How to make a polycarbonate roof with your own hands
Modern materials for the roof are gaining more and more popularity, for example, polycarbonate. This option is widely used to cover the veranda, as well as individual house plots.
It is not just beautiful and original, and this ensures the reliability of the roof and natural illumination of the house with bright light from the Sun. The room will become very cozy and beautiful. So, let's talk about do-it-yourself polycarbonate roofs.
The material is very practical and has a huge number of advantages:
The material is very durable, and it can withstand a layer of snow with a mass of 200 kg per 1 square meter. The disadvantages of the material are that during transportation, huge sheets of material can bend and deform. Although the material is durable, it will be inferior in quality to glass and requires careful handling during handling, installation and conservation.
It has low abrasion resistance, which manifests itself in the formation of cracks and scratches. Because of this, the roofing integrity of polycarbonate can be violated by tangible hail.
Please note that, if we weigh the pros and cons, it is safe to say that polycarbonate is recognized as the best material for roofing in corridors, greenhouses and outbuildings. Another plus is that the material is relatively inexpensive.
Although it is conditionally possible to distinguish 3 types of polycarbonate, still 2 types are the most used and popular, it is cellular and monolithic.
The latter is used for roofs of different areas and shapes with the prospect of supporting the weight of a huge snow volume and wind gusts. The dimensions of the monolithic type panel are 2 * 3 meters. Thickness is from 0.2 to 1.2 cm.
1.2 cm polycarbonate is also called anti-vandal, and therefore it can withstand the blow of a strong adult man without flaws. Cellular polycarbonate weighs much less because it has a porous structure with air chambers.The material has high mechanical strength with low weight. This material is ideal for the manufacture of complex roofing and arched elements.
It has a diverse range of colors and shades. The thickness of the material is from 0.4 to 3 cm, and the length of the panel is from 2 to 12 meters.
There are 2 most popular polycarbonate roof options:
- Straight roof.
- Arch-shaped roof.
Consider the first version of the roof.
This type of roof is usually used for the construction of gazebos and open verandas. When deciding to use polycarbonate, it becomes possible to make a bright open space. But since roof insulation leads to loss of properties of a polycarbonate roof, it is inappropriate to make such an option for a winter house. Only summer housing options are suitable for making a polycarbonate roof with your own hands.
You can make a straight roof in such solutions - hip, gable or single-slope. For such a roof, rafters are not needed, the material is very light. It can be a board up to 5 cm, which is pre-treated with a special protective solution. The distance between the rafters should be chosen taking into account the width. When cutting out, the material must be cut so that the stiffeners coincide with the pitched roofing direction.
It is necessary to lay the sheet correctly, taking into account the special ultraviolet coating, and it must be out. You need to attach the panel to the wood base using self-tapping screws. In the sheet, drill a hole slightly larger than the diameter of the screw and screw it tightly into the sheet. The joints must be closed with a split profile. Treat all areas with gaps with sealant.
It is not difficult to make arched roofs, the only difficulty will be the preparation of arches, you need to bend them evenly using a template, since the coating can be distorted. The profile meadows need to be cut so that you can easily bend the material to the desired roof shape. But if the arcs have almost no bending limit, then polycarbonate behaves differently, and you should not forget about this, bending the material is required carefully. They attach the material even to a wooden surface using self-tapping screws and fix it with washers. The joints and end parts are covered with a sealant.
Arched roofs are used in small areas, and gazebos / awnings are made.
The material has been used for about 10 years, and during this time it has shown excellent properties in terms of resistance to wear. Roofs of any type, size and shape can be made from it. In private ownership, honeycomb material is most often used - greenhouses, swimming pools, sheds and verandas - all structures can be covered with transparent honeycomb-type material. The roof can be made with any angle of inclination or 100% flat.
To make the roof of the desired shape, it is necessary to prepare in advance the frame for fixing the panels. Steel pipes, aluminum profiles are suitable for him.If there is a profile, the roof dome will be perfectly transparent and this will be an excellent solution from an aesthetic point of view. Profiles can be monolithic and detachable. Main advantages:
The classification is as follows:
Polycarbonate is selected according to needs. If practicality and reliability are required, a material with a greater thickness is chosen. If the shapes are beautiful, the configuration and aesthetics are thinner, which bends perfectly.
When placing the panels, you need to combine the sheets so that the joint falls on the rafters. After that, the installation of the frame will take place. Particular attention should be paid to the gutters, they are closed with a special tape or tape. Attach sheets to the frame, taking into account the requirements for bonding.
There are tips to help you get things done right:
- The holes for the screws should be slightly larger than the tools themselves.
- It is better not to screw the self-tapping screw all the way, and the panel should be able to move under the influence of temperatures.
- Handle the panels carefully so as not to damage the upper protective coatings.
- The film is best removed after drilling and cutting work.
This material is suitable for the construction of a roof of any shape. The choice of option and quality will depend on the taste and capabilities of the person.
Installation of the material is simple, but certain nuances must be observed. The price will depend on the characteristics of the material and will vary.
Roofs made of such material are easy to install with your own hands without the involvement of specialists. You can find several types of material on the market, in order to choose the most suitable one in a particular case, you need to familiarize yourself with the parameters of each material. There are such subspecies:
Sheets of material differ in size, thickness, structure and color. There are varieties with a predominance of some qualities - something reliably protects against ultraviolet radiation, and the rest are distinguished by enhanced multilayer or strength.
Please note that due to the lightness of the polycarbonate material, you can build complex original designs that will have a low specific weight.
Polycarbonate is often used in various industries, and it has gained immense popularity due to its main qualities:
Thickness is from 0.
4 to 3.5 cm. Even the weight of the sheet will depend on it. It varies between 1 and 2.5 kg.
The material does not lose its quality with a temperature difference and withstands figures from +40 degrees to +120. Impact strength, high ability to thermal insulation, resistance to contact with negative chemical compounds makes it possible to use the material in production and in everyday life. The term of application of a structure made on the basis of polycarbonate is from 5 to 20 years. There are 7 common polycarbonate thickness sizes.
Each of the types has its own purpose and is used according to technical parameters:
2 cm - is used to cover buildings with a huge roof size, and also withstand huge loads.
- 1. 6 cm - also suitable for large spans, and also perfectly withstands loads.
- 1 cm - suitable for vertical elements in public buildings.
8 cm - carports, yard, balcony glazing.
- 0. 4 cm - small greenhouses, sheds over the sill.
- 0. 3 cm - greenhouses and hotbeds.
Drawings of such a roof can be found on the Internet, there are many options. Very often, some option is taken as a basis and modified when covering the structure. You can also see a photo of the roof and choose the one that you like the most.
To secure the polycarbonate sheets, you need to prepare the tools. Fasteners will deserve special attention, because the reliability and strength of the structure depends on them.
There are many fasteners that are used depending on the structural complexity and quality. The following fasteners can be distinguished:
The latter type of fastening helps to attach the sheets to the frame and hold them perfectly. Such fasteners are of better quality and more reliable than polypropylene washers and have a wide palette of colors.
As for products made of polypropylene, they are not covered with a protective material and are exposed to the negative effects of ultraviolet radiation and begin to quickly fade and lose strength.
They should be applied on the roof in a shaded area.
Fasteners are inexpensive, however, and short-lived. Stainless steel products are reliable, do not loosen, most often they are used on a metal profile. The washer has a rubber element in the kit, which makes it possible to comply with the tightness rule. Use in a dry room is recommended.You can make a polycarbonate roof with your own hands with the correct drawings and following the instructions.
Correct fastening of the profile to the frame allows you to create a reliable roof with your own hands, which can protect the room and create comfort for a long time.
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