Decorating the loggia with plasterboard with insulation with your own hands + step-by-step instructions
Owners of private country houses or city apartments quite often they think about the issue of facing a balcony or loggia. In order for all the work to be performed perfectly, it is required to think over the work extremely carefully. First, you need to select the cladding material, because at the moment there is a large assortment of products. The choice of material for finishing is done according to color, taste and financial capabilities. At the moment, we will consider sheets of drywall, or another material for decoration.
This is extremely convenient, since everything can be done independently, without the help of a master, which means you do not need to spend your money. In this article, we propose to consider how to finish the loggia with drywall with insulation with your own hands.
So, the selection of such material as drywall for the loggia is not accidental. What is such a building material like drywall? This material, with cardboard on both sides, and plaster of Paris in the middle. Here are the following qualities possessed by a drywall sheet:
- The material is very convenient for installation - cutting, installation and transportation.
And this is a great advantage, since in this way you can embody all the ideas when facing the loggia.
- A material such as drywall sheets is environmentally neutral because it can be used indoors without fear for the health of children. For a balcony and loggia, this is the best option.
- Even a small crack is enough to keep your loggia warm. It is also required to add that there is sound insulation during the operational life of the product.
- Such a product can be classified as non-combustible building materials and complies with GOST.
Please note that building materials are very fragile, if you handle them not very carefully, and even more so with large sheets.
In addition, it is required to add that with drywall you can level the surface of the walls near the loggia and prepare them to a high quality finish by means of wallpaper, plaster or paint and varnish material.
Cladding a balcony or loggia using drywall is easy and quick. That is why developers almost always choose it.
Next, we propose to consider the whole process in stages.
The finishing work of the loggia using drywall contains in certain important stages. So, the first will be the preparatory work of the surface of the walls and the general loggia as a whole. Most people mistakenly believe that finishing and leveling the wall surfaces of the loggia is not required, since this building material will cover up all the flaws. So you can count, and it is logical.
But all the same, alignment work should be done.
Please note that in advance it is required to install double-glazed windows made of metal-plastic in the loggia in order to make it noiseless and warm.
So, it is required to remove all old finishing materials from the surfaces of the balcony or loggia, regardless of what it is. Next, you need to get rid of all the dirt, clean all the cracks and clean the lines between the stove, that is, get rid of the general debris that is there. After that, you need to buy an antifungal antiseptic in order to process the wall surfaces of the loggia in order to avoid mold, mildew and other things.
The next step will be the process of applying plaster and cleaning each of the walls. And again, it should be noted that large gaps in no case should be on the walls. They will need to be eliminated, but how? It is required to take polyurethane foam, blow out all the gaps and do not forget to eliminate all excess foam.
Now we propose to return to the question - why is it still necessary to prepare the walls of the loggia, and also to eliminate various defects? When the walls are fully even, there are no cracks, defects on them, and in this case it will not be similar to a barrier that does not allow moisture and cold to enter. After all work on the walls, once again it is required to disinfect the surface with fungal antiseptics.
It is unlikely that when you find mold, for example, after a month, you will be happy to remove all the drywall trim in order to fix problems. And so you can be fully confident that mold and other harmful growths will definitely not be there.
Finishing the loggia with plasterboard must be done on the crate, and this is the most important link in the work, on which the final result of the finishing work will depend. This should be a properly thought out and high-quality installation of the lathing on the wall surfaces of the loggia. Even bars of wood can be used in the creation of this lathing, and it is not at all necessary to spend a lot of money on an expensive frame made of metal.
Good advice! Still, if you have finances, it is recommended to use them, because the wood begins to rot and may begin to deform.
The choice of timber laths must be done taking into account the irregularities of the wall surfaces, and hence the thickness of the insulation layer. Ideally, the loggia should be insulated by placing insulating material under the sheets of drywall. An extremely important working criterion is the application of the framework (horizontal). Reiki should be at a distance of 0.
4 to 0.6 meters. In places where insulation materials will come into contact, the crate must be laid in two ways. The installation of the structure can be done by various methods, but dowels are almost always used for this. Regardless of how the fasteners will be made, the structure must be flawlessly fixed to the wall.
The photo shows how to properly fix the crate on the balcony.
It is required to remember that when we produce a balcony or loggia, we need to make insulation and lay a layer of steam insulation on top. it should be noted that the insulation material should be installed only when the crate is fully ready. Basically, you can choose all modern thermal insulators, for example, basalt or mineral wool, foam plastic, glass wool. Parts of such material must be installed in the crate, between the slats.
If you use the same foam, then there is no need to attach it to the wall. In the event that we use mineral wool as an insulating material, then it is advised to attach it, because it is not so rigid. In the role of fastening, you can use specialized hooks or standard dowels.
What is important to consider when laying insulating material? First, it needs to be spread over the walls in a perfectly even layer. It cannot be that somewhere less was installed, and somewhere more.
This will create an uneven finish for the drywall sheets. Secondly, the thermal insulation of your apartment loggia will depend on how accurately gaps and crevices will be eliminated, because they will play the role of cold bridges. From all this, we can conclude that, ideally, you should choose the crate and insulation material at the same time. This is how you can choose the height of the battens that matches the height of the insulation material.
Next comes the simplest stage - work on the vapor insulation layer.
Most people quite often use foil rolls or other vapor impermeable films for this work. Accordingly, the vapor insulation layer must fully cover the insulation material and the crate. By means of a mounting stapler, it will be very easy to fasten the film to the surface. Do not forget about the joints when fastening the sheet of steam insulation, creating an overlap of 10 cm. With the help of specialized tape, you can glue all the borders or joints between the sheets.
It should be remembered that the vapor insulation layer is extremely important to prevent condensation from forming. By itself, it is a dangerous "enemy" for the loggia, as it forms fungus and mold, which is very difficult to deal with.
Finishing the loggia with drywall with insulation ends when the drywall sheets are installed. One of the most popular and effective installation methods is to attach the sheets to the side, which makes it possible to use only one full-length drywall sheet. thanks to this, you can save time, money and get rid of unnecessary work, because the most important thing is the quality of the work performed, and therefore you will need diligence and patience.
Please note that it is better to use a moisture-resistant drywall sheet with a green color for loggias.
Such work is not difficult and does not require certain skills. Wall decoration of a drywall loggia is done quickly and easily. To avoid any unpredictable circumstances, you need to use the instructions so that the installation of a drywall sheet brings results.
When work on the first sheet is completed, it is important to repeat this procedure for each part of the loggia until it is all sheathed. But, the cladding does not end there.
It is imperative to perform a number of rather important stages after the wall cladding. Otherwise, all the necessary recommendations are presented below. To begin with, the wall surface of the loggia needs to be primed as best as possible for perfect adhesion. Next, you need to close up all the drywall joints with putty and lose the caps. After that, process the surface with a putty, for the final finishing of the loggia.
Let the putty dry, and after that the walls need to be rubbed in order to produce the primer again.
Finishing a loggia or balcony with a sheet of drywall is inexpensive, and the work can be done independently, without calling the master at home. Naturally, you need to do everything according to the instructions. You also need to remember that finishing can be made by different methods, depending on your desire. After the priming process, you can apply wallpaper, paint walls or apply a decorative type of plaster.
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