Laying siding with your own hands - step by step instructions + Photo and Video. Among the huge number of finishing options for the facade, siding has become quite popular. The fact is that, despite its low weight, it is quite durable, does not require special maintenance and special skills or tools during installation. For this reason, DIY installation of siding on the facade is becoming more and more popular in the field of home decoration.
Let's look at what kind of material it is and how to establish its rule so that the finish will last for a long time in the future.
Siding is a finishing material that can be used both indoors and outdoors. It works well for bathroom ceilings and balcony cladding. It is produced in the form of panels, and it is up to 1 cm thick, 10-30 cm wide and 2 to 6 meters long. Such dimensions make it possible to hide any flaws in the wall. For installation, there are holes (perforations) in the upper edge of the panel for fastening with screws, self-tapping screws and nails.
Lock grooves are located along the bottom edge.
Thanks to this, the structure is sealed, and moisture from the atmosphere does not get inside. The outer side of the material is an imitation of a natural material (wood, stone, brickwork).
Before preparing for laying siding, you should choose one of the types of material. The classification contains:
The material is light, lasts 50 or more years, is resistant to sunlight, fungus, mold and insects. It never burns, but it can melt. Has moisture-repellent properties. Easily damaged by mechanical impact.
Metal siding panels are resistant to all types of stress, but are heavy, and therefore the finish is not suitable for buildings with a long service life.
It can also let steam out of the room, and this is the main advantage among other types. Its characteristics can be compared with ceramic facade tiles.
During production, the material is covered with a huge amount of protective compounds, but this does not help to make the siding durable. Due to external irritants, the tree collapses quickly, and therefore the veneer requires regular maintenance and treatment with various compounds.
The technology of laying siding differs in the place of installation. The division is conditional, but there are still options if focus on certain areas of the house :
Material manufacturers are interested in sales, so they try to focus on the needs of buyers, and create different profile forms:
By the type of installation, such models are called "herringbones".
In terms of quality, these two options do not differ, since both the first and second finishing methods are equally often used. Everything will depend only on the preferences and taste of the owner of the house.
To perform the laying of siding as correctly and beautifully as possible, you need to make a frame in advance. At the same time, at this stage, everything should be followed according to the instructions and not deviated. At the slightest inaccuracies vertically or horizontally, the pattern will be violated, and the strength of the structure will decrease.
The frame is made of metal or wood. Is there a difference in strength and quality - we will find out further.
Let's start with timber battens:
As for the metal crate , there are certain nuances here too:
Both options have advantages and disadvantages. Everyone is guided by the preferences or recommendations of specialists for their particular case.
There is a fad in the technology of laying siding at the expense of preparation, and this includes preparation of the base.
Once you have sewn up the façade with the panels, it will be more difficult to reach the outer wall of the building.
For this reason, the following must be done:
Only after completing these 4 steps can you start installing the brackets and rails.
It should be noted that in most versions, siding does not have thermal insulation properties, therefore additional insulation of the outer walls will be required. Penoplex or foam should be laid under the siding, but the use of mineral wool is permissible. When using foam, you do not need to install an additional frame, and when using cotton wool, this is extremely important.
For this reason, we suggest doing the following:
If you insulated the house with foam, then first you should fix the insulation, and then install the frame on top of it.
Stages of installing the battens:
Around window or door openings, it is required to install an additional crate, since it is in these places that the load on the frame increases.
It is important not only to secure the initial profile well, but also to do it exactly horizontally.
Wall panels should rest against the J-profile, and if you do it at an angle, the structure will simply skew.
5 cm. This gap is required for the element to move freely under the influence of high temperatures - a small gap for expansion.
6 cm from the first - expansion gap.
In this sequence, we perform work around the entire perimeter of the building.
When laying siding with your own hands, it will be important to install elements using one technology. There should not be any difficulties, the main thing is that everything is done according to the instruction :
5-0. 6 cm.
It is believed that the length of the corner profile may not be enough if the house is high. In this case, a competent docking of elements is required. There are no special details for the profile, but the H-profile was invented for the wall panels, which we will talk about a little later, but for now we are talking about the slats.
For the structure tightness (so that the wind does not blow out and moisture does not get in), it is better to do everything overlapping. In addition, docking should be carried out at the same height on all sides of the house.
This way of building up is also suitable for wall panels.
The element is used if the length of the panel is not enough for sheathing one wall or decor in two shades. The H-profile is installed in the same way as the corner elements.
The only moment that distinguishes both processes from each other is that the H-profile is installed on the wall in a certain place (with a shift to the side or in the center, depending on the idea).
5 cm from J -profile.
Before you start laying siding according to the instructions with your own hands, you should think about window and doorways.
Let's start by looking at doorways. Usually, the door goes in the same plane as the walls, so you will need to buy a special trim for framing.
In this case, the wall panels will be installed with one side in the platband, and with the second in the H-profile or in the corner. If required, trim the wall panel above the opening and install the trim.
Regarding windows, there are two options:
In the first option, everything is exactly the same as when framing the wall, so do everything according to the principle described above. There is nothing complicated in the second option either. Measure 4 pieces of the desired length - 2 vertical, 2 horizontal.
The top element must necessarily overlap the side elements, and the side parts must go down to the part located below.
From the inside of the upper slope, cut and fold inward. These cuts should also be made on the side parts. Then water will not enter the structure. Details must be attached to the crate.
Wall panels are inserted into the casing with one edge, and into the profile with the other.
When laying siding, the installation of the first panel is just as important as the installation of the starting profile. The further process will depend on this, so we take every step accurately and carefully. No need to rely on chance every time, double-check everything.
The finishing profile should be installed before fixing the last wall panel.
This will achieve maximum tightness:
Siding for base / plinth is available in slightly different sizes, and therefore the installation is different from the standard. For basement panels, a horizontal crate is used, and the use of insulation is a prerequisite.
Those who are professionally engaged in installing siding know some of the nuances :
If you think that you cannot afford to use siding, use the services of craftsmen or a team.
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