from timber). If an ordinary house is being converted into an alpine chalet, the following are suitable for facing the upper part of the building:
False timber (imitation of a timber)
Ecobar metal siding
Siding under a log
Installation of each of the listed materials is carried out according to the appropriate technology. Consider the technique of cladding the facade of the second floor of a chalet with a false beam.
A raised beam is a well-known house block that has not a rounded, but an even and flat profile. The panels of this finishing material, laid on the wall, create the visual effect of a building erected from natural timber.
But the house block is also made of wood.
Most often from spruce, pine or larch. If there is a need to save money, you can buy a vinyl house block instead of a wooden one. Holzplast products imitate natural wood most closely.
Vinyl block house
False timber can be used to sheathe walls built of any material: brick, ceramic blocks, foam and aerated concrete. The panel fastening technology is the same.
In addition to the walls, all structural elements of the building are sheathed with a house block: columns, balconies, lintels, pediments. Alpine chalets are not decorated with different kinds of decor. Only wood and stone (brick) are combined in its facing. Therefore, the false beam will simultaneously fulfill two roles: decoration and decoration.
The first stage is preparatory.
Old cladding, platbands, drainpipes are removed from the walls. If the facade was finished with plaster, you need to check how firmly it adheres to the walls and knock down all loose parts. After that, the surface must be cleaned of dust.
Removing the plaster
Cleaning the wall
If the house needs insulation, choose and purchase the material necessary for this purpose: sheets of foam, mats or rolls of mineral (basalt, stone) wool.
Mineral wool 50 mm Paroc Linio 15 facade basalt
A vapor barrier is also required.
Both inexpensive perforated films and expensive membranes are suitable. The most popular materials are those that perform two functions at once: a windscreen and a vapor barrier. These include "Tyvek", "Izospan", "Yutafol" films.
Tyvek Solid Silver energy-saving metallized super-diffusion membrane of increased strength
Izospan " In "
The second floor of an alpine chalet is traditionally darker than the first. Therefore, the preparation of the facing material will be required: its toning or painting.
It is recommended to choose those compositions that can simultaneously provide high-quality protection of the tree from moisture, insects and ultraviolet radiation. An excellent choice is Pinotex impregnation.
Water-based Pinotex Aqua Protect impregnation
Treat the panels before installation
At this stage, prepare everything necessary for further work. Of the tools you will need:
Depending on the chosen method of fastening the false timber, self-tapping screws for wood, staples or kleimers are purchased.
But the simplest and most convenient way of fixing the boards is with a finishing nayler (nail gun). An inexpensive and popular tool is the RYOBI pistol.
To install the facing material, you will need to build a frame (lathing). But if the walls of the building are perfectly flat, you can do without this structure. However, in practice, this is extremely rare.
For the device of the frame, you can use a metal profile or wooden bars 30x40 mm.
Beam 30x40 mm
Step 1. Along the walls of the building, along the dividing line of the first and second floors, draw straight horizontal lines. The work is carried out using a hydro level. But you can simplify the task and screw a self-tapping screw into each corner of the building so that all these fasteners are located on the same line.
After that, a strong thread or thin twine is pulled between the screws.Thus, they indicate the lower border of the cladding of the upper part of the house.
Installation can only be started after the facade is laid out
Step 2. To the walls buildings are fastened with battens by placing them vertically at a distance of 50-60 cm from each other.
Fastening the wooden lathing with metal corners
Fastening the suspension to the timber
Proceed with the installation of the first panels of the false beam, laying it close to the marking line. Use the selected method of fastening: on clamps, staples, screws or nails. The boards are installed with the thorn up. Each next panel is pushed onto the lower one and knocked over with a wooden mallet. Thus, the walls are sewn up to the eaves.
Fasten the drips before installing the first panel
Installing the drips
Base / plinth ebb
Fixing the first panel
The photo shows an example of using the laser level for mounting panels
Installing subsequent panels
Fix the panels around the windows
Fix the panel with a nail gun
Installation of imitation timber
Molded board, imitation of timber, block house
Step 4. Begin to hem the cornice, which is performed using the same material: false timber. If vinyl siding is being installed, spotlights are attached.
Step 5. Start covering the fronts.
For this, the same technology is used as for wall cladding: a wooden frame is mounted and a false beam is attached to it.
Wall after finishing
The easiest way to give a building a chalet style is to veneer window and door openings with boards 4-5 cm thick or double boards (stacked on top of each other and fixed with nails) boards 2-2.5 cm thick. Moreover, the lumber must be dark in color, preferably dark brown. Thus, you can arrange not only the second wooden floor, but also the first floor of the house.
Boards must be well dried, otherwise they will inevitably be driven by moisture, sun and temperature extremes. Before installing the cladding, remove the old platbands and strengthen the slopes. If necessary, paint, whitewash or plaster the slopes. After that, proceed to the installation of double boards.
The straight sections between the boards can be covered with decorative plaster.
The optimal choice is "bark beetle" plaster, which is easy to apply, beautiful and durable.
For facing the first floor of an Alpine chalet, you can use facade panels that imitate brick or masonry. The significant thickness of the boards, which frame the window and door openings, will make it possible to mount a crate between them and fix the finishing material on it so that there are no significant differences in height in the facing layer of the facade.
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