Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Often, the balconies of multi-storey buildings, although they retain their functionality, look rather unsightly. This is especially true for buildings erected in the 20th century, when utilitarianism was given more attention than the aesthetics of the exterior (the so-called Khrushchev and Stalinist buildings). To make the balcony more aesthetic and graceful without spending too much money, you can use siding as the main material for the exterior cladding.

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Balcony cladding with siding outside

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Balcony cladding with siding

Why siding?

It is easiest to sheathe the balcony with your own hands, without involving outside specialists, with siding.

  1. This material is versatile, its panels are held together with special locks and form a continuous skin, resistant to external influences and strong enough.

    Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

    Correct installation of siding is a guarantee of long service

  2. Siding can be mounted on any base, therefore little depends on the design of the balcony.
  3. Siding protects well from noise and temperature changes, which is especially important for closed balconies.

    Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

    Siding protects well from noise and temperature extremes

  4. Such cladding does not require special maintenance - it is enough to carry out ordinary wet cleaning by wiping off the dust and dirt.

    Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

    How to care for vinyl siding

  5. Due to exposure to UV rays, the siding does not lose its visual appeal and does not deform, but fade pretty slow.

An additional advantage of the material is its favorable cost.

You can carry out installation work in any season, without limiting yourself because of the cold or heat.

Important! Siding has low frost resistance, therefore, in regions with cold climates, it cannot be used without thermal insulation.

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Comparative table of siding characteristics of different manufacturers

Prices for various types of siding

Siding

Stage 1. Selection of siding for finishing the balcony

There are three main types of siding, based on the manufacturing technology.

  1. Wood siding is unpretentious in maintenance, extremely safe environmentally and is relatively inexpensive.

    With proper processing, the wood will not rot. However, this material has a drawback: it is prone to ignition.

    Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

    Wooden siding Meranti 15x145 mm

  2. Vinyl siding can withstand temperature changes in a wide range, so it can considered all-weather. It does not rot, does not ignite, does not fade in the sun. There are many colors available, from which you can choose any suitable one.

    Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

    Vinyl siding colors

    Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

    Vinyl siding scheme

  3. Steel Siding is a sheet of steel that is galvanized to resist corrosion and then resin treated. Differs in durability and resistance to mechanical stress.

    Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

    Metal siding

    Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

    Width of metal siding sheet

Vinyl siding is commonly used for balcony cladding. It can have a single color, textures are also offered that imitate any material - for example, wood.

There are other types of siding (cement, aluminum, etc.

), but these three are the most commonly used.

Table. Comparative characteristics of popular types of siding.

Type of siding Thickness, mm Service life, years Durability of external coating, years Extra care
Wooden 10.0 25 15 needed
Vinyl 0.

9-1.5

50 50 not needed
Steel 0.8-2.0 50 10 not needed

Thus, it is quite obvious why vinyl is usually preferred: such siding being quite thin, durable and unpretentious.

Step 2.

Selection of tools and building materials

To prepare for covering the balcony with siding, you will need:

  • screwdriver;
  • punch or drill;
  • knife for assembly work;
  • fishing line or twine;
  • brush for metal;
  • attachment for screwing in self-tapping screws;
  • measuring tape;
  • level.

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Required tools

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Calculation of siding on the balcony

It is also necessary to select the actual siding and fittings for it:

  • adjoining and end strips;
  • corner elements;
  • initial strips;
  • profile in the shape of the letter "L" (for window sills);
  • lathing timber (50x50 or 60x60 mm);
  • corners of the required size;
  • self-tapping screws galvanized;
  • if necessary - a primer for metal surfaces.

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Additional elements for the installation of vinyl siding

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Timber dry planed 50x50 mm

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Fasteners for timber

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Galvanized self-tapping screws for metal

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Primer for metal surfaces Alpina Grundierung für Metall

Care must be taken when preparing, especially when work is in progress on the second, third floor or higher. By properly preparing the balcony for finishing, you can get a good result and avoid any risks. The tool must be of high quality, tested.

Note! It is better to purchase consumables from a trusted supplier, leaving a stock of about 10% just in case (if the work is carried out for the first time, then you can leave 20%).

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Important! It is possible to sheathe only those balconies, the fencing of which is made of metal gratings, on your own. In this case, all work is carried out from the inside, which increases the safety of installation.For cladding balconies with concrete walls, it is better to hire specialists who have the appropriate equipment.

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Metal balcony frame

Prices for popular models of hammer drills

Perforators

Step 3.

Preparing the balcony for cladding

Before you start cladding the balcony with siding, you need to carefully prepare the balcony.

Step 1. Free the balcony from any personal belongings occupying the space. Clean up, sweep out debris and dust.

Step 2.

Remove the old cladding, windows and window frames, any decor.

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Removing the balcony cladding

Step 3. Inspect the balcony cladding and main structures for damage and wear to estimate the scale of work.

Step 4. Check the condition of the fence.

If it is worn out or damaged, it is better to dismantle it and replace it with a new one (for this it is enough to take a grinder and cut down the rusted metal structures). If this is a metal lattice in an acceptable condition, then it is enough to use a channel and strengthen it.

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

The parapet needs to be reinforced and colored

Step 5. Brush the metal fence and then apply to it anti-corrosion coating.

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Preparatory work

Step 6.

Clean the concrete base of the balcony from cracked cement.

Step 7. Fill cracks in concrete with fresh mortar. If the damage is severe, place the battens around the perimeter to reinforce the structure.

Some operations should be given additional attention so that the result does not disappoint and does not lead to the need for an early re-repair in the future.

Let us consider in more detail the installation of the battens, the lower and upper tiers of the beams, the corners of the sheathing and our own siding. These are operations that most often cause difficulties when carrying out work independently.

Prices for timber

Timber

Stage 4. Installation of battens

Step 1. The lathing is made of wooden planks, between which there should be a small distance - no more than 30-40 cm.

Before using the timber for the lathing, it is necessary to treat it with an antiseptic that protects against rotting, fungus, mold.

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Sawing bars

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Woodmaster Biosept-ultra wood antiseptic

Mixtures must be selected taking into account that they are suitable for work in a residential area, do not pose a threat to human life and pets

Step 2. Special attention you need to pay the upper part of the crate - the place where it is fastened to the wall. Metal rods are best suited for reliable fastening. They must be attached to the wall surface and to the timber with self-tapping screws.

Fasteners must be of high quality so that the crate does not lose its strength due to the static load.

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Install the lathing for covering the balcony with siding

The lathing should be thinner than the thermal insulation material used on the balcony.

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Lathing of the balcony for siding

Step 3. Plates of insulating material are laid under the frame, as required have electrical wiring. It is necessary to ensure that communications are not damaged during installation.

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Balcony cladding with siding with insulation

The frame can be metal, but in this case an additional insulation layer is required. Which insulation is best to choose, the owner of the balcony decides for himself, based on the financial capabilities and technical characteristics of the insulating material. The easiest option is mineral wool, but there are also more modern solutions.

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Thermal insulation of the balcony with foam when sheathing with siding (option with a metal frame)

Step 4. Top to the insulation is applied with a protective membrane and fastened with self-tapping screws around the perimeter.

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Balcony insulation scheme

Step 5. If the balcony has a concrete base, then you need to fix the bottom of the crate with construction glue and with the help of clamps, connect to the rods. When choosing an adhesive composition, the temperature conditions in the region are taken into account.

It is important that the joints between the panels must be at least 5 mm - then, even when expanding under the influence of temperature, the panels will not deform.

It is better to turn the self-tapping screws back 1/4 of a turn - also to prevent deformation.

Installation of the lower tier

Preparation of the lower tier begins with the fact that the beam is laid on the balcony, and the side beams are nailed to the front surface. If a woodworking tool is available, a tenon joint can be used.

The timber must be attached to the concrete base with silicate glue, and then the void must be foamed from the inside of the balcony. The timber is additionally fastened with dowels if there are doubts about the strength of the balcony structure.

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Setting the lower horizontal belt

Important! The lower tier of the beams must have a height of at least 7.

6 cm.

When mounting the lower horizontal tier, one or two rows of beams are nailed onto the lower beam - a total height of 8-9 cm is obtained, and this is quite enough.

Next, you need to calculate how many strips of siding will be required for installation. Then you need to attach from one to three rows of beams to the enclosing railing so that their upper edge is higher than the edge of the sheathing, by about 1 cm. The first beam is best fixed with self-tapping screws, the rest of the beams can be nailed from above.

Usually the installation of the upper tier takes less time than the installation of the lower one.

Making the corners of the cladding

Usually siding fittings are sold together with the coating itself, so there is no difficulty in selecting it. To mount the corner pieces, it is enough to cut triangular thrust bearings from the casing.The footrests must be heated and bent at an angle of 90 ° so that the short sides form shelves under the lower edges of the corners.

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Installation of corners

The footrests are fixed with screws, and the corner element is installed on the shelves.

With the help of screws, you need to screw the thrust bearing to both tiers of the beams - top and bottom.

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Siding corners

Step 5. Installation of siding

Step 1. First you need to install the starter bar by attaching it to the bottom tier of the beams with the lock down.

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Siding fittings

This can be done with screws or nails.

Thanks to the elongated grooves in the details, the siding will hold resiliently, not rigidly, so it will not swell or break off the fasteners. Using a nail or a metal marking pencil, you need to make a recess in the middle of the groove for the screw, and then screw it in with a drill or screwdriver. Then the screw should be unscrewed 1/4 turn and slightly loosened. There is another option though.

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Instructions for installing starting profiles

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Correct installation of nails or screws in siding mounting holes

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Attaching the starting profile

Step 2.

When the starting strip is fixed, you need to lower the bottom panel until the lock clicks, and then pull it up so that the hook enters the lock. On the railing bars, mark where the top edge of the panel is. After that, the siding strip will need to be unhooked and removed, and the second tier of lathing beams should be attached according to the marks.

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Types of siding attachment

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Scheme of correct and incorrect siding attachment

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Cutting the siding

Step 3. Holes must be made in the railing bars in order to fix the beams later using bolts or self-tapping screws.

After completing the installation of the second tier of beams, it is required to lower the siding strip again along the grooves of the corner parts and click the lock on the initial strip. Since there are already holes for the screws, it will be easier to fix it: just screw in the screws and then unscrew them about 1/4 of a turn.

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Balcony cladding with siding

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Balcony cladding with siding

Step 4. In the same way, you should fix the remaining tiers of the battens and siding strips. The upper tier should be flush with the casing.

To make the structure stronger, you can supplement the horizontal beams with vertical ones, thereby strengthening the entire lathing.

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Installation of siding strips

For comparison: vinyl siding, like metal, can be used immediately. Wooden siding must be pre-treated with an antiseptic and auxiliary impregnations.

The gaps between the siding panels must be measured with millimeter accuracy so that they adhere to each other as tightly as possible, without deforming during temperature changes.According to GOST and other parameters, siding must be fastened based on the following standards.

Table. Required gap width depending on air temperature.

Air temperature during installation, ° С Gap width, mm
Below +5 11-12
+ 5… + 10 10
+ 10… + 15 9
+ 15… + 20 8
+20...

+25

7
+25...+30 6
Higher +30 5

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Balcony, trimmed siding

Is it possible to mount siding vertically?

Traditionally, siding is mounted horizontally, but you can see examples of vertical fastening of the material. This solution has no disadvantages; it will be enough to carry out the necessary measurements along the width and height of each surface in order to select panels with the appropriate overall parameters.

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Fastening of vertical siding

Strength and correctness of fasteners comes first in vertical installation. Otherwise, if allowances remain, a strong wind will create an increased load on the skin, blowing into the cracks, and also drive rain moisture into them and break the insulation.

Pay attention! Specially produced vertical siding does not require additional perforation for condensate drainage, unlike horizontal siding.

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Balcony clad with vertical siding

Additional professional advice

The work on cladding the balcony with siding can be done completely independently, but you should not forget about the advice given by experts.

  1. Before starting to work with siding panels, it is better to hold them outdoors for several hours.

    After all, they will be located on the outside of the balcony, and therefore the street temperature is relevant for them. The panels will take on their natural size, and it will be much easier to fix them - after the installation, the material will not deform.

  2. In order not to be mistaken with the amount of material, it is better to make preliminary measurements - as accurately as possible, down to a millimeter.

    Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

    Preliminary measurements

  3. If the weather in the city or region is often windy, it is better to reduce the spacing between siding fasteners. You can use a 5 cm pitch.

    Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

    Do not pull the screws close to the panel. Leave a gap of approximately 1mm between the head of the fastener and the siding panel.

  4. Balcony cladding is best started from the sides, since shorter siding is easier to install, and you can practice before moving on to the facade - the most difficult side.
  5. Do not insert fasteners in the places of the panels that are not intended for this, otherwise the material may be deformed and damaged.Use the holes provided by the manufacturer for the fasteners.

  6. The panel does not need to be tensioned during installation - it should be free to position so that thermal deformation does not destroy the material.
  7. They independently recommend to carry out work at the height of the second and third floors. On the fourth floor and above, work is allowed only if there is experience in such work - otherwise, you can create a risk to health and even life.
  8. A harness (used by industrial climbers, can be purchased at a special equipment store) will help ensure your own safety.

    Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

    Safety belt UP-01

  9. Before starting work, you should install warning signs or fencing flags under the balcony.

    You can also use a tape to alert passers-by. Bypassing the work site, they will not be affected by pieces of concrete or any other debris falling down.

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions! Do-it-yourself installation of facade panels

Here you can find step-by-step instructions for installing facade panels with your own hands! We also recommend reading an article about decorating a balcony with clapboard from the inside with your own hands.

Prices for a harness from various manufacturers

Harness

What mistakes should be avoided?

In any independently carried out work, you can make a number of mistakes that can affect the result in the most detrimental way. The most common and, moreover, fatal mistakes for plating are given below.

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

An example of poor-quality finishing of a balcony

  1. Fasteners are not installed strictly in the center of the holes intended for this, or, even worse, not at all into the holes. This can deform and damage the panel, so only the holes provided should be used for fasteners.
  2. The siding is fixed too tightly, there is no gap between the panels. Because of this, deformations are also possible during thermal expansion. Therefore, be sure to leave a 1 mm gap between the panels.

  3. Do not leave a gap between the end part of the panel and the fasteners, or leave, but too small, less than 7 mm. It is recommended to leave a gap of 7 to 10 mm in thickness to avoid deformation.

Decorating the balcony with siding outside - step by step instructions!

Attaching the siding

If you avoid the listed errors, then the siding will hold firmly enough and retain its technical properties for long period. The result will delight for a very long time, you will not need to carry out repeated repairs, or spend money on attracting specialists.

Video - Finishing the balcony with siding outside

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