Do-it-yourself installation and installation of solar panels for a private house and summer cottages: instruction- Overview + Video

Do-it-yourself installation and installation of solar panels for a private house and summer cottages: instruction- Overview + Video Once upon a time the reasoning that electricity would be free seemed fantastic inventions. But time passed and the development of new technologies in the electric power industry led to the fact that it became a reality.

Alternative energy sources are gaining more and more followers all over the planet.

Among them, solar batteries are especially popular, which are widely used both in production and in everyday life.

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Scope

Do-it-yourself installation and installation of solar panels for a private house and summer cottages: instruction- Overview + Video Solar panels, or as they are sometimes called solar panels, can be used to provide electricity to cottage settlements, dacha cooperatives, industrial enterprises.

They are very effective for sanatorium complexes, hotels, hospitals, buildings located far from the main power lines.

We can say that they are needed where there is a need for one more source of energy and where it is possible to install them. At the moment, roofs of buildings and houses are equipped with solar panels, installed in deserts and on trains. There are even fully self-contained solar-powered houses.

The production of solar cells is proceeding at a gigantic pace and the leaders in this industry are the PRC and the USA.

Germany, the countries of the Persian Gulf, Western Europe and Scandinavia.

What is a solar battery?

Do-it-yourself installation and installation of solar panels for a private house and summer cottages: instruction- Overview + Video This is a complex of photovoltaic converters integrated into the system. Converters convert energy from the sun into electricity. The latest solar panels are capable of operating at 40% efficiency . To achieve such an indicator, it is necessary to comply with certain parameters.

Battery complexes are most profitable to install in those parts of the planet where the number of sunny and clear days is predominant, in Russia these are the southern regions - Krasnodar Territory, Sochi and others.

Do-it-yourself installation and installation of solar panels for a private house and summer cottages: instruction- Overview + Video The latitude at which the buildings are located should be taken into account. Approaching the poles, solar energy loses some of its power and the efficiency of solar panels will be insufficient.

If in winter there are enough cloudless days where the battery complexes are installed, they can significantly reduce the load on the city's utilities and provide some buildings with free energy.

Do-it-yourself installation and installation of solar panels for a private house and summer cottages: instruction- Overview + Video
Types of solar cells

Types of solar cells

They are now classified into 3 categories:

  • Thin film
  • Monocrystalline.

  • Polycrystalline.

Thin Film Batteries

This battery pack is made of thin stretched films. They are easily mounted in almost all accessible places.

Protected from sand and dust and able to function in various adverse conditions . In the presence of clouds, their efficiency decreases by about twenty percent.

Their cost is small, but they require significant space for their placement.

Do-it-yourself installation and installation of solar panels for a private house and summer cottages: instruction- Overview + Video

Monocrystalline batteries

Do-it-yourself installation and installation of solar panels for a private house and summer cottages: instruction- Overview + Video These batteries create multiple cells that are then filled with silicone. Due to their good waterproofing, these batteries are used even on ships.

They can also be placed on the roofs of buildings. If it is not possible to install them on the sunny side of the roof, where of course the return on them will be higher, then you can install them on the shady side.

It is also necessary to take into account the fact that diffused sunlight will be less effective.

Monocrystalline batteries are lightweight and compact. They are flexible enough, reliable in operation and serve for a long time. Installation of such batteries is straightforward.

But they also have a drawback.

In the absence of sunlight and cloudiness, they stop generating electrical energy.

Do-it-yourself installation and installation of solar panels for a private house and summer cottages: instruction- Overview + Video

Polycrystalline solar cells

In the cells of these solar panels are crystals directed in different directions.

This allows the panels to capture ambient light and are much less dependent on direct sunlight.

Do-it-yourself installation and installation of solar panels for a private house and summer cottages: instruction- Overview + Video

They are familiar to very many thanks to illustrations in magazines and on the Internet. The companies produce these batteries in the form of blue panels, which look very impressive and stylish after installation.

They cost a little less and can be installed in many places. They can illuminate the streets of cities, houses, institutions. Do-it-yourself installation and installation of solar panels for a private house and summer cottages: instruction- Overview + Video

Why solar panels?

The question may arise - why exactly solar panels, and not some other energy sources?

  1. As long as the sun is shining, then solar panels will generate electricity.
  2. These batteries are self-contained. They don't need centralized power grids to connect.

    Therefore, it is possible to drastically reduce the cost of maintaining infrastructure in cities, businesses and housing. The power of local energy companies is reduced to almost zero. Energy independence is acquired.

  3. In remote areas and towns, laying cables will cost a lot of money. It will be much more profitable to install solar panels.

    The costs will be minimal and there is no need to pay for the services of a whole team of installers - electricians.

  4. Sustainability . The main trump card of these batteries. There is no need to use costly and non-returnable fossil resources. The solar cells of the batteries do not emit carcinogens and do not increase the amount of carbon dioxide in the planet's atmosphere.

    There is no need to cut down huge areas of forests already affected by human activities.

  5. Lack of licensing. Regulations requiring the licensing of electricity generation from such batteries have not yet been enacted.Therefore, this factor should be used until the next duty is introduced.

Can solar panels be used in the private sector?

Do-it-yourself installation and installation of solar panels for a private house and summer cottages: instruction- Overview + Video Solar panels have long been successfully used by corporations and companies as well as home owners.

Prices for such products in Russia are still lower than those of Western samples. Quality is another matter. Nevertheless, the cost of products with the introduction of new technologies is gradually decreasing and solar panels are becoming available to an increasingly wider category of consumers. Manufacturers of solar panels for the home offer them to customers with a service life of at least 25 years.

How profitable is it to install solar panels with your own hands for a private house?
Do-it-yourself installation and installation of solar panels for a private house and summer cottages: instruction- Overview + Video
Installation diagram

It is necessary to calculate how many sunny days there are usually where the consumer lives.

After that, you will need to divide the cost of equipment by 25 years and the calculated sunny days per year.

Then it will be possible to calculate whether it is worth installing solar panels for the house. You will also need to calculate the area required to obtain 1 kW of electricity in the region of your residence.

All this data is provided by the manager selling solar panels. In addition, the period of greatest solar activity should be taken into account.

Do-it-yourself installation and installation of solar panels for a private house and summer cottages: instruction- Overview + Video
Getting hot water from the batteries

Next question, which needs to be decided, and for what purposes you need electricity from solar panels. Usually it is needed for:

  1. Lighting.
  2. Hot water production and heating.
  3. Operation of household appliances.

A solar collector can be installed to supply hot water.

It is inexpensive, and you can make it yourself . It is able to function in autumn and winter. In their homes, containers powered by the energy of the Sun have been used for a long time for heating water

Lighting a house with solar panels is also a problem that can be solved at the moment.

Do-it-yourself installation and installation of solar panels for a private house and summer cottages: instruction- Overview + Video
Batteries in the back room of the house

It is important to consider the following an important point, like replacing batteries, batteries. Knowing how much ordinary batteries for cars cost, it will be possible to calculate the cost of servicing batteries for solar panels.

In addition, it is necessary to regularly clean the surfaces of batteries from dust. How many solar panels are needed for a home, it is already necessary to decide based on the area of ​​the house and the purposes of using the batteries.

Thus, a set of solar panels for a home can be both quite inexpensive and cost a lot.

But technology is developing faster and faster and solar panels for the home will cost less and less, and will be available to many consumers.

Installing solar panels with your own hands is quite simple, you just need to connect the batteries to the controller, which will transfer the charge to the batteries and, using the inverter, transfer electricity to your home.

Happy electricity!

( 2 estimates, average 5 of 5 )

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