Balcony glazing is one of the most important measures in the process of apartment renovation. Firstly, it is necessary to insulate housing, because a significant part of the heat comes out through the balcony. Secondly, after installing windows there, you get additional space that can be used for certain residential or business needs. But, before starting work, you need to decide what material the glazing should be made of. And one of the most popular options is aluminum windows to the balcony.
Aluminum windows to the balcony
Glazing of the balcony with an aluminum profile with an extension
Installation of aluminum windows on the balcony is gaining popularity today. And for those who are just thinking about this, we will give the pros and cons of such glazing. Let's start with what are the advantages of aluminum windows to the balcony.
On average, the price for them is 1.5-2 times cheaper than for similar glazing with PVC windows.
Glazing of balconies with aluminum profile
Aluminum sliding windows for balcony
And due to this property, window structures exert little pressure on the parapet. Therefore, aluminum windows are suitable for installation on balconies in emergency houses. In addition, it is much easier to carry and install.
Balcony with aluminum profile windows
Photos of aluminum balcony windows
French balcony made of aluminum profile
Their service life is measured in three to four decades.
Important! For owners of small apartments, it makes sense to consider the option of glazing the balcony with aluminum windows with a perimeter that exceeds that of the parapet.As a result, the useful area of the balcony increases and it can be used to arrange indoor plants in the warm season or as an additional refrigerator in winter.
Option of glazing the balcony with aluminum windows with a perimeter exceeding that of the parapet
Aluminum window construction with sliding sash. Most often, just such designs are used for glazing balconies
Section of "warm" and "cold" window aluminum profiles.
The first differs from the second by the presence of two glasses with an air gap and an insulating gasket between the outer and inner sides
Also, when thinking about purchasing aluminum windows for a balcony, you should be aware of their shortcomings. The main disadvantage of such structures is the insufficient degree of thermal insulation. A balcony with aluminum windows, as a rule, will be "cold" - in winter the temperature in it will exceed that outside by no more than 5-6 ° C.
Sliding cold aluminum frame Framex S22
Provence style balcony
Provence style balcony or loggia design is becoming fashionable among our compatriots. They are attracted by discreet grace, French simplicity, natural finishing materials and the presence of vintage elements.
For more detailed information on the issue, we recommend reading this article.
Another drawback is that aluminum frames and sashes are installed only on perfectly flat and prepared surfaces. Therefore, before the installation process begins, the parapet will either have to be leveled with a cement mixture, or a wooden board should be placed under the structure and all the glazing elements will be installed on it.
Now that you know about all the features, advantages and disadvantages of aluminum windows on the balcony, let's consider how installation is in progress.
Dimensions of a sliding aluminum glazing frame for a typical loggia of a panel house
But before starting work, any craftsman needs to stock up on a set of tools.
You can familiarize yourself with the list of what you need to install aluminum windows on the balcony from the table below.
Mosquito net on aluminum windows
Table. Installation of aluminum windows on the balcony is a necessary tool.
|Tool name||What is used for|
| Dismantling of old glazing elements |
| Driving fasteners into dowels, adjusting, dismantling old sashes and frames |
| Removing the window sill and ebb tide |
Saw for wood
| Dividing the old frame into several parts for easy dismantling
Roulette and level
| Measurement and control of vertical evenness and horizontal |
| Screwing in self-tapping screws and other fasteners used when installing aluminum windows on the balcony |
| Used to weaken or, conversely, more forces Tightening fasteners |
Drill with a drill for concrete
| Making holes in the parapet for fixing some parts of the aluminum glazing |
| Working with some mechanisms of aluminum windows |
Pistol with silicone sealant or polyurethane foam
| Treatment of joints of various glazing elements and sealing gaps that may remain after the installation of aluminum windows on the balcony | Screwdrivers
Important! It is desirable that the screwdriver has two batteries - while one is working, the other is being charged. Then they change places.
Thus, the continuity of the work process is achieved.
Before you start installing new aluminum windows on the balcony, you need to get rid of the old glazing.
Step 1. The dismantling of the old glazing begins not with breaking the window frames, but with preliminary measurements. Using a tape measure, the length, height and depth of the opening on the balcony are determined.
Without these data, it is impossible to choose aluminum glazing of suitable dimensions.
Step 2. Next, the window sashes on the balcony open and measure the width of the low tide. Also, the number of sashes in the new aluminum glazing and the width of the window sill, if it is planned to be installed, are determined.
Measuring the width of the low tide
The building level is carried out along the upper part of the balcony opening - it is necessary to find out how flat the concrete slab is, whether there are distortions there.Such defects are characteristic of old houses in disrepair, and this must be taken into account when installing aluminum windows on a balcony.
The flatness of the concrete slab is checked
Important! In the process of performing all measurements, it makes sense to record the work results. Craftsmen working in companies for glazing windows and balconies use standard forms for these purposes, as in the image below. You can adapt a regular piece of paper for your notes.
Standard form for measurement results
Step 4. Only after all measurements have been start dismantling the old glazing. Work begins by removing the leaves from the hinges. If they (sash) are in a satisfactory condition, then the process is done carefully, using a screwdriver. But more often the sashes of the old balcony glazing are removed using scrap.
Much faster, more efficient and safer, this work is done in pairs.
When disposing of old window sashes, be careful not to let any parts fall out onto the street. It is also undesirable to break the glasses themselves - there is a risk of getting hurt about them at one time or another
Step 5. The window sill and ebb tide are pushed off with a crowbar and removed. If they hold too tightly and tightly and just do not dismantle them, then the craftsmen resort to using a hammer and chisel - the latter is driven in between the parapet and the window sill (or ebb) in several places.
Then, a scrap is inserted into the cracks formed, the glazing piece is pushed on and removed from the fasteners.
The ebb is removed
Step 6. Then, with a regular saw, in a tree at several points on each side cuts are made of the window frame. This operation greatly facilitates the subsequent process of dismantling the structure, making it possible to remove it in small parts.
The sawn parts of the balcony glazing frame are removed from their place and retracted to the rest construction waste. If necessary, resort to the use of scrap.
Removing the sawn parts of the frame
Step 8. After removing all parts of the old glazing, the opening on the balcony is protected from concrete fragments, individual small parts of the frame or from fasteners. Then small irregularities are smoothed out.
All construction waste resulting from the dismantling of the old glazing is disposed of.
Cleaning the working surfaces
Important! Before installing aluminum windows, serious defects and unevenness of the window opening are eliminated with cement mortar.
Now, when the balcony opening is free of old and worn-out glazing, new aluminum windows are being installed.As in the previous section, information about this case is presented in the form of step-by-step instructions.
In this example, the alignment of the edge of the parapet is done by installing wooden planks. They are fixed on long self-tapping screws screwed into concrete. In this case, the boards are aligned horizontally using the building level.
Screw in screw
Step 2. The delivered aluminum window parts are unpacked, recalculated and inspected for defects.
Then, frames are assembled from individual elements - while rubber gaskets are inserted between them, necessary to seal the connection. The parts are connected to each other using self-tapping screws.
Fastening the rubber gasket to the end part of the frame element
Assembling the horizontal and vertical frame elements together
Fixing the frame parts in the joint using screwed screws
Step 3. Following the same principles as outlined in the previous operation, all other frames are assembled. As for the sashes, they are usually supplied ready-made - assembled and glazed.
Assembly of window frames
Step 4. Anchor plates are installed on the upper part of the frame, with the help of which the structure will be connected to the ceiling on the balcony. Places for installation are not chosen randomly - from the edge of the frame to the anchor plate should be no more than 20 cm, and the interval between the elements - no more than 40 cm.
Step 5. A window sill is installed on top of the board laid on the parapet.
First, it is horizontally aligned.
Aligning the window sill
Step 6. Then the window sill is fixed to the board using self-tapping screws screwed into the part ...
Fastening the window sill
Step 7. The second window sill is laid and secured in the same way. In this case, both parts should fit tightly with each other, and their edges should lie on the same line.
Installing the second window sill
Step 8. On the outer side of the parapet, on top of the newly mounted window sill, a metal low tide.
It is fastened with small screws.
A metal ebb is installed
Step 9. Another ebb is laid next to it, and it is not easy joins with the previous one, and connects with it with an overlap, as shown in the image below.
Ebb tides are joined with an overlap
Step 10. Installation of the aluminum window frame begins from one of the edges of the balcony .
.. One of its component parts is inserted into the opening and fixed there from bottom to top. Its vertical position is controlled by the building level.
Window frame installation
Window frame installation process
Part of the aluminum frame is attached to the parapet with self-tapping screws. They are inserted into the corresponding holes in the bottom part and screwed in with a screwdriver.
Fastening a part of the aluminum frame to the parapet
Step 12. Another part of the frame is installed next to it. It then joins the glazing element installed in the previous operation.
Fixation is carried out using self-tapping screws screwed into the side parts of both parts of the aluminum frame.
Installing the second part of the frame
Connecting two structural elements
Step 13. Holes are drilled into the concrete slab on the balcony ceiling for fastening the anchor plates. Then dowels are inserted there and self-tapping screws are hammered. The latter fix these plates, and at the same time the parts of the aluminum frame from the upper side of the opening.
Step 14. Between the balcony ceiling and the top edge of the aluminum frame outside a visor is started and installed, which is necessary to protect the glass from pollution during rains and other precipitation. The visor is attached using self-tapping screws screwed through the holes in the anchor plates.
The visor is started
The visor is fastened with self-tapping screws
Step 15. The joints "visor-frame" and "frame-ebb" are treated with silicone sealant - through them not a single drop should penetrate into the balcony, even during the strongest downpour.
Sealing joints with silicone sealant
Step 16. Sashes are installed on special fasteners and guides of the aluminum frame - both rigidly fixed and movable. At the same time, it is checked whether the latter can walk freely and how well the windows on the balcony open and close.
Installation of sashes
Upon completion of all the above operations, the installation of aluminum windows on the balcony can be considered successfully completed. Now you can enjoy all the advantages of modern and high quality glazing.
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