Breeding rabbits in aviaries is becoming more and more popular. But, as they say, everything new is well forgotten old. In the last century and until its middle, this method was one of the main ones, and then cells came to replace it. Why are the rabbit enclosures trying to revive? This method of breeding furry animals has a number of significant advantages over the cellular one.
One of the main advantages of aviaries is the elementary structure and ease of its construction.
If desired, everyone can do it on their own, and even save the family budget. It only takes you half a day to build the rabbit enclosure.
To understand how the open-air cage has a beneficial effect on animals, consider its pros and cons.
Rabbits are quite frisky animals by nature, they love to run and jump.
Also, materials at hand are suitable for the construction.
For ease of feeding, one large feeder can be built. The aviary must be cleaned once a week. With the onset of cold weather, you do not have to worry that the animals will freeze, because they are in constant motion in spacious enclosures, which cannot be said about the cages. Farmers do not need to constantly monitor the condition of the feed. Rabbits in the fresh air, being in good physical shape, can chew even frozen grass, their digestion can cope with this task.
Note. You cannot keep rabbits in enclosures near places where poultry (chickens, geese, ducks) are kept, due to the fact that they are prone to the same viral diseases. The difference lies in the fact that birds have a fairly good immunity, which cannot be said about gentle creatures - rabbits.
Such diseases can simply kill them; at best, long-term treatment is required.
In order for the enclosure with rabbits to function successfully, novice farmers should arm themselves with some knowledge of proper livestock management.
Rabbits lose the ability to distinguish their offspring from others and begin to feed everyone indiscriminately. This is only for the benefit of the younger generation, because, thus, they acquire a stable immunity to various diseases, gain weight well and rarely get sick, the quality of fur improves.
Note. Farmers note one pattern - rabbits kept in large open-air cages have much tastier meat than their cage brothers.
In order for the work on the rabbit enclosure to be completed quickly and without hesitation, prepare the pre-requisite materials and tools.
Such material has a long service life. Cell size should be medium or small. Toddlers can climb out of the enclosure through large openings. The net rolls have a standard width of 1 - 1.5 m.
The choice depends on the height of the planned structure.
Part of the pillar made of wood, which is buried in the ground, must be treated with linseed oil. The metal pillars of the support are coated with powder or oil paint.
The floor in the enclosure can be earthen, wood or concrete. The last option is considered the most practical. To pour a concrete floor, you need to perform a number of actions:
Important! When setting up the floor in your rabbit enclosure, be sure to slope at a slight angle to drain the water away.
The aviary can be installed near some structure in the courtyard or placed separately. In the corners of the enclosure, you need to dig depressions for the pillars at a depth of at least 40 cm. The step of installing the supports should be 2 - 2.5 m.
I fill the pillars with crushed stone or concretize them. Then proceed to fastening the crossbars. The lower bar is fixed at the bottom of the post, and the upper one at a height that corresponds to the width of the mesh or the height of the structure.
The chain-link is fastened using special clamps, nails, welding, or whatever is convenient for you. If desired, the mesh is pulled over the top using the same methods.
But it is better to make a full-fledged roof capable of providing protection from atmospheric precipitation.
For breeding, spending the night, wintering in aviaries, special shelters are built in the form of houses. These are original nests for rabbits with a door at the entrance, jumpers inside for rabbits with offspring.
Houses are placed on a hill to ensure warmth and dryness. To do this, drive the pillars into the ground, make a strapping at the bottom and assemble a frame made of wood.
Then sheathe the walls from the inside with plywood or a board, lay the next layer of insulation, then a layer of insulation, at the end again plywood or slab.
It is better to build a roof with a slight slope, so the animals can lie or sit on it. Roof insulation is carried out using roofing material or a dense film, then sheathed with roofing material. It is important to carry out this work if the aviary does not have a common roof.
At the final stage of the construction of an enclosure for rabbits, doors are attached to the structure, feeders, drinkers are placed and the first batch of rabbits is launched for testing.
The fixing of the drinkers is carried out directly to the net, since the animals can turn the water over, and the high humidity in the aviary has a detrimental effect on them. The size of the feeders should be such that all the inhabitants of the enclosure can eat at the same time.
Disinfection of rabbit enclosures must be carried out without fail and should be treated responsibly. Processing should be carried out monthly using chlorine, camel thorn decoction and other non-toxic substances.
Despite all the advantages of keeping rabbits in cages, there are also disadvantages.
These include the mass death of the entire livestock in case of infection with viral or bacterial infections. The open area muffles the farmer's vigilance, it is not possible to notice a sick pet immediately, but taking into account the common feeding places and shelves, the virus spreads quite quickly. Carrying out timely vaccination aimed at preventing diseases, timely quarantine and disinfection of drinkers and feeders, will allow you to successfully raise rabbits.
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