Do-it-yourself Leonardo decorative plaster: description and application technique. Decorative types of plaster are becoming more and more popular when decorating country houses and apartments. They differ in different textures and methods of application, which makes it possible to perfectly fit into the interior. Such mixtures also add color to the room and go well with steel furnishings - old paintings or modern technology.
One of the famous types of material is Leonardo's plaster.
For the first time decorative plaster in the form of an unusual way of decorating internal and external walls became widespread in the Apennine Peninsula. The first data on such a textured coating were known back in ancient Rome, since it was often used to decorate the walls in famous villas of noble people. Decorative plaster got its second birth in the Renaissance, when Europe was sharply interested in everything that had at least some relation to ancient culture.
These years were marked by the rapid development of many types of art - from architecture to painting. The birthplace of Renaissance culture is unrivaled Italy with cities like Florence, Rome, Genoa, Verona and Venice.
All the greats worked in them, including Leonardo da Vinci. He even made frescoes, and one of them was so beautiful that it was in his memory that the material was named "Leonardo's decorative plaster".
For finishing both interior and exterior walls use two types of plaster - decorative and coating. The latter is considered basic, and it is used to level the walls, to prepare them for the application of the final finish coating - finishing putty, ceramic tiles and decorative plaster.
So, plastering plaster is only a base, a base, while decorative plaster is used as a topcoat.
However, if you have smooth walls, you can skip the base coat and immediately apply the decorative one.
Important! From an aesthetic point of view, textured plaster is perfect for interior and exterior decoration of the house.
But if you are going to carry out outdoor work, select cement-based mixtures, and gypsum mixtures will be an excellent option for indoor work (if the room has a low level of humidity).
Before you start applying Leonardo's plaster, you should prepare the walls. To do this, remove old coatings such as putty, plaster, paint or wallpaper.
You can use any tool - both a hatchet and a metal spatula. If it is very difficult to remove the old coating, we recommend using a sander or building hair dryer. If you cannot remove the old layer of plaster, use a rotary hammer with a spatula nozzle.After that, to increase the level of adhesion on a brick or concrete wall, use a pick, an old ax or a punch to make indentations and notches.
Then you can apply a layer of plaster for leveling, which will be the base.
Pay special attention to this process, since the embossed drawing may not hide, but only emphasize uneven walls. It also depends on the lighting, geometry and size of the pattern. After leveling the wall, proceed to apply a layer of Leonardo.
Please note, that after all the work described above, the wall should be properly primed both before applying the base and before applying the decorative layer. This will improve the "grip".
In general, when creating a solution of Leonardo's plaster, you can use any mixture - both cement and gypsum. Much depends on the area of application. Over the past few years, special plaster mixes have appeared that are best suited for creating a relief surface. For Leonardo's technology, add-ons were developed in the form of "Leonardo's paste" and "da Vinci".
Their technical characteristics were taken into account for the peculiarities of the manufacturing technology of this plaster:
When you're done, the final touch is to paint the surface. As with other stains, the "wash" method is ideal in this case. With its help, it is possible to perfectly emphasize the texture of the embossed look. To apply paint by washer you will need a roller, sponge and water-based paint.
First, we make the shade we need, and so that the color turns out to be saturated - this way the texture will appear better.
Afterwards, paint should be applied to all walls with a roller. When everything dries out a little, you should walk over the entire surface with a sponge, and slightly blur the paint on the protruding edge. It turns out that in the recesses the color will remain saturated, and in the protrusions it will be lighter, blurred. This will give you the effect of light and shade.
Please note, h that to paint Leonardo's plaster with a wash, you should take a non-moisture-resistant paint, so that later you can remove the top layer with a sponge.
As you can see, this decorative plaster is unique in its kind. At the end of finishing work, it should be covered with a protective varnish. This will make the design durable and will protect it from moisture.
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