A timber frame residential house with an attic room is a solid and high-quality structure, which, with a sufficiently accurate planning and appropriate construction will provide you with excellent protection from wind and cold, save building materials, energy and finances. The construction of a two-story house with an attic will help to increase the useful living space. A finished frame house can also be improved by adding an attic, which not only saves space, but also serves as a thermos, that is, retains heat. In addition, you can build a frame house with an attic yourself.
There are different types of technologies, according to which it is possible to build a frame house with an attic on your own.
There are several reasons for using the most effective construction technologies, we will consider them below:
After determining the purpose of the house and the corresponding project, you can start buying building materials. To do this, you need to study in detail all the stages of building a house with an attic.
For any house, the foundation is of great importance ... The lightness of a house on a wooden frame will allow you to use an inexpensive type of foundation: columnar, pile or tape.
When choosing a strip foundation, the construction site should be flat and the soil should be of medium density.
For the construction of a one-story house with an attic, it will be necessary to deepen 40 cm of the foundation tape.
And it will definitely be necessary to reinforce the structure, and use a sand cushion, and you should not forget about ventilation vents. The tape should be 30 cm thick, and the basement floor should be 50 cm. Even an old foundation can be equipped under a house with an attic if the construction is located on the site of the former house, and the concrete support meets all technological standards and requirements.
The project of frame houses with their own hands provides instructions for their stage-by-stage assembly.
If you are planning to improve your old frame house with the additional necessary space, you can buy a ready-made attic frame made of timber and boards.
Specialists can independently develop a plan and project for future construction.If you have chosen a frame-panel house, keep in mind that the standard size of OSB slabs is 2 by 3 m.
To build a one-story house with an attic with your own hands, it is most beneficial to use projects of frame-frame houses that do not require the use of special special equipment ..
. This work will be handled by the construction team or you yourself with several assistants. The frame is usually made of laminated veneer lumber. Sheathed it with boards or slabs.
Before starting work, you must make sure that you have all the necessary materials and tools, such as: timber for the frame, edged board for wall cladding, waterproofing roofing material, garden trolley, polyurethane foam, shovel and bayonet shovel, heavy hammer , wire for tying reinforcement, power saw, rope for marking the foundation, building level and electric planer.
To calculate the required dimensions of the racks of the house, the total length of each wall is determined. The racks are fixed at a distance of 50 cm, but where the installation of windows is planned, an opening of at least 120 cm must be left.
For construction, an edged board of 25 mm thick and 150 mm wide is used. It is best to use boards that have been tested and stored appropriately, as fresh boards can shrink over time.
The financial cost of insulating frame walls will depend on the selected thermal insulation material.
Before erecting walls, install a waterproofing underlay. The more common material is roofing felt. It must be laid between the foundation and the foundation beam.
There are a number of ways to connect the frame beam. The more popular of these is cutting at the ends of a wooden bar.
To increase the maximum strength, wooden dowels are used. They must be driven into the joints.
After that, you can start wall cladding. In this case, the openings for doors and windows must remain free. They require special horizontal jumpers, which are installed according to the "bar-to-bar" method.
Today, modern building technologies offer application inorganic and organic thermal insulation materials for frame walls, although foam or mineral wool remain more common.
Waterproofing must be done before the insulation process. This process uses parchment or film. It is attached to the wall with an overlap with wooden slats.
After installing the waterproofing, you can safely start sheathing the inside of the frame house, using a special grooved board for this.
Care must be taken to ensure that the floorboards do not go under the frame wall, as they will need to be replaced more frequently than the frame walls. In the future, the obsolete floor can be easily dismantled.
To make the attic suitable place to live, it is necessary to provide it with good thermal insulation properties and qualities.
If this structure is to be built on an old house, it is important enough that it does not put too much stress on its foundation.
Thanks to this, a wooden attic will be the best option, due to its lightness and economy.
The construction of the attic first of all begins with the frame. For this, the same building materials are used as for the frame walls of the house. The main point is the insulation of the entire structure in order to save heat for the whole house as a whole. Reflective film is used as insulation material. The space between the cladding of the frame walls is filled with thermal insulation material.
As a rule, it is glass wool or mineral wool.
Selection of roof and windows will depend on whether you are planning to build a new frame house or renovating your old one.
The strength and reliability of the roof is of great importance. In the case of using ready-made profiles, you can get ready-made calculations of the height and angle of inclination.
It is better to entrust the execution of calculations to specialists.
And installation and installation can be done independently. Only a few assistants will be required.
Roofing building materials are selected, first of all, in accordance with the budget, although for a house with an attic they should be light enough.
All work begins with a "cap", standing from the building in the shape of a capital A. After laying the vapor barrier film, a heat-insulating layer is installed.
Leave a gap for ventilation between this layer and the film. Currently, in the construction market, such material as metal tiles has become very popular.
A properly installed frame house with an attic with your own hands will serve you for a long time, and when you update an old frame house, there will be no need for new construction.
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