Plumbing fixtures are an integral part of any bathroom and kitchen. To ensure proper and comfortable living conditions for a person, plumbing must be of high quality and correctly installed. Do-it-yourself plumbing installation and repair can be done and it is not at all necessary to resort to the help of a professional plumber.
Unfortunately, even expensive plumbing can fail and repair work is simply necessary. To carry out repairs yourself, you must have an idea of the device being repaired.
If problems arise with this element, the operation of the entire bathroom is disrupted. The first step in repair work is to take care of the order of the pipeline.
The functionality of the entire water supply and sewerage network will depend on the competent organization of the pipeline system. And this directly affects the operation of each plumbing device - toilet bowl, sink, etc. For example, if a water hammer occurs, the mixer will fail.
If dirt gets into the water, the watering can will be clogged and, accordingly, the water supply will be interrupted.
The cause of the breakdown can be any, starting with low-quality parts to improper operation. Breakage is detected by the presence of leaks. And here the owner is faced with two questions: either call a specialist or do everything on his own. The best option, of course, is the second option, firstly it will not be difficult, you will do it for yourself and therefore everything is thorough and efficient.
When a closed tap leaks
the tap may leak. Here you need to replace it. Gaskets are available in leather and rubber. Leather, as a rule, are used for hot water supply, and rubber for cold water.
To replace the gasket, you must first close the valve in the faulty area.
Get rid of the liquid remaining in the pipe and make sure that the valve is working properly. Then the plastic plug is removed, the screw is unscrewed and the handle is removed. Next, unscrew the crown on the valve counterclockwise with a wrench. The gasket will be on the edge of this structure and the nut will cover it.
After that, proceed to the direct replacement, fixing it using a nut.
The crown, the handle are put in place, the valve is tightened and the valve is opened.
Note: If the nut holds the gasket tight and is difficult to unscrew, then it can be moistened with machine oil or kerosene.
Leaks around the handle
In case of water leakage near the handle, it is worth checking the oil seal, which just needs to be replaced. Why the tap is closed. Everything is disassembled in the same way as described above.
The unusable stuffing box plug is removed with a screwdriver. Then the packing is placed clockwise, each time tamping a new branch. The stuffing box must also be twisted in a clockwise direction. The nut is put in place and tightened.
Note : Cotton cord or asbestos, linen twine or burlap thread can be used as packing.
To make the stuffing most resistant to moisture, it can be moistened with natural drying oil.
Blockage is perhaps the most common problem that occurs during the operation of a washbasin, bathtub or sink. And here the reason lies in the clogging of the siphon. There is a siphon in any type of plumbing device. It acts as a water seal, which serves as an obstacle to the passage of unpleasant odors from the sewer into the room.
The siphon can be cleaned in several ways:
The drain hole is closed with a plunger and pressed from top to bottom;
Important: The wire method is not suitable for cleaning a brass, plastic or chrome siphon.
Leakage of the drain barrel
If you notice such a problem with your toilet, then first you need to remove the tank lid and check all its internal elements.
If damaged parts are found, they will need to be replaced. If the gaskets are worn, they should also be replaced.
Then separate the float from the valve. This is done with a pipe or wrench. All parts should be wiped with a plastic brush and rinsed.
It is important to remember the sequence of their location. If there are solid deposits, then they are well removed with a wooden spatula.
Then all the parts are put in place. The threads are treated with silicone grease. In the event of a possible drift of the float inside the barrel, it is lightened with polystyrene foam.
As you can see from the article, such minor troubles with plumbing can be completely eliminated with your own hands, even without being a master. However, if the most serious breakdowns occur, you should immediately call a professional, otherwise it can even lead to a flood.
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