Appointment of electrical tape and its varieties + photo

Appointment of electrical tape and its varieties + photo Types of electrical tape and their application - the best materials and recommendations for their use

Electrical tape (or more precisely, electrical tape) is a practical and versatile material that can be found in absolutely any home.

Wires, which are held together by means of insulating tape, conduct electricity perfectly, and also have ways to withstand a wide variety of temperatures. But still, despite its direct purpose, insulating tape is most often used for very unusual solutions, for example, for gluing cracks, repairing broken or even broken objects.

But even this is not all - inventive minds have found 1000 and 1 applications for electrical tape, some of them unexpected. We suggest you consider in this article the types of electrical tape and their use.

Insulating tape - what is it

"Insulating tape" is a kind of abbreviation for the word "electrical insulating tape", and is one of the types of consumables that are required by mostly for isolation purposes. The material is a tape, which can have one or both sides of the adhesive, and the standard roll width is from 1.4 to 2 cm, and the thickness reaches 0.035 cm.

According to external data, the material is a single color smooth surface, most often it is white and black.

In the modern market, you have probably seen this insulation material in other colors - red, blue, yellow, green, striped, and more. Electrical tape is used both for households and for various industries, including often for other purposes.

Specifications

Many people know that electrical tape is a fairly strong and reliable material, and it must also have different characteristics, and much will depend on the grade , varieties, production characteristics and varieties.

The standard technical characteristics of the electrical tape are as follows:

  • The operating temperature ranges from -30 to +60 degrees.
  • Elongation from 100 to 150%.

  • Ways to withstand operating voltage up to 5000 V.
  • Has resistance to loads of 14. 7 MPa (or 150 kgf / cm 2 ).

Insulating tapes are excellent at coping with high voltages, environmental influences, high levels of humidity and temperature fluctuations, which makes the material indispensable in many areas of activity.

Advantages of the material

Electrical tape has many advantages, including:

  • Excellent adhesion .

    ..

  • High temperature resistance.
  • High voltage current resistance.
  • High level of durability.

  • Material non-toxic.
  • High elasticity.
  • Excellent moisture resistance.
  • Availability.
  • Protection against fire.

The excellent material properties make the tape ideal for home and professional use. Most people ask the question of whether it is possible to use the most ordinary packaging adhesive tape instead of electrical insulating tape when they want to save money and time, but here you should understand the fact that such material is not intended for work with electrical wiring and is only suitable for temporary use ...

Materials used for the production of insulating tape

Modern electrical insulating tapes are produced according to Russian GOST standards.

To create, all kinds of materials are used in a combined and pure form. Most often, in modern conditions, you can find a tape that is made of polyvinyl chloride (that is, of PVC), as well as of cotton material (that is, cotton).

Both of these types of electrical tape are considered the most popular and are used for various fields of activity. Electrical insulating tapes, which are made of woven natural or non-woven materials, are incredibly popular.

The fact is that they help to provide excellent electrical conductivity, and they are often used for harnessing.

there are other types of electrical tape, and each of them has its own advantages and disadvantages.

Varieties of electrical tape and scope

Electrical insulating tapes can be of several types, depending on what grade they have and materials used for production. Each of the materials has its own characteristics and specifications. Different types of fabrics are used as materials for the production of electrical insulating tapes, as well as polyvinyl chloride, which is familiar to many.

Cloth tapes have higher thermal stability and strength, because when exposed to high temperatures, they will not ignite, but also harden and carbonize.

Cotton tapes are not, in fact, insulation materials and are therefore most often used only for bundling. consider different insulating tapes from the most popular materials.

PVC insulating tape

This is an insulating tape which is made of polyvinyl chloride, and it is the most common and famous material. This is exactly the smooth, versatile electrical tape in bright red or black that our grandfathers used.

Main characteristics of PVC tape:

  • Standard roll width from 1.

    4 to 2 cm.

  • Capable of withstanding voltage up to 5000 V.
  • Operating temperature from -30 to +54 degrees
  • Elongation 150%.

At home, such a tape can withstand voltages up to 400 V. The high strength and characteristics of the PV insulating tape have made this material universal in use.

Insulating tape made of cotton fabric

Electrical insulating tape, which is made of cotton material based on calico and calico, is not so stable and durable, but still found widespread use. Most often, cotton insulating tape is used for wiring, harnessing and insulating bare sections of wires. HB tape or fabric tape is often recommended to be used in tandem with PVC tape to create more reliable insulation.

The main characteristics of the material are as follows:

  • The operating voltage will be up to 1000 V.
  • The temperature that the material can withstand from -30 to +30 degrees.

  • Storage conditions require a temperature from 0 to +24 degrees.
  • Elasticity is not the best.

Appointment of electrical tape and its varieties + photo Due to its own parameters, insulating tape made of cotton material is used most often for household needs. Very often, due to its high properties, fabric insulating tape is used in places with high temperatures.

When exposed to a very high temperature, the HB tape will not melt, but only ignites and immediately hardens, and forms a strong insulating coating.

The high degree of electrical conductivity as well as the distinctive characteristics of the cotton insulating tape help to ensure the widespread demand for such material.

Electrical insulating tape made of lavsan

A much less popular type of insulating tape is a consumable material that is made of polyester raw material lavsan. Such a tape has quite good heat resistance and strength characteristics, and therefore is suitable for use for consumer purposes at low temperatures.

Lavsan tape also has a good degree of adhesion to metal, and also has excellent strength and resistance to mechanical damage. In addition, it can be used at temperatures from -25 to +150 degrees.

The use of PVC tape together with Mylar insulating material can provide more reliable and durable insulation.

Fiberglass and silicone tape

Another interesting type of conventional electrical tape is a material that is made of silicone and fiberglass. Such material is characterized by excellent strength and high level of reliability. The main feature of the fiberglass tape will be the ability to withstand temperatures up to +300 degrees Celsius, which makes it possible to use the material not only for high-power household equipment, but also for industrial powerful devices. The fiberglass material will not oxidize, and it is also resistant to fires and decay, and it can even be coated on top with dyes.

Mica

Such an insulating tape is needed in order to provide insulation for the winding of electrical cables and other types of products. The main advantage of this tape is its resistance to fire. Due to the use of mica, which is incapable of sustaining combustion, the cable junction will not be subject to melting, as well as fire with strong overheating or even arcing. Moreover, such an insulating tape is distinguished by excellent resistance to temperature changes, and therefore this type of insulating product will be used to protect open-type street wiring.

Mica products were previously very, very popular, but at the moment this type of equipment is used under the influence of such factors - when there is a high probability of fires, and also to protect the street cable.

Modern use of insulating tape

Electrical insulating tape is very often used for construction, engineering, electrical, installation and other types of work. Moreover, such an insulating tape is also used for fastening wires, as well as for marking.

The main application of the insulating tape is:

  • Reliability of wire connection.
  • Isolation of live sections.

Many people are wondering if it is possible to use the simplest packing tape instead of electrical tape.

The answer is quite simple - the packaging tape will not differ in electrical conductivity, it melts easily and is not able to withstand even average temperatures, and therefore its use will be impractical. Why an adhesive tape is needed and what it is used for is known to almost every person on the planet, but in most cases, the methods of application can be very different from their direct purpose.

Non-standard ways of using the material

You already know what the purpose of the tape is, but in thematic blogs and forums you will find original ways of using this material. The easiest electrical tape to become a magical material, if you have imagination and ingenuity.

We suggest considering the following non-standard ways of using insulating tape:

  1. Appointment of electrical tape and its varieties + photo An alternative to medical tourniquets - If someone in your family is seriously injured and begins to bleed, and there is nothing at hand to stop the bleeding, tape can be an excellent tourniquet for dressing.

  2. Painting - insulating tape is a great alternative to masking tapes.
  3. Protection from ticks - When you go to the forest for a picnic or camping, the best solution is to wrap the sleeves and edges of your clothes with tape so that neither ticks nor other insects crawl under your clothes.
  4. Discreet attachment - if the floor mat or even the carpet runner slides on the floor, it can be attached to the floor from the back using double-sided tape.
  5. Ropes together - with insulating tape it is possible to tie objects together during their transport instead of usually twine.
  6. Decorating - Multi-colored electrical tape can be a wonderful decoration for decorating a room.

Which insulating tape to use for its intended purpose, and which one for non-standard solutions is up to you.

How to choose the right insulating tape

To know what kind of insulating tape to choose so that it suits your purposes, it is worth studying its varieties and features. When choosing a tape, the following parameters should be taken into account - thickness, width, adhesion, base material, grade. Moreover, it should be clearly understood for what purpose you plan to use the insulating tape.

For example, in order to insulate the wiring, it will be necessary to take into account the maximum possible voltage and room temperature in winter and summer.

We also note the fact that any type of insulating tape will ensure the reliability of fastening and will be suitable for household needs.

.