DIY tile shower tray + photo. Recently, shower cabins have become popular, which have all the latest technical innovations, but they cost a lot, to put it mildly. Unfortunately, most people don't even know how to use these devices. Most of those who have got their own house or apartment want to show their imagination and are increasingly thinking about how to make a shower tray from tiles, photo examples are presented below.
Plus it's much cheaper.
Probably for this reason, recently, after the renovation, a type of monolithic structure such as a shower from a tile began to be used in apartments.
Self-arrangement of a shower tray from a tile for a shower has a lot of advantages, and these include:
Another rather significant advantage is that your apartment will have an unusual shower stall, and you will definitely not doubt its quality.
Types of pallets
Some of those who want to have a shower stall in their home do not bother creating a pallet from a tile, and they install ready-made plastic products - pallets, especially since there are enough such products in the store. Those who are not satisfied with this option are made pallets of bricks or poured with concrete, and then they begin laying the tiles.
Such a design turns out to be capital, made on the advice, and besides, it is not difficult to implement it. If someone fell in love at first sight with a photo of a mosaic-type shower tray without a tray, then a similar design can be made. True, in order to implement this option, it is required to raise the floor level in the entire room, but if you really want this, everything is quite real and feasible.
Selection of materials
In order to specifically deal with the arrangement of your own bathroom, you should first think over everything and to the smallest detail. So, first you should write a complete list of all the necessary materials to complete the work.
Despite the fact that shower trays are made of tiles, this is far from the only material that may be required for its arrangement.It is also important to decide what material the foundation is made of. It is required to ensure a sufficient slope towards the drain pipe. Usually, the foundation is equipped with concrete or brick based on sand and cement screeds. It is also worth deciding in advance on the type of waterproofing.
In this particular case, it is better to use liquid coating materials that will eliminate all chances of water leakage.
In addition, we recommend deciding on the facing material for the shower stall. Over the past couple of years, mosaics have become very popular, which was already mentioned above. You will need an adhesive for tiles, and it is better to give preference to compounds that are designed for rooms with high levels of humidity. Choose only epoxy grout.
Before you start equipping a shower room from a tile, you should complete the preparatory work in stages for everything that will be tiled. So that the high humidity, which is typical for bathrooms, does not spoil the room, take care of reliable waterproofing. The best option would be to use a system that is usually used for a pool.
If the floor height is insufficient, you will need to provide a good drain for the water, in which case you will need to use the elevation of the floor surface, as otherwise you will not drain the water. For a shower tray made of tiles with your own hands, a variety of compositions, materials and mixtures may be required.
If the walls are finished with mosaic tiles, then it should also be bought in advance. However, making the pallet itself from such a tile is quite an interesting idea.
Layout of the site for the manufacture of a pallet
Before starting work that is associated with any changes in the bathroom or sanitary node, a plan should be developed. But first, you should take measurements of the room and sell the drainage system, as well as the laying of drainage pipes and note where the shower will be located. It will be advisable to install it further from the front door and closer to the communications, if the size of the shower room makes it possible to do so.
When it is proposed to place a shower stall from a tile in an already equipped bathroom, then the location should be in the place where there is a water drainage and supply system, and this will impose certain restrictions. When marking, it is important to consider the size of the tile in order to minimize clipping. Therefore, you will need to lay out the pallet so that an integer number of tiles or mosaic sheets are laid at the bottom. This is easiest to do if you use the dry layout method. From bricks and tile material, you will need to lay out a pallet, and also do not forget about the drain, and then lay the tiles taking into account the seams and write down all the dimensions.
At this stage of preparation, the rough type of foundation should be brought into normal condition.This requires dismantling the old tile cover. If the condition of the screed under the tiles is not the best, then it is advisable to re-fill. But even before the screed is laid on the bottom, take care of the waterproofing of the base of the pallet in the shower, and this can be best done if you apply a coating compound. In addition to the floor surface, you should also coat the adjoining walls with the waterproofing compound (not necessarily completely, but partially).
Methods of creating a drain in a shower stall
A drain in a shower stall from a tile can be made in two ways - by path or a siphon with a tray. The ladder, of course, will cost more, but it is several times more reliable, and the low height makes it possible to hide it under a cement-sand screed. The ladder should be equipped with a special grate holder attachment, which will greatly help to simplify the installation. The cost of the siphon is several times lower, then it quickly fails, and therefore its installation should be thought out so that, if necessary, you can replace it quickly and without problems.
It follows from this that it will not work to drown it in a screed.
As for drainage, the water should drain easily, pass through pipes and not stagnate. To do this, pipes in the sewer system should be laid with a slope of 5 cm. This is approximately how the floor surface should be inclined towards the drain point in order to ensure a uniform flow of water into the sewer system.
Waterproofing and installing the drain
Before starting the installation of the drain, once again prime the screed and cover it with a waterproofing compound. Waterproofing and multi-layer priming of the shower tray in a tile shower will make it possible to minimize the likelihood of flooding in the room located on the ground floor, as well as protect other surfaces from high levels of humidity.
Work on the installation of brine begins with the laying of pipes, which should be well attached to the pallet so that their movement is excluded when pouring the screed. If you install the pallet lower than the sewer drain, then you are unlikely to be able to create the required minimum slope of 3 degrees.
You will need to raise the pallet so that the water outlet is at the desired slope, and when the installation of the drainage system is completed, you should install beacons that will indicate the height of the space inside the pallet. With their help, you will be able to create the required slope for the pallet.
In order to in order for the shower structure to have a certain shape, it is required to create a rim around its perimeter, although most people tend to believe that it is possible to do without it.
To arrange the sides, you need to wait until the screed is completely dry. For this, bricks are usually used, and due to their correct shape, it turns out to make the side even, and it does not take much time to create it.Usually such a fence is made with a height of one brick, but if you wish, you can make it larger. True, one should not forget that although the side is made to protect the room and the floor surface from water, its height should not create difficulties and discomfort when getting under the shower.
A do-it-yourself fence for a shower structure can also be made of concrete.
In order to form a concrete side, you will need to make a formwork from boards with a thickness of 4 cm, and then pour a concrete solution. According to experienced craftsmen, at least ten days should pass from the moment the pouring is completed to the complete drying of the concrete fence in one brick, and only after that the formwork can be removed. To prevent water from getting outside the booth, you can make a side with a slope inward, since the slope of the floor may simply not be enough.
Leveling the surface and second waterproofing
After the rough screed is completely dry, its surface should be thoroughly treated with a waterproofing compound, for example, ordinary with mastic. In this case, it is necessary to coat not only the floor, but also the paved sides.
Let the waterproofing layer dry. Apply a self-leveling compound on a dry surface. Smoothly round the drainage point so that nothing could obstruct the water flow. Polymers from the modified range of formulations, which can be self-leveling, help to increase adhesion and therefore will be practical to cover the entire surface of a tile shower tray.
Trim work for the pallet
When the mixture, which itself flattens on the shower tray, is completely dry, you can start finishing work for the walls and surface floor.
First, think about how best to lay the mosaic tiles in the shower. In this case, laying dry mosaics on the floor is perfect. With her help, you will be able to figure out how to finish the mosaic tiles in the shower, so that everything looks harmonious and you have to cut off fragments as rarely as possible. Tiling the shower tray with mosaic tiles should start from the floor. Apply the tile adhesive with a notched trowel and smooth over the entire surface.
After the tile is laid on the floor, you can start finishing the sides. The finished mixture should first be applied to the side surface of the side, and then overlay everything with tiles and only then lay a layer of solution on top of the sides. At this point, the main thing is to ensure that the evenness of the cladding is observed and for this use a rule or a building level. Of course, in many respects the result will also depend on the final improvements, and for this reason, you should be extremely careful when grouting the joints.
If you decide to make a shower tray inside and out from a tile and with your own hands, then first take care of waterproofing the floor surface and walls.
To do this, they should be well cleaned and smeared with one of the waterproofing compounds. In addition, before making a shower tray, you will also need to perform thermal insulation, and for this you can use foam. After that, take care of assembling and installing the drain, as well as pouring the screed for the height so that you can install the tiles in the shower flush with the drain hole. After that, when the screed dries, the shower tray made of tiled material should be protected with a rim around the entire perimeter.
This is one of the simplest options, a brick pallet, but for its arrangement, the floor must be at least relatively flat.
If there are large differences in level, then it will be necessary to perform preliminary leveling with a rough screed. It is not difficult to equip the drain and connect it to the sewer system, and you can deal with the pallet if follow this instruction:
In the most vulnerable areas, a 10 cm overlap of tape should be made on the floor and wall.
Please note, that silicate bricks are not suitable for damp rooms.
The fact is that the main components of which this brick is made are lime and sand, which are not distinguished by good resistance to moisture.
In order to create comfortable conditions for water procedures, when laying a brick pallet for a ceramic tile shower stall with your own hands, it will be reasonable to lay cable mats for floor heating.
From monolithic concrete
The relevance of pouring a concrete pallet is especially noticeable if the bathroom is of modest size. It lies in the fact that similar designs of homemade pallets can have any shape you can imagine. In such rooms, most often you have to cut out every centimeter of free space.
If, in the first embodiment, ceramic brick is an uncontested material, then pouring a concrete pallet can be performed using the following compositions:
Important! Formwork may be required for pouring concrete. It will be more practical to make it from chipboard, OSB or thick boards.
Keep in mind that you cannot do without concrete floor insulation, since otherwise you will need to connect hot water in advance in order to have time to get into the shower and stand on a relatively warm tile.
To perform work on pouring a concrete pallet, you will need to perform the following actions:
After a day, you can remove the beacons and wipe the marks with a solution on a new shower tray made of tiles. Let the concrete set and build strength. Apply the coating compound to the surface to create a waterproofing layer, and then you can start tiling.
You can often see that shower rooms with a tile tray are made with a glass door. In this case, the glass must be tempered, very durable.
The fact is that after installation, a shower without a pallet, which is finished with a mosaic tile, is fenced with glass partitions without a frame, and such cabins can be installed directly into the floor. In the design of the room in which such a shower room is installed, the original elements of plumbing will look very beautiful.
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