Different types of wood and little-known facts about them

Different types of wood and little-known facts about them Interesting facts about wood species + description and varieties

There are different types of wood, and each of them is unique in its own way. We propose to consider the most popular and find out what their advantages are.

Pine is the most widespread and affordable wood option in the CIS. The most popular species is Scots pine.

This tree has a beautiful straight trunk, and it serves as an excellent material for construction.

The varieties that grow in the forests of the North have perfect straight stems.

Overview of tree species


The advantage of pine for construction is its high level of barb, strong and dense wood heavily impregnated with the core (resin), due to which the resin wood almost never decays. Moreover, it is quite light, and therefore, combined with strength, it can give high quality. The early wood of this tree has a yellowish-white color (with 20 to 80 annual layers), and is also very different from the red-brown wood of the core. When creating various crafts, pine is most often used.

But you should also take into account certain features. Pine wood is strongly prickly, and also has a rather pronounced striped texture. These both qualities of wood will seriously limit its use for crafts - it will be more convenient to use wood to create large-sized elements, and most often the resin is cut or sawed, and if there is little resin in the wood, then this is only on hand.

Do not forget that the wood becomes more prickly when it dries, and it will be more difficult to cut it. Since pine wood is heterogeneous (annual pine rings are separated from each other by wood that is impregnated with resins), it is not well suited for making small objects and crafts out of it.

The best option would be to use pine for large carvings with a large image, for example, for house carving.


Different types of wood and little-known facts about them In the forests of Russia, you can find only two varieties of cedar are Korean and Siberian. In terms of properties, such a tree is slightly worse than the pine described above. True, if we consider it in terms of resistance to decay, as well as cracking, then the cedar will be a more profitable species.

Moreover, such wood is easy to handle.

Cedar wood has a beautiful pinkish tint, while the late wood is yellow-pink, and turns into the early one gradually, without sharpness in contrast. Growth rings are clearly visible in all sections, and the tree itself has a beautiful texture pattern. The best use case would be the manufacture of small and carved objects.


Larch wood has great physical and mechanical properties. It is almost 30% stronger than pine.

For this reason, larch is more valuable and indispensable for renovation work.Floors made of such wood will last a very long time and it will be difficult to find wood that is better than larch. In addition, this material is practically not rotting.

It is used to make pieces of furniture (wood has a beautiful texture). The color is brownish.

The sapwood is narrow, with about 15 to 20 annual rings. The kernel is darker in color and the transition to sapwood is abrupt. After the wood is covered with varnish, the texture will look very nice. It is often used to make veneer to trim furniture. Larch wood is well processed and is perfect for making long products.


But the juniper is a shrub that grows in central and northern Russia, as well as in Siberia. Since the trunk of such a tree is small, the use of the plant is limited. Most often, crafts, small-sized turning products and toys are made from this type of wood. Shrub wood is quite dense, heavy and flexible.

Its advantage is that when it gets wet, it practically does not swell and does not lose volume when dried.

The color of the juniper is pinkish-white, but the core is grayish-brown. The annual layers are wavy in shape and are perfectly visible on each cut. The best use of juniper would be to make walking sticks, as well as decorative items.


As you know, oak has dense and durable wood, which practically does not rot, for example, when compared with the same pine. In addition, oak has a very beautiful texture and color.

The kernel is yellowish brown or dark brown. The sapwood is narrow, very different in color from the kernel.

The layers are readily visible in cross-section and the wood is easy to split. As a rule, oak is used for decoration of premises (windows, doors or flooring), and also furniture is made from it and used in plywood production. Winter oak wood is one of the most valuable species, which grows only in the south and sheds leaves only in winter, and not like all ordinary trees in autumn.

Also, a distinctive feature of this type of wood is that acorns hang on the branches themselves. This breed is often used to create parquet flooring, as well as furniture. If acorns hang on stalks, then this is a spring blow, which is slightly worse in properties than a winter oak. To test the quality of this wood, take a couple of small pieces of wood from different logs or planks, weigh it, and then put it in water.

After a couple of hours, take out pieces of wood and weigh again.

The best sample will be the one that will absorb less water.

This is a very old method that has been around for a long time and is the most reliable. Oak wood is polished with difficulty, but it lends itself perfectly to varnishing and staining. It doesn't take much effort to work the wood.There is such a species as bog oak, and it is the most valuable due to the fact that after a long stay in the water it becomes dark.

The value of such an oak is also determined by the fact that it can be found by chance, and the darkening process is extremely slow, which makes purposeful aging in water meaningless. The color of this oak is from green-brown to black.


Birch has white wood with a yellow or reddish tint. This is one of the lightest breeds that lends itself well to processing. Since large parts of birch are susceptible to shipwreck, it is best used in small-sized items.

Birch dries poorly, and even when drying, the log can often crack from the end. Do not forget that birch wood can easily start to rot.

Wood is usually used to make imitation walnut, maple or mahogany. After polishing and staining, the surface becomes beautiful. Karelian birch is incredibly popular, which has a winding arrangement of wood fibers, which makes the text seem unusual and beautiful.

However, scientists could not come to a consensus on whether the Karelian birch is a separate species, or whether it is a tree disease.

This type of wood is often used to decorate pieces of furniture. In addition, it is under constant state protection, which means it is not available for mass use.


Different types of wood and little-known facts about them After being stored in a felled form, aspen has white wood, which has a weak greenish tint. The annual layers are barely visible, and the core is almost completely invisible.

Aspen is used for the production of dishes, toys, for the match industry and other things.

The material is perfectly susceptible to processing, well pricked and finished. After this soft wood dries, it does not warp, and still almost does not crack. Aspen is almost as good as oak in its abrasion resistance.


Linden has a soft and light wood with a uniform structure that is easy to cut.

It almost does not warp or crack. It is generally accepted that linden wood is the softest. By the way, the color on the cut is white, with a slight pink tint, and the growth rings are hard to see. Due to the fact that wood practically does not deform over time, it is used for the production of pencils, drawing boards, wooden dishes, toys and others. In addition, linden is perfect even for the manufacture of pieces of furniture - bar counters, shop equipment, office and home furniture.

Here it is also worth paying attention to the fact that linden wood looks best under a white varnish (liquid for obtaining a mirror shine and revealing wood texture). The material is important for wood carving because it is convenient for making various objects.Linden is especially convenient for those who begin to master the decorative woodworking trade. The best breed is the southern linden.


The pear has heavy, hard and perfectly processed wood, it is convenient to polish it.

It is often used in order to create an imitation of mahogany and ebony, and at the same time it is tinted with ink or kraplak. But using a pear is best for imitation ebony, because they are very similar. By the way, in terms of strength, pear is even better than ebony.

When making products from this kind of wood, you should be careful, because wood is prickly pricked. Since pear wood does not warp, it is a valuable material for the manufacture of appliances.

The most commonly used wood is wild pear wood, because garden specimens are rarely thick enough to be cut into planks.

Apple tree

The apple tree has very beautiful wood, which is used for making joinery and carvings. The material has a pink color with bright red veins. Due to the fact that wood is subject to warping, it should only be used dry.

Walnut wood

Caucasian (walnut) walnut wood has a beautiful texture and color, quite strong, heavy and hard.

Especially appreciated in the production of furniture and plywood, because it is easy to process, and it is also perfectly polished. Freshly cut wood has a light shade, but after a while it begins to darken and acquire a brown color. Often used for interior decoration, furniture, parts, carvings and hunting rifles. The older the tree, the more beautiful its wood becomes.


This is a very valuable and rare species of wood, and it also has great durability.

In terms of density, this tree can be compared to bone. It is used to make high-quality musical instruments, buttons, carvings, high-relief and openwork inserts, engraving boards, and more. When engraving on boxwood, the line turns out to be smooth and thin, which has a great effect on the quality of the engravings. It has a beautiful yellow color, occasionally with a grayish tint.

Interesting facts

And now we invite you to familiarize yourself with little-known and very interesting facts about wood:

  1. Wood is able to have a positive effect on any living organism compared to other building materials.

    Scientists conducted an experiment with mice. One mouse was placed in a natural wood house and kept in it for 14 days. The second mouse was put in a concrete house, and by the end of the second week she began to refuse food. It is important that the mouse, which was in the house made of natural wood, always ate willingly, was active. There is something to think about, isn't there?

  2. There was another experiment, in Austria.

    There, scientists divided two groups of students and taught some in plasterboard and concrete buildings, and others in a classroom that is decorated with wood. The second group showed excellent results, much better than the first group.

  3. In Canada, wood grain and warm natural colors have been proven to have beneficial effects on human mood and health.
  4. Japanese scientists decided to do otherwise and conducted an experiment with wooden houses for strength, as well as elasticity. After the earthquake, it turned out that wooden houses are the most stable compared to brick or concrete structures.

  5. Wood is an excellent antiseptic. Rooms upholstered with cedar contain almost 2 times less microorganisms and bacteria than in the operating room. That is why in Siberia and in the Urals, dishes for milk were made from cedar, because the product was stored in it for much longer.

As you can see, wood is an excellent building material, which will be much better than many materials of artificial origin.