The benefits of visiting the steam room have been known for a long time, in addition, the sauna and bathhouse are very popular lately. This is a great time for your health. As a rule, the bathhouse is a separate building, but the sauna can be arranged right in the house.
And in order for the steam room to be equipped according to all the rules and be beneficial, it is necessary to make the correct insulation of the sauna.
The oven is considered the basis of the steam room. The most common today are still heaters that are heated with wood. However, some people still prefer electric ovens. They are convenient to use due to the regulation of temperature and humidity levels.
Also, the modern version is the gas oven.
A sauna differs from a bathhouse by the arrangement of stones from the outside of the stove, and not from the inside as in the bath. The microclimate of the steam room will depend on the amount of stones.
Important: The more stones were used during the installation of the stove, the slower the stove will heat up, which will make the sauna more humid. Accordingly, the smaller there are, the drier the air in the sauna will be.
It does not matter whether it is a bath or a sauna, some tips should be taken into account when installing it.
In order for your sauna to retain heat and steam well, it must be properly insulated. It is advisable to make insulation at the construction stage. If during the installation work the insulation is not done well, then it does not panic, it can still be corrected. The main thing is to take into account all the nuances:
The insulation device starts from the ceiling, then the frame is installed, the crate is made. The seams between the plates must be sealed. The chimney is also insulated;
On top of which the wooden flooring is made and the topcoat is laid. With concrete, the installation of thermal insulation is carried out, a waterproofing material is placed on top, on top of which a concrete screed is laid, and then the tiles are glued.
Important : When installing the floor in the sauna, take into account its slight slope towards the drain.
Even with a properly selected stove, without high-quality thermal insulation, the required temperature of the steam room cannot be provided.If during the construction the technology was not followed and unsuitable materials were used, then the sauna will heat up more slowly and rapidly lose heat, which will undoubtedly cause discomfort to its owner and his guests.
What requirements should the insulation meet:
There is a huge variety of insulation materials in modern construction markets.
Insulation, depending on the origin, can be organic and inorganic. The former are extremely rarely used for thermal insulation of baths and saunas, since they cannot withstand high temperatures.
Materials that are not recommended for thermal insulation of steam rooms:
The most alternative option is the use of stone wool insulation.
It possesses very good thermal insulation characteristics, non-flammable, ecological and resistant to high humidity. She is not afraid of rodents and insects, as well as rotting.
Basalt or stone wool comes in the form of a soft roll or pressed hard slabs. Plates will be more suitable for insulation, since they have greater mechanical strength.
The whole process of insulation can be divided into stages:
The ceiling is sheathed with a grooved board on which the foil is attached, followed by gluing its joints with foil tape. Then a wooden lathing is made with a pitch of the bars slightly less than the width of the insulation sheet so that it fits snugly against the frame. A layer of vapor barrier is placed on top of the insulation. This can be a material such as foil-lined penofol. The foil layer during installation should be directed towards the interior of the room.
Next, clapboard is produced.
When insulating walls, a single frame is constructed inside the room, and a double frame is made for the outer surface of the wall. Also, for interior decoration, 50 mm slabs are suitable, and the street wall is made with a thickness not less than 100mm.
Note: There must be an air gap between the insulation material and the facing, for which the double lathing method is used.
The floor surface is cleaned and checked for evenness. If they are backfilled, then they do not need to be leveled. And when using sheet materials, it will be necessary to make a leveling cement screed. Then the floor is waterproofed with bitumen mastic and logs are laid. The space between the logs is filled with fine-grained expanded clay or expanded polystyrene sheets.
Note: Mineral wool is not used for internal insulation of sauna floors.
From above, the insulation layer is covered with waterproofing, for example, dense roll polyethylene. This is followed by the laying of a foil vapor barrier, and then the floor covering is laid. What sanded boards can be used for. Before starting work, you need to think over the location of the finishing material - vertical or horizontal.
The most practical option is to place it horizontally, and the crate for such a location should be be vertical. If you want to the finishing cladding vertically, then the frame, respectively, is mounted in the horizontal position.
High-quality sauna insulation can be done with your own hands, but for this you need to take into account all the rules and recommendations.
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