Convector heating at home - all the pros and cons. Heating systems can be conditionally divided into underfloor heating, as well as radiator and convector systems. So, let's talk about how, using such devices, you can create home heating according to the last option.
The operation of 80% of heating devices is based on the convective method. This phenomenon can be noted by the movement of heated air upwards and cold air downwards.
Convectors and heating of this type use this very physical law. If we talk about the principle of operation, then inside the heater there is a heating element with a large heat exchange area. Cold air approaches it from below, and when it passes through the heater, it warms up and begins to rise up to the ceiling, thereby displacing the cold air. Thus, heat distribution is obtained.
Advantages of convector heating at home:
If, for example, compare an oil cooler and a convector, then the second option is many times better.
The fact is that the oil cooler provides heat, but it will only be near. Due to the fact that the convection device "drives" the air, the heat is evenly distributed. For this reason, if you cannot decide which of these two devices to choose, take the second one, as it is much more comfortable. And yet - heating a house or apartment with a convector is much more economical, and even in comparison with the same oil radiators, the savings are equal to 25%.
Naturally, this method of heating a living space has some disadvantages.
It is worthwhile to deal with them in more detail so that there are no surprises.
In general, heating a summer cottage, apartment or house with convectors is not an ideal solution, but it is still acceptable.
With their help, you can ensure comfort in the winter in any premises and conditions, however, electricity bills will be considerable. And the second point - the allocated power for an apartment or house should be 25% more than the total power of all used electric heaters, since protection may work due to overload.
For space heating, convectors can become part of water heating, and can also be used as separate devices for heating the air. Before choosing a convector, you should familiarize yourself with their properties and technical characteristics, at least in general terms. This will make the choice deliberate, and we are sure that you will buy a worthwhile device.
The beauty of such heating is that you can add other heat sources at any time or change their location.
Convection water heating differs from radiators in that it is considered to be radiant (surface) to a greater extent. As a rule, ribs, or, as they are also called, additional plates, are fixed to the pipe with a heat carrier. Such fins also begin to heat up, and the passing air begins to take this heat away. Thanks to this action, the heat exchange is accelerated.
It is by the large area of the heat exchanger that one can distinguish heating a house with a convector from radiators, although to a greater extent this division is conditional.
In order for the structure to have a more attractive appearance, the plate and pipe structure can be closed with a metal casing or decorative grill. Although this device will not turn out to be very attractive in appearance, thanks to the ribs and convection, the heat will be efficiently transferred to the apartment / house.
According to the installation method, there are the following types of water convectors for heating an apartment or house:
A decorative grille will cover the appliance and will be at the same level with the floor covering, and the air flow will be directed towards the glass to prevent it from freezing. Of the shortcomings, it is worth noting the complexity of installation work, while this can only be done at the stage of overhaul. To do this, you will need to make a recess for the body, and this is not always possible, and sometimes it is even necessary to raise the floor. Both solutions are very expensive.
One of the options is a metal radiator, in which the convection heat component is quite high, although it is called "radiator". This option is cheaper when compared with other radiators, but it often needs to be replaced (ferrous metal is used for manufacturing, and it is destroyed very quickly).
They can be installed even if the bearing capacity of the material from which the wall is made cannot withstand heavy loads of a static nature (for example, when it comes to plasterboard partitions). Outwardly, they will differ little from wall-mounted devices, but still they will stand on legs. There are special models of designer production that are made in the form of a table or bench. Often these models have a low height.
Yes, another type of water convection heating is a heating plinth, which is characterized by a small height of up to 14 cm and a depth of up to 5 cm. It is made of copper pipes, which have fins, and are covered with special plastic covers, which outwardly strongly resemble plinth. The system is assembled from small sections, which are interconnected by pipes. It is installed at the junction of the walls and floor along the entire perimeter of the room, namely in the place where the plinth is usually installed. Due to its appearance, the structure received the second name "skirting board heating".
If you do not want convector heating to spoil the design of the apartment, you should pay attention to this option.
In the CIS countries, convectors powered by a thermal carrier are rare. We are more accustomed to using such reliable metals as stainless steel, cast iron and others. If you wish, you can also find models made of copper that will serve for a long time, but in this case, the price will most likely stop you, since it is too high. And yet - there is a difference in sensations, since heating the house with convectors is not comfortable for everyone, because it can create a feeling of a draft.
If you do not have the opportunity or desire to invest a lot of money in a water heating system, then home heating can be done using electric convectors.These are autonomous heating devices that can be used both as additional and main sources of heat. There are electric convectors with different installation methods:
Floor-standing heaters are mobile devices, and their mobility is limited only by the length of the electrical cord. But you can still connect an extension cord or move the device to another outlet, which will be closer to the place of heating.
Heating the house with convectors that run on electricity, it is wonderful that no major installation work is required. This device is lightweight, does not create a large load on the surface of the walls. You may need only a couple of hooks (it all depends on the size) on which they will be hung and there will be a socket nearby.
This completes the preparatory work and you can connect the devices. Another plus is that the failure of one element (the exception is electrical power) will not harm the rest. A non-working convector can be replaced, and this is done in a couple of minutes if you have a spare one, or 1-2 hours to buy a new one.
But it is worth highlighting which electric convectors have disadvantages:
Even taking into account the night rate, the amount is still large.
If you have no idea how to make heating the house with a convector economical, you should consider convectors that run on gas.
These are small devices that can be powered by liquefied or natural gas. Gas is the cheapest fuel at the moment, so heating with gas convectors is the most economical.
The device of gas-type convectors is efficient and simple, and its efficiency is 85-87% on average. In the heat exchanger, the gas is burned, and the heat is distributed either through a natural process or through the operation of the built-in fan. The exhaust gas is discharged outside through a pipe.
According to the method of gas removal, the equipment can be:
Yes, as you can see, the main difference lies in the type of flue gas discharge.
If you want to heat your home with a convector that runs on gas, you will need to decide on a way to remove smoke. The least problems will be during the installation work of parapet models, but during work in cold weather, the coaxial often freezes, therefore, the cessation of air intake and gas removal is noticeable, and this leads to a heating stop. If such a situation occurs in the daytime, then in general it will not make the pipe to clean the pipe from ice, but going out into the cold at night is a dubious undertaking.
Another disadvantage is that during a strong wind, a very large air flow begins to enter the coaxial, which is capable of conceiving a burner flame. The installation of a protective grill quite successfully helps to cope with such a phenomenon, but if the wind blows strongly and in a certain direction, it will be able to extinguish the flame.
With the installation work of the fireplace-type gas convector, there will be more problems, since it will be necessary to install a chimney to ensure the flow of combustion air. But such devices will work more stable and no frost will be terrible for them.Disadvantage - if you need to make such heating for the whole house and install one device in each room, then you will need to install a chimney for each, or think over the system in such a way that the chimney with many channels is in the center, and chimney-type convectors can be connected to it ...
It's not that easy, but a little less hassle and cost. In any case, heating a house on a fuel such as gas is much cheaper than using electric models.
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