Chopped arbors - Choice of material for chopped arbors and stages of construction + Photo and Video

Chopped arbors - Choice of material for chopped arbors and stages of construction + Photo and Video Natural wood does not lose its popularity, despite the fact that modern building materials are endowed with many advantages. It is used not only for the construction of houses, baths, gazebos, but also for decorating facades and interior walls, and installing fences.

Chopped gazebos, photos of which can be found in various catalogs on Internet resources, are made mainly of timber.

The design of the gazebo is simple, which does not require much time and money for construction. Often installed in suburban areas near private houses or seasonal dachas.

The popularity of such structures is understandable; they are used for warm family gatherings, regardless of weather conditions. The roof protects from precipitation and the scorching sun.

Advantages and disadvantages of chopped pavilions

Different materials are used for the manufacture of gazebos: metal decorated with artistic forging, natural wood and even brick. At the peak of popularity, log structures remain, which look warm and cozy. Such buildings harmoniously fit into the exterior of the courtyard, without getting out of the picture.

Log gazebos are decorated in a variety of ways to create a unique look.

Often the material is not processed in any way, trying to maintain its original appearance. Chopped log gazebos are built in various shapes, from simple to intricate, in the form of a rhombus, circle or square. It all depends on the preferences of the owners.

Advantages of log gazebos:

  • Chopped arbors - Choice of material for chopped arbors and stages of construction + Photo and Video attractive appearance;
  • harmonious combination with the exterior of the site;
  • environmental friendliness;
  • resistance to the growth of bacteria, mold and mildew, thanks to natural ventilation;
  • sound insulation;
  • speed and ease of construction;
  • affordable cost.

Disadvantages :

  • the need for periodic treatment with antiseptics and fire retardants;
  • high level of fire hazard;
  • difficulties processing with hand tools.

Types of timber for arbors

Arbors are made of different types of logs, and each of them has its own characteristics.

Rounded log

Bars are produced at woodworking enterprises using machines. Thus, it is possible to achieve a standard diameter for each element. For the construction of arbors from rounded logs with their own hands, they buy a round bar, which is characterized by attractiveness, strength, a high level of steam exchange, and retains heat perfectly.

Calibrated log

The material is processed mechanically in production. This makes it possible to obtain a certain section of the elements. The bars are easy to work with as they are the same size.The material used for the calibrated timber is:

  • soft pine;
  • Chopped arbors - Choice of material for chopped arbors and stages of construction + Photo and Video dense spruce;
  • sticky ;
  • oak ;
  • aspen.

The material has a smooth surface and precise dimensions that ensure ease of installation.

The finished building has an attractive appearance both from the outside and from the inside, so often the walls are not finished. The profile addition helps to protect the logs from excessive moisture. In gazebos made of calibrated logs, the body is comfortable in summer and winter. Such building materials are distinguished by low thermal conductivity. The gazebos made of calibrated timber will not be too cold even in the winter season.

The light weight of the logs eliminates the need to prepare a solid and expensive foundation for the gazebo.

Chopped timber

This material is popular in the field of small construction. Pergolas made of wood look neat and aesthetically pleasing, do not need additional finishing.

Hand-cut timber is distinguished into a separate category. Experts say that winter is the optimal time for logging.

The correct selection of trees in terms of trunk diameter and length is a guarantee of high-quality material. The bark from the trees is removed by hand and a lock is prepared for collecting the log house.

Note. Chopped logs are best suited for making small arbors.

Types of gazebos

You can choose the shape of the gazebo for suburban areas of any size.

For a small area, a small house made of timber with benches, square 3x3 m, is suitable. The building is complemented by a two- or four-pitched roof.

The option with a gazebo adjoining the house looks very attractive. The building can be equipped at your own discretion. Square-shaped constructions are decorated with forging elements or wood carving.

The play of contrasting shades - dark and light bars - adds expressiveness. Rectangular gazebos with dimensions of 3x4 m or 3x6 m look more massive, therefore they are not suitable for installation in small areas.

Hexagonal and octagonal arbors made of chopped timber have a presentable appearance and stand out favorably against the background of other buildings. The structures are compact in size and are suitable for placement in small areas.

Types of arbor designs

The most popular types of arbors:

  • open - without windows and walls, with fences of different heights.

    Outwardly, they resemble seasonal wooden pavilions with a canopy;

  • closed - a small house with windows, doors and walls. Used for gatherings with guests, suitable for equipment for a summer kitchen;
  • semi-closed - they are built from 2-3 walls and a canopy instead of a roof. They are exclusively seasonal.

For the construction of a chopped gazebo with their own hands, the following tools and materials are used:

  • waterproofing film and roofing felt;
  • concrete mixer;
  • hammer, ax, nails, hacksaw;
  • reinforcing mesh;
  • bayonet shovel;
  • jute for marking;
  • building level;
  • cement mortar;
  • crushed stone;
  • sand;
  • boards or plywood formwork.

Stages of construction of a chopped gazebo

  • preparation of a place for installing a gazebo from a bar.

    The site is cleared of debris, dirt and weeds;

  • leveling the site and applying markings;
  • forming a foundation, the choice of which is determined by the size of the structure, the weight of building materials. To install the gazebos, use a columnar, tape and slab type;
  • arrangement of a strip foundation provides for digging a ditch with a width of 25-30 cm, and a depth that depends on the freezing point of the soil;
  • a columnar foundation is formed quickly, using the dug-in support pillars;
  • installation of formwork from boards or plywood sheets;
  • ditches are covered with a pillow of sand and gravel;
  • laying waterproofing materials;
  • pouring concrete and laying roofing material.

The tiled foundation is suitable for do-it-yourself open-type log gazebos. In order to form it, the top layer of soil is removed at a depth of 4 m, and the pit is covered with rubble, a reinforcing mesh is laid and poured with concrete mortar.

Before starting the construction of walls on logs, markings are made along the edges of the elements.

It is very important to make accurate marks on logs that have a small cross-section at the ends. Then markings are applied on the first log after it has been laid. Details are processed with ropes in the amount of 4 pieces, one of them is passed through the workpiece and taken out.

For the purpose of cutting grooves, make a tie-in with a square marking in 8 parts. Chopped logs are laid in a horizontal position, checking for evenness.

In this case, the building level is useful. The details are vertically connected using dowels.

Note

A year after the completion of the construction of the chopped arbor, you can proceed to caulking, since during this time the structure will completely shrink.

After the body of the gazebo for dacha from a log is erected, proceed to the installation of the roof. The process is carried out using rafters from which the base of the roof is formed.

The elements are connected to each other by means of dowels - wooden pegs. Sheathing is made along the rafters, and I lay the material for the roof.

At the final stage of the construction of the chopped gazebo, they are engaged in finishing and processing the beams. First of all, they deal with the floor, which requires protection from moisture. To do this, use paints and varnishes with a high degree of wear resistance.

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