Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

A comfortable and beautifully finished balcony is not only pleasing to the eye, but also arouses a sense of pride in front of others, especially if everything is done by hand. The correct approach to the balcony arrangement should be present at every stage of work, from glazing to cladding, so special attention should be paid to this. This will allow you to create a full-fledged living space from a nondescript room.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands

How to decorate the balcony from the inside

Among a large number of finishing materials for premises, clapboard (ordinary) and euro lining are most often used. It is a specially made oak, ash, linden, alder, cedar, pine boards (other types of wood can also be used).

It is worth noting that pine material is not used for facing the sunny side, because when heated, pine releases resin and spoils the aesthetic appearance of the room.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

Wooden lining

There are also carriage facing materials of artificial origin, the most demanded of which are PVC, MDF, seamless and seam panels.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

What is the lining made of

What is the difference between euro lining and ordinary wood lining?

Lining or eurolining is a planed board with grooves, a tongue-and-groove or a profile. These cladding options can last about 20 years, but subject to proper care and the absence of direct sunlight, moisture, pests (mice, rats), insects and other factors.

GOST 8242-88.

Profile parts made of wood and wood-based materials for construction. File to download.

GOST 8242-88

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

Euro lining

Below are the main differences between the lining and eurolining.

  1. These profiles have different thickness, width, quality.
  2. Euro lining is more demanding to maintain than ordinary wood lining.

  3. Materials have different manufacturing techniques. Euro lining is an almost completely dried material, and the lining has its own natural moisture (no additional drying treatment was used).
  4. Euro lining has specially provided grooves for draining condensate, so such panels are less exposed to rotting. These internal grooves also allow stress relief from the board and finished cladding.
  5. The cost of materials is also different (Euro lining will cost more).

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

How the lining is arranged: 1 - thorn; 2 - shelf; 3 - front face; 4 - compensation grooves; 5 - the bottom edge of the groove; a - working width; b - full width.

Advantages of wooden lining

The main advantages of lining include:

  • is made of environmentally friendly material;
  • is characterized by resistance to temperature changes, mechanical damage;
  • has good thermal insulation;
  • has a long service life.

By the quality of the material, wooden lining is divided into 4 classes. These boards are manufactured over a period of time and are classified when they are ready to be molded and sold.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

Classes of wooden lining

Table.

Classes of wooden lining.

Class Features

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

Premium (Prima or Extra)

This is the most expensive lining option. It has no knots or irregularities. It is absolutely smooth and attractive in appearance.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

А

Small amount of knots present (no more than 1-2 per 1.

5 sq. m. of the surface).

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

В

There may be microcracks and resin pockets.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

С

Applicable only for outdoor plating.

It has numerous cracks and knots.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

Lining characteristics

More about existing forms of the finished facing board

Separate several forms of boards ready for facing. Before the sale, the boards undergo processing, as a result of which the following types of lining are obtained:

  • block house (imitation of a log);
  • imitation of a bar;
  • soft-line;
  • calm ;
  • lining ;
  • landhouse.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

Some varieties of profiles of natural lining

Prices for lining, imitation of a bar, block house

Molding, imitation of timber, block house

What is required to clad the balcony with your own hands

Balcony cladding can be performed as professional team, and the owner of the apartment. To carry out such work, it is not necessary to have special skills, knowledge, but it is worthwhile to carefully prepare and take a responsible approach to the implementation of the task.

For internal work to be done successfully, you need to know the basic rules.

  1. Before finishing, it is worth preparing the wall surfaces well.
  2. Only high quality material is used for cladding. It is best to give preference to the "Premium" class, but if the financial situation does not allow, then you can use A or B. (C is, roughly speaking, waste, which is still used in some cases).

  3. Before buying, you need to calculate the number of consumables, but you need to purchase them with a small margin.

    Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

    How to calculate the number of lining for covering the balcony from the inside

    Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

    Calculation of the number of lining

  4. Also, you must first prepare the working tools.
  5. If the balcony is cold, then you should take care of the choice of insulation. Consult an expert on how to install insulation.
  6. Consider the finish of the finished skin.

Tools and materials

Balcony cladding can only be performed with high quality if all the tools and materials listed below are available.

For work you will need:

  • a high-power punch or drill;
  • a screwdriver;
  • drills (1 mm, suitable for self-tapping screws) ;
  • high-quality drills, 4 and 6 mm in diameter;
  • hacksaw or jigsaw for wood;
  • level;
  • simple pencil, tape measure, square;
  • hammer and ax;
  • self-tapping screws 90, 75 and 50 mm;
  • 30 mm nails with a large head, dowels; for perfectly flat surfaces, dowels 6 * 60 are suitable, but with minor irregularities - 6 * 100.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

Tools for finishing the balcony with clapboard

Prices for popular models of punchers

Rotary hammers

Preparing walls for cladding

Before starting work, preparation of surfaces is imperative. It is required that the lining is well attached, the walls do not crumble, fungus and mold do not appear on them. To do this, it is worth filling the cracks with plaster, eliminating irregularities and treating the surfaces with an antifungal solution.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

The first step is to clean the surfaces, thoroughly clean the balcony from dirt and dust

Insulation work

An important point after preparation is the insulation of the balcony. Balcony insulation is sold in stores in the form of rolls and slabs.

"Penofol" or "Izolon" materials have a foil base, therefore they are fixed on the surface of the walls after preparatory work and drying. Further, a frame for sheathing is installed on top of the insulation.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

Thermal insulation of the balcony "Penofol" (a cladding frame is mounted on top of the heat insulator)

If mineral wool or foam boards are used, immediately prepare the cladding frame, and lay the insulation between its slats.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

Sheathing frame

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

Do-it-yourself foam insulation of the balcony

Prices for mineral wool

Mineral wool

Correct installation of the frame

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

Lathing for lining

Step 1. First, check the evenness of the surface using a level. If the upper section needs to be diverted more than the lower one, then work should start from the bottom.

Step 2. First of all, vertical slats are installed, and then horizontal slats are placed between them.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

Do-it-yourself clapboarding of the balcony from the inside

Step 3. The guide rail is cut to the required length.

Step 4. Places of future lining fixings are marked. Marks are placed every 60-80 cm.

Step 5. A 6 mm drill is used to prepare holes 5-6 cm deep.

Step 6. The installation of the battens begins with the corner posts.

Step 7.

Reiki is laid as follows: one at the knee, the second at the hips, the third at the shoulder. It is worth observing the interval between the bars of about 50 cm.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

Installation of the frame (without insulation)

Step 8. Do not immediately tighten the screws too much. First, the guides are baited with plastic chops.

Step 9. Before installing the staff, you need to make sure that it is the correct level.

Step 10. The rail is hammered in with a dowel, which can then be tightened with a screwdriver.

For the dowel, use a plastic nozzle that fits tightly into the hole for at least 30 mm.

Step 11. You want to create vertical lines around the working perimeter in order to see the flatness of the wagon stack during installation. For this, the cords are pulled.

Step 12. Based on these indicators, the rest of the bars are attached.

Step 13. After installing the vertical battens, proceed to laying the horizontal ones.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

Fastening horizontal slats

Step 14. If mineral wool is used for insulation, you will need to lay it in the formed cells and glue with specially designed glue foam.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

Insulation of walls and ceiling with mineral wool

Step 15.

After that, a vapor barrier film is attached.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

Vapor barrier

Fastening the frame to a deformed surface

If there are visible irregularities that require a lot of effort and financial costs to eliminate, you can mount the frame in a different way.

  1. Install the rail on the most even part of the wall and attach a plumb line to it.
  2. Fasten the subsequent lower beams, starting from the plumb line.
  3. Where it is necessary to reduce the distance between the surface and the batten, make a backing, and if there is a visible bulge, remove the top layer of plaster.

So you can hide the flaws of the walls in the most economical way available to everyone. After the installation work, traces of deformation will be invisible.

Mounting the lining

Step 1. It is required to prepare all the necessary tools and materials: drill, self-tapping screws, small nails, clamps or dowels, level and wood materials for cladding.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

Lining installation diagram

Step 2.

Attach 1 board to the corner of the already installed frame. Check the evenness of the corner using a level.

Step 3. After making sure that the board is positioned correctly (vertically), you can use the cleamer. To do this, the latter is inserted into the groove in the wood and fixed with a small nail.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

Clapboards for clapboard

The wood structure is very delicate, so it is important not to damage it when driving a nail. To do this, it is recommended to put pliers on top of the nail and lightly hit it with a hammer.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

Fastening to the lathing with a nail

To securely attach the lining to the lathing with a self-tapping screw, you need to screw it into the groove (tilted inward ).

Using this method may crack the wood. To avoid this, you need to make a hole with a drill at the attachment point, and then screw in the self-tapping screw.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

To avoid damage to the material, a hole must first be made in the board with a fine drill

Step 4. To fix the second board, you need to carefully insert it into the groove of the previous one (from bottom to top) and just as carefully fix it with a clip or a self-tapping screw.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

Attaching the second board

Step 5. When installing the third board, repeat all the manipulations. When the wood is in place, you need to take a hammer and knock it well against the previous boards along the entire length.

In order not to leave marks at the edges of the board, you need to apply a block and knock on it.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

Craftsmen use a small (30 cm) piece of lining, which is inserted into the groove of the board and hit with a hammer so as not to damage the working part

Step 6. The entire working perimeter is set in the same way.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

Carrying out works on covering the balcony with wooden clapboard

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

Ceiling frame and its sheathing

Step 7. The last stage of sheathing is the installation of the skirting boards to hide the seams in the corner joints of the boards.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

Skirting boards at the joints of the lining

To do this, you need to attach the finished skirting board to the corner, drill holes with the thinnest drill for a drill and drive in there small inconspicuous nails. Such actions are performed around the entire perimeter of the balcony.

Video - Sheathing the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands

Recommendation! In order to qualitatively sheathe a balcony, it is worth using a lining. It has low humidity and is more resistant to fungi and mold.

Also, the eurolining has longer spikes (8-9 mm), when compared with the usual clapboard (4-5 mm), so it is easier and more reliable.

Protective coating for finished cladding

Protective coating is a special solution that protects the wood material (lining) from exposure to sunlight, mold or mildew, and also gives smoothness and more attractive look.

The following means are used for this:

  • antiseptic preparations: covering or glazing;
  • varnishes: alkyd and acrylic;
  • paints: oil or acrylate.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

For the lining on the loggia, a yacht (boat varnish) is suitable, which is based on polyurethane. This agent is used for treating wooden boats, therefore it perfectly protects against moisture.

You can also use acrylic paint to give the boards color and strength, which must be applied to the lining in several layers.

Using PVC lining

This version of the inner balcony cladding is the most economical and affordable for everyone.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

Color solutions of plastic lining

Table. Pros and cons of plastic lining.

Advantages of PVC lining Disadvantages How to improve quality
Panel boards are easy to use and fit well at any angle. Made by artificial means, therefore not environmentally friendly.

Make flexo printing.
They are cheap and affordable to everyone. Able to turn yellow from solar influence on the PVC structure. Apply lamination product.
They have a huge color spectrum.

Do not prevent the accumulation of condensation. Use thermal translation.

Flexo printing. After coating the plastic material with flexo printing, it becomes more resistant to light mechanical damage and ultraviolet rays. This is due to the surface lacquer fixing of the pattern.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

Plastic panel with flexo print "Beige Marble"

Lamination. When using it, a special film is attached to the material. After carrying out these manipulations, you can see that the artificial material has become stronger and more elastic, so it will last much longer. The second function of lamination is decorative decoration. After carrying out this procedure, the surface of the lining takes the form of wood or stone, which designers will definitely appreciate.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

Samples of laminated PVC panels

Thermal transfer. The most difficult process of drawing a picture, because it is carried out by applying high temperature to the image and the surface. Therefore, the image is reprinted and soldered into the base of the artificial lining. Using this technology, you can get bright pictures, and golden or silver shades are obtained only by this method.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

PVC panel (thermal transfer)

PVC panels are the simplest and most convenient material for interior facing work.

Such lining is well fixed in any position - horizontal, angular and vertical.

There are many colors and textures of plastic lining (there are even mirror panels). However, the "mirror" version is used exclusively on darkened balconies, where direct sunlight does not penetrate. This is due to the negative effect of the sun on the gloss of the PVC mirror coating.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

The use of mirror plastic panels

Prices for PVC panels

PVC panels

Installation of PVC panels (lining)

To correctly install PVC carriage plates, you will need to evaluate the evenness of the wall surface.

If they are perfect, then the panels are glued.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

The scheme of finishing the balcony with PVC panels

If curvatures or irregularities are observed on the surface, you will need to make a frame (the same as for facing boards). Further, the process goes as follows.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

Fastening panels with a kleimer

  1. Plates are attached to the bars with a stapler or self-tapping screws.
  2. Work starts from the corner.

  3. To secure the panels together, you need to insert the panel into the groove of the previous panel (until it clicks).

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

Balcony cladding with PVC panels inside

Before installing the frame and panels, pre-antiseptic treatment of wall surfaces should be done ... This helps to reduce the likelihood of fungal growth.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

We finish fixing the plastic lining

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

Fixing the PVC panels on balcony ceiling

Features of seamless PVC clapboard

This kind of finishing material is artificial. In its structure, it does not differ much from tile PVC, however, it has large dimensions, which are the only difference and cause inconvenience when transported to your home.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

The walls are sheathed with colored seamless plastic clapboard

Advantages of seamless PVC

  1. The panels are easy to install, so finishing can be done without hiring a professional team.
  2. Large material dimensions allow quick installation completion.
  3. The panels do not contain cadmium or asbestos, therefore they are safe for health.

  4. They have good sound insulation and high moisture resistance.
  5. Do not lose their properties and retain their appearance even after 30 years of operation.
  6. They have increased heat resistance (withstand from -50 to + 50 ℃).
  7. Also, PVC panels are easy to clean with water and a sponge.
  8. Special care is not required, as well as regular antiseptic treatment.

Suture lining

Suture lining - small plastic 10 cm. plates. They are equipped with connecting grooves for easy mounting. Most often they are used to give the wall a relief look.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

Plastic suture lining on the balcony

Advantages:

  • this the lining is simple and unpretentious to maintain;
  • visually expands the room thanks to the seams;
  • easy to transport and install.

Disadvantages :

  • it is not resistant to mechanical damage;
  • may turn yellow from heating by sunlight (used for balconies located on the shaded side).

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions! How to insulate a house from a 150x150 bar outside?

You can find detailed instructions on insulating a house from a 150x150 bar outside in this article ! We also recommend that you read about the insulation of a wooden house with mineral wool outside for siding.

MDF lining

MDF lining is a material that allows you to combine wood and artificial cladding options. A special feature is the manufacturing method: the process takes place under high temperature and pressure. The structure of MDF is based on the use of wood fibers covered with PVC film, which gives the material the color of wood species.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

MDF lining

The advantages of this material:

  • it is cheap ;
  • does not require regular treatment with antiseptics and antifungal agents, but looks like a real tree;
  • is distinguished by increased noise insulation, thermal insulation and light resistance;
  • easy to operate and maintain;
  • can last more than 25 years;

If desired, you can change the color, it is enough to cover the MDF veneer with varnish.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

Finishing the MDF balcony with clapboard

Disadvantages:

  • problems may arise during installation work - such a profile, inconvenient docking grooves;
  • MDF cannot be used for outer cladding, because the material can deform from moisture ingress (as a result, the cladding will be damaged).

The process of installing MDF lining (seam and seamless)

In fact, the installation technology does not differ from the laying of wood or PVC materials. Installation requires internal insulation and a frame. The only thing that distinguishes these panels from environmentally friendly ones is the lack of the need for regular maintenance and low resistance to damage.

Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands: detailed instructions!

The procedure for installing MDF lining on clamps

Video - Wall decoration with MDF panels

Video - We insulate the balcony with MDF panels (part 1)

Video - We insulate the balcony with MDF panels (part 2)

Video - We insulate the balcony with MDF panels (part 3)

Video - We insulate the balcony with MDF panels (part 4)

Video - How to set inner corners for MDF panels

Video - How to set external corners (slopes) for MDF panels

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