Choosing a carpet for a house, apartment or bedroom, living room and nursery + Videos and Views- Tips

Choosing a carpet for a house, apartment or bedroom, living room and nursery + Videos and Views- Tips Carpet and carpet in the house have always been considered a sign of wealth and a sign of good taste of the owner of the house, regardless of the location of the house.

Europe, Asia, America or Africa and carpet manufacturers have always had the goal of how to reduce the cost of production of carpet and make it available to all segments of the population.

Carpet is mostly handmade and each of its square meters is very expensive and long-term production. Therefore, a mechanical, or better automatic, technology was required for the production of carpet.

This problem was first solved by an engineer from the USA Cobble in the 50s of the last century, he invented a machine that creates carpets of large areas using the technology of a sewing machine and he called this technology "needle-stitching".

Carpet. General information

The appearance of carpet as an option for flooring

Due to the fact that carpets obtained by a mechanical method were somewhat different in structure from the surface of the carpet, and it was decided to call such carpets a word derived from the word carpet "carpet".

Since that time, a new carpet has entered the market, which has become several times cheaper than a traditional carpet, it became possible to create canvases of various sizes in a short time and at the same time maintain the pattern, as well as the style of the surface of the cloth.

Gradually, new materials, including synthetic ones, new technologies and equipment, as well as the ability to implement various design solutions, appeared in the diet of manufacturers. This turn of events began to slowly unfold the flooring market in favor of carpet, and now it has occupied a fairly large niche in the construction market of finishing materials.

Varieties of carpet

Before describing the topic of the variety of carpet, it is necessary to describe what it consists of. In general, the carpet consists of two parts. The first part forms the exploited (working) surface by means of the pile. The second part, the base, ensures reliable fastening of the pile in the canvas and the connection of the floor covering with the floor surface. This composition forms a variety of carpet line in the building materials market.

Carpet production methods

The general division of the carpet depends on the carpet production method:

  • Choosing a carpet for a house, apartment or bedroom, living room and nursery + Videos and Views- Tips woven method - the production of carpet by this method is carried out by weaving different yarns, forming knots with loops on the basis of knots, which are subsequently trimmed. The carpet is very durable, design attractive, but at the same time it is the most expensive;
  • tufted (needle-punched) method - this method of production of carpet is based on piercing with a needle with a warp thread with the formation of a loop and fastening from the wrong part of the skipped thread (as with using a sewing machine).The stitched base from the seamy side (the thread attachment point) is covered with "foam rubber" latex.
  • needle-stitching method - this method differs from needle-punched one by using special needles with barbs, which at the end of their course cut and "fluff" the thread, which imitates a felt soft surface;
  • flocking method - this method is based on the formation of a pile by exposing synthetic threads to an electric field (to give a vertical position) while the lower end of the thread is fixed on the base with latex.

Carpet base

Carpet base is divided by the number of layers and materials used in the composition of the layers.

According to the number of layers, the base can be single-layer and two-layer.

According to the materials used for the base layers, the carpet is distributed on:

  • jute base - is the most environmentally friendly, natural carpet base, especially in combination with natural pile;
  • artificial jute base - is already a synthetic material, which was specially invented to improve the quality of the jute base;
  • latex base - which is a subspecies of the rubber base and is a foam rubber material, which, in terms of aesthetic qualities and in terms of contact feel, is the most attractive for use in residential premises compared to a rubber base;
  • rubber hard base - rubber-based carpet is most suitable for rooms with high intensity of flooring;
  • Choosing a carpet for a house, apartment or bedroom, living room and nursery + Videos and Views- Tips felt base - such a base on the market is quite rare, although it is natural ral material, but at the same time its performance is much lower than the jute base and the demand for carpet with a felt base is minimal;
  • felt base - felt is a material made of synthetic fiber and by its own qualities create coziness, warmth and at the same time has sufficiently high performance characteristics. Due to its softness, such a base is very harmoniously combined with a wooden floor;
  • Artificial felt base is a material that was invented to create a base with performance properties more acceptable than that of a felt base.

According to the criteria of the exploited surface

Now let's consider how the division of the carpet is distributed according to the criteria of the exploited surface. The main interest in this issue is the material from which the pile is made, for this, fibers are isolated and, according to this criterion, the pile is divided into:

  • natural - this is the most environmentally friendly pile that is made from plants (cotton, coconut, jute, flax, etc.

    ) and animal hair (camel, sheep, rabbit, llama, etc.). A pile is considered natural if it contains at least 10% of natural fibers.The most popular is woolen pile. Despite the fact that it collects static electricity, is susceptible to insect damage and is difficult to maintain, such a carpet is preferred to have in living rooms because of its strength, elasticity, low heat and sound conductivity, and also because of its "incombustibility";

  • synthetic - This is the most common type of pile, which has a wide range of pricing and high performance.

    In turn, synthetic pile is divided according to the material of which the fibers are composed:

  • Choosing a carpet for a house, apartment or bedroom, living room and nursery + Videos and Views- Tips polyamide (outdated name nylon) - the most resistant of all piles in terms of structure density, abrasion resistance, preservation of its original qualities and resistance to stress. The manufacturer guarantees the service life of such a carpet for 15 years;
  • polypropylene (olefin) - its main advantage is that it does not accumulate static electricity and you can be sure that it will not be you pinching on contact. Such carpet is very resistant to external influences and can be used on the floor of entrance groups (veranda, porch, hallway, balcony, etc.). But this carpet is flammable and wears out quickly;
  • polyester - this material was invented to replace wool, but polyester carpet is inferior in aesthetic properties to natural, but for rooms with a high degree of use it is preferable to natural for its low cost, greater resistance to pests and operational loads;
  • acrylic is a modern fiber, and although in terms of its properties such carpet is inferior to polyamide in performance, at the same time it has better ecological and aesthetic properties.

By the type of pile

In addition to the material, the pile has a certain shape and structure in the complex of the carpet surface. According to these indicators, manufacturers have made a division with specific names that are used in the textile industry:

  • Choosing a carpet for a house, apartment or bedroom, living room and nursery + Videos and Views- Tips pile by the type " Scroll " - is a multi-level pile of sufficiently dense filling on the surface and is a set of sheared and not cropped loops. This way of distributing the hinges makes it possible to impart a high aesthetic surface quality, wear resistance, resistance to stress and acquire its original appearance after removing the load. These qualities allow "scrolling" carpets to be used in hallways, corridors and offices;
  • pile like "Cutlup" - this type is obtained using a special trimming of the pile surface, during which part of the trimmed and uncut loops in height.This type of surface has a peculiar 3D effect, which is used in design solutions for flooring;
  • velor-type pile - this type of pile is created by creating "fluff" of the upper part of the threads of the pile complex of the surface linen, this method of forming the pile creates ease of care for the pile (dirt and debris are easily removed from the space between the threads), a special decorative effect that emphasizes the "home" of the interior, as well as softness in contact with the unprotected surface of the skin.

    But at the same time, traces of the impact of loads remain on the surface of the pile and dirt inside the pile is noticeable, therefore, timely cleaning and care of the pile is required to maintain the aesthetics of the room;

  • pile like "Print" - this type of pile is created by weaving threads, which allows you to create certain patterns, patterns and ornaments on the pile surface. "Printed" carpet has a fairly hard surface (relative to other carpets), but this fact is also some advantage of the pile surface, which does not lose its appearance from the effects of stress and is quite easy to clean;
  • pile type "Frize" - this type is represented by a high pile with a twisted structure of villi, which form a curly surface like karakul. Such a carpet will bring a special "zest" to the interior of the room, especially since the characteristics of such a pile are quite high;
  • pile like "Saxony" - this type of pile is obtained from twisted yarn with a height of 0 , 1 and up to 0.4 cm. This distribution of the pile surface creates a visual effect of spotting the surface, due to which a pattern of a kind of "printed" type is formed, which is resistant to stress and gives elegance to the interior.

    For this effect, "Saxony" carpet belongs to the elite class of carpet floor coverings;

  • pile of the "Felt" type - is a dense low pile, which is made from multi-layer pressed wool with special impregnations, holding the pile in its original position. The main quality of felt pile is its practicality and ease of maintenance.

Note!

The only noticeable drawback of felt-type pile is the visibility of stains that appear during the operation of the carpet, therefore it is recommended before using treat the felt surface of the carpet with a special compound recommended by the manufacturer to prevent stains from appearing on the surface or to facilitate their removal.

  • "Boucle" type pile - this type of carpet pile surface is formed by knots with a slight tightening. The knots made in this way form peculiar rings of bizarre shapes in the pile, which, even with a slight effect, change their shape (from a draft).

    This property of the pile surface gives the effect of "liveliness" and creates the impression that you are on a lawn with grass.Despite the "liveliness" of the surface, the coating is sufficiently resistant to operational loads and capable of restoring the quality of its surface after exposure to loads.

It is important to know!

If you intend to start or start a cat or dog, then do not purchase a carpet from which the pile is formed by knots or loops. When pets scratch the carpet, they will pull out such fluff from the base and thereby render the floor covering unusable.

Choosing a carpet for a house, apartment or bedroom, living room and nursery + Videos and Views- Tips Another important division is the distribution of the carpet along the length of the pile, which are:

  • with short pile - the height of the villi up to 5 mm;
  • with the medium pile - the height of the villi from 5 to 15 mm.

    ;

  • with a high pile - the height of the villi is from 15 mm or more.

For professionals, the division of the carpet surface is not limited to such a set, but for us, as consumers, this is enough to clearly imagine and choose which carpet is needed for our interior.

Characteristics of the surface of the floor covered with carpet

Carpet in terms of its properties and capabilities in a series of floor coverings stands between carpets and linoleum. In other words, carpet has the ability to create a soft floor covering, like a carpet, and cover the entire floor surface with this covering, like linoleum. Such an idea of ​​the carpet provides an opportunity to characterize the surface created by the carpet:

  • design appeal for interior decoration indoors.

    The color scheme and decoration of the working surface of the carpet have a rather wide range of varieties, and in combination with the fleecy surface, they create unique possibilities for design use, which other types of flooring do not have;

  • the soft fleecy surface brings additional notes to the interior comfort and "domesticates" the household environment in the apartment;
  • the use of synthetic materials allows the use of carpet in rooms with high operational loads in the house, including those associated with temperature and humidity changes;

Notes!

It is recommended to use synthetic carpets of limited size with a rubber base in the entrance groups of apartments and houses to protect the main flooring from contaminants from the outside, including as an entrance mat ...

  • high sound and thermal insulation properties of the carpet will allow you to add additional insulation from noise and cold from the floor to the room;
  • synthetic carpets have a rather low price and a sufficiently long service life. losing the original qualities of the working surface;
  • resistance to moisture, environmental factors and fading of synthetic carpets allow them to be used in the premises of entrance groups (hallways, corridors, porches, balconies, etc.

    ).);

  • carpet is easy to lay on the floor surface and there is no need to use special tools;
  • ecological purity of natural carpets allows you to use them for the room without worrying about allergies.

Among the shortcomings, one can note the laboriousness of caring for the carpet surface, change in shape over time, accumulation of dust, accumulation of static electricity and provides a greenhouse effect, which creates favorable for the reproduction of insects and the reproduction of fungal formations.

Notes!

When deciding on laying carpet, take care of antiseptic and antibacterial treatment of the floor surface with special solutions, this will protect the room from the appearance of insects and fungi under the carpet, and especially in cases where there are niches on the floor surface (rallying of boards, single chips on the surface, seams, etc.)

Choice of carpet

Before starting the selection, you need to decide for what purpose you are going to use the carpet in the room, what area you are going to cover, the purpose of the room, options for fitting the carpet according to the design solutions of its working surface, the planned operational loads on the floor in the planned room, as well as on what kind of floor material will the carpet be laid.

Any repair begins with setting goals and objectives that you plan to solve with the help of planned repairs. These goals can be of different properties and breadth of coverage (from embedding bald spots on the floor to creating a cozy home in a modern style in the interior). Setting a clear goal will allow you to set subsequent requirements for your flooring.

When setting a goal, be sure to take care of the formation of the budget that you are ready to allocate for the purchase of carpet. This approach will help you to discard a fairly long line of carpet products by materials, price components, by the criteria of the base used, as well as by the criteria for the further operation of the carpet.

Carpet options selected on the basis of target settings are analyzed for the amount of carpet purchased by the size of the floor area of ​​the room, depending on the features of its configuration. This analysis will allow you to determine the option of carpet flooring that will allow you the allocated budget.

Helpful tips

Tip!

Choosing a carpet for a house, apartment or bedroom, living room and nursery + Videos and Views- Tips When calculating the required amount of carpet for the area of ​​the room, and if you do not know the exact configuration of the room (dimensions of each side, the size of the corners of the room, the distance between objects in the room, etc.), be sure to provide an additional 50 cm in the length and width of the purchased canvas as an error in measurements.

This will allow you to avoid unpleasant moments when renovating a room due to its oblique corners and a smaller parameter of the length or width of the room was used in the measurement.

Note!

If you have established that the floor configuration in the room has a parallelogram shape in plan, then the difference between the measured side must be added to the length or width of the canvas room and the side of a rectangle that would fit into this parallelogram along the required side.

Important !

Ideal floor shapes are almost impossible to meet, so try to accurately measure the sides of the room and draw its outline on a sheet to scale. On top of the contour, draw a rectangle that completely covers all the corner points, the rectangle you received will be the canvas that you need to purchase. It remains to convert the dimensions of this rectangle into natural values ​​for the width and length, depending on the scale you choose.

When calculating the quantity you choose according to the carpet budget criteria, be sure to take into account the costs of additional materials that must be purchased to meet the requirements for the effectiveness of the repair.

Additional materials include materials for fastening the carpet along its borders (strips, skirting boards, plugs, etc.), consumables for fastening them (screws, nails, glue, etc.), primers for processing the underlying surface under the carpet, as well as linings to improve the quality of carpet laying.

ATTENTION !

When choosing a carpet surface as a floor covering in a room, be sure to provide for the possibility of fixing it along the contour, due to the fact that the edges of the carpet cloth (except for carpet on a rubber base) tend to wrap up and it is difficult to eliminate such a defect in other ways.

According to the purpose of the room, we determine from which material the carpet is suitable for you.

For carpet options, we determine the required properties of the working surface according to the criteria for decorative design of the working surface and aspects of fitting the carpet into the interior of the room.

We determine the planned loads on the carpet surface during its operation, for this we set the number of furniture and equipment in the room, the number of people who will constantly be in the room and the probable visits of additional people who may be in the room at the same time ... In addition to this, schedule the next floor repair (if possible, of course).

All this will set additional requirements for the carpet and narrow the range of carpet materials.

Choosing a carpet for a house, apartment or bedroom, living room and nursery + Videos and Views- Tips Of no small importance is the fact of the surface on which the carpet is planned to be laid, from this additional materials and their number are determined additional requirements for the base of the carpet for compatibility with the surface to be coated and mutual impact on each other.

All these aspects of the choice are designed to narrow down the options for a suitable carpet for your floor renovation and leave 3-4 options for purchase before going to the store.

The analysis procedure for the selection of carpet is not strict and can be changed places, this circumstance is associated with the constant calculation of purchase costs for each selection criterion.

In the store, be sure to consult with the seller in order to optimize the choice of carpet for the available line of carpet materials and their price and quality.

Note!

When calculating the purchase of carpet, be sure to leave 15% of the budget reserve for flooring before buying in a store. This approach will help you to compare the actual, available carpet materials on sale with your capabilities, to reconsider the purchase options following a consultation with the seller, and also give you the opportunity to purchase more suitable additional materials.

Thank you for your attention, I hope it was useful to you.

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