When the construction work in the house is completed, the question arises of how to arrange the heating system so that the house is warm. The main component of the heating system is, of course, heating radiators. Their choice must be approached with particular seriousness, because the strength, durability and reliability of your heating system depends on it.
The main advantage of a private house is an independent heating system. You can calculate and mount it according to the individual project of the owner of the house.
In a private house, the heating system has significant differences from the central one, which provides heat to city apartments.
Consider the main advantages of the heating system of a private house:
Taking into account the above, the choice of radiators should be carried out taking into account the maximum heat transfer coefficient and good value for money. If you do not go into details, any type of radiator can be used in a private house. But knowing the benefits of one or the other still does not hurt.
The following types of materials are used for the manufacture of radiators: cast iron, aluminum, metal (steel), bimetal.
Widely used for the design of heating systems in a private house. They became popular due to their design and high heat output. The cost of such radiators depends on the manufacturer.
Radiators of domestic manufacturers will cost less, but after getting acquainted with consumer reviews, it is worth giving preference to foreign counterparts, but their price is much higher.
When choosing an aluminum radiator for a localized system of your own home, you must adhere to the list of very important conditions for selection and operation:
This means that when choosing aluminum radiators, there is a need make accurate calculations for the area of the room, as the floor can remain cold.
But aluminum radiators also have undoubted advantages:
Relatively low price, good design and instant heat transfer - this is the secret of the popularity of aluminum radiators .
These are quite acceptable radiators for a heating system in a private house. Observing strictly the norms of selection and use, such radiators will heat your cozy home for a long time.
This kind of radiators used in Russia under the tsar . In the houses that were built during the Soviet era, they still serve faithfully.
Cast iron batteries take a long time to heat up, but take a long time to cool down. The residual heat retention number is twice that of other types and is 30%.
This makes it possible to reduce the cost of gas for heating the house.
Advantages of cast iron radiators:
Cast iron radiators have only one drawback - they are very heavy.
The modern market offers cast iron radiators with decorative design.
The bimetallic radiator includes high corrosion resistance of the best iron alloys and high heat transfer of aluminum, as well as low weight.
The downside is the prohibitively high price, which is not available to the middle class. You can buy cheap models of bimetallic radiators, but only the name remains of the qualities in them.
The downside is the prohibitively high price, it is not available to the middle class.
You can buy cheap models of bimetallic radiators, but only the name remains of the qualities.
It is not advisable to use bimetallic radiators for a private house due to the high cost. They have the greatest strength, but the local heating network does not have high pressure, so the advantage of this radiator is useless in this case.
By their structure, radiators are divided into tubular, sectional, convector and panel radiators.
Sectional and panel radiators are the most optimal for a private house.
They are compact and characterized by good heat transfer, they look quite modern in the interior. A distinctive feature is the ability to choose different connection options depending on the type of radiator to the heating system of your own home.
In a private house with wide windows, a panel radiator will prevent drafts and block the cold air flow.
Sectional steel radiators have an affordable cost, which is optimal for use in a private house.
Tubular radiators are superior in cost to panel and sectional .
Their technical characteristics are almost identical, they differ in a more refined look. Tubular radiators are perfect for use in a family with small children, as they have undeniable convenience in drying things.
The advantages of steel radiators are:
Convector type radiators are connected to a conventional heating system. The hallmark is a completely different way of functioning.
Panel, sectional or tubular radiators give off heat to the environment from their hot surface, which allows you to heat the room.
The convectors work differently. Their design provides for the presence of many thin air channels located between the ribs of the plates.
The air in the room passes through them, at the same time heats up, becomes lighter and rises upward, which ensures continuous movement and mixing of air, that is, constant heating. This allows you to evenly warm up the room, which is an important obstacle even if there are many interior items and partitions.
Correctly giving preference to one or another type of radiator will help such a characteristic as power. It is easy to calculate it: in a room with a ceiling height of 300 cm and one window, 100 watts will be needed to heat one square meter. When the room has two outer walls, add another 20%.
If there are two outer walls and two windows, add 30%. When the window exits to the north side - you should throw 10%. An important factor will be the installation of radiators, because no matter how good you buy the batteries, if they are installed incorrectly, there is still zero sense from this.
That is, in such a system, pipes of a small diameter are used, a sufficiently low power of the circulation pump and the heat carrier itself has a small volume.
All batteries have their own shortcomings, which are functional. The convector radiator is durable, economical, safe and beautiful enough.
The only drawback is the high price, because they are made from high-quality and expensive materials.
To correctly give preference to one or another type of radiator, such a characteristic as power will help. It is easy to calculate it: in a room with a ceiling height of 300 cm and one window, 100 watts will be needed to heat one square meter. When the room has two outer walls, add another 20%. If there are two outer walls and two windows, add 30%.
When the window exits to the north side - you should throw 10%. An important factor will be the installation of radiators, because no matter how good you buy the batteries, if they are installed incorrectly, there is still zero sense from this.
When choosing heating radiators, you should rely on the technical characteristics of the radiators and the heating system itself, as well as the budget.
With proper study, you can always find a middle ground for yourself.
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