Previously, only wooden windows were installed in houses, but nowadays they produce not only wooden, but also plastic window.
And in the modern world people often began to install plastic windows in their houses or apartments. So you, at some point, decided that wooden windows no longer hold heat so well, freeze through and look, say, not very attractive, and for this reason you decided to change wooden windows to plastic ones.
Installation of plastic windows is not easy, so it is best to entrust this work to specialists. But, if you are sure that you are able to carry out the installation of windows on your own or you have some experience in the installation of such windows, you can carry out the installation of windows yourself.
Here's how to properly install a plastic window, we will tell you further.
The positive quality of installing plastic windows yourself is that assembling windows with your own hands you will produce more thoroughly than many specialized workers. Still, if you do not have the skills to install such windows and have never seen how they do it, then it is best to use the services of specialized workers.
It is best to carry out replacement of windows from May to September, as well as installation windows are best done in dry weather.
Installation of plastic windows can be carried out in winter, but if the outside air temperature is not less than minus five degrees.
Otherwise, you need to install a special heat shield.
It is also not recommended to install windows and extreme heat. A very important point when changing windows is not only their installation, but also accurate measurements and accurate selection.
Before purchasing a new plastic window, you need to measure the window opening and, according to the data received, buy a finished window or place an order for the manufacture of a window. When you order a window according to your size, it will fit perfectly into the opening of your window.
Ready-made windows are made according to standard sizes and therefore it may not fit in the opening of your window as it should.
So, window measurement should be done like this :
But if the window sill is removable, then measurements are taken from the beginning of the plate.
If possible, before measuring, remove the ebb and see if there is a border on the bottom or the surface is straight.
The window should not be closely inserted into the opening, there should be a small gap between the window and the opening, as it needs to expand or contract, this will depend on temperature changes.
The minimum dimensions of the gaps should be as follows :
When you are replacing a window, you must take into account that the window must enter the opening for the window, only for a certain number of centimeters. This is necessary so that the double-glazed window is not in the wall and in order to make the slopes.
All measurements have been made, all the nuances have been taken into account, and as a result, the required size of the window profile has been obtained. Now you can go to the company and order a window or take a ready-made one that suits your parameters.
After you have already bought a window and the weather allows its installation, you can do its installation. It must be borne in mind that all work will be rather dusty, so it is better to remove all things or cover with a film.
After you have done all the preparatory work, start dismantling the old window, and in order to remove the old window, use a chisel, pry bar and hammer.
Before installing a plastic window, it is necessary to remove dirt from the window opening well and moisten it a little.
Then you can start preparing the window for installation.
Before installing the window profile, the sash is removed from the window and the double-glazed windows are removed from the blind parts of the window.
Then it is necessary to peel off the protective tapes from the outside of the profile and install the protective caps in the drain holes. We attach fasteners for the mosquito net to the screws.
Some outdated sources do not mention this, but in modern technology, the installation of windows involves insulating the profile. These measures were introduced because even with the correct installation of the windows, moisture formed on them, which should not be at all.Due to this action, all the bad consequences should not be formed.
To ensure that the window profile adheres tightly, the entire perimeter of the profile is glued to the outside of the window opening with a special sealing tape. After that, the side parts of the profile are pasted over with vapor barrier tapes.
A seal made of specialized tape is glued to the upper, side part of the profile and then, if necessary, a starting or expansion profile is attached. After the insulation work has been done, they begin to install the window profile.
There are two types of plastic window fasteners, such as :
Which type of attachment is the best cannot be immediately said, therefore, both attachments have their own positive and negative qualities. Fastening is the most important component for installing a plastic window and therefore we will analyze this in more detail.
When choosing a fastener for plastic windows, you must first of all focus on the type of your walls. This means that if the house is brick or panel, then you are not limited in the choice of fasteners. In the event that you decide to install plastic windows in a completely new house or country house, which are built of foam concrete or aerated concrete, then the installation of the window must be done on special mounting plates.
The main disadvantage of fastening windows to anchors is the depressurization of the profile.
As a rule, a profile contains a number of cameras that are separated from each other. Due to these chambers, the window profile keeps the temperature and, accordingly, warm.
If you decide to make an anchor as an attachment, then the profile is drilled through and therefore chambers are depressurized. Also, fastening windows to anchors requires more labor and skill and for this reason such fastening is not suitable for beginners.
If the profile is not fixed correctly, it can be led, and if it does, the window will be damaged.
But the anchorage also has positive qualities, for example, the structure, will be strong. But the negative quality of the mounting plates is that they do not provide good structural strength. But mounting plates are the easiest type of fixing plastic windows. Very often, experts use both types of mounts.
Fixing the profile in the opening from the side and from above is made of wood blades. After you have done the alignment on all sides, you need to make a profile and if everything is in order, then you can fix it.
The next step of the work is to install the ebb.
We measure it and use metal scissors to cut the required size, then a special tape is glued to the bottom of the frame, it is needed to protect the seam between the wall and the bottom of the window.
After the tape is glued, a layer of polyurethane foam is applied to it.
Also, a layer of polyurethane foam is applied to the edge of the slab, this is necessary in order to ensure sound insulation and sealing of the ebb. The ebb must go into the grooves of the profile and is attached with self-tapping screws.
Then we close the seam between the wall and the window with polyurethane foam (first from one side, then from the other and from above). After the foam has dried, another insulation tape is glued on top of it. On the inside of the window, it is necessary to remove the protective tape and use special linings when installing the glass unit.
Using the strips, hold the glass unit, hammer the strips into the grooves and install the sash, fix it in canopies, then secure the handle and adjust the sash horizontally and vertically. After all the work, a mosquito net is installed.
After all the work, we begin to install the window sill.
Then it is recommended to put five-liter bottles on the window sill to fix it.
In this article, we told how to install a plastic window and we hope that this information was useful to you.
Good luck and patience!
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