Do-it-yourself sewer pipe cleaning

Do-it-yourself sewer pipe cleaning Do-it-yourself sewer cleaning and blockage removal

Unfortunately, far away not in all cases, installing plastic pipes in the sewer system solves the problem of blockages. For this reason, good plumbers are always in great demand.

They are often called when water stops flowing in kitchen sinks for some reason. The topic of the article was the cleaning of sewer pipes. We offer to tell you about how to clean the sewer with your own hands, as well as what tools and methods are now being used.

The first thing that is important to pay attention to

In reality, the clogging of the sewerage system is the disorder of the people who use it, because what they just do not drain into the washing holes. And if a little patience, responsibility, and sewage blockage will never come. To do this, you just need to clean off all dirty dishes with a napkin - remove food debris, oil and fats.

But if suddenly the situation shows that a blockage has occurred, then you should not immediately call a plumber. Sometimes you can do without it, because the first after washing is a siphon, which is a water device that cuts off from the sewer.

Its task is to prevent a terrible aroma from entering the room. Additionally, it will collect some of the dirt that is drained into the sewer system. It just needs to be disassembled, cleaned and put in place.

This will take about 10-15 minutes, and at the same time disassembling the siphon is not difficult, even a woman can handle this, let alone men. But if after disassembling the siphon turned out to be clean, then the problem is definitely not in it, but in the pipe that is located behind it.

And here each person decides for himself how to cleanse the sewage system.

Details

Reasons for clogging

Do-it-yourself sewer pipe cleaning Before proceeding directly to the topic of the article, I would like to understand the causes of blockages. The fact is that each of them requires a certain approach to itself, and if you incorrectly determine the reasons, then you will need to tinker with the blockage for a very long time.

With a kitchen sink, everything is simple and clear, and small blockages can become the causes of blockages, which gradually begin to layer in a certain place in the pipe. But the garbage itself will not be able to do this, and in order for it to accumulate, sticky material is required.

Oils and fats act as it inside the sewer system.

For this reason, all the masters say that only the installation of a grease trap is able to prevent the formation of blockages in the sewer system. Oil plugs can be dealt with by various methods, and everything will depend on the thickness of the accumulated layer in which garbage has already begun to collect. We will talk about this further.

As for the bathtub and sink, as well as the shower box, the causes of blockages inside them are hair and soap.

This is the most unpleasant type of blockage, because it can only be removed mechanically, that is, remove the very hair from the pipe. In addition, we note that the soap combined with the rest of the debris creates a strong cork, which is not easy to get rid of. And the last plumbing fixture where a blockage can appear is the toilet. True, problems are rare here, but it can be so. Even a piece of toilet paper of poor quality can become the reason, but due to the fact that the flush structure of the toilet bowl has diameters of at least 10 cm, the problem can be quickly and easily solved.

Methods for clearing blockages in the sewer pipe

There are 4 main technologies that can be used today for cleaning the sewer pipes:

  • Hydrodynamic.
  • Thermal.
  • Chemical.
  • Mechanical.

We propose to separately deal with each of them, choose which one is better and more effective in all individual situations.

Mechanical

Already from the name it is clear that in the process of implementation special plumbing tools are required, and there are two of them - a plumbing cable and a plunger. With the latter, everything is clear, it has been used at home for a long time, but not all modern people use such a device, but in vain. Sometimes just such a tool helps to quickly solve the indicated problem. How to do this?

  1. Fill your kitchen sink with water, ideally warm or even hot.
  2. Insert the rubber cap inside the plunger exactly in the middle of the drain hole.

  3. Make a few strokes by pressing on the plastic or wooden handle.
  4. Pressing is required lightly, but sharply, and the handle should be vertical.
  5. If the blockage is small, this is usually sufficient.
  6. If it did not work the first time, repeat the procedure.

Now let's talk about cleaning the sewer with a cable with your own hands.

Previously, every good apartment owner always had a plumbing cable with a length of 3 meters in his arsenal of tools. At the moment, most people give do not know what it is. Cleaning sewer pipes with a cable is far from the easiest process. First, it requires two people if the cable is the simplest. Secondly, it must be selected according to the length of the sewer pipe.

And if there are no revision holes during the sewer circuit, then sometimes a device with a length of up to 22 meters is needed, but it is rather difficult to use it manually. How to clean the pipes correctly:

  • At the end of the cable there is a handle in the form of a brace, because one holds on to it, and if necessary, begins to twist the handle.
  • The second person will push the opposite end into the sewer pipe.
  • It turns out that inside the pipe the cable performs two movements at once - rotational and rectilinear. This is the only way to break through a complex plug made of dirt.

Correct operation is essential.There should be no sudden movements - neither pushing nor rotating. As soon as the cable starts to rest against the traffic jam, both people will feel it. It is important not to overdo it here, and you cannot push further, making efforts. In addition, the rotation speed must not be increased.

The main task is to destroy the blockage, and therefore, it is required to continue at the same pace. If you feel that the cable does not advance further, then you need to pull it out of the sewer pipe. Most likely, its end is covered with mud. It needs to be cleaned, and again into battle. As a rule, a second time is enough to break through the cork.

The video shows how DIYers clean the drain with a plumbing cable. Keep in mind that the cable does not go through the 90 degree elbow, and therefore it is important to use the revisions as a place to push the instrument through. And now a few words about the types of plumbing cable. They are presented on the market in two varieties - a simple cable woven from a large amount of steel wire, and in the form of a spring, namely a twisted version. The assortment is rich even in terms of size.

This applies to both the diameter and the length, and even today the plumbing cables are equipped with nozzles for cleaning the sewage system with their own hands:

  • Spiral - it is screwed into the cork and you can pull everything out.
  • Ball - they usually push the blockage further along the pipe towards the riser, where the cork enters the pipe with a huge diameter.
  • Crown - helps to cut the cork.

There is another point. Today craftsmen use special cables that can be used alone.

The cable is wound around a drum to which an electrical device, such as a drill, is attached. It turns out that with one hand you can push it into the pipe, with the other press the button, the handle, which will cause the cable to rotate.

Chemical

Let's move on to the traditional method for sewer cleaning in a private house or apartment, which is used by housewives. For this, different gels, powders and liquids are used, which are simply poured into the drain hole of the plumbing device along with tap water. The wide variety of chemicals made the selection problem difficult.

But this is not so important, here the main thing is different:

  1. Do-it-yourself sewer pipe cleaning Strictly follow the instructions that the manufacturers wrote on the label ... For example, if you need to pour one cap into the drain, then you do not need to pour 2-3 caps. If it is written that you need to fill in the drug, and after 1/2 hour, pour in warm, hot or cold water, then do not confuse anything, because the result can disappoint you.

  2. There are a couple of types of sewer cleaning chemicals in stores - alkaline and acid. Firstly, they cannot be mixed with each other while adding to the sink. A chemical reaction inside a pipe or siphon will cause an explosion and release of reaction products. The consequences are the most unpredictable, and you also need to carefully select the dosage of acidic drugs.A large number of acids will corrode plastic pipes, and this is a more serious problem than a plug made of dirt.

  3. Precautions are required - manufacturers mark them on packaging.
  4. Chemical cleaning operations must be carried out with windows or doors open, efficient ventilation can be used.

Note that advertised cleansing formulations are not always the most effective.

There is another point - you cannot use the chemical method of cleaning the sewage system in the house with your own hands as the main option. Chemicals are more suitable as a preventive measure or when the mud plug is soft and small.

The video shows an experiment, which chemical is better - cheap or expensive.

Thermal

This method for cleaning the sewage system is used at a time when no one knew about chemicals, or if at hand there was no cable and plunger. For this, a large amount of hot water was used, which was poured into the holes for draining plumbing fixtures. This can be done by the following methods:

  • Pouring in buckets of hot water.
  • By inserting the hose into the pipe, it must be connected to hot water, and the other end of the hose is pushed inward as needed.

Today, the thermal version of purification is no longer used, and it is easier to pour liquid or gel into the sewage system.

Hydrodynamic

Washing the sewage system using this method is the use of water under enormous pressure. A jet under pressure is capable of breaking any blockages, even the most complex ones, which indicates a high degree of effectiveness of the method. Most people have seen cars that break through mud plugs in the city's sewer network. There are now smaller devices that perform a similar function.

They are used to clean the system in a private house or a multi-storey city building. The device must be connected with a hose to the water supply, and the second, from which water will be supplied under pressure, is pushed into the sewer pipe. In this case, the main thing is to choose the right nozzle, which is selected taking into account the type of blockage. The working principle of the nozzle in the pipe is interesting - holes are made on its back wall through which water is partially thrown out with great force. This reactive force will push the nozzle, and hence the hose itself, forward.

The advantages of this method:

  • High efficiency.
  • Preservation of pipe routing.
  • The service life of pipes will not be shortened by delicate pressure.
  • The method can be applied in any, even the most difficult sewerage system (in terms of contour configuration).
  • The method is environmentally friendly.

  • Water pressure can break even ice plugs in pipes.

The video shows how the hydrodynamic type cleaning unit for pipes works.

Conclusion

So, we have considered the question of how and how to clean the sewer pipes in a country house and apartment. As you can see, if there are many methods, but most choose the simplest one - chemicals are poured into the sewer, thereby clogging up nature. It's simple - in order not to be unpleasant, you need not to pour dirt into the sewer.

The most effective method is a grid on the drain, pre-cleaning the plates from oil, grease and food debris. Once a day, it is required to pour a kettle of boiling water into the neck of the device.

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