Not every homeowner allows his financial condition to improve the house with stone tiles or decorative bricks. It's not only the cost of materials, but also the complexity and high cost of the installation. There are special facade panels for insulation and making the house more aesthetic. Such panels have many advantages, including a low price.
An example of using facade panels
An illustrative example of how a facade looks like after installation of panels
The main advantage is an easy solution in building improvement.
Panels are very simple products that have become popular due to their external qualities. They are able to transform an ordinary building into a beautiful and well-kept home.
The first thing to pay attention to is the price. Facade panels are made of high quality and inexpensive polymer. The production of such panels is much cheaper than the production of facade bricks and decorative stones.
Facade panels FineBer
Facade panels Docke-R
Color of front panels
The installation method is different. While a few fasteners and screws are enough for the panels, much more is needed for brick and stone. Stone and brick are laid out much longer, due to the peculiarities of their installation - cement, sand, water are needed. In addition, the stones must be matched to each other. The panels are installed on a pre-installed frame.
Various mineral wool and foam insulation materials can be installed under them.
First of all, panels were invented not only as a means to decorate the facade of a building, but also as a way to hide additional insulation. Their main advantage is that in the space between the panel and the wall, where there are frame wastelands, you can additionally put a layer of insulation.
Pie of insulation and facade panels
Unlike decorative stones and bricks, this method of improving the facade additionally insulates and allows you to keep warm inside the building. In addition, as already mentioned, the panels are very easy to install with your own hands, without the use of third-party equipment, materials and people.
This method of façade finishing has been invented as a cheap alternative. In addition, it is much easier and faster to install this kind of facade and related structures on your own than to lay out a facade from tiles, bricks and other materials. In addition, the plastic from which the products are made is durable.
Convenience during operation is also noted. This facade can be easily cleaned with water from a hose.
In addition, this method of finishing the facade allows you to simultaneously insulate the building itself. Additional components or special panels are used.
Facade thermal panels
A significant plus of polymer panels is giving any shape and visual design. The panels are painted to match different materials - wood, the same bricks and stones. This is their multifunctionality.
The most important thing is not only the cheapness of the panels themselves, but also of the accompanying materials. The work will require a minimum of materials and forces. The disadvantages include the susceptibility of some products to mechanical damage. Another drawback - in the event of damage to one of the components of the facade, it will be necessary not only to replace the corresponding part, but also to dismantle the entire facade. However, it is much better and cheaper than replacing and repairing a facade made of natural materials.
Example of facade decoration with panels
Panels imitate brickwork
Before installing the facade panels, you must select the material from which they will be made, design and shape. In addition, the preparation consists in the acquisition of consumables (screws, dowels) and tools (screwdrivers, grinders, screwdrivers). Here the main advantage over brick and stone is observed - there is no need to purchase cement or sand.
In addition, the panel itself can not only decorate the walls of the building, but also the foundation. The building will look solid yet elegant monolithic.
Tools for facade work
Next, you should carry out preliminary measurements of the house itself. This is necessary to determine the squaring of the panels, an approximate calculation of the number of screws and dowels. After measurements, it will be best to draw out the approximate location of the panels, the creation of the frame structure itself. This is a general scheme of work on the installation of the future facade of the house.
Calculation of facade panels
Schematically, the preparation is as follows:
|Stage 1||Select the appropriate panel|
|Stage 2||Purchase of panels and consumables|
|Stage 3||Purchase of a finished frame or materials for it|
|Stage 4||Schematic representation of the future frame|
|Stage 5||Removing the facade from all unnecessary elements|
|Stage 6||Preparing tools and materials for getting started|
The most important rule for installing panels is to follow the diagram.
The first layer, the first panel laid down, is the most important part. If it is installed incorrectly, then the entire structure will have to be redone in the future. Use a level to determine the angle of installation for each panel. In this way it is possible to avoid uneven laying of the panels.
Facade panels: types and variety of materials
Choose for yourself the material from which the panels will be made.
Today, in addition to polymer panels, there are metal panels that are more durable. At the same time, plastic retains heat better. At this stage, the question of the appearance of the facade is also decided. The panels can be styled like wood, decorative brick, stone and much more. There are a lot of design solutions.
|Stainless steel, aluminum|
Panels made of foam or expanded polystyrene
|Panel sheets are made of foam / expanded polystyrene. Tile - pressed polymer|
|Polyvinyl chloride (in other words, plastic )|
Siding under plaster
These are the most demanded and popular panels. There are certain differences not only in the material, but also in the installation of the facade itself. Each of the types of the future facade will be different in appearance.
Everything starts identically: materials are prepared, the future structure is drawn schematically, and installation is carried out.
The profiles are installed in accordance with the drawn diagram at right angles to the base of the house with a pitch of 50 cm. The supporting profiles must be fixed with dowels.
Metal siding: mounting on an aluminum frame
Remove obstructing elements from the facade buildings
After installing the vertical profiles, it is necessary to install transverse bulkheads. Here you need to make legs on each side of the panel for attaching to the profile. There are immediately ready-made frames, but such structures have a clear drawback - they must be fixed directly to the walls of the house.
If the wall is made of foam concrete, then such a frame may collapse. Also, the frame is not recommended to be installed on a silicate brick. Red brick walls are also not suitable for a prefabricated frame. In addition, such designs are more expensive than self-installed ones.
Installation of uprights in the horizontal profile
Aligning the metal frame vertically and horizontals
We put additional vertical racks under the siding (based on the recommended dimensions of 40-60 cm)
The most common fastening of metal profiles to each other
Frame for siding
After the bulkheads have been installed, various types of insulation can be inserted into the formed rectangles.
Laying insulation boards
Mineral wool can be fixed with straight hangers
A layer of insulation is closed with a wind and vapor barrier
Once the insulation is installed, the panels can be fixed to the frame. Each panel has holes for screws. This allows you to hide the seams and not violate the aesthetic appearance of the facade.
Kit for metal siding
Schematically, the installation looks like this.
Stage 1 .
Drawing up a diagram of the house and the future frame for the panels.
Stage 2. Cleaning the building from unnecessary decor elements.
Stage 3 . Making an external frame on the walls of a building or installing a ready-made one.
Stage 4 . Installation of the ebb, starter bar and the very first row of panels. A level is used to determine the correct angle.
Setting the ebb tide
We fix the ebb tide with self-tapping screws in increments of no more than 40 cm
Planks are installed with an overlap
External corners setting
We fix the inner corner
Installation of the starting profile
We screw in the self-tapping screws in the center of the holes, check the tightness of the fastening by slightly moving the bar to the right-left
Installation of platbands on windows
Fastening the window profile
Step 5. The following rows are installed and then fastened to the frame.
Snap the first panel into the starting plate and fasten it with self-tapping screws to the crate
Insert the next panel into the lock part of the previous one and repeat the installation
Installation of metal siding
Stage 6 ... Installation of the final plank, spotlights and decor elements.
Installation of the finishing profile
In the last panel we make holes with a punch, snap into place panel into finishing profile
Installation of spotlights
In the future, similar installation elements are saved for each type of panels.
This is also a plus of the panels - their installation is similar, which means that you can easily learn how to install the facade.
Metal siding is a good option for a summer residence and a one-story house. These panels perfectly replicate the wood effect. In addition, the products are perfectly processed without unnecessary tools.Easy maintenance - just wash the polluted part of the house with water.
File for download. Metal siding installation work
A relatively new material that gives an aesthetic look to the facade and insulates the house at the same time. Such panels have two components - a base made of insulation and an outer coating. The covering can be stylized for any material - brick, stone, etc.
Such panels are attached very quickly, due to a simple method.
For fastening, you will need a spatula, construction glue, a prepared frame. The latter is not necessary, since such panels can be attached immediately to the wall. The frame serves to install an additional layer of insulation.
The panels are attached as follows - a mortar of building glue is applied to a notched trowel. With regard to mortar, each tile manufacturer indicates the proportioning formula required for installation.
The adhesive is applied to the product, which is applied to the exterior wall or frame. After that, the panel comes off after three minutes, and is again attached to the surface. This method is necessary in order to increase the bond strength.
Elements are fixed with glue
The evenness of the installation is checked by level
Between the joints, the panels can be glued with building glue, and for extra strength the panels are fixed with screws. The only drawback of such panels is their high cost.
In return, you get not only a beautiful facade, but also a warm home.
Installation of thermal panels
Most likely, this is the best option not only to improve the appearance of the facade of the building, but also to heat insulation. Such panels look the most attractive because they take the form of various materials and products from them. The house can turn into a stone fortress.
In addition, in case of damage to one of the parts of the facade, there is no need to disassemble the entire structure.
It is enough to select the required size of the panel, remove the damaged one and install a new one.
The main recommendation is to install in the warm season, as the glue may not cure properly at low temperatures, and the whole structure will not adhere firmly to the wall. Each manufacturer indicates on the packaging at which air temperatures the panel is most correctly fixed.
Such products have a number of advantages over others:
The walls of such a facade seem to "breathe".
However, such panels are not without drawbacks. The most important of these is fragility. Products are subject to mechanical damage. At the same time, replacing one panel entails recycling the entire frame.
Siding under plaster
Characteristics of fiber cement panels
The installation method can also be attributed to the pluses. Such panels are installed in the same way as the above metal siding.
Scheme of installing fiber cement panels on a flat surface
Installation of fiber cement siding, diagram
Step by step, the whole installation looks like this:
It can be made of wood or profile. The frame can also be pre-ordered. The uprights must be installed 50 cm apart. Between them - transverse;
The frame under the panel
Photo - the process of installing panels
Installation on a wooden frame
Installation of panels
It can be mineral wool or foam.
Perhaps one of the most expensive types of panels, but the most beautiful. The panels are made from pressed sawdust, treated with special solutions for strength and durability. However, if you do not take care of such a facade regularly (every two seasons), then it quickly deteriorates. In addition, this finishing method is only suitable for one-story houses, since the panels are heavy, the frame may not withstand.
As in the case of metal siding, wooden panels are attached to a prepared frame. The installation methods are identical:
Diagram of the device of a wooden lathing for siding
For insulation, mineral wool is recommended, since it will not only keep the heat in the house, but also allow condensation to drain out;
Wall cladding block house
Technology of facade cladding with wooden siding
Wooden siding for home decoration
The above panels can be replaced with longer ones. The advantage of such panels is that they are fixed directly to the wall one after another in a row. The length of such products is 6 meters. This is a faster way to install.
But in order to complete the work on the facade, at least two people are required. One person will not be able to cope with this work, since the panels may be installed incorrectly.
In order to cut off the unnecessary part of the panel, it is recommended to use a grinder. She will most quickly cope with such a product and cut off a part of the panel exactly.
The complexity of such products lies in their mass.
It is best to call an assistant for installation. So, the process will be optimally fast and correct.
After installation, the wooden facade is covered with a protective layer of paint
PVC siding is the easiest and cheapest way to decorate a building facade. Such panels are popular for several reasons: ease of installation; low cost; huge color options. Of the shortcomings, it is worth noting that such panels are made of plastic and any facade will look plastic even at the farthest distance.
This type of panel is installed exclusively horizontally. For work, you will need a construction knife or any other knife. In addition, a punch will be needed. You will also need a level to determine the angle of the panels, as well as a hammer for hammering in nails.
The initial stage of installing PVC panels is a preliminary inspection of the house.
The location of the first row of panels needs to be determined. In the case of a new building, it is recommended to install the panels from the beginning of the foundation. Also, PVC panels can be installed from the initial row of old finishes.
Beginning of installation
Next, the initial frame should be installed, namely: corners, both external and internal, platbands, first strips for fixing panels. Installation starts from the corners.
The gap between them and the cornice should not be more than 6.5 mm.
The most crucial stage on which the further fate of the entire facade will depend is the installation of the first strip of panels. It is important to install the first strip of fasteners as correctly as possible, since the fastening of the panel itself depends on it. If the strip was laid flat, then the panel will be flat.
It is necessary to install platbands, sills and linings on windows and doors. And after the steps taken, the installation of all the other rows of the facade begins. The top panel is inserted into the profile and hammered in with a nail, but not completely. There should be a spacing of 0.4 cm between the panels, and no more than 6 mm between other components.
In order to avoid vertical overlaps, it is recommended to install the panels at half the factory mark. So the joints will not be visible from the front side.
Sequence of installation of front panels
When installing panels, remember that parts of the products will need to be cut off. For this, a construction knife is used. You also need a ruler and a level to more accurately measure the angle and draw a straight line on the product.
We draw a line on the panel in the place where you want to cut a piece, carefully draw it several times with a knife. Plus plastic - it is ideal for such manipulations.
It is necessary to be extremely careful, since mechanical damage is very visible on such material.
Such panels are most in demand due to their ease of installation and low cost. In addition, PVC products are installed at different building heights because they are very lightweight.
Installation of such panels is simple and does not take much time.
The final step is to install the top row of panels. The top row only needs whole panels. In addition, the last panel is closed with a special watercourse profile.
Thermal insulation materials
If you pay attention to the installation methods, there are no fundamental differences.
There are certain nuances that should be taken into account when installing the panels yourself:
Installation of the first siding panel and correct engagement of the profile lock
It will minimize the load on the walls of the house and distribute it correctly. In addition, various insulation can be installed in the space between the wall and the tile thanks to the frame.
Wooden frame for siding
The easiest way to insulate
Extension (joining) of siding panels along the length
Finishing the facade of the house
This is what a person needs to know if he independently decided to start installing panels. The process is not distinguished by its technical complexity. It is necessary to act carefully and carefully to achieve the desired result.
It is recommended to use high-quality products and materials, since such components will last for more than a dozen years. Low-quality panels deteriorate even during the installation of the facade itself.
There are both pros and cons of each type of facade panel. We all have strengths and weaknesses.
| 1. They take various forms. |
Easy to install.
4. Average price.
6. The most durable.
| 1. |
For a house, no more than one floor, which is associated with weight.
2. Metal bends easily. When replacing one component, it will be necessary to recycle the entire installed structure
Clinker thermal panels
| 1. Lightweight material. |
2. Are completed with insulation.
3. Ease of installation.
5. Various decor options.
| 1. High price.
2. Are subject to mechanical damage.
| 1. The cheapest of them all. |
Various colors of panels.
3. Lightweight material.
| 1. Are subject to mechanical damage.
2. Not the best option for decoration.
| 1. Durable and beautiful material. |
Excellent heat-saving qualities.
| 1. The most expensive option for facade panels.
2. For a one-story house.
Siding under plaster
| 1. Acceptable price. |
2. Excellent heat-saving qualities.
Are subject to mechanical damage.
The fundamental differences will be in the price and durability of the products. Of course, each of the above options has its own individual characteristics, for which such panels are chosen.
Aspects of the choice of facade panels
It should be noted that the panels are created not only to improve the appearance of the building, but also to hide various kind of heaters. Moreover, the panels allow you to hide not one, but even two or three layers of insulation.
It all depends on the type of products, the height of the frame and the correctness of its installation.
In addition, panels can and should be used to insulate not only living quarters. Such a move as insulation and the use of panels for the facade of a building is used in industrial enterprises. For large rooms, this is a huge plus in terms of saving heat inside the building. For the industry, PVC panels are most in demand due to the value for money.
First of all, it is necessary to prepare the place of work. It is necessary to dismantle the elements of the stormwater system, lamps, and more. This is necessary in order not to damage the panels themselves and related products.
The installation of the panels must be neat. They must move on top of each other in order to easily install the corresponding panel in the correct position.
After all the panels are installed and secured, the result is obvious - a smooth and beautiful wall.
How to fix the siding
It is not necessary to seal the formed overlaps. It would be most correct not to use such sealants, since they will disrupt heat transfer and condensate drainage from the building.
A knife is one of the most essential tools. With its help it is necessary to adjust the length of the panels.
In the case of metal siding and wood panels, the knife is replaced with a grinder. It must be remembered that even corners are necessary for the correct joint of the panels.
After installing the facade, the most important thing is maintenance. If you take care of the panels properly, the structure will not lose its appearance and will serve for a very long time.
Facade panels for brick
Posted By: Work Style |12, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |12, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |12, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |11, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |04, Nov 2020