When building a frame house with your own hands, you should pay attention to the Canadian construction technology. This type of frame house can be erected by a small team without the use of special equipment and technology.
Before you start building a Canadian house with your own hands, it is worth determining the purpose of the living space. If you plan to live in the house all year round, then you will need additional insulation of the frame to keep it warm. But if you plan to live in the house only in the spring-summer period, you will not need additional insulation, and as a result, you will save on materials.
It is quite simple to build a house using Canadian technology, especially since you can easily find all the materials used in construction in hardware stores. You can calculate the necessary materials only after the final layout of the house with the calculation of all the main elements and parts of the frame. And when buying, it is best to take every material you need with a margin.
And then, in the end, you will get the perfect result - your own house with an original layout and architecture. There are two types of Canadian houses made of Sip panels and made using frame technology, which we will consider.
Do-it-yourself construction and installation of a frame house using Canadian technology should start from the foundation . In order for the entire frame structure to be stable and stand securely, a columnar foundation is often chosen, as well as a pile foundation, or a slab foundation cast in concrete. Since the weight of a Canadian house is relatively small, soil shrinkage will be minimal.
When laying the foundation, you should also take care of a sufficiently high-quality waterproofing of concrete. Asbestos pipes are used as the base.
For this, holes about a meter deep are made in the soil at a distance of 80 cm, into which pipes up to 1.5 m high and 20 cm in diameter are inserted. After that, the space around the pipes is covered with earth, and concrete is poured inside. This technology will strengthen the entire foundation and give it rigidity and strength.
Before the beginning of construction, boards are laid, which will indicate the location of the rooms.
To do this, use a bar with a section of 5x20 cm. In order to prevent wood from rotting, it is treated with a special antiseptic. Next, we place roofing material under the boards, which will protect your floor from moisture penetration. Next, we put the transverse boards, place the insulation on them, and only after that we put the boards for the floor we have chosen.
When laying the boards on the foundation, check their position several times with a level.
The geometry of your future Canadian home will depend on this.When measuring at the corners of the house, there may be a deviation from the established horizontal line up to 12 mm. Attach carefully and evenly exposed boards to the foundation using anchor bolts, in increments of no more than 2 meters. After laying the floor, you can safely start installing and assembling the walls.
Before on how to build a frame house using Canadian technology with your own hands, make sure again that the floor has a flat and strictly horizontal surface, because any flaws and irregularities can provoke a distortion that will be difficult to get rid of in the future.
After that, feel free to assemble the entire frame.
First of all, you need to build the lower harness, which is the beams with grooves at a distance of approximately 50 cm from each other. You also need to make holes to connect the edges of the bars. The holes are either chamfered or straight.
Depending on the desired ceiling height, measure and saw off a couple of vertical planks.
Typically, the ceiling height in a Canadian home is approximately 2.7 meters. At the same time, one should not forget that a room with high ceilings will be much more difficult to heat, and much more materials may be needed to build and install a Canadian house. Ceilings below 2.5 meters in height will cause discomfort and a feeling of tightness in the room.
And in the summer months it will be stuffy in such a room.
After determination height of ceilings, we install steel pins in those places where our racks will be located. We drill holes for the dowel in the end part of the board. We start assembling our frame by installing all the corner bars. We insert them into the dowel and fix them with temporary jibs.
We install intermediate bars in the same way.
After we have installed the vertical bars, we can proceed with the installation of the upper harness, for which we use the same beams with grooves, as for installing the lower harness. The placement of the holes of the lower and upper strapping must be the same, otherwise, distortions cannot be avoided. You can fix the top harness with nails. Choose the length of the nails so that they fit into the end of the vertical bars at least 10 cm.
After installing the frame, remove the temporary braces and install permanent ones. They will remove some of the loads from the connections of the lower and upper strapping, and give the frame additional rigidity and strength.
Then we fix the ceiling beams made of 5x15 cm timber. The beams are located at a distance of 50 cm, and coincide with the vertical posts. Install support beams inside the Canadian house, they will support the beams and are located in the place of the interior partitions.
At this stage, the installation of our main frame can be considered complete.
For rafters, use boards 5 cm thick and 10 cm wide. For lathing, choose boards with a width of 10 cm and a thickness of 2.5 cm. Install rafters at an angle of no more than 50 degrees.
Collect them on the ground or directly on the Canadian home itself.
Fasten the end-jointed rafters with 15 cm nails. Step 60 cm away from the top rafter connection and further reinforce them in an "A" shape. Lay the lower ends of the entire structure on the wall of the house with an outlet of at least 20 cm.
Initially, install the extreme rafters to the walls of the frame house with the use of special reinforcement with two cuttings.
Next comes the installation of rafters in the center of the frame house, and on top of them the ridge board is laid and fastened to give the rafters a stronger and more reliable connection. Next, install the remaining rafters. The distance between them does not exceed 50 cm.
After that we carry out the crate. The boards for the lathing are laid at a distance of 5 cm from each other with a release of 25 cm.
Fasten the boards of the lathing with nails 6 cm long. It is customary to attach two nails to each rafter leg.
On top of the crate we lay roofing felt vertically with an overlap of at least 15 cm. We attach the roofing felt to the crate using nails with a wide head.
When choosing a roofing material, you can opt for a 6-wave slate, which can be installed alone.
Slate starts to be laid from the back of the lower part of the Canadian house, this is done so that the joining of sheets is not noticeable from the front side of your house. In the first row, four sheets are stacked, in the second row - one sheet less, and so on. In the last row, you should have one sheet of slate.
When laying the first 3 rows of slate, be sure to check the evenness of all your rows. If you cannot detect the deviation of one of the rows from a straight line in time, then you will have to start all over again.
All slate sheets are fastened with special slate nails. The overlap of sheets on top of each other should be 10 cm.
When cladding all walls of a Canadian house, it is customary to distribute all boards to a certain number on all sides at home - side, front and back. And cut all the boards to fit all the walls. Rear wall cladding is the last step.
This is done in order to use all the scraps and remnants of the boards that remained after sheathing the side and front walls of the frame house.
The first plank must be fixed to the foundation beam of the frame house. Before capital fixing, we recommend that all boards be aligned horizontally using a building level. The boards are fastened to each post using two 5 cm nails. The boards fit tightly into the groove for a tighter and more secure joint.
Use a wooden mallet to secure them.After the exterior cladding of the walls of the Canadian home, you can safely proceed to the interior decoration of the house.
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