Aluminum profile. All types of profiles for facades.

To create various building structures, a special material is used, which is called a profile. It can be observed as a window frame, a base for installing drywall, facade frame and other elements.

The main requirements for the material are lightness and strength, therefore an aluminum profile is suitable for such purposes. All types of profiles differ from each other in many respects, including their fullness, shape, manufacturing method. But more on that later.

Where is the aluminum profile used?

Aluminum strips are actively used in the construction of buildings and interior design. This is facilitated by their increased strength. The material is most often used to compose load-bearing frames, which are sheathed:

  • plywood;
  • siding;
  • plastic cassettes;
  • drywall;
  • glass.

However, stronger steel products are used to assemble the basic structures. Stone slabs and other heavy materials are attached to them.

Aluminum profile. All types of profiles for facades.
Cladding the facade of the building with an aluminum profile

Technical characteristics of the aluminum profile

Aluminum structures are more profitable than wooden or PVC profiles.

However, according to several indicators, they still lose. Product characteristics can be formulated as follows:

  1. Durability. The service life of the aluminum structure reaches 60-80 years.
  2. Environmental friendliness. When the climate changes, the profiles do not change their qualities.

    So, under the influence of heat, many materials release toxic substances. This property does not apply to aluminum.

  3. Lightness. The material is very light, but at the same time it has the highest possible strength.
  4. Space for fantasy.

    Aluminum is able to repeat the texture of any other material. In addition, the material can be painted in any color by means of anodizing.

  5. Resistance to fire. The aluminum structure cannot be set on fire.

The material well protects the walls of the building from dampness, if used for facade cladding.

In addition, with the help of the structure, it is possible to shift the "dew point" to the outside, which additionally protects the room.

Aluminum profile. All types of profiles for facades.
Advantages of the aluminum profile in comparison with other materials

Important! Despite for apparent fragility and lightness, aluminum is able to support massive glass units and other cladding materials.

Aluminum profile. All types of profiles for facades.
Aluminum structures are very light and strong

What you need Consider when choosing a profile?

Aluminum profiles are the main parts of the supporting mechanisms, so they must meet a lot of requirements.So, special attention when choosing requires the assessment:

  • ultimate strength;
  • maximum elasticity;
  • degree of maximum constriction under the influence of temperature;
  • viscosity qualities.

In some cases, corrosion resistance, electrical conductivity and heat resistance must also be evaluated. That is, to check whether the profile meets the conditions in which it will function.

In order to end up with a high-quality aluminum profile, for its smelting it is necessary to choose the right alloy, taking into account the level of heat treatment and auto-working.

In addition, an important point is the exact observance of the dimensions when creating the profile.

Aluminum profile. All types of profiles for facades.
T-shaped alloy construction

Prices for aluminum profile

Aluminum profile

Difficulty levels of aluminum profiles

There are many categories of aluminum strips. They all differ in the degree of performance. Below are the most popular designs from simple to complex:

  1. Simple aluminum rods.
  2. Standard profiles without internal cavities.
  3. Semi-open profiles.

  4. Structures with complex matrix protrusions.
  5. Pipes.
  6. Regular profiles with a cavity inside.
  7. Hollow sections with extended or complex construction.

Classification of aluminum profiles

The material from which aluminum structures are created has several classifications.

Including in size, production method, exterior and other characteristics. Below are the most significant classifications.

Classification 1. According to the internal filling

According to existing standards, aluminum profiles are divided into several varieties. These characteristics are provided for by Russian GOST 22233-2001 and GOST 8617-91.

The features of this classification are described in the table.

Table 1. Characteristics of aluminum elements by filling level:

The aluminum profile is welded under high pressure and high temperature. Solid profiles are created on solid dies - these are metal discs with one or more holes.

Classification 2.

By the shape of the profile

Metal structures also differ from each other in their external shape. Each variety has its own purpose of use. For example:

  1. Frame constructions. Suitable for marking door or balcony openings. Can be used as decorative elements in the interior.

  2. U-shaped piece. Such structures are used as load-bearing structures when installing massive slabs. They are broader than the frame ones. The narrowest side is most often the bottom or top edge.
  3. L-shaped element.

    Used as a "edging" for decorative items. It can also be used to separate incompatible types of coatings from each other.

Aluminum profile. All types of profiles for facades.
U-shaped metal part

The aluminum profile is fixed with clamps or brackets. An excellent frame is obtained from such an assembly. On top of the weightless profile, panels of any nature are attached - glass, plastic, acrylic or vinyl. Any other modern material can be used as cladding.

It will look pretty stylish in a matte silver aluminum frame.

Classification 3. By the production method

Aluminum profiles are created in one of two ways, each has its own nuances:

  1. Cold-formed ...

    The profile is made of thin aluminum strips no thicker than 4 mm. They are bent in the right directions, the metal does not heat up in the process.

  2. Pressed. They are made on special pressing mechanisms under the influence of pressure and high temperature. The products obtained in this way are hardened and aged.

    Also, the press can create materials without heat treatment.

Classification 4. By field of application

From the current production, finished profiles are sent to various areas of life. The main purposes of the structures are discussed in the table below.

Table 2.

Grouping of aluminum strips by purpose and features of such categories:

Purpose of the product Characteristics
Construction and architectural The profiles of this group are directed to the production of doors, shutters, shelves and shelving for shops. Barrier structures are assembled from separate planks. The material is created from an alloy of the AD31-35 brand.
Transportation They are used in the production of sea / river vessels, land vehicles, in aircraft construction. Also used in the assembly of elevator structures and railway equipment.

Planks are obtained from alloys A1, D5, D6 and others.

Universal This category includes universal elements - channels, corners, brands. They are made from both aluminum and stronger metal alloys.
Electrotechnical This group of profiles is directed to the manufacture of parts for heat exchangers, radiators, air conditioners and other equipment. Basically, equipment is assembled for industrial enterprises.

First of all, the aluminum profile is appreciated for the fact that it makes it possible to assemble lightweight and reliable structures. Installation is also simplified due to special technical holes, which are necessarily supplied with any aluminum strip.

Classification 5. By painting method

Aluminum strips can be painted in one of three ways:

  1. By the finished material ..

    . The profile is powder coated in the desired color.

  2. Decoration. Represents a coating that simulates other textures. For example, wood, marble and others.

  3. Anodizing. During the painting process, a colored oxide film is formed on the surface of the alloy.

Despite the variety of colors and dyeing methods, most buyers opt for a regular unpainted profile.

Aluminum profile. All types of profiles for facades.</p><p>
Powder coating of aluminum systems

Classification 6. By application in installation

With regard to the use in the assembly of structures, the aluminum profile is:

  1. Connecting for polycarbonate. It is used when installing transparent polycarbonate structures.

    These can be greenhouses, gazebos, canopies and arches, stops, tents in parking lots and other structures. In this case, polycarbonate sheets no thicker than 2.5 cm are attached to aluminum strips.

  2. End. It is used for installation of structures of any shape and size, including non-standard ones.

    The difference between this profile is that it is protected from the accumulation of liquid in the cavity. For this, there is a drainage channel inside and a small steel plate with curved edges.

  3. Click profile. Frames and light boxes are made from such unusual materials. Anodized alloy click profile bar snaps into place and transforms into a luminous frame.

    Such designs show themselves well in outdoor advertising.

  4. LED profile. Aluminum LED profile is used to design main or decorative lighting. Such strips are also called LED strips. This is a common metal profile that is painted with anodizing.

    An LED strip is inserted inside it. The profile is supplied with a white or transparent cover.

LED LED profiles are now very popular and are used everywhere. So, similar structures are used to decorate store shelves, kitchen sets, stairs and railings, bathrooms, roads and sidewalks.

Aluminum profile.</p><p> All types of profiles for facades.
LED profiles, construction principle

Classification 7. According to the level of thermal insulation

Depending on the conditions in which the aluminum structure will be used, there are two types of them in terms of quality.

They are described in the table below.

Table 3. Classification of aluminum profiles by quality:

"Warm" "Cold"
Description These strips are additionally equipped with rubber inserts and thermal pads. Fiberglass reinforced. The thickness of the gaskets is adjustable, due to which the level of thermal insulation can be changed.

Due to the good additional layer, such profiles have high-quality sound and heat insulation.

There are no thermal inserts in such designs. It does not keep warm at all. Therefore, it is used in places where it is not required to maintain a comfortable microclimate. There are practically no fittings, so the design is very light.

If necessary, glass with a thickness of 4-6 mm is mounted on it.

Where is used Products are used for the installation of partitions and windows in offices, rooms and private homes. These can be production facilities or subsidiary plots, verandas, loggias, balconies. "Cold" profile can act as an office partition or stained-glass window.

Aluminum profiles for glazing loggias

Glazing of a balcony is a mandatory procedure to protect a room from dust, wind, precipitation.

On the glassed-in balcony, noise from the street is almost not heard and the sharp temperature drop from "street" to "home" is not so felt.

A balcony can be glazed using plastic, wood or aluminum structures. In recent years, aluminum has become especially popular as it has several important features.

Aluminum profile. All types of profiles for facades.</p><p>
Loggia glazing using aluminum structures

Pros and cons of aluminum for glazing balconies

Aluminum structures in balconies have both disadvantages and advantages. There are much more of the latter, because the material is so popular in this area.

Table 4.

Advantages and disadvantages of finishing the balcony with aluminum strips:

Advantages Disadvantages
Lightness of construction. Glazing with aluminum does not place additional stress on the supporting structures. In addition, for the sake of such elements, you will not have to expand and strengthen the fences.

Strength. Aluminum alloys are able to take on a load 7 times more than natural wood.

Long service. The material will last a long time, since it does not change under the influence of temperature and moisture. Mold, corrosion or cracks from drying out cannot appear on aluminum profiles.

Serviceability. Profiles do not require specific maintenance.

They do not need to be regularly coated with protective compounds like wood. It is enough to occasionally wipe the surface with a damp cloth and lubricate the moving parts.

Low cost. Due to the low cost of the material, it is more profitable to use aluminum for glazing than other materials.

Active thermal conductivity of the aluminum profile.

Due to this property, it is impossible to provide a climate on the balcony that would be the same all year round. There are options with thermal inserts, but they also cannot compete with PVC sheets in terms of thermal insulation.

Aluminum expands under the influence of high temperature. This feature must be taken into account during installation, as the frames will change in size. This feature can cause some inconvenience.

The cold profile freezes in subzero temperatures. Because of this, the doors that are to be opened are blocked.

Aluminum is a metal alloy, which affects the ability to transmit heat. Without additional elements, it does not delay it at all. cold bridges are formed from the aluminum structure, so the unprotected balcony cools quickly.

Inserts help reduce heat loss. And the heat-insulating qualities increase significantly.

Aluminum profile. All types of profiles for facades.
Installation of metal battens with insulation

Methods of glazing a balcony

With the help of an aluminum profile, you can glaze a balcony in two different ways - standard and insulated. The structure of the material itself is the same in both cases:

  1. Standard. The air temperature on the balcony and outside is only slightly different, but the design will be as light and cheap as possible. This option is used in regions with a mild climate or in garden houses.

  2. With insulation. It is possible to insulate aluminum profiles using additional profile elements. These can be double-glazed windows, energy-saving glass and other parts with enhanced thermal insulation.

Insulated structures will cost a little more than conventional ones. The future owner will have to pay extra for thermal insulation.

But the aluminum profile in this state will be much lighter and more durable than plastic and wood.

Windows with aluminum profile: types of structures

This unique metal allows you to create a variety of window configurations. They can be framed or frameless, with sliding or swing doors. The detailed classification is presented in the table below.

Prices for metal-plastic windows

Windows

Table 5.

Varieties of window structures based on aluminum profile

Construction type Description
Frameless The window has upper and lower guides, left and right - free glass edges. The frame does not exist, so the window opening is covered only by transparent glass. This allows sunlight to freely enter the room.

This design looks aesthetically pleasing, but hardly protects against sounds from the street and temperature differences.

Frame Sliding

Glazing with frames is more insulated than frameless.

The sliding windows are fitted with aluminum frames on four sides. There are also two guides above and below, between which the window moves on rollers.

It is important to mount and position the frame correctly, otherwise it will get stuck between the rails and allow cold air to flow from outside.

Swing

These are ordinary window structures that are installed on balconies. They are not as convenient to open as sliding ones.

They swing open inside the room, so there must be free space for manipulation. However, with hinged structures, better thermal insulation and noise protection can be provided.

External The frame on the loggia or balcony is moved forward 30-40 cm.It turns out that the balcony expands outward, for which the room becomes more spacious. The window sill is very wide.

This design is very functional and attractive. Moreover, it does not create a large load on the structure. Used in both old and new homes. Due to the removal of the structure, its cost increases, since additional reinforcement for the removed frames will be required.

Video - aluminum windows, pros and cons

Window types by number of fittings

Window aluminum profile is a multi-piece system, which includes a lot of auxiliary parts.

These are various fasteners, inserts, pads for thermoregulation. In this regard, the profile is classified according to the following parameters:

  • the nature of the seal (average or over the rebate);
  • the type of installation of the fittings (terminals or screws);
  • the number of heat chambers (from 3 to 7); thickness (inserts from 2 to 3.5 cm);
  • a type of thermal bridge (the gaps between the frames are filled with dense material or foam).

If rigid special material is used as filling, the thermal insulation will be lower. Nylon, nylon, propylene and dederon are used as such interlayers.

Aluminum structures in the creation of facades

Ideal ventilated facades are obtained from such profiles - lightweight, durable and easy to install. The aluminum construction is robust enough to support the weight of the insulation, cladding and to withstand the effects of rainfall. The ventilated façade subsystem includes several elements.

Video - how the facade system is assembled. Assembly of the structure

Bearing profile

This is an aluminum strip, which may have a different section shape.

It depends on what kind of "role" this element will be used in. There are the following shapes:

  1. T-shape or Y-shaped. The main element in the assembly of the suspension system for home decoration. Provided to support insulation and finishing materials, but will not withstand additional weighting.
  2. U-shaped.

    Able to take on increased loads. In this regard, it is mounted only on a reinforced bracket. Also installed on floor slabs.

  3. L-shaped. Curved plank used to trim window and other openings.

    Not designed to take loads, it is used only to close difficult areas.

  4. F-shaped and H-shaped. Windows, arched structures, parapets are treated with their use.

The individual structures of the aluminum subsystem are connected by special strips. The latter is attached between the two ends of adjacent parts.

Important! When joining aluminum structures, it is important to consider thermal expansion. For this, a gap of at least 5 mm is left between adjacent strips to control seasonal deformation.

Aluminum profile. All types of profiles for facades.
Installation of suspended facade systems

Bearing bracket

A device on one side of which an aluminum profile is attached.The opposite side of the bracket is mounted to the wall. There are 2 types of part:

  1. Simple. Suitable for fixing ordinary profiles in the shape of a letter T.

    It has no additional reinforcement, therefore it cannot withstand excessive load.

  2. Reinforced. Profiles with square and U-shaped sections are mounted on it. Equipped with reinforced shelves, so it can handle heavy loads.

Insulation and vapor barrier

Insulation is an obligatory element in the installation of aluminum claddings.

As a rule, for the purpose of insulation, a layer of mineral wool with a density of up to 120 kg per cubic meter is used. The material well inhibits extraneous noise from the street.

To protect the insulation from the ingress of liquid, a membrane vapor barrier is used. It sends water outside if it accumulates inside, and blocks its flow back. Condensation is deposited between the outer cladding and the wall and is then dried with air currents.

Aluminum profile. All types of profiles for facades.
Insulation layer

Connecting elements

Brackets connected to the wall with anchors.

To connect the bracket and profile together, self-tapping screws for metal are used. Insulation is also required for fastening - it is nailed to the wall using disc dowels.

Installation of profiles

Aluminum strips are mounted on brackets strictly at right angles vertically or horizontally. The structures are connected with self-tapping screws. The main thing is not to forget about the gap, which is created as a safety net during the seasonal deformation of aluminum.

During installation, it may also be necessary to bend or trim the supporting structure. Bending aluminum is difficult. To do this, use hand tools or a professional machine. If you need to change several elements at once, it is advisable to order the work from a professional.

Prices for bending machines

Bending machine

Aluminum cladding

Aluminum can act not only as a structural element.

A ventilated facade is often sheathed with panels made of this material.

Aluminum panels: what are they?

Panels are available in square, rectangular or more complex geometric shapes. Such finishing will cost the owner of the house quite expensive, but it will be reliable and strong. Each aluminum panel consists of three layers:

  • two layers of strong aluminum alloy;
  • homogeneous mass as a spacer that is located between the aluminum layers.

Thanks to this structure, the panels are fire resistant and have a long service life.

Instead of aluminum trim, sheets of porcelain stoneware, various alloys and other materials are also used.

Important! Often, designers use elements whose length is many times greater than the width. Such elements are called linear panels.

Aluminum profile. All types of profiles for facades.</p><p>
Facing the administrative building with aluminum panels

Prices for composite panels

Composite panels

Methods for installing aluminum trim

Aluminum alloy panels can be installed in two methods:

  1. Open. Aluminum cassette has raised edges with small notches. Thanks to them, it is fixed over the profile with self-tapping screws.

  2. Closed. The panel has only an upper flap. The lower half has grooves that snap it into the lower cassette. The initial row of finishing cassettes is attached to the façade rail.

The aluminum facade looks very stylish and interesting.

It decorates the building and provides it with additional strength, as well as protection of heat loss.

Aluminum profiles in the interior

Aluminum profiles together with panels are an excellent design solution for creating an "apron" for a modern kitchen. Such a material with a surface that is distinguished by silver is suitable for interiors in the style:

  • techno;
  • minimalism;
  • loft.
Aluminum profile. All types of profiles for facades.</p><p>
Aluminum structures look good in the kitchen interior

Alloy facades are very easy to clean, therefore, they can be easily cleaned of grease and other contaminants. Such a comfortable surface will make life much easier for the hostess, who already has to constantly clean up in a small kitchen. At the same time, aluminum does not change its color if hot steam or boiling water gets on it.

Aluminum will also be a great ally in bathroom renovation. It is suitable for arranging wardrobes. The H-shaped aluminum strips are ideal for furnishing doorways. They impart rigidity and strength to structures.

Aluminum goes well with glass, not only in variations with window openings.

Such metal structures look good in the interiors of living rooms, bedrooms and bathrooms.

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