Decorative elements of landscape design

Decorative elements of landscape design Decorative elements of landscape design

So that the entire area of ​​the suburban area is not only practical, but also beautiful decorated, it is required to come up with and develop landscape design elements in advance. Although they will all have different functional meanings, they should serve only one purpose - to create beauty and comfortable living conditions. One of the most important tasks when choosing was how to ensure the harmony of buildings and buildings with the environment.

Main components

Landscape design helps to equip the estate arrangement, applying all kinds of architecture and flora. Lawns, buildings, flower beds, shrubs, large fruit trees, and small architectural forms have become popular elements.


According to the total area of ​​the dacha there can be multi-storey cottages or buildings on one floor, decorated in a special style or typical, single or designed as a complex. They are a given for the designer, no matter what they are, and they are the main objects of landscape design, to which all other decorative elements are added. The design task is to smooth out the unnatural forms of geometry, inconsistency with the unusual natural combination of the world of vegetation. The photo shows an example of decorating a residential building with decorative elements and plants.

Flowerbeds and lawns

These are very useful design elements, which are usually made with our own hands.

Their varieties:

  • Decorative elements of landscape design Unusual meadows of decorative type.
  • Lawns in the form of rolls.
  • Gabions, alpine slides.
  • Arabesques, rose gardens and modular groups.
  • Parterres (lawns).

  • Lawns of the Moorish type.
  • Ordinary grass lawns.
  • Rockeries and rabatki.
  • Flower beds and front gardens in front of the cottage.
  • Rutaria.

The most popular are rectangular, round and egg-shaped flower beds. Some of the hobbyists design these landscape design elements in the form of a triangle or even a star with five points. The building material for the curb for them is the most diverse, and the first thing we are talking about is gas silicate bricks or wild stones. All are filled with flowers by adding small-sized trees and shrubs. A lawn with grass is well-groomed if it is beautifully cut.

With constant shearing, the grass will become thicker, and still cannot be trampled. It pleases with its appearance, and also creates an excellent contrast against the background of planted shrubs, trees, equipped flower beds and pretty flower beds. When gas mowers began to appear, it became much more convenient to care for it, and its appearance became even better.Moorish lawns for decoration can be of 2 varieties - one-color, as well as variegated, which are sown with a mixture of annual and perennial plants, for example, bent grass, red fescue, and also timothy meadow.


In the spring, after the snow masses have descended on the territory, it is required to clean the surfaces with a rake from old foliage and dried grasses.

In order not to spoil the flowering process and the growth of wild plants, this lawn needs to be cut only in late autumn, when all the flowers have left and the seeds ripen. Lawns with grass for the parterre are not required at all to make it more convenient for children to play, make picnics, and also relax with a large adult company. They are made in order to admire the classic, to some extent strict decor on the site, and therefore they should be without any defect. The preparatory stage of the soil, as well as the arrangement of the drainage system for them, should be of better quality, in accordance with the development of technology. This parameter increases the cost of arrangement and operation in the future.

In certain cases, in the allotted area, the elements of landscape design are gladularia, dahlia or rose garden. Arabesques are flower beds with difficult abstract and geometric shapes, or drawings of birds, animals, and even insects.

There is a group of modules that are very different from them and at the same time consist of strictly filled geometric shapes and floral patterns, as well as cobbled walking paths. On the sides of the alley, a flower bed is planted in 1 row or even 5 strips. Japanese-style stone gardens are magnificent.

Their main elements are large boulders that are overgrown with moss and are placed on areas of gravel or sand. Lawns with grass, small bushes with dense leaves will help to supplement the space with new islands.

Rutaria is an unusual flower garden - a plant composition in which the central detail is a stump with branched roots, a thick dry branch or driftwood. To add mystery in secluded places, they install figurines with fabulous gnomes. There are also alpine slides - flower beds, which are broken with their own hands on an inclined surface (they imitate mountain relief with the use of flowers, stones and dwarf trees).

Such elements also contain rockeries. They do not need the slope of the territory, and certain areas have well-defined boundaries and are filled with sand or other colored material. Designers like this kind of landscape design using gabions - flower beds made of woven mesh. Rolled lawns are special mesh canvases that are laid in layers of turf with previously germinated grass. They are sold ready-made, and the price is quite reasonable, and the advantages are tangible:

  1. It quickly gets used to it, it can be easily folded and moved to another place.

  2. Unlike ordinary lawns, they do not need careful post-sowing care, because the stage has passed.
  3. Relieves the hassle of choosing turf vegetation for grass cover.

All owners of a large adjoining plot can be creative and come up with unusual lawns. If you sow a clearing with three-leaf clover in the garden, then the carpet from it will look very beautiful. The price of the seeds of such a perennial plant is relatively low.

You can buy it on the market, and everything quickly grows on the lawn, blooms in summer or in small spherical flowers, and still does not need maintenance. For sports families, the best choice would be a miniature soccer field, where it is convenient to play tennis and badminton. Children use it to play outdoor games or lie on a grassy green carpet. For preparation, you need a gravel or sand base, and from herbs - fescue and bluegrass.

Shrubs and trees

Large plant design elements in the landscape will be the ideal material.

Among them are deciduous trees - decorative willow, elm or birch. They can grow separately or in a bouquet combination, when planted in a circle, they form a large common crown. When in bloom, linden enchants with a honey scent, and maple with bright autumn colors. But in late autumn they lose their attractiveness. Coniferous plantings remain green all year round.

Shrubs are used in the role:

  • Decorative elements of landscape design Green labyrinths.
  • Side curtains that restrict territorial vision.
  • Borders that frame individual garden areas.
  • Decorations for flower beds and flower beds.
  • A wonderful green background for small architectural elements.

  • Living fence.
  • Vertical gardening.
  • Topiary - figures made when cutting bushes with dense foliage.

Shrubs such as bird cherry or lilac can be covered with flowers in early spring, spreading an unusual aroma around. Others begin to bloom in June, for example, wild rose and barberry, and a scattering of bright berries will be even in winter.

Third, they are compact, and with a haircut they can be given any look that adorns sophisticated styles. For vertical gardening, climbing plants are used. In the middle lane, decorative types of hops, grapes and sweet peas are popular.

They are used to decorate house facades, arches and pergolas, garden pavilions, decorative bridges, as well as brick fences, timber fences or stone fences. Everyone loves a plant that twists in large flowers (clematis).

The main elements of landscape design in the form of flowers are unpretentious, grow relatively quickly and create a dense green covering that hides the walls of buildings and ugly places of fences. They do not need large horizontal sections, which are always lacking. But for their growth upward, you need to make wood gratings with your own hands. And the plants that curl down will hang from pots, boxes and flowerpots.

Small architectural forms

Elements of landscape architecture are an important link that connects the strict lines of houses, buildings with chaotic outlines of vegetation in unison with the design ensemble.

What does this include?

  1. Gazebos that solve not only decorative, but also functional tasks. They are used for dinners, board games, tea parties, as well as quiet outdoor recreation.
  2. Fences to demarcate zones with certain functions. They are made of wood, plastic PVC fences or metal mesh fences. They can be of the same shape, from the same materials.

  3. Decorative stairs, bridges (with and without handrails).
  4. Country garden benches for relaxation are usually the same, evenly spaced throughout the territory.
  5. Water features - great if the personal plot is on the banks of a river or lake. It's even better when a natural stream crosses it.

In this case, it will be possible to make wireframe water drops or a waterfall.

If there is nothing like this, then you can make artificial ponds with your own hands. A small pond or garden fountain gives the backyard design a very lively and beautiful look. The choice is huge, but the use of all elements determines its size, price, territorial possibilities of the site. In addition to small architectural forms, sculptures, large clay jugs, lamps and lanterns can be placed on the ground. Material, color, shape and size play a significant role in landscape design.

Remember that ornamental plants require some care. This requires the following tools:

  • Watering cans, hoses and buckets.
  • Rake and shovel.
  • Lawn mower.
  • Pruner and garden shears.

  • Gloves.

Let's take a look at something else.

Planning rules

When drawing up a plan for the estate decoration with your own hands, you need to think over landscape elements according to the following parameters:

  • Texture.
  • Form.
  • Scale.

  • By color.

To obtain harmony, as well as the unity of distinctive properties, you need to know the main rules for design art:

  1. Integrity - it turns out to create elements with similar or the same specified parameters ... In this case, the objects should be located evenly over the common area.

  2. Simplicity - no need to strive for a pile of complex elements that break out of the main ensemble with bulky dimensions or bright colors.
  3. Balance - when designing, there can be a symmetrical balance (placement of elements on both sides of the visual center, for example, at home according to the principle of mirroring). But asymmetry is the arrangement of objects that are different in shape, size and color, while maintaining overall harmony.
  4. Smooth transitions - the main elements of landscape design should be used according to the rules - when planting, low plants are used in the foreground, after medium vegetation, and the highest at the back.
  5. Naturalness - the composition of the landscape should not be oversaturated with small architectural objects of strict forms of geometry.

    The use of artificial plants is completely excluded, and the presence of domestic animals on the site is encouraged.

  6. Ideal color choices - background compositions require neutral colors (gray, white, or black). The green color should prevail on the lawn, and in the shady area there will be bright and light plants.
  7. Adherence to style - his choice is influenced by the parameters of the site and the entire price of elements, which is one or another genre of landscape design.

Mixing style is used by those owners who love to experiment in the design of personal plots.

Often they will mix different genres - trimmed bushes and trees are combined with borderless chaotic flower beds and flower beds. Don't get carried away to ensure a harmonious collection of all landscape design elements.