Do-it-yourself facade decor for exterior home decoration

Modern facade decor for exterior decoration of houses allows you to easily and quickly create an interesting tectonics of the wall, making the exterior of the structure more original and unique. For this, a large number of different types of stucco moldings are used, which differ from each other in their appearance, material of manufacture and technical characteristics.

The main types of facade decoration of structures

A large number of different elements are used to decorate the facades, among which the most common are the following:

  • Cornices. Such architectural elements are popular for several reasons. First, they decorate the facade by dividing it into horizontal parts.

    This division makes the surface of the wall of any structure more beautiful for an outside viewer. Secondly, cornices protect the facade from the adverse effects of precipitation on it. First of all, this applies to rain, snow and hail. The cornice, located directly under the roof of the building, is called crowning. After it, in some cases, there is a frieze.

Do-it-yourself facade decor for exterior home decoration
Cornices
  • Rust stones. As a rule, they are wedge-shaped. The main purpose of these architectural elements is to decorate plinths and various openings - both door and window.
  • Sandriki. They represent the finishing of the top of the window openings of buildings.

    It is these details that are key in the perception of an outside person of the cladding of the structure. Sandriks can have various forms of their performance. Most often they are rectangular. Despite this, in some cases, their corners are rounded.

Do-it-yourself facade decor for exterior home decoration
Sandriks
  • Brackets.

    They are used as a support for other elements protruding from the plane of the facade. Thus, the impression of monumentality and reliability of the structure is created.

  • Sockets. This is the name of absolutely any decoration of the facade of a building that has a round shape, resembling a flower.
  • Balustrades.

    This is how the balconies of buildings are called.

Do-it-yourself facade decor for exterior home decoration
Balustrades
  • Moldings. With their help it is possible to emphasize this or that structure of the building, if it does not stand out strongly against the background of the wall plane.
  • Pilasters, platbands. Necessary for finishing window openings or main entrances to the building.

    With the help of such elements, you can give a distinctive feature to the entire decoration of the structure.

  • Columns. As a rule, in their classic design, they are the base, trunk and capital. On the facades of modern buildings, they are used only as decorative elements, without supporting heavy structures.
  • Rust and front draft.

    These horizontal elements divide the wall plane into several parts, giving it a more perfect look.

Do-it-yourself facade decor for exterior home decoration
Rust
  • Window sill. It represents the bottom of the framing of almost any window opening.
  • Base / plinth. This decorative element allows you to give an interesting look to the basement of the building.

    In some cases, it acts as an ebb.

Thus, the facade decor for exterior decoration of the house can be very diverse. It allows you to give the exterior of any building a truly recognizable and unique appearance.

At the same time, experts pay attention to the fact that when using certain elements, you do not need to overdo it. Too much congestion of the wall with various decor becomes not very attractive to an outside viewer.

Decor materials

Do-it-yourself facade decor for exterior home decoration
Styrofoam decor

A large number of different materials are used for the manufacture of facade decor. The most common of them are:

  • Polyfoam. For the production of decor from this material, a fairly dense workpiece is used. It is covered with special plaster or an adhesive mass with a fiberglass mesh, which is intended for reinforcement. Styrofoam decorations are attached to the facade with glue and anchors.

    They also practice using "fa├žades". The disadvantage of foam is its fragility and the need for proper care. The advantages of experts include the low cost of this material and the ease of installation of decor made from it.

  • Polyurethane foam. This material is considered one of the most stable in terms of resistance to any external mechanical or thermal stress.

    For its production, a light polymeric substance is used, which is quite durable, provided it is correctly installed and properly capped.

  • Expanded polystyrene. This material is distinguished by its flexibility. Due to this property, almost any decorative element can be made from it. The technical characteristics of expanded polystyrene are similar to those of polystyrene, but at the same time it has improved performance indicators.

  • Polymer concrete. This material is completely free of cement. Instead, the manufacturer adds a thermosetting resin to the composition, which performs the same functions. This substance is very expensive.
Do-it-yourself facade decor for exterior home decoration
Polymer concrete
  • Architectural concrete.

    This material contains cement. As a result, it has good performance characteristics. First of all, this concerns high levels of frost resistance and thermal insulation.

  • Lithium plaster. This material is rarely used.

    This is due to its low performance properties, as well as high cost.

Separately, it is worth paying attention to the existence of facade decor for exterior decoration of houses, made with the use of heaters. Such elements of building decoration are now gaining significant popularity.This is due to their low cost, as well as ease of installation. The process of installing this decor is carried out in the process of warming the house with its further finishing by means of a plaster mixture.

Do-it-yourself facade decor for exterior home decoration
Exterior decoration

Facade decor with foam plastic

A large number of private home owners underestimate the possibilities of foam. Very interesting and high-quality decorative elements can be made from this material, which allow you to decorate almost any structure, regardless of its style. Before using polystyrene, you need to understand all its advantages, application features and decoration.

Do-it-yourself facade decor for exterior home decoration
The use of decorative elements on the facade of the building

Video - installation of foam decor

Advantages of styrofoam facade decor

Facade decors prices

Facade decor

Styrofoam facade decor is one of the most popular. It allows for a relatively small amount of money to arrange structures in a sufficiently high quality in full accordance with a previously prepared plan.

The advantages of polystyrene can also be attributed to the fact that its sale is carried out both by running meters and by the piece.

Table 1. Advantages of foam

Advantage Description
Light weight This greatly simplifies material transportation. In addition, elements made of polystyrene will not create excessive stress on the supporting structures of houses.
Ease and simplicity of installation Any person who has at least minimal experience in decorating facades can perform this work.

Relative strength and relatively high durability This applies primarily to those foam elements that have an additional processing in the form of an outer coating. Most often in such cases, PSB 25F material is used.
Resistance to mold and mildew growth on the surface These qualities are important for houses located in regions with high air humidity.
Wide operating temperature range For example, PSB 25A foam plastic can be used within the range from -55 to +80 degrees Celsius.
Resistance to UV radiation Special processing of products made on the basis of foam plastic does not allow this.

Significant variability of overall dimensions and shapes Using the material, you can make various volumetric structures that are required for the decoration of facades of buildings and structures.
Affordable cost of material Polyfoam belongs to the low price segment.

Thus, the decor of the surfaces of the walls of houses is in no way inferior to the corresponding elements made of other materials.

Do-it-yourself facade decor for exterior home decoration
Polyfoam type PSB 25A

Features of the production of foam decor

Polyfoam, which is intended for the manufacture of external decoration of buildings, must meet certain requirements provided for by its manufacturers.

In most cases, material of the type PSB 25F is used for the production of jewelry.

It is distinguished by a very reasonable price and excellent performance.

The manufacture of decor from foam plastic has its own characteristics that are worth paying attention to, such as:

  • Despite the fact that the most often used material such as PSB 25F, you can use and some analogues. In addition, expanded polystyrene is no less reliable substance for making decor.
  • The blank sheet must be sent to production for processing in special equipment. The latter is a machine that works by means of a certain program, which assigns it tasks aimed at cutting and burning material.

    As a result, it is possible to create really high-quality and beautiful elements that fully correspond to those required for the design of building facades.

  • In order to ensure the protection of the created decor, it is covered on top with a reinforcing compound. Most often, manufacturers use mineral mixtures prepared on an acrylic basis for this.
  • The next stage in the process of manufacturing facade decor for exterior decoration of the house is drying foam blanks. For this, it is extremely important to adhere to a clearly established temperature regime for a long time.

    It allows the protective layer to grasp, thus fixing itself on the surface of the material.

Do-it-yourself facade decor for exterior home decoration
Facade decor
  • At the end, the finished decor is cleaned and polished, as a result, it acquires a beautiful appearance that allows it to be used for its intended purpose.

The process of manufacturing foam plastic elements of home decoration guarantees their resistance to atmospheric precipitation. For this purpose, the products are manufactured in accordance with strict specifications developed by the manufacturer.

Installation of the facade elements made of foam

An important feature of the facade elements made of foam is the possibility of their installation by almost any person.

This does not require significant experience. Even a non-professional can do this with your own hands.

The main stages of decorating a house with styrofoam decor are as follows:

  • Beforehand, it is necessary to completely clean the surfaces of the walls of the building. In this case, building materials, mold and dirt must be completely removed.Experts recommend doing this work mechanically.

    In some cases, it is allowed to use special solutions if their use is more effective and reliable.

Do-it-yourself facade decor for exterior home decoration
Wall cleaning
  • Wall surfaces should be leveled and dried. Thus, it is possible to achieve adequate adhesion of the facade with the decor that will be attached to it. It is also necessary to pay attention to the fact that the walls should be leveled when their unevenness exceeds 10 millimeters.
  • In some cases, the facade is covered with paints, they should be damaged a little in order to form cracks in them.

  • For mounting, you must use a special adhesive that is designed for this job. In some cases, due to the peculiarities of the decorative element or the relief of the wall, it is necessary to additionally secure the product with the help of anchor parts or embedded fasteners. Experts do not recommend using only the latter, since this method is less reliable than a combination of different methods with each other. The glue, in turn, provides not only high-quality installation, but also a snug fit of the decor to the wall, leveling the possibility of the formation of gaps, including the smallest ones in terms of their overall dimensions.
  • The adhesive should be applied evenly over the entire decorative sheet.

    After that, you should press the decoration element against the wall, pressing it quite tightly from above.

Do-it-yourself facade decor for exterior home decoration
Glue application
  • Hold the foam element with your hands for some time. It is necessary for the glue to adhere to the wall surface. Once this happens, you can let go of the home decoration element. In the future, if there is no serious mechanical impact on it, it will not be lowered down by gravity.

  • If necessary, styrofoam decorative elements can be fixed to the wall with dowels. It is allowed to start drilling holes for them only after the glue has completely solidified.
  • When the installation is complete, it is necessary to start using sealants. With their help, fill in all holes under the decor and near the dowels. This will ensure the maximum strength of the connection and the protection of the walls from the effects of certain climatic precipitation on them.

Do-it-yourself facade decor for exterior home decoration
Installation of decor

Thus, the process of installing facade decor for an external wall is quite easy ... The main thing is to clearly follow all the rules that were developed by experienced specialists who perform this work for a long period of time. If you make at least one mistake, there is a high risk that, as a result, the design will fall off - both due to its own weight and due to the external influence of certain factors.

Foam Adhesive Prices

Foam Adhesive

Foam Finish

If, after installing a decorative foam element on the facade of a building, it is left in its original state, after a certain period of time it will fall off. To prevent this from happening, you need to finish the design element accordingly.

Do-it-yourself facade decor for exterior home decoration
Installation of facade decor

The final stage of installation of the decor on the facade is to paint it. To do this, you need to perform the following sequence of actions:

  1. Initially, a primer must be applied to the already attached element of the facade. It must be specially prepared to work with such material.

    Otherwise, there is a risk of adversely affecting the design element.

  2. Next, you should wait until the primer is completely dry on the decor surface. Thus, a special film, minimal in its thickness, is created, which will increase the level of adhesion of the finishing material to the surface.
  3. After drying, apply the first coat of paint. In order to do this, you should use acrylic paints, which can be purchased at almost any hardware store.

  4. The paint must be completely dry. Once this happens, you need to evaluate the work done. After that, it is necessary to apply a second layer of paint, which in the overwhelming majority of cases is the finishing one.
Do-it-yourself facade decor for exterior home decoration
Painting

Facade decor made of foam plastic, having an outer coating in the form of paint, is essential increases its performance. As a result, its duration of use increases.

After the final drying of the last layer of material, the work can be considered completed.

Facade decor made of stone

Facade decor made of stone is no less common. Working with him requires much more experience and skills. That is why not every person can cope with the task at hand. In addition, the purchase of such design elements requires a large amount of financial resources.

You need to be prepared for this in advance, since it is not always possible to preserve them during the construction of the building and finishing.

Do-it-yourself facade decor for exterior home decoration
Stone decor

Advantages of stone facade decor

Facade decor for exterior decoration of a stone house can be very diverse. It includes elements of building decoration, made both from natural materials and from artificially created ones. Their main advantages that you should pay attention to are as follows:

  1. Beautiful appearance. Stone facade decor can give a building a very elegant and, in a sense, respectable look to almost any building.

    This only applies if the installation work has been carried out accordingly.

  2. Good performance. Facade stone elements are resistant to ultraviolet radiation and adverse climatic conditions. As a result, this type of decor can be used for a very long period of time without any problems with it.
  3. Easy to clean.

    It is not required to process stone facade decor in any way. The main thing is to keep the house clean, since microorganisms can multiply on the surface of this type of decoration, triggering the destruction of this decoration.

  4. Possibility of installation after completion of work on the construction of the building. If the structure has been in operation for a long time, it can at any time be decorated with facade decor made of stone. In this case, one should be guided by the recommendations and advice of specialists regarding the installation of design elements, since if this technology is violated, they can eventually fall off the wall surfaces.

Thus, stone facade decor is as popular as foam. This is primarily due to its advantages and technical characteristics.

Disadvantages of facade decor made of stone

Before proceeding with the selection and purchase of facade decor made of stone, you need to pay attention to some of its disadvantages. Many of them are very important and should never be ignored.

The main disadvantages of stone facade decor are:

  1. High cost.

    Almost all elements of the external decoration of buildings, made of stone, are quite expensive. As a result, not every owner of a private house can purchase them. This applies to decoration made of various materials - plaster, concrete, etc.

  2. Many types of facade decoration made of stone are of considerable weight. As a result, they significantly affect the supporting structures of the wall.

    That is why, before using such design elements, you need to make sure that there is an appropriate margin of safety to withstand their mass.

Do-it-yourself facade decor for exterior home decoration
Facade decor made of stone

The above two disadvantages are the main ones that you should pay attention to when choosing a facade decor from stone.

Price for decorative stone

Decorative stone

Installation of stone facade decor

In order for the stone facade decor to be used on the building for a long time without any problems, it is necessary to properly install it. To do this, you must first of all analyze the work experience of a professional with the appropriate work experience and skills. You should pay attention to common mistakes and recommendations of specialists, as this can significantly help in accomplishing the task.

Do-it-yourself facade decor for exterior home decoration
Installation

Preparatory work before installation

Before proceeding with the installation of stone facade decor, you need to do some preparatory work. They are as follows:

  1. Unfolding design elements on a clean and level surface in front of the building facade. This must be done in order to choose the most suitable products for each other in the process of performing the work. Thus, you can facilitate the process, making it faster and of better quality.
  2. It is also necessary to agree on the step and breakdown of the stone decor, which will be located at different levels on the facade of the building.

    If this is not done, decorating the structure with even the most beautiful elements will lead to the fact that the whole picture will not look very attractive to an outside viewer.

  3. It is imperative to carry out the markup. It may be required not only on the walls, but also on the most decorative elements. To do this, it is enough to use an ordinary gray pencil or marker. In this case, all dimensions need to be rechecked somewhat, since errors at the end can play a cruel joke with the builder.

  4. Before installation, it is recommended to pre-assemble several decorative elements on the ground. This will help you choose the right shade, see the places that require trimming or grinding. In addition, in this case, it is much easier to think over a system of fastening architectural elements to the surface.
Do-it-yourself facade decor for exterior home decoration
Fixing architectural elements to the surface

Thus, to simplify the installation of the facade decor, you must first carry out several stages, which are quite simple in their execution. This will help prevent difficulties in the further implementation of the task.

Video - Decorative plaster "Snowball"

Installation technologies

Facade decor for outdoor decoration of houses can be installed in various ways. Currently, the most common among them are the following:

  1. Laying decorative elements on special glue. This method is suitable primarily in cases where a small section of the wall is being designed using separate details.
  2. Attaching decorative elements to a frame made of metal guides. This technique is most often used when a curtain wall system is being implemented.

Do-it-yourself facade decor for exterior home decoration
Fastening of decorative elements to the frame

The choice of one or another mounting technology must be carried out on the basis of the type of decorative elements used and the characteristics of the surface of the treated wall.

Conclusion

Facade decor for exterior decoration of houses is a whole list of various elements that make the exterior of buildings more diverse, interesting and attractive.The use of such products is currently quite popular. This led to their large assortment, which is present in almost any hardware store.

Before starting the process of installing the decor, you need to pay attention to the experience and advice of experts on how to do it best.

It is worth remembering that any mistake over time leads to the fact that the appearance of the building deteriorates. In no case should this be allowed.

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