With the development of building technologies, standard house designs are gradually losing their popularity. This also applies to the design of facades: there are more and more options for finishing in a wide variety of styles, more inherent in Western countries. One of the rarest in private housing construction is the Baroque style - bright, luxurious and unusually decorative.
Baroque style in architecture
Baroque house project
Baroque refers to palace styles, and therefore greatness is its hallmark. It is expressed in the splendor of architectural forms, the size of the building, and a large number of decorative elements.
It is the decor that determines the direction of the style, gives the structure an original, but at the same time respectable look. As a rule, a Baroque house has a high basement, 2-3 floors (or more), a symmetrical arrangement of architectural elements, a wide porch with round steps and figured balustrades. The windows are large, rectangular or arched, decorated with friezes and relief frames.
Luxurious baroque mansion
The walls of the house should be richly decorated with stucco, profiled cornices, pilasters, sculptural compositions. Baroque decoration is characterized by massiveness and complexity of forms, an abundance of all kinds of curls and ornaments.
Columns or half-columns are usually installed at the entrance, often twisted or rusticated, decorated with carvings.
House project, the walls are richly decorated with stucco molding
As for the color design, light colors prevail in the Baroque: cream, gray, beige , light brown, blue, and a combination of white and gold. Contrasting shades are also used, although not often. A win-win option is a cream or beige facade, snow-white columns at the entrance, white window frames and gold-colored stucco.
Colors - beige with gold
This style involves the use of expensive finishing materials, and the embodiment of architectural delights requires high professionalism, and therefore, such a design is a very expensive pleasure.
Only wealthy people can afford a real baroque mansion. For those who want to give a new look to an existing house, there are more budget options, and although this is not 100% baroque, it is also very impressive, bright and respectable.
Baroque façade finishing is not cheap
The most characteristic elements of decor in the baroque style are:
House with pilasters
Foam plastic ruts on the facade
Corner rustic stones for the facade of the house
Sandrik is a decorative architectural element, a small cornice, often with a pediment, above a window, door or niche
Sandrik is an interesting decorative element
According to the material of manufacture, this decor is divided into heavy and light.
For the production of heavy decor, natural marble, granite, sandstone and concrete are used as a cheaper alternative.
Concrete elements for decoration
Light decor - these are products from polymeric materials - foam and polyurethane, as well as gypsum and fiber-reinforced concrete. Most often, fiber concrete and polyurethane are used, since the foam degrades over time under atmospheric influence, and gypsum is highly fragile and requires careful handling during installation.
Architectural and decorative elements from expanded polystyrene
Facade decor made of plaster
The main condition: the house must be large enough, have a second floor or at least an attic. A one-story building of a modest size with stucco and pilasters will look at least strange.
It is best to decorate a two-story house
First, you need to think carefully about the location of the decor elements and draw a sketch. Pilasters at the front door must be mandatory, but they are installed near the windows only if the distance between the openings is not less than 70 cm.The decorative cornice can surround the house above the basement, at the level of the second or attic floor, under the roof and near the windows there must be certainly.
All these products are sold in running meters, they are attached end-to-end, so it is not difficult to calculate the required quantity. The calculations should be supplemented with 5-7% in reserve, since part of the material is consumed during cutting.
Rust stones for corners are calculated by the piece, like other decorations for the facade - stucco, rosettes, key stones, consoles, sandriks. Keep in mind that it is impossible to sculpt decorations over the entire facade too thickly, because the abundance of decor visually makes the building heavier and gives it a lurid look.The smaller the house, the less decorative elements are used.
Everything that will be dismantled from the facade interfere with work - trims, lamps, drainpipes, and so on. If the plaster does not hold firmly, it is completely removed, and the existing cracks in the walls of the house are closed.
Wooden windows are also cleaned of old paint, the integrity of the frames is checked, and damaged parts are replaced if necessary.
Old plaster must be removed
Removal of plaster with a hammer drill
The surface cleaned from dust is primed and then plastered again. New brick walls should also be plastered as the masonry does not go well with the Baroque style. For plastering, as a rule, a cement-sand mortar or a ready-made factory mixture is used. In the process of work, be sure to control the plane of the walls by level.
After applying the plaster layer, it is necessary to grout with a metal or polyurethane float to give the surface a perfect smoothness.
Priming the facade
Plastering the facade
Correct troweling of the applied plaster
When the plaster is dry, you can start finishing the openings. First, let's look at the pilasters mount. This element consists of three parts - base, body and capital. The body of the pilaster is usually smaller in width than the base and capital, and varies between 135-300 mm.
The standard height is 2 m and can be cut to size if required.
Step 1. The pilaster is unpacked, the base is applied to the bottom of the wall near the opening, aligned, and the upper corner is marked with a pencil. Further, the body of the pilaster is applied to the marked point, it is set strictly vertically, and the markings are made with a pencil.
Repeat everything in the same way on the other side of the opening. After that, the height is measured and the body of the pilaster is adjusted to size using a fine-toothed hacksaw. If one body is not enough, during the installation process it will be necessary to connect two identical elements to each other.
Step 3. Each element of the pilaster is drilled exactly along the vertical axis with a step of 500 mm.
In this case, the extreme holes should be located at least 10 mm from the ends.
Drilling a hole for fasteners
Drilling a hole in the pilaster foot
Drilling pattern and connecting the wall and base
Installing the body (rods) of the pilaster
Step 4. Apply the base to the wall , align along the line and mark the drilling points on the base through the holes.Lay the base aside, drill the wall along the marks to a depth of 70-80 mm and insert the dowels.
A continuous layer of assembly adhesive for polyurethane is applied to the back of the base, the product is applied to the surface, the screws are pressed tightly and screwed in. In the same way, the body of the pilaster and the capital are attached, additionally glueing the ends of the parts with glue. The joints between the elements should be as tight and neat as possible, then it will be easier to mask them.
Fasteners for connecting the two parts of the pilaster along the length
Connecting two elements
Fixing the capital with pins
Step 6. Having completely installed the pilasters, a sandrik is fixed above the opening.
It should rest on the capitals with its edges and be located strictly horizontally. Fastening is performed as described above - with dowels and glue. Before fixing, make sure that the sandwich is located symmetrically in relation to the pilasters.
Step 7. Seams and fastening holes are covered with acrylic filler.
After the putty dries, the protruding glue is cleaned with a sharp knife, and the surface of the decorative elements is treated with fine-grained sandpaper.
Fill the joints with sealant or acrylic filler
Tip. You can attach this finish a little differently. Instead of self-tapping screws, experienced craftsmen use metal studs of the same diameter (indicated in the diagrams), and holes in the decor are made from the back side, not reaching the end of 5-7 mm. Thus, there are no through holes, and only butt joints need to be repaired.
It is possible to fix architectural details to the base either with one glue or - in addition to the glue - using anchor devices (dowels) or embedded parts
It is not necessary to choose the decor for the windows yourself - now there are ready-made kits for sale in various styles. The set includes platbands, window sill, consoles, sandriks and other elements, depending on the type of finish. Each part has a sticker with the name and article number, and the instructions that come with the kit detail where and how to attach them.
Facade stucco molding
Step 1. The set is unpacked and the parts are laid out on a flat surface as they are should be located around the opening.
It is advisable to do this right next to the window to make it easier to try on elements.
Step 2. Since platbands, sandriks and window sills are made with a margin of length, you need to alternately attach them to the opening and outline the cut lines and corner joints between the parts.Measurements must be done very accurately, all elements must be located symmetrically with respect to the central axis of the opening. The magnificent decor of the windows is the first to catch the eye, and therefore the slightest flaws will be clearly visible.
Step 3. Use a hacksaw with fine teeth or a sharp knife to cut the products along the marked lines. You should not throw away the cut pieces, they may still be useful when decorating other openings.
Step 4. Fasteners are installed along the perimeter of the window.
For the convenience of installing polyurethane decor, experienced craftsmen use special fastening plates with sharp spikes - builders call them "Swedish nails".
An example of fasteners "Swedish nails"
The dimensions of such toothed plates are 100x200 mm, 150x200 mm and more, but for fastening our there are too many elements. Therefore, the plate must be cut into small pieces so that on each spikes remain on two opposite sides. It is best to use a grinder for cutting.
We take a plate of Swedish nails and use a grinder to cut it into rectangles
Angle grinders (grinders)
Cut off plate
So, along the perimeter the opening mark the location of the plates with a step of about 50 cm.
If several short fragments are mounted next to them, the plates are placed denser so that each element has at least one fastener. Each plate is fixed to the wall with two dowel-nails.
Two or three multi-spikes are mounted on the wall with spikes outward
Cut off plate attached to the facade at the installation site of the facade element
Fasten with two dowels
Step 5. Now all the elements need to be baited without glue in accordance with the markings in order to check the correct installation. The products are applied to the plates and strung on thorns, having previously aligned the joints.
Step 6. If all joints are even, there are no vertical and horizontal deviations, you can proceed to installation. The trim is removed and set aside, then the cement-based glue is kneaded according to the instructions. You need to start from the bottom of the opening: take the desired part, apply glue to the back side and ends with a comb-type spatula, carefully distribute it in an even layer. They apply the product to the wall so that the spikes hit the holes already made, and then press it tightly.
Excess glue is immediately wiped off the surface with a clean cloth.
Installation of facade decor
Do not rush to throw away trimmings from parts, they may be needed for mounting the following windows
Step 7. Glue the rest of the elements in the same way, paying particular attention to the joints. No additional fixation is required as the serrated plates will hold the decor securely until the glue dries. The finished finish should be sanded with fine-grained sandpaper and free of dust.
Pilasters can now be placed near the windows. How to do this is described above. If the distance between the windows is more than one and a half meters, the pilasters are mounted on the sides of each opening. If the distance is less than a meter, it is advisable to install one pilaster between the openings exactly in the middle. Small ornaments in the form of stucco ornaments and rosettes can be fixed under windows, patterned consoles - under visors and cornices.
The main condition is that all products must be made in the same style and are located symmetrically relative to each other. Small parts are attached mainly to glue: the product is covered with glue from the back, pressed against a dry, even and clean surface, pressed firmly for several seconds. But if you wish, you can fix it with dowel-nails, for reliability.
Elegant design of a window opening
An example of window design
There are several ways to make rusticated corners, but the simplest of them is the installation of rectangular polyurethane plates with a wall thickness of about 3-5 cm. Rust imitation takes a minimum of time, does not require special skills, and it is almost impossible to distinguish it from natural rustic masonry.
For work you will need:
The corner of the house must first be cleaned of dust and primed to increase the adhesion of materials. And, of course, it must be perfectly flat, without defects, like the adjacent sections of the walls. It is better to choose slabs angular, L-shaped - for a novice builder, this is the best option. There are three options for mounting such plates - direct, staggered and variable.
When laying, the fragments are unfolded so that the long and short sides alternate.
Hint. None of the options is particularly difficult, so anyone can cope with it. The most important thing during installation is to clearly follow the chosen scheme and constantly monitor the arrangement of the elements with a level so that the corner finish is smooth and neat.
Determine the lower border of the rust and draw horizontal lines on both sides of the corner using a level. Try on the first plate, check the fit, and trim if necessary.
Step 2. Dilute the assembly adhesive and apply it with a notched trowel to the back of the board, spreading it in a thick layer over the entire surface. The element is applied to the wall according to the markings and pressed firmly for a few seconds.
Excess glue is removed with a spatula.
Using a comb trowel (this is important), glue is applied to the back of the facade element
Install rustic stone
Step 3. The next element is applied so that a gap of 30-60 mm wide remains. The thicker the plate, the wider the gaps are made, so the corner will look more decorative. Be sure to check the location with a level, outline the line of attachment with a pencil on the wall.
Step 4. When all the boards are installed, wait until the glue adheres well and then apply a reinforcing layer. To do this, knead a new glue (Ceresit CT 85 is well suited for these purposes), apply it with a spatula to the surface of the plates, and from the ends, too, the corners are closed with segments of a perforated profile. The profile is pressed into the solution, more glue is applied on top, the surface is carefully leveled with a spatula from all sides.
Ceresit ST 85
Next, a reinforcing mesh, previously cut into squares of the appropriate size, is laid on the front side of the plates. The mesh is sunk into the solution and well leveled with a spatula, removing excess mixture. All other elements are treated in the same way, the edges and gaps are cleaned from glue residues, and left to dry.
Step 6. The dried slabs are lightly sanded, cleaned of dust and covered with a waterproof primer.
For priming, it is best to use a medium-sized paintbrush.
Photo of the facade finishing with rustic stones
The final finishing of the corners is done after painting the facade.
Another model of rustic corner
So, the necessary decor has been installed, you can proceed to the finishing of the facade. It is very important here to choose the right colors to highlight the chosen style. Pilasters, sandriks, consoles, as well as sockets and other small items are most often painted in white and gold.
If the option for gold is chosen, the walls should be white - this is a classic combination for the Baroque. But for a white decor, a colored background is required, and in this case, you need to choose a matte paint in muted shades of red, blue, emerald or brown. All types of cornices and corner decor elements are painted white, regardless of the color of the facade.
Polyurethane is damaged by solvents, so choose a water-based paint - acrylic, silicone or latex. Acrylic aerosol paints have excellent characteristics: they are easy to apply, they dry very quickly, the coating is perfectly even.
In addition, among them there are compositions with a gilding effect. Water-soluble paints are also suitable for walls: facade paints from Dulux, Caparol, Tikkurila are in high demand.
First, the walls and decor are cleaned of dust, then covered with a primer. When the primer is dry, start painting the walls. The paint is applied with a roller, painting over only hard-to-reach areas with a brush.
It usually takes two coats of paint to give the base color saturation and depth. After the surface has dried, you need to stick masking tape around the perimeter of the decorative elements so as not to stain the walls.
Since the surface of such elements is embossed, the paint is applied with a narrow, long-bristled brush. Carefully paint over all the grooves, joints, corners, trying not to leave sags and smudges. The upper elements are painted first, then the openings and decor located at the bottom of the walls.
At this point, the main stage of the Baroque decoration is considered complete.
Posted By: Work Style |13, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |01, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |01, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |01, Nov 2020
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