Bathroom design, or how to fit everything into 4 sq. m

Bathroom design, or how to fit everything into 4 sq. m How to fit everything in a small bathroom + photo

With modern building materials and various types of new plumbing, you can make an incredibly beautiful renovation if you show imagination, skill and great taste. The larger the size of the room for renovation, the easier it will be to implement all the design ideas.

Yes, the total area of ​​the bathroom in 4 m 2 can hardly be called roomy, but for urban buildings of the last century this is a sufficiently acceptable size so that a washbasin and a bath can be installed in the room, and usually this enough to satisfy all the needs of the owners.

At the moment, consumers are more demanding and are trying to fit in 4 squares a washing machine, a shower stall, a bidet,

... as well as an installation with a sink and a toilet bowl. Those builders who erected a house in the last century counted meters of room for hygiene procedures, but they could not imagine what the plumbing possibilities would be in our time.

Let's talk about how to fit everything in a small bathroom.

How to fit everything

Modern people are very fond of comfort, and in a small room for hygiene procedures, in addition to a standard bathtub and sink, they should also accommodate at least a washing machine. The top of design art is when you manage to fit as many objects as possible in a limited space, and at the same time do everything so that the harmony of things is not disturbed.

Please note, that you can even go to drastic measures, and simply complete the combination of the bathroom and toilet. Those people to whom this option seems unacceptable for some reason, should engage in the correct selection of plumbing, as well as arrange everything taking into account useful space and use every square centimeter.

It is much more difficult to organize the space when it was possible to accommodate a toilet and a bath at 4 m 2 .

Area of ​​4 sq. meter is a fairly common option for bathrooms. Designers can work out certain techniques for decorating rooms of similar size. Let's look at which ones exist:

  • Bathroom design, or how to fit everything into 4 sq.</p><p> m At the very beginning, before the repair work measure and sketch the room. First you need to mark the door for the entrance, as well as the supply of communications. Decide what kind of plumbing you need, and then mark it on the drawing. When carrying out renovations, you may need to go deeper into the wall, make a small niche in order to fit the bath.

    Sometimes you have to move the place of discharge, as well as make partitions for zoning.

  • If the room has the shape of a square, namely 2 * 2 meters, then the bath can be placed anywhere. In rectangular rooms, in order to place plumbing fixtures, as well as various pieces of furniture, it is better to define it under a wall with smaller dimensions.For those who like to take a shower, it is best to consider the option with a shower cubicle, which is very practical and takes up little space.
  • A washbasin can sometimes be neglected because a shower or bathtub can serve as its function.

    If a sink is required, but it does not fit well, then it is allowed to do this - push it a little over the bathtub or replace it with an analogue of a miniature size.

  • To save space, you can buy a toilet that will be hung on a special installation.
  • Corner sanitary ware is perfect for certain interiors. This technique will also apply to furniture. You can hang shelves or whatnot above the bathroom in a corner.

  • The classic technique would be to install a washing machine under a cabinet or washbasin.
  • In a small bathroom, you should maximize the use of vertical areas above the cabinet, bath, washing machine. To do this, fill them with shelves, hanging furniture, mirrors, towel hooks.
  • For decorating a small bathroom with a niche, and you can use the latter to create open shelves or a closed cabinet. The product will be made in the color of the overall finish, will blend in with the color of the walls and will not reduce the space.

    The mezzanine above the door will perform the opposite function and will only distort the geometry of the room.

  • In certain cases, it is necessary to relocate the front door for optimal interior planning.
  • There are rules for visually preserving space. One of them is to get rid of the little things. A lot of small objects will practically "eat up" free square meters.

    Cosmetics, washing powder, singing products and washcloths should be hidden in cabinets and shelves, and not take up free space on the washing machine, sides of the bathroom or sink.

  • Consider using reflective surfaces to remedy the situation. A mirror that is placed above the bathroom will help save the situation. It, when placed above the bathroom, will help to visually enlarge the room by 2 times, moreover, if the mirror is located opposite the front door. One drawback is that you have to constantly rub it.

Now let's talk about the importance of taking into account the shape of the room when planning

Adjusting to the shape of the room

Bathrooms rooms, especially those with an area of ​​4 square meters, can be very different from each other. The difference will noticeably affect the percentage of occupancy with plumbing items and furniture. A layout that has the shape of a square or rectangle with a small difference in the footage of the walls is considered successful. It is much more difficult to deal with interior decoration in a room that has the wrong geometry. In this case, you need to find corner plumbing and make custom-made furniture.

Catastrophic rooms are those that are narrow and long, and also have a front door on the short side.The bathtub will be opposite the door, and it is difficult to install something under two long walls in such a way that it does not damage the passage.

Please note, that the location of the front door will significantly affect the rational situation, and in certain cases it is worth moving at all.

In a square room, where the door is shifted to the side, it is best to install a shower stall or bathtub against the opposite wall or in the corner diagonally. A toilet bowl and a sink should be installed to the left and right sides of the bath.

If you have a central location of the door, then it is better to install the bathroom on the left or right. On the opposite side of the room, the rest of the plumbing will be placed. In a rectangular room with a side door, a shower or bathroom should be installed opposite the entrance, and under long walls, be sure to install a washing machine, toilet bowl or sink. The central entrance will make it possible to install all plumbing items from both sides and rationally. For a rectangular room, it is best to put the bath on the smaller side, so that you can fully build the rest of the plumbing.

Layout selection

Bathroom design, or how to fit everything into 4 sq. m Bathroom, which has an area of ​​4 square meters meter, often combined with a toilet. In addition to the washbasin, washing machine and bathtub, you should also fit the toilet. Optimally, it would be possible to divide all areas with a lightweight partition.

In order to accommodate everything in a small bathroom, as well as to make zoning, you can use the installation or the wall of the shower stall as partitions.

In certain cases, for convenience, the toilet is installed in the corner. On special occasions, it may even help to avoid touching the walls. If there is a square room, you can place a bathtub to the right of the door (which will occupy the entire wall), and to the left at the entrance, place a washing machine. Next, install a toilet bowl in the far left part of the room.

A washbasin with a small vanity unit and a mirror will occupy the wall opposite the front door.

Let's give an example of an extremely unsuccessful bathroom layout - this is a narrow rectangle with an entrance from the shortened side. A small bath can be installed opposite the door. To get a passage, the rest of the plumbing will need to be installed in a single line. Such a setting not only does not add comfort to the room, but also makes it look like a warehouse of things.

The niche, which will be located in the far left corner, will help solve the problem of irrational placement, since you can put a washbasin in it, on the contrary, install a washing machine under the right wall. This layout option should not be combined with a sanitary facility. The left wall will be occupied by a bathtub (from the door). On the right is a washbasin with a large cabinet behind which is a plasterboard partition that helps to zone the sanitary unit. There was no room for a washing machine in this layout.

Another option - the bathroom has the shape of a standard rectangle. The entrance will divide the wall into almost two equal parts. On the left, install a corner bath that has a glass partition. On the right you can put a washing machine, and against the wall opposite the door there is a toilet and a sink. All plumbing should have a conditionally unifying smooth line, which will help improve the appearance of the room.

There are difficulties if the room has complex geometry - two walls will make an angle of 90 degrees, and the third will go off at a large angle to the side. But thanks to the diverse selection of bathtubs on the plumbing market, you can choose any model for a non-standard room. This will not only help solve the problem with the layout of the room, but also make it possible to buy a large bathtub. The wall opposite the door will be occupied by a sink, under which a spacious cabinet will be placed.

Another option is a rectangular and narrow bathroom with a shower stall.

Opposite the door, against a long wall, there should be a washbasin built into the countertop and a washing machine under it.

Secrets of ergonomics

The main goal of ergonomic placement of objects in a room is functionality, safety and comfort. Ergonomic furniture and plumbing should have smooth, or better rounded shapes. The floor tiles should not slide. It is necessary to choose plumbing so that the glass of the shower stall is durable, and also does not chip when damaged.

There are also cases when the bathroom is so small that it is very difficult to comply with all dimensions according to the standards. For example, it is not always possible to maintain a distance of 0.75 meters between all plumbing and furniture items (the distance between the bidet and the toilet is two times less allowed).

There should be a distance of 0.3 meters from the sink to the bathtub.

But still, sometimes because of the tightness, the washbasin practically "runs over" the bath. In this case, be sure to make sure there are no objects around that you can easily hit when leaning towards the water, or touch something with your elbow when brushing your teeth. Chests of drawers, cabinets, countertops should not be higher than 1 meter in height. If, for some reason, the toilet is not hung on the installation, then the distance between the wall and it will be from 0.3 to 0.

5 meters, and in front of the toilet is not less than 0.5 meters.

Please note, that the laws of ergonomics must necessarily meet the characteristics of the owner (namely psychophysical), and when creating an interior, everything should be taken into account, even the color of the finish, the variety of materials and lighting.

Building materials

Although we are talking about how to fit everything in a small bathroom, it is worth talking about finishing building materials. There are not so many options for using materials for decorating a bathroom, because there is one very important requirement - to use structures that are resistant to moisture.

for this, you can use tiles, acrylic waterproofing paint, stone and plastic panels.

Good advice! We recommend opting for floor tiles that have a rough texture, because such a surface should be able to minimize slipping. The selected small drawing will help dissolve the boundaries of the territory.

When working on walls, avoid using decor images or large ornaments. But the mosaic, on the contrary, will be welcomed.

For optical expansion of an already small space, it is recommended to choose horizontal patterns, and if the ceilings in the room are low, then vertical stripes are ideal. The room will become more voluminous if you use glossy surfaces, and this must be taken into account when choosing a finishing material. The reflective effect of the stretch ceiling will help double the room. Partitions of a transparent type and zoning of the room using various materials will also help create the illusion of spaciousness.


Tonality will play an incredibly important role in the visual way of expanding the space.

Black color will help to bring closer, and white, on the contrary, removes, and it will visually move the boundaries of space. The dark walls of small rooms will turn the room into a depressing box, from which you want to get out as soon as possible. Space and airiness can be created using light colors - blue, milky, cream, pale lilac.

Interesting, that owners, who are distinguished by their energetic character, can dilute calm and light shades in the interior with flashy and bright accents.

Room imperfections can be corrected by combining contrasts.

If you use light colors and make a dark ceiling, then this will give the room volume, but at the same time it will land it. The dark color of the walls in combination with the ceiling of a light shade will help to stretch the space, but at the same time make it narrower. For small bathrooms, minimalism is perfect. Due to the fact that there will be no trifles and decor, it will be possible to focus on stylization as a whole, and also not to distract attention to small objects. This direction will be characterized by black and white colors.

When drawing up the design of a small room, white should be preferred, and black should be used as an auxiliary. A reasonable dosage of black, even to some extent, will help to emphasize elegance, and the privilege of light will ensure that the interior is easier to perceive.

Lighting in the bathroom

Bright lighting combined with light-colored finishing materials will help make the room positive and spacious. In addition to the main luminaire, several spotlights should be installed.If you have low ceilings, then you can use spotlights around the perimeter of the room and not even use a chandelier.

Please note that there should be no shadows. LED lighting is great for cabinetry, but it can even be used for ceiling decoration. This type of lamps is very economical, and they also somewhat resemble sunlight.

Also, when decorating a bathroom, do not forget about the humidity of the room and buy lighting fixtures with this feature in mind. But only with very high ceilings can you afford to hang a hanging chandelier, and in other cases it is better to install lamps in the ceiling.

With the help of lighting, it is worth highlighting zones, for example, a sanitary unit or a shower room.

Small accessories

For a small bathroom, the best option is to use an installation. The stable metal structure can be used to attach a bidet and toilet on one side and a washbasin on the other. The installation should be sheathed with plasterboard and covered with tile material or any other construction finishing coat. Such a false wall will separate the toilet from the bathroom.

All pipes and supply lines must be installed in the installation, only plumbing will remain in sight, which will seem to float in the air. This option looks extremely effective. In addition, it is easy to clean under the attachments. If you do not need a partition for zoning, then the installation can be installed in the wall.

For a bathroom with an area of ​​4 m 2 it is better to install a rectangular bathtub along the entire length of the shortest wall.

A triangular sanitary fixture can be perfectly played with a corner toilet, which will be located diagonally. In rare cases, three corners are used, and a corner sink is also connected. Such an interior looks extremely impressive and even original. Most people are increasingly replacing their bathtub with a shower stall, and this helps to save a little space, but for those who love to take a bath and swim in the shower, you can find shower boxes on sale. Such a design will be filled with various comfortable elements in the form of a steam room, hydromassage, tropical rain, devices for creating aromatherapy and much more.

Creating a project plan

Repairs are not done spontaneously. Ideas should be formed and nurtured in advance. When the time comes for changes, a person will already know exactly what he wants and in what style to decorate the bathroom. It remains only to take the dimensions, transfer everything to the drawing and place the plumbing fixtures. In addition to the sketch, you need to draw up an estimate, which will indicate all building materials, furniture, plumbing, decor.

Before starting the repair, you should know how much everything will cost.

When the plan is drawn up, the estimate is within budget, repairs can begin. The room is completely freed from old objects, the decoration is removed, the drains are checked and, according to the drawing, they buy the necessary number of clamps, pipes, corrugations and adapters to combine the plumbing fixtures with the drain.

First, you should make a cement floor screed, and with a small slope, so that when a leak occurs, water does not collect under the bathtub, but moves to a prominent place. After the floor has dried, level the walls, prepare them for finishing.

The classic option is ceramic floor and wall tiles. It is matched to the required style. When decorating the floor, you can use stone of natural or artificial origin, and the walls can be painted with latex-based paint. Sometimes plastic is used for the ceiling.

Please note that wiring and sockets and switches must be installed prior to finishing the floor, walls and ceiling.

At the end of the repair, connect the lighting fixtures.

At the very end, you can install plumbing, decor, furniture. But if the toilet will be installed on the installation, then you should take care of this before final finishing.