Do-it-yourself restoration of old furniture at home

Do-it-yourself restoration of old furniture at home Restoration of old furniture at home with your own hands + instructions

Restoration Do-it-yourself old furniture is a creative and exciting activity that makes it possible to give old and high-quality pieces of furniture a new life. At the same time, during the independent restoration of old furniture, you can save a lot, because the services of professional furniture makers are sometimes so expensive that it is much easier to purchase a new wardrobe, sofa or chair.

It is worth contacting the specialists only when you want to carry around valuable antique interior items or valuables - in this case, furniture may be damaged during restoration by inexperienced craftsmen. You can even restore old items or those that were bought in the most ordinary furniture store with your own hands - and below you will learn about all the useful tricks of the process.

General information about restoration

Advantages and disadvantages of DIY restoration

Before starting the restoration process of any piece of furniture , it is worth first assessing all the advantages and disadvantages of independent work.

Let's figure out whether you need to do everything yourself, or if you should entrust this business to professional furniture makers. Simple work can always be done independently.

Advantages of doing work with your own hands:

  1. Significant savings in money - firstly, you do not need to pay for the work of the restorer, and secondly transporting the item to the workshop may require the services of trucks and movers.
  2. Ability to control the process - you yourself will buy all the necessary materials for the repair, and you will also have the opportunity to conduct all stages of the process according to the instructions, and thus, you will get a high-quality result.
  3. Realization of your own idea - all furniture will look just as you dreamed of.

    If you wish, you can either change the progress of work, or supplement it, and at the same time you will not need to agree on adjustments with anyone. So, if it seems to you that the obtained shade of paint is not the best and you need to repaint everything again, then you just have to buy a new varnish / paint, and not pay extra for repeated work.

Disadvantages of home restoration:

  1. Reconstructing the original shapes of pieces of furniture, intricate elements or finishes is best trusted professional craftsmen, since most often beginners do not know about most of the nuances, and if they do complex work for the first time, they may simply not guess and ruin the furniture forever.
  2. Saving time and effort - if you hand over furniture to a restoration studio, you simply forget about it for a certain period of time, and then you take everything ready-made.If you have to do repairs or restoration with your own hands, then you will carry out the work (most likely) on weekends or in the evenings after work, at the time that you have set aside for rest.

    Sometimes it may turn out that all work will be a burden.

  3. Lack of large free space for work - when updating furniture, you will surely come across the fact that wood dust, different smells of chemicals appear in the apartment, and the space of an already small apartment will be cluttered. If possible, try to carry out work in non-residential premises, such as a garage, a loggia, and if this all happens in the warm season, then even on the street.

Good advice! If you nevertheless decide to carry out the restoration of old furniture with your own hands in an apartment, then for this it is worth allocating a separate room. All other furniture should either be taken out or covered with oilcloth / sheets.

The floor must be covered with newspapers so that there are no permanent stains from paint, varnish or remover.

Tools and materials for work

Naturally, the exact set of certain tools will depend on what kind of items you plan to restore furniture, but we want to please you with the fact that there is a universal set of tools that can be useful for work. So, most often it will be very convenient to use electrical tools, and not manual ones, and for this reason it will be advisable to borrow similar devices from friends in advance, or rent them.

Professional tools can not only save time and effort, but even produce high quality results.

Those looking to rebuild furniture may need the following:

  • Electric jigsaw.

  • Orbiter.
  • Building hair dryer.
  • Screwdriver with large battery.
  • Construction vacuum cleaner with high power (so that dust does not spread around the room).

If we talk about good construction vacuum cleaners, then it is best to give preference to units from the Makita, Kercher, Sparky trademarks.

Which vacuum cleaner to choose? It is worth analyzing your financial condition, how often the tool will be needed and for what kind of work, and then your choice of device will definitely be successful. Since it will be difficult to manually achieve a perfectly smooth surface, it is worth using a sander.

Do-it-yourself restoration of old furniture at home Please note, that in addition to large tools you will need other accessories, smaller ones - rollers and brushes, spatulas of different sizes, sandpaper of different types of grain. Do not forget to buy durable protective gloves before starting work, as well as a respirator that will prevent your breathing from poisonous vapors of varnish and paint.

In addition to tools for the restoration, you will also need consumables, namely, various removers for varnish surfaces, furniture wax, putty or wood sealant (compounds that can fill chips or cracks), as well as paint enamels - paints , enamel, impregnation or waxes.

In the modern construction market, you will find many types of topcoats for furniture items.

It is worth noting in advance the fact that finishing for furniture can be bought at any store, but accessories for restoration like furniture edges, special pencils or adhesives are best looked for on special Internet sites. In addition, on sites with advertisements in your city, you can find sellers who have the material you need - often people try to sell surplus or those goods that do not fit in color / texture.

How long does it take

There are no definite time limits for the restoration of old furniture at home with your own hands - you can do it as much as necessary, especially since with small objects can be done in a day, but with large-scale projects you will have to sweat for more than one day The deadline for completing the work will largely depend on what materials you plan to use - each primer, varnish, paint or putty has a certain drying period, which is required to survive. If you do not allow the material to dry out, the final result can be unpredictable.

Please note that before using all means, you should carefully study the instructions and be sure to follow them. Before applying another layer, the previous one should dry as much as the manufacturer recommended.

Do not forget to close containers tightly during breaks so that the paints and varnishes do not deteriorate. To speed up the process, it is worth buying quick-drying formulations in advance. So, on the construction market there are many types of coatings that do not require long drying.

Before you buy this or that product, it will not be superfluous to read reviews about the product. By the way, it is required to plan in advance all stages of work and purchases. In order not to travel several times to the hardware store, you should first think about what tools, materials and accessories you need to buy everything at one time and then always keep close at hand. In this case, the restoration process will not take long.

DIY restoration

Sequence of actions for restoration

Naturally, as in In the case of the necessary tools and materials, the sequence of work can be different, but there is a certain obligatory list of work that should be considered if you are dealing with the restoration of furniture for the first time.

  1. Disassembly of furniture and detaching fittings. It will be much easier to work with furniture if you disassemble it into separate elements in advance.Usually, hinged doors are removed, shelves, drawers are taken out, frame parts are unscrewed. There is no need to disassemble the glue frame. Do not forget to photograph everything before disassembling to make it easier to assemble it back.

  2. Removal of top (or paint) coating. Depending on what you decide to restore, you can use one of the methods of removing the coating - varnish remover, sandpaper or a hair dryer. If desired, you can combine methods to get a flat and perfectly smooth surface. Be sure to use protective equipment against dust and chemicals - wear gloves, masks, respirator and goggles.
  3. Elimination of damage.

    With the help of a primer, grout, furniture wax, it is worth masking all existing defects - drops, cracks, scratches, irregularities, chips. The choice of materials will depend on the amount of damage. Deep cracks are best repaired with wax, large abrasions should be putty and chips and scratches should be wiped off.

  4. Preparation for finishing coat. Before applying the topcoat to the furniture surface, all surfaces should be leveled again - get rid of excess grouting agents, mat.

    To do this, use a fine-grained sandpaper, after which polish the surface with a dry cloth. If you want to apply furniture primer, then apply the composition last.

  5. Applying a finishing coat. If you want to preserve the structure of the wood, use colorless or tinted varnishes, stain, wax or oil. Otherwise, use paint (optimally water-based) or enamel.

    Pay attention to the fact that if you took a bright and light paint, then it is better to paint the furniture white in advance, and then apply the selected shade on it - this way it will fit much better.

Fitting installation will be the very last step. You can put old items back in place or replace them with new ones.

It is interesting that even new accessories can change a thing beyond recognition.

Instructions for the restoration of an old cabinet - repainting and aging

Before starting work, you should come up with (or even better - make a color sketch) of the finished result products.

If you think about this moment, then you can start buying all the materials at once.

So, you will need:

  • Wood paint.
  • Spray bottle with water.
  • Painting brushes with medium hardness (synthetic) - one is needed for paint, and the other for varnish, and the width of both should not be less than 2 cm.
  • PVA glue.

  • Sandpaper (coarse and fine grit).
  • Paraffin candle.
  • Water-based varnish for wood (at your discretion - glossy or matt).
  • Masking tape.
  • Acrylic primer for wood.

Airbrushes, spray guns, or texture guns can also be used.

Step-by-step steps

Let's take a look at how to restore old furniture:

  1. First you need to remove all old fittings, and then you can start work by cleaning the surface of the cabinet from the old layer of varnish. To speed up work, you should use a sander, but if not, then the cabinet can be sanded by hand. In order to process the surface of the wardrobe, a round small nozzle will be enough.
  2. The entire cabinet surface that you plan to paint should be primed with a primer.

    It should be applied with a brush in one layer, and then it should be dried for the recommended amount of time indicated on the packaging by the manufacturer (standard primer solutions dry for at least 3 hours).

  3. Use masking tape to glue the parts of the furniture that you definitely do not intend to paint. The rest of the elements can be painted with a brush in one layer. Leave everything to dry, and then, if necessary, you can cover the item with a second coat of paint. By the way, if you are planning a two-layer painting, then first it is recommended to apply white paint, and the second layer can be any color you choose.

  4. Apply paraffin wax. With the help of a paraffin candle, you need to process all those areas that you want to make aged (most often this applies to the side faces). This technique will make it possible to remove part of the paint layer in order to expose the one below. Thus, you will be able to achieve the scuff effect that is relevant for old furniture.
  5. After that, the cabinet should be covered with another layer of paint - this time it should be slightly lighter than the previous coat (for this, you can mix colored paint with a little white).

    The protruding elements and doors, if desired, can be repainted in a different color or shade, but before that, you must first seal the joint lines with masking tape. Due to the fact that you will have adhesive tape strips, it will turn out to draw perfectly even borders between shades.

  6. Decorate individual elements (in our case, we are talking about ends and boxes) using the decoupage technique. To do this, apply a napkin with drawings to the surface of the cabinet, moisten it with water from a spray bottle, and then smooth it with a regular brush. Next, the napkin should be covered with a layer of PVA glue and wait until everything dries.

  7. Coat the finished product in two layers of varnish (each layer should be dried according to the instructions).

The result of the work will pleasantly surprise you.

Simple tips for quick restoration

It is not at all necessary to spend a lot of money and time to give old pieces of furniture a new and rather beautiful look.

So, there are simpler / faster methods for updating furniture:

  1. Do-it-yourself restoration of old furniture at home Cover the items with white or clear varnish - light wood can be simply sand-brushed and then re-varnished. For dark woods, a technology called "dry brush" should be used, when the surface is also first sanded, and then white paint or varnish is applied over it, due to which the dark base begins to show through the topcoat.

  2. Simple painting - if the purpose of updating furniture is to change the appearance, then it will be enough to repaint it. To do this, remove dirt from all surfaces, walk with medium-grain sandpaper, and then apply a primer solution on the wood and paint in 1-2 layers. If there is no damage to the furniture, the result will be excellent.
  3. Draw ornaments - chips, scratches and roughness on some pieces of furniture can be made less noticeable if you paint the surface with different ornaments. You can depict abstract patterns and full-fledged plots - it all depends on what you want to see and what artistic skills you have.

    If you don't know how to draw at all, you can find various beautiful stencils on the Internet and simply transfer the patterns to furniture. Drawings should be done with acrylic paint and the result should be fixed with clear varnish.

  4. Decoupage decoration - this technique means that different patterns will be transferred to the furniture from old newspapers, which are shabby, from magazines and beautiful geographical maps, as well as with the help of special decoupage napkins. Particularly beautiful is the furniture that is decorated with decoupage and is used to decorate the Provence style.

Independent restoration of furniture items makes it possible to update your favorite interior items at will, and this solution is suitable for those who do not want to spend money on buying new furniture or want to keep things that so dear to my heart.

As practice has shown, issues related to the restoration of furniture are quite solvable even in apartment conditions, and absolutely everyone who knows how to hold carpentry tools in their hands can master the process of performing work. Simple work will take 1-2 days, and if the master did everything without haste, according to the rules, then the result obtained will delight for many years.

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