Do-it-yourself outdoor wooden table for giving. Even if the manufacture of furniture is not at all "yours", then making a wooden table for a dacha with your own hands, so that you can gather for it with friends and family on warm summer evenings is a very real task. Its main advantage from a purchased one is that you can save a lot. It is not necessary to build it from scratch - you can simply mount the purchased parts, and this will already save from 30 to 50% of the total cost. If you manage to use the materials that remained after construction or repair, then the costs will be limited to the purchase of accessories, which costs a penny.
Using off-grade cheap boards (i.e. substandard) for a kitchen or country table, you will have an advantage that is not available in mass production. Seems like it's not true? But this is so - the knots, due to which the boards are rejected, have the most beautiful decorative properties. If you manage to emphasize them favorably, then you will become the author of an incredibly beautiful product, which will be a pity to leave in the rain in the garden.
Choosing a design and construction
To choose a suitable design, first you need to decide where the product will be used - on a grass lawn under a tree, complement a gazebo, stand in a house or workshop. Even a very simple table can be made in literally a few hours and with minimal expenditure of money and materials, however, such a product will last very little. In order for you to get a product that really will be of high quality and will be pleasant to use, you should carefully prepare the boards and carry out all technical operations with high quality at every stage.
For example, if you find a large tree stump in a forest or planting, you can make a very simple garden table out of it. To do this, you just need to remove the bark from the stump, make an even cut on top, sand it, and also treat it with an antiseptic and cover it with varnish.
It will be enough to nail or screw the finished shield to the stump and the table can be used. The tabletop made of boards, which are fastened from below with the help of transverse slats, also looks great. If you like glued countertops better, then make yourself one with your own hands, but for this you have to work hard.
It is usually difficult for novice craftsmen to securely attach the legs, so try to stop at those structures that you can, after evaluating the skills in advance and taking into account the time and labor costs. The easiest way is to make cruciform and L-shaped legs.
To mount the straight struts, you need to carefully connect all the parts. One of the most comfortable options would be to make a collapsible table with benches, which can be installed on a veranda or in a gazebo. It is easy to do, the main thing is that high-quality materials are selected and properly prepared for the start of work.
How to choose wood?
For kitchen and garden the table is ideal for many species of wood, and soft, for example, cedar, fir, pine and spruce, and hard - oak, birch, walnut, ash, acacia, pear and so on. The only exception will be very soft wood species such as alder, willow, poplar and aspen.
One of the main parameters of the suitability of the material for creating furniture is their resistance to decay - all the breeds listed above meet this requirement. If you do not want to do furniture work on your own all the time or have just started to practice, then you should give preference to the most common option - birch and pine.
Other types of wood can be used for legs, frame, table top. At the stage of assembling a wooden table with your own hands at the dacha, you will need dowels, which are usually made from boxwood and acacia. In this case, birch wood will make the drawing inexpressive and may even warp due to accidentally spilled liquid, so it is better not to use it as a material for the countertop, but due to its hardness, you can make legs.
The countertop is best made of pine or oak. If you are proficient in brushing wood, a table top can be a great piece. Soft wood lends itself well to brushing - for a start, the wood is burned with a gas burner, and then the soft fibers are removed with an iron brush. It is better to work in an open space, as there will be a lot of dust. If it turned out to burn the wood evenly, you will be pleased with the result.
The brush at the end can be tinted with stain, stain, acrylic paint for art, which is diluted with water. Naturally, brushing is not necessary, since this is only one of the finishing options.
Selection of paints and varnishes and glue
Before starting installation, cover the boards with a special composition against decay. For this, the tree is impregnated with a water-polymer emulsion, and this treatment is carried out 2 times, with an interval of 3 to 5 days. This will be quite enough for the finished product to serve for a very long time.
Sometimes the use of glue is required. Together with special types of carpentry glue, PVA can also be used, but building glue - it is applied to both surfaces that will be glued, dried a little, and then connected and held under pressure for up to 72 hours.
The choice of paint-and-lacquer materials is determined by where you plan to use the product - indoors or in the yard. For a garden table that will be 100% exposed to precipitation, alkyd, alkyd-urethane, oil and nitrocellulose paints are suitable. For kitchen tables, like other furniture that will be constantly in the room, it is better to use varnishes and acrylic paints - they are much more environmentally friendly, do not have strong odors.
Varnishes that have the "blue angel" sign are recommended to be used to cover toys and children's furniture.
If you want to stain wood or use paint / tinted varnish, you should do this before starting the assembly process. Also consider material compatibility. The varnish should be tinted with paint that is suitable in composition - if it is alkyd, then the paint must necessarily be oil, and if the varnish is acrylic, then tint is permissible only with acrylic paint. First, mix a small amount of varnish in a separate container, and then add the resulting mixture to the varnish.
What tools are required
To craft you will need the following:
Only the most necessary tools were included in this list, but for more comfortable work and improving the finished product, it is advisable to buy or rent a rotary miter box, a milling machine and an eccentric sander. The swivel miter box will make it possible to make cuts at the desired angle.
With the help of a special grinding machine, you will be able to make parts very simply, efficiently and quickly - in an hour you can grind the boards, while using sandpaper you would have to spend all day on it. For better processing of the ends, a belt sander is ideal, and a milling machine will make it possible to select the wood for the necessary grooves and process the edges.
A pallet table with your own hands
In the photo there is a wooden table for a summer residence.
A spectacular, rustic-style side table can be made of wooden pallets. If you have such a container, and especially double-deck pallets, then just disassemble, and then there will be no problem buying boards! Do you think buying new boards is 100 times better? You are wrong! Surely you did not have time to work with wood, since raw wood cannot be used, because after a couple of months the product simply deforms, and dry boards are much more expensive.
To dry boards that are damp, they should be stacked in a well-ventilated room - this process will delay the project by 4 to 6 months. A good option for a kitchen counter is discarded boards that are already dry but not as expensive.
Now let's get back to the pallets - they can be very different.
You will have sturdy boards with various colors and patterns at your disposal, this does not exclude that you will have several types of wood.
Such features should not be regarded as disadvantages, since, on the contrary, they will be able to give the product a zest - you just need to create a very beautiful and interesting composition, and alternate boards with similar shades. The sides of the pallet will make a great frame, while other planks can be used to assemble the tabletop.
To make the legs, you will need to use a bar, the thickness of which will be at least 5 cm.All details should be prepared in advance - sand the surface strictly along the fibers, first use a coarse-grained, and then a fine-grained, and carefully remove dust.
Some of the boards can even be painted with oil or acrylic paint. Fans of the loft style sometimes use stencils in the form of numbers or simple symbols. Planks with a natural and very beautiful pattern can be stained or varnished. After staining or applying the first coat of acrylic-type varnish, the soft fibers will rise and should be sanded with medium-grit sandpaper and varnish applied again.
If you are using a non-water-based varnish, then 2-3 coats will be sufficient, and if acrylic, then up to 10 coats.
After varnishing, you can proceed to direct installation, which includes several stages.
Done! You have a beautiful pallet table, and you can make a lot of them.
Wooden table with a glued-type tabletop
To create a wooden table for a summer cottage with your own hands with a glued tabletop, you should first select boards with the same width. If the table will be used in a workshop and its appearance does not matter, then even old boards from the floor can be used - they definitely have grooves. To make the grooves yourself, use a standard milling machine. For assembly work with the countertop, a flat surface is required.
Just coat the sides with glue, join the boards without gaps and tighten the resulting structure using clamps.
Depending on the glue to be used, the countertop can take from 24 to 72 hours to dry. If you do everything right, you will have a worktop with a perfectly flat surface without any gaps. After that, it remains only to perform the processing of the ends - first, trim everything with a jigsaw, and after that, perform grinding. If there is no belt sander, then do it by hand - using sandpaper, first coarse, and then medium grit.
If you do not want to mess with clamps and glue, then you can use a ready-made furniture board, which can be purchased at a hardware store.
In this case, you will only be required to cover the new countertop with a tinted or transparent varnish. For perfect results, it is best to apply 5 to 7 coats (when using acrylic lacquer up to 10 coats). After every 3rd layer, sand the work surface of the countertop with fine-grain sandpaper, and at the same time remove dust well with a damp cloth. Take your time during the varnishing stage, as each layer of varnish should dry perfectly. It remains to make the legs for the table - we will make a choice in favor of L-shaped legs, and they will require boards whose thickness will be at least 2.
2-2. 5 cm.
These legs consist of two parts, which are connected at right angles. On the boards to be connected, you should immediately make a selection, grease the joint with wood glue, and only then install the screws. When the composition dries, cover the legs with varnish and, after drying, attach them to the tabletop with screws.
Table with straight legs
To make straight legs, it will be enough to saw a thick bar into pieces with the same length. There are several ways to connect such legs and a tabletop, and you will choose the one that is convenient for you. A dowel connection can be used to ensure the table supports are securely installed. You can make them yourself from acacia or buy ready-made ones. To assemble the dowel joints, you will need BF-2 quick-drying wood glue.
Table with X-shaped legs
X-shaped legs can be made of boards or beams, and the thickness of any of the materials should not be less than 5 cm .the sequence of execution is as follows:
As you can see, there is nothing difficult in creating X-shaped legs.
Table with benches
The optimal solution for the gazebo will be a dining table with benches attached to it.It is better to make such structures collapsible so that they can be removed for the winter indoors.
For honeycomb, you will need thick boards with a thickness of 3.2 cm, which you need to saw into pieces according to the drawing. In this case, a couple of benches should be attached to the table. When everything is cut, everything should be sanded and special attention should be paid to the ends of the structure. Cover each board separately with varnish.
To connect parts of the structure, prepare studs with a length of 16 cm, as well as washers and nuts, 24 pieces each. For other connections, use screws or nails of the correct size. Use a drill to prepare all mounting holes. According to the drawing, the table top and the upper part of the benches should be assembled. The crossbars should be cut at the edges, the angle should be 45 degrees.
Use the swivel miter box for precise measurement and cutting. Make and attach the legs to all the screws, and then attach the sawn-off parts at an angle of 45 degrees. Pull the product together using the studs and bolts. The holes for the studs should be pre-drilled with a drill. Install the stud, put on the washers on both sides and tighten the nuts with a wrench.
Attach the boards with a gap of 0.5 cm. When the seats are connected to the sawn supports, attach them to the assembled base using 4 boards measuring 1.6 meters. Install the rest of the pins and enjoy the result.
Posted By: Work Style |01, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |01, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |02, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |04, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |13, Nov 2020