A comfortable and beautifully finished balcony is not only pleasing to the eye, but also arouses a sense of pride in front of others, especially if everything is done by hand. The correct approach to the balcony arrangement should be present at every stage of work, from glazing to cladding, so special attention should be paid to this. This will allow you to create a full-fledged living space from a nondescript room.
Decorating the balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands
Among a large number of finishing materials for premises, clapboard (ordinary) and euro lining are most often used. It is a specially made oak, ash, linden, alder, cedar, pine boards (other types of wood can also be used).
It is worth noting that pine material is not used for facing the sunny side, because when heated, pine releases resin and spoils the aesthetic appearance of the room.
There are also carriage facing materials of artificial origin, the most demanded of which are PVC, MDF, seamless and seam panels.
What is the lining made of
Lining or eurolining is a planed board with grooves, a tongue-and-groove or a profile. These cladding options can last about 20 years, but subject to proper care and the absence of direct sunlight, moisture, pests (mice, rats), insects and other factors.
Profile parts made of wood and wood-based materials for construction. File to download.
Below are the main differences between the lining and eurolining.
How the lining is arranged: 1 - thorn; 2 - shelf; 3 - front face; 4 - compensation grooves; 5 - the bottom edge of the groove; a - working width; b - full width.
The main advantages of lining include:
By the quality of the material, wooden lining is divided into 4 classes. These boards are manufactured over a period of time and are classified when they are ready to be molded and sold.
Classes of wooden lining
Classes of wooden lining.
Premium (Prima or Extra)
| This is the most expensive lining option. It has no knots or irregularities. It is absolutely smooth and attractive in appearance.
| Small amount of knots present (no more than 1-2 per 1.
5 sq. m. of the surface).
| There may be microcracks and resin pockets.
| Applicable only for outdoor plating.
It has numerous cracks and knots.
Separate several forms of boards ready for facing. Before the sale, the boards undergo processing, as a result of which the following types of lining are obtained:
Some varieties of profiles of natural lining
Molding, imitation of timber, block house
Balcony cladding can be performed as professional team, and the owner of the apartment. To carry out such work, it is not necessary to have special skills, knowledge, but it is worthwhile to carefully prepare and take a responsible approach to the implementation of the task.
For internal work to be done successfully, you need to know the basic rules.
How to calculate the number of lining for covering the balcony from the inside
Calculation of the number of lining
Balcony cladding can only be performed with high quality if all the tools and materials listed below are available.
For work you will need:
Tools for finishing the balcony with clapboard
Before starting work, preparation of surfaces is imperative. It is required that the lining is well attached, the walls do not crumble, fungus and mold do not appear on them. To do this, it is worth filling the cracks with plaster, eliminating irregularities and treating the surfaces with an antifungal solution.
The first step is to clean the surfaces, thoroughly clean the balcony from dirt and dust
An important point after preparation is the insulation of the balcony. Balcony insulation is sold in stores in the form of rolls and slabs.
"Penofol" or "Izolon" materials have a foil base, therefore they are fixed on the surface of the walls after preparatory work and drying. Further, a frame for sheathing is installed on top of the insulation.
Thermal insulation of the balcony "Penofol" (a cladding frame is mounted on top of the heat insulator)
If mineral wool or foam boards are used, immediately prepare the cladding frame, and lay the insulation between its slats.
Do-it-yourself foam insulation of the balcony
Lathing for lining
Step 1. First, check the evenness of the surface using a level. If the upper section needs to be diverted more than the lower one, then work should start from the bottom.
Step 2. First of all, vertical slats are installed, and then horizontal slats are placed between them.
Do-it-yourself clapboarding of the balcony from the inside
Step 3. The guide rail is cut to the required length.
Step 4. Places of future lining fixings are marked. Marks are placed every 60-80 cm.
Step 5. A 6 mm drill is used to prepare holes 5-6 cm deep.
Step 6. The installation of the battens begins with the corner posts.
Reiki is laid as follows: one at the knee, the second at the hips, the third at the shoulder. It is worth observing the interval between the bars of about 50 cm.
Installation of the frame (without insulation)
Step 8. Do not immediately tighten the screws too much. First, the guides are baited with plastic chops.
Step 9. Before installing the staff, you need to make sure that it is the correct level.
Step 10. The rail is hammered in with a dowel, which can then be tightened with a screwdriver.
For the dowel, use a plastic nozzle that fits tightly into the hole for at least 30 mm.
Step 11. You want to create vertical lines around the working perimeter in order to see the flatness of the wagon stack during installation. For this, the cords are pulled.
Step 12. Based on these indicators, the rest of the bars are attached.
Step 13. After installing the vertical battens, proceed to laying the horizontal ones.
Fastening horizontal slats
Step 14. If mineral wool is used for insulation, you will need to lay it in the formed cells and glue with specially designed glue foam.
Insulation of walls and ceiling with mineral wool
After that, a vapor barrier film is attached.
If there are visible irregularities that require a lot of effort and financial costs to eliminate, you can mount the frame in a different way.
So you can hide the flaws of the walls in the most economical way available to everyone. After the installation work, traces of deformation will be invisible.
Step 1. It is required to prepare all the necessary tools and materials: drill, self-tapping screws, small nails, clamps or dowels, level and wood materials for cladding.
Lining installation diagram
Attach 1 board to the corner of the already installed frame. Check the evenness of the corner using a level.
Step 3. After making sure that the board is positioned correctly (vertically), you can use the cleamer. To do this, the latter is inserted into the groove in the wood and fixed with a small nail.
Clapboards for clapboard
The wood structure is very delicate, so it is important not to damage it when driving a nail. To do this, it is recommended to put pliers on top of the nail and lightly hit it with a hammer.
Fastening to the lathing with a nail
To securely attach the lining to the lathing with a self-tapping screw, you need to screw it into the groove (tilted inward ).
Using this method may crack the wood. To avoid this, you need to make a hole with a drill at the attachment point, and then screw in the self-tapping screw.
To avoid damage to the material, a hole must first be made in the board with a fine drill
Step 4. To fix the second board, you need to carefully insert it into the groove of the previous one (from bottom to top) and just as carefully fix it with a clip or a self-tapping screw.
Attaching the second board
Step 5. When installing the third board, repeat all the manipulations. When the wood is in place, you need to take a hammer and knock it well against the previous boards along the entire length.
In order not to leave marks at the edges of the board, you need to apply a block and knock on it.
Craftsmen use a small (30 cm) piece of lining, which is inserted into the groove of the board and hit with a hammer so as not to damage the working part
Step 6. The entire working perimeter is set in the same way.
Carrying out works on covering the balcony with wooden clapboard
Ceiling frame and its sheathing
Step 7. The last stage of sheathing is the installation of the skirting boards to hide the seams in the corner joints of the boards.
Skirting boards at the joints of the lining
To do this, you need to attach the finished skirting board to the corner, drill holes with the thinnest drill for a drill and drive in there small inconspicuous nails. Such actions are performed around the entire perimeter of the balcony.
Recommendation! In order to qualitatively sheathe a balcony, it is worth using a lining. It has low humidity and is more resistant to fungi and mold.
Also, the eurolining has longer spikes (8-9 mm), when compared with the usual clapboard (4-5 mm), so it is easier and more reliable.
Protective coating is a special solution that protects the wood material (lining) from exposure to sunlight, mold or mildew, and also gives smoothness and more attractive look.
The following means are used for this:
For the lining on the loggia, a yacht (boat varnish) is suitable, which is based on polyurethane. This agent is used for treating wooden boats, therefore it perfectly protects against moisture.
You can also use acrylic paint to give the boards color and strength, which must be applied to the lining in several layers.
This version of the inner balcony cladding is the most economical and affordable for everyone.
Color solutions of plastic lining
Table. Pros and cons of plastic lining.
|Advantages of PVC lining||Disadvantages|| How to improve quality |
|Panel boards are easy to use and fit well at any angle.|| Made by artificial means, therefore not environmentally friendly. |
| Make flexo printing.
|They are cheap and affordable to everyone.||Able to turn yellow from solar influence on the PVC structure.|| Apply lamination product.
| They have a huge color spectrum. |
|Do not prevent the accumulation of condensation.|| Use thermal translation.
Flexo printing. After coating the plastic material with flexo printing, it becomes more resistant to light mechanical damage and ultraviolet rays. This is due to the surface lacquer fixing of the pattern.
Plastic panel with flexo print "Beige Marble"
Lamination. When using it, a special film is attached to the material. After carrying out these manipulations, you can see that the artificial material has become stronger and more elastic, so it will last much longer. The second function of lamination is decorative decoration. After carrying out this procedure, the surface of the lining takes the form of wood or stone, which designers will definitely appreciate.
Samples of laminated PVC panels
Thermal transfer. The most difficult process of drawing a picture, because it is carried out by applying high temperature to the image and the surface. Therefore, the image is reprinted and soldered into the base of the artificial lining. Using this technology, you can get bright pictures, and golden or silver shades are obtained only by this method.
PVC panel (thermal transfer)
PVC panels are the simplest and most convenient material for interior facing work.
Such lining is well fixed in any position - horizontal, angular and vertical.
There are many colors and textures of plastic lining (there are even mirror panels). However, the "mirror" version is used exclusively on darkened balconies, where direct sunlight does not penetrate. This is due to the negative effect of the sun on the gloss of the PVC mirror coating.
The use of mirror plastic panels
To correctly install PVC carriage plates, you will need to evaluate the evenness of the wall surface.
If they are perfect, then the panels are glued.
The scheme of finishing the balcony with PVC panels
If curvatures or irregularities are observed on the surface, you will need to make a frame (the same as for facing boards). Further, the process goes as follows.
Fastening panels with a kleimer
Balcony cladding with PVC panels inside
Before installing the frame and panels, pre-antiseptic treatment of wall surfaces should be done ... This helps to reduce the likelihood of fungal growth.
We finish fixing the plastic lining
Fixing the PVC panels on balcony ceiling
This kind of finishing material is artificial. In its structure, it does not differ much from tile PVC, however, it has large dimensions, which are the only difference and cause inconvenience when transported to your home.
The walls are sheathed with colored seamless plastic clapboard
Suture lining - small plastic 10 cm. plates. They are equipped with connecting grooves for easy mounting. Most often they are used to give the wall a relief look.
Plastic suture lining on the balcony
How to insulate a house from a 150x150 bar outside?
You can find detailed instructions on insulating a house from a 150x150 bar outside in this article ! We also recommend that you read about the insulation of a wooden house with mineral wool outside for siding.
MDF lining is a material that allows you to combine wood and artificial cladding options. A special feature is the manufacturing method: the process takes place under high temperature and pressure. The structure of MDF is based on the use of wood fibers covered with PVC film, which gives the material the color of wood species.
The advantages of this material:
If desired, you can change the color, it is enough to cover the MDF veneer with varnish.
Finishing the MDF balcony with clapboard
In fact, the installation technology does not differ from the laying of wood or PVC materials. Installation requires internal insulation and a frame. The only thing that distinguishes these panels from environmentally friendly ones is the lack of the need for regular maintenance and low resistance to damage.
The procedure for installing MDF lining on clamps
Posted By: Work Style |12, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |11, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |03, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |06, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |11, Nov 2020