DIY gas boiler: Instruction + Video

DIY gas boiler: Instruction + Video The gas boiler is the main component of the autonomous heating system . It serves for heating and hot water supply of the home. It may well be done by hand, the main thing is to make all the calculations with high quality and clearly follow the scheme. The main difficulty can arise only when trying to install a homemade gas heating boiler in a residential building. as for this it is necessary to obtain permission from the relevant authority.

We must not forget that any gas appliance, by definition, is a device of increased danger and only you will be responsible for its independent production.

General information

Important: Prohibited by law using and setting gas equipment without receiving proper authorization of the responsible organization that will require the presence of certificate matches to device.

You must understand that it will be extremely difficult to get this kind of document for a homemade device. Minor deviations from the norms will promise a complete ban on the installation of a homemade device.

Versions of gas units

Boilers differ by as follows parameters :

  • DIY gas boiler: Instruction + Video The number of circuits - single-circuit and double-circuit.

    Single-circuit performs only one function, namely, heating water and pipes at home. The second type heats the house and provides domestic hot water;

  • by the method of removing combustion products - having a natural draft and with a supply draft. The air for the first option is supplied from the street, and for the second, the presence of a chimney is required;
  • by the ignition method - an electric type when work occurs, and having a piezoelectric element, in which the device is ignited with its own hand; on the method of fastening - wall and floor;
  • by the way of regulation - one-stage and two-stage;
  • by the method of connection - to the central gas pipeline or to a gas cylinder;
  • according to the material of manufacture - steel, cast iron and copper.

The principle of the device

The structure of the gas unit contains the following elements: burner, device for heat exchange, pumping device, expansion tank, automatic system, device for ventilation, protective system, temperature measuring device, solenoid valve, air vent.

Turning on the device, the gas burner ignites, which heats the heat exchanger with water or antifreeze.

The action of the pumping device creates an excess pressure, due to which there is a continuous circulation of the heat energy transmitter in the pipes and the release of heat energy through the radiators. Then, the already cold coolant flows back into the boiler.

DIY boiler

Whole process possible divide into stages :

  • Suitable drawings are selected;
  • calculate the required energy for the selected room size. From which the required volume of the boiler is obtained. And also the entire hydraulic system is calculated, the costs of the chimney with a deflector are taken into account, they determine what diameter pipes are needed, a pump of the required power is selected, the resistance of the system is calculated;
  • then the appropriate materials and tools are selected;
  • selection and preparation of the site for the installation of the unit;
  • direct manufacture.

The nuances of manufacturing

Immediately you need to prepare for the fact that this work is not fast and requires certain skills. All parts of the apparatus are connected by welding.

AND here have in view the following features:

  • In no case, without the appropriate permission of a gas service specialist, you must not connect a homemade device to the central highway;
  • To obtain such permission, you must show device to a specialist-analyst of the organization;
  • All parts for the boiler must have certificates of conformity and passports;
  • When manufacturing, you should clearly use the drawing data.

Materials required

It is better to immediately stock up on everything you need for work. You will need: a device for drilling, for clamping and gripping pipes, spirit level, corners, measuring tape, metal pipe, steel sheet, gas pipe, oven door, clay, thermostat, automatic system, aerodynamic device, device for welding parts, galvanized sheet.

Note : Thermostat and deflector better acquire industrial production, and not tinker with their own hands.

Manufacturing process

To create a boiler with your own hands, it is better to choose a floor model. It can be installed inside a home, in a garage or outdoors.

  1. DIY gas boiler: Instruction + Video The unit is placed on a specially prepared base, for which a pit 80 cm in depth and width equal to the width of the device is pulled out ..

    . A sand pillow is made at the bottom, which should be well spilled with water and allowed to nourish. Then rubble or broken brick is poured on top.

  2. The formwork and frame are assembled from reinforcement. The formwork is filled with concrete mortar.

    After 24 hours, the formwork should be removed, and a mixture of gravel and sand should be poured in its place. All this is covered with moisture insulation, which can be used as tar.

  3. Next, a brick wall is made to protect the wall from the hot boiler. And proceed to the direct design.
  4. The boiler is brewed according to the drawing.

    In order to make a heat exchanger, you will need a steel container and a forty or fifty centimeter copper pipe. Holes are made from the bottom and top of the tank in accordance with the diameter of the tube. Fittings are installed and sealed at the ends of the pipe.

  5. When the device is started, the copper coil heats up by means of the burner, which will transfer heat to the tank. And already the tank will help to heat the water.

  6. As mentioned earlier, it is better to purchase a device for automating work, a device for maintaining a constant temperature and an aerodynamic device, since it is extremely difficult to make them yourself.
  7. The deflector is installed in the upper part of the chimney. It acts as a hood. The model in the form of a steel conical umbrella is quite suitable.
  8. Automation is assembled from such elements as a flame control unit, a protective device against overheating, a draft controller, a safety valve.

For note: For optimal functioning your device needs all these devices.

After installing the unit on the base, t, the chimney is welded to it. It is an iron pipe for removing carbon monoxide from the boiler. This pipe should be more than twenty centimeters in diameter, and in length, so that it rises more than 30 cm above the roof.

An extractor hood is installed in the chimney for easier removal of combustion products.

Which will require a small fan and grill. The ventilation device is placed inward at the end of the outer tube. The grille is attached to the edge of the pipe. It serves to prevent various debris from entering the house.

An uninterruptible power supply device can also be provided in case of a sudden power outage, and a stabilization device will protect your device from overloads with possible voltage surges.

There is a huge variety of different stabilizers and uninterruptible power supplies on the market, for every color and taste. Of course, you can also try to assemble it yourself, but that's another story.

Results

The boiler is an important component of the heating system, which requires increased attention. Everyone must understand the feasibility of his own production and that there may be problems with permission to connect it

.