At what distance from the fence to build a garage - rules and regulations

At what distance from the fence to build a garage - rules and regulations At what distance from the fence to build a garage - rules and regulations

When building a capital garage for your favorite car in a suburban area, you need to take into account the existing norms. So that there are no complaints from neighbors and government agencies, you need to know at what distance from the fence to build a garage.

It is required to understand in advance the list of documentation and the procedure for the construction of such structures. This helps to avoid accusations and problems at the end of building a garage near a fence due to non-compliance with rules, distance standards and legal requirements.

Restrictions on norms and law

Construction of auxiliary and main buildings must be carried out without violating construction norms and rules (we are talking about SNiP), which will take into account legal, technical and economic requirements for urban planning and architectural research.

Please note that in order to be able to register a new building as an object of immovable property that you own, you need to obtain a special permit.

The exception will be presented as a combination of the following circumstances:

  1. At what distance from the fence to build a garage - rules and regulations The construction of a garage will not be associated with the desire to profit from activities (rent), as well as car repairs and other things.
  2. It is planned to mount the box on land that belongs to the owner on the right of ownership, which is allocated for a housing type of construction or SNT (possibly a dacha cooperative).
  3. The box is not equipped with foundations, for example, metal, which means it is not an object of capital construction.

But in all other cases, the owner must contact the architectural-type unit in the local authorities, submitting the following documents:

  • A written statement with information (from whom, to whom, essence of requests and circumstances).

  • Copy of passport.
  • A document that confirms the ownership of the land plot.
  • Topographic territorial reference.
  • Cadastral plan of the structure of houses.
  • Technical passport with BTI assessment.

  • Scheme of introducing communications into the territory.
  • Project itself.

Upon receipt of the application, the official must issue a receipt to the applicant stating that the papers have been accepted for consideration. The decision on whether it is possible to build garages in the selected location is taken 10 days in advance. In practice, this process takes much longer.

If the decision is negative, all documents must be returned. You have the right to re-submit a petition to the same body after changing the construction plan or to go to court to appeal against an unlawful refusal.

Remoteness from objects

Obtaining a construction permit in most cases depends on compliance with the requirements for SNiP in the project, namely, whether the minimum distance permissions are observed to buildings in the yard, houses of neighbors and infrastructure facilities.The norms for 1997 described in SNiP prescribe for household buildings, which may include premises for a car, as follows:

  • Distance from residential buildings, if there is a garage - 3 meters.
  • Distance to the rest of the outbuildings (separate attic, shed, etc.

    ) from 1 meter.

  • The distance from the box to the fence is from 1 meter.
  • The sector to the bush is not less than 1 cm.
  • Distance from a tree of average height from 2 meters.
  • Distance between very tall trees and outbuildings from 4 meters.

  • The distance to the neighbor's residential building is at least 6.5 meters.
  • The red line (we are talking about the border of private household and municipal land) is more than 5 meters.

The garage cannot be placed close to the fence, and it is required to make an indent of 1 meter from the fence of the neighbors. Restrictions on the placement of the box for the car and its functioning of individual structural elements:

  1. If the garage is attached to the house, then the distance to the nearest building must be at least 3 meters.

  2. When installing the garage with a gate to the street side, it should have a distance of 3 meters from the road.
  3. The distance from the carriageway to the garage in villages and cities is at least 5 meters, and the distance is calculated from the base of the roof / building if the protrusion is more than 1/2 meter.
  4. If one of the sides is adjacent not to the neighbor's fence, but to the alley, then the distance to the track must be at least 3 meters.
  5. The garage cannot be installed closer than 2 meters to the power transmission line support.

Now it is clearer at what distance from the fence you can build a garage, but if you violate the SNiP regulations, this will not be the basis for initiating criminal / administrative proceedings.

But if neighbors file a complaint or investigate the consequences of an emergency due to the fault of the extension, everything can go to court.

Red line

Previously, the boundaries of land ownership will be a significant factor in determining the potential for construction in the selected location. Usually, lighting poles, signs with information and the rest are placed on the territory near private houses. Under the ground are hidden gas supply lines through the main, water supply and drain types of communications. They are combined with paths for pedestrians, and in most cases motorways and local roads.

Construction restrictions make it possible to provide round-the-clock, unobstructed access to public life lines. The GPZU of each town / village has the exact location of the boundary lines. If in the documentation, which is an application for approval, the distance from the box to it is less than 5 meters, then the answer will be negative. There is a high probability that if the building is made without taking into account the distance to the red lines, then the owner will be forced to demolish everything by court order.

Nuances of neighborhood with timber buildings

Neighborhood with a courtyard where a residential wooden house is built increases the required distance to 15 meters.

However, you will retain the right to agree with the owner to reduce this distance. Consent is drawn up in writing and certified by a notary. This procedure for resolving the issue from neighbors applies to brick buildings if you want to build a room for a car at a distance of less than 6 meters. A prerequisite for a positive response from a neighbor will be the provision of precautions against fire. This requires:

  • Install the external panel with the recommended accessories for the fire-fighting type.

  • Place a fire extinguisher in the room.
  • Ensure that the garage is not heated.
  • Place the power distribution board outside the building.
  • Equip the electrical panel with a load circuit breaker.
  • Route the wires in a protective metal sleeve.

  • Equip the lighting fixtures with factory-type shades.

If these recommendations are not implemented, then you can not only lose the opportunity to resolve the issue peacefully, but also complicate the situation as a whole. So, according to Article 304 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, the owner of a neighboring site will demand that the garage be brought according to fire regulations. Failure to comply with the permissible construction distances is a direct possibility of fire spread.

Recommendations for the selection of a construction site

We figured out at what distance from the fence to build a garage, but in order to make it less of a question when coordinating documents with local architectures administration, the construction of a capital box, it is important to plan taking into account the following nuances:

  1. At what distance from the fence to build a garage - rules and regulations If the building is placed inside the courtyard area, then car entry should not be accompanied by additional maneuverability.

  2. There should be plenty of space on the inside of the entrance gate to lock the garages.
  3. If an entrance is adjacent to a street, it must be designed to provide a view that is sufficient to safely maneuver the vehicle leaving.
  4. Opening the gate should not create problems for pedestrian traffic and cars.
  5. The building should not block the light access to the neighboring garden / vegetable garden, if there are undersized varieties of wood in it.
  6. The drainage of water from the roof should be directed to the territory of its site, both from the roof and along the ground using a ditch.

  7. It is also important to plant trees according to SNiP.
  8. If a decision is made to build garages end-to-end with the house or set aside a basement for it, then it is important to follow all fire safety measures. They relate to the equipment of the building with a hood, fire protection equipment, and also a smoke alarm.

If the garage is in a private house in the basement, then fire safety rules can park and store motor vehicles that run on gasoline.

About the dimensions of the garage

When designing, it is required to provide for the internal dimensions of the garage, which ensure the minimum comfortable and safe use.

They are:

  • On both sides of the car - 0.8 meters.
  • If there are columns not less than 0. 6 meters.
  • From the side of the car hood and trunk - not less than 0.

    7 meters.

  • With a large parking lot, with vehicles parked one after another 0.6 meters.
  • If a parallel parking of two cars will be provided, then to the standard dimensions it is required to add 1.6 meters in width and 1.

    4 meters in length.

Now about the ceilings. According to the norms of SNiP, the height of the ceiling is taken as the distance from the surface of the floor-type coating to the maximum protruding lighting device or communication element. The safety clearance to the car cannot be less than 20 cm. If the recommendations are followed, you can not only comfortably use the room for its intended purpose, but also in critical situations.

For example, in the event of a fire, this makes it possible to evacuate and stop the spread of fire.


Resolving problems between neighbors in court is an extreme measure used when it is impossible to find mutual understanding. But it is not possible to dispose of land for the construction of a garage due to the unfounded claims, then there are no other methods to prove the case. To consider the case in court, the plaintiff prepares and submits a statement of claim with the attachment of housing documents. Their list will duplicate the required papers in order to coordinate projects by the architects of the administration.

Before preparing a statement of claim, it is required to make sure that there are no violations on the part of the plaintiff, the standards for distances from residential and auxiliary premises are impracticable. Otherwise, it is impossible to count on a positive decision.

How important is it to step back from the fence when building a garage

Similar situations often appear that have simple permission paths, including the following:

  1. The owner has built a garage near the fence, and does not know what to do. The only correct decision would be to fulfill all the standards of fire safety training and negotiate with neighbors, securing the absence of objections on paper.
  2. How far is it necessary to indent from the fence when building a garage if the red line is 9 meters away? With such a distance from the border of land ownership, the minimum permissible distance between the fence and the garage must be at least 1 meter.

  3. If a neighbor built a garage from the fence, without retreating, violating the 1 meter norms, and the side wall will be right next to the fence, what to do? If the construction takes place without approval, then it is required to submit an application to the court.
  4. What should be the distance if the house is wooden and there is no fence on the site? It is required to be guided by the recommended standards - 15 meters, and you can put a brick or iron garage after agreement with a neighbor.
  5. The settlement in the house after its purchase took place after the construction of a garage by a neighbor, it turned out that the distances were observed, and the light did not enter the yard. The distances are respected, and it will not be possible to file a claim in court, in which case it will be necessary to re-plan the site as much as possible.

Every year the legislation is being improved, and SNiP is undergoing changes.

Therefore, in order to obtain objective information in each specific case, it is important to seek advice from specialists. This applies when difficulties arise during the independent preparation of a new garage project.


If the distance from the fence to the garage, and even to the rest of the infrastructure by the owner of the household is respected, then the unfounded claims of interested people can be settled through control measurements ...

The results will be enough to establish the truth in any instance. At the same time, it will be possible to defend rights in the event of established facts of violations committed by owners of plots in the neighborhood.

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