Do-it-yourself siding of a wooden house + step by step instruction
Renovation of the exterior timber walls of the house involves the use of additional materials throughout the area Do-it-yourself siding of a wooden house is the most practical method. In addition, siding is a popular and affordable material and will look very beautiful in terms of aesthetics. Consider step by step how to choose the right material, calculate its quantity and carry out installation work.
Selection of material. The correct selection of materials will affect the entire structure in general.
Manufactured siding will be available in a variety of colors and textures.
It is required to get acquainted with the information about him, and also find out information about the invoice. First, before choosing it, you need to decide on the final look and shade of the planned house. A composite choice of textures and color solutions is also possible. Next, choose the siding according to the planned effect.
Industrial enterprises are created in several types with a length of 2.5 to 4 meters.
Consider other materials.
And the next tree is.
And one more option.
- Has a high degree of strength.
- Variety in style, color and texture.
Next, you need to select the crate. It can be divided into 2 types:
- Galvanized metal, which is not subject to temperature extremes 5 * 5, 6 * 2. 7 cm.
The metal profile is most suitable for surfaces with different unevenness. They are very strong to support the weight of any decorative cladding. Metal profiles are chosen with different sections. Costs are reduced when engaging in timber frame work, because there is no need to protect the section of walls in the line of contact with the battens.
The timber frame must meet the following criteria:
Before installation, the frame must be impregnated with antiseptics, and also with fire retardants in order to create a protective fire layer, a coating against mold or mildew. You need to choose the size of the bar 4 * 4, 5 * 5 or 5 * 8 cm.
When performing work with your own hands, you first need to find out as much information as possible on this topic.
Sheathing of a wooden house DIY siding is important, step by step instructions will help you. First you need to consider a set of siding plates for facade cladding, so choose depending on their area and width.
Completing the wall surface cladding with siding includes:
- The panels themselves.
- Inside / outside corners.
- the starting profile located 1st from the base.
- H-, T- and J-profile.
- J chamfer.
- Cash for 7.5 and 8.
- Solid soffit.
- Window profile.
- Low tide
- Finishing profile.
Additional decorative elements will help to make the exterior of the house beautiful and complete.
How to calculate the number of siding elements
It is required to measure the length of the building foundation, width, using a construction tape. Based on such measurements, it is worth drawing up a sketch of a house with a drawing of the required materials and additional elements, notes about their number and sizes. Choose building elements so that they are from the same manufacturer, because parts and main material that are made at different enterprises may not be suitable.
Number of panels
How to calculate how much siding is needed? The number of planks can be calculated by dividing the total area of the walls by the width and length of the element. It is important to buy the material with a margin of 10% of the total received number.
Number of corners
To calculate the number of inner and outer corners, you need to measure the height of all protruding and concave lines of the building. It is best to count the number of planks separately for each corner, and you should take geometric shapes as a basis.
The total length of the start strips
The finishing and starting plates must correspond to the length of the house side.
Calculation of the remaining elements
It is important to calculate J-type panels and window strips based on measurements of the perimeter of doors and windows. It is required to take into account the window profiles.
Siding a wooden house begins step by step with the preparation work.
If you have an old finish, it needs to be dismantled. The base of the walls must be cleaned from dust and dirt. After that, it is important to treat the cleaned surface with an antiseptic, and also a fire retardant in order to prevent it from external influences (and atmospheric), as well as early destruction.Additional materials and tools are required for the installation of the frame:
- Building corner.
- Construction type stapler.
- Wind protection and waterproofing.
- Wood screws.
- Sealant that does not expand in air.
Before fixing the frame, make sure that there is no damage or places with unstable elements on the wall.
Installation of the frame
The distance in the middle of the guides must be calculated taking into account the thickness of the insulation layer if it is used. The guides need to be fixed to each other at a certain distance, which is equal to the width of the insulation layer minus 2 cm, approximately in increments of 0.4, 0.5 or even 0.7 meters.
When using polystyrene, the fastening step should be chosen exactly in accordance with the width. In general, the pitch of the frame will be determined by the length of the siding panel. To fix the material in a horizontal position, for example, on the section of the upper facade of the house part, the frame must be positioned vertically. Conversely, for vertical placement of the decor, the crate will be installed horizontally. Fastening the frame is required to start from the corners of the house facade.
Around the windows, you need to secure the path guides. The slatted length should not reach the bottom of the wall at a distance of 0.5 meters. For the correct use of any materials, it is important to read the instructions supplied by the manufacturer. Here are the step-by-step instructions for attaching the siding frame:
1 meter. It will create movement of air currents through the wall. To fix it, I use double-sided adhesive tape.
It is important to use nails that are treated with an anti-corrosion zinc or even aluminum compound, as well as self-tapping screws in order to fix the frame.
Fixing the profile (starting)
It is important to check all the steps during installation of each panel for the exact vertical or horizontal position using the building level.
5 meters by mounting a loosely fixed self-tapping screw or by another method, and also place it further along the contour of the building for further fastening the siding itself along them. It is important to check the accuracy of the horizontal in all places with a building level.
To do this, it is important to apply the profile to the slats, which are located at the house corners.
When the first or starting strips do not have any gaps from the corner profile line, nail strips will be cut on it.
When joining the profile, it is important to cut the upper part so that there is a gap between the nail panels of 0. 9 cm. The overlap is created at 2.5 cm. When the work is finished, check the accuracy of the position of the starting plates using the building level.
Do-it-yourself siding of a wooden house before fixing, the corner profiles of the outer and inner corners will be attached. The step-by-step instructions are as follows:
Between the cornice and the end face there should be a gap of 0. 3 cm. The joints with the profile are created at the same distance, measuring at all corners of the building. Further docking is done with an overlap, and trim off the section with the mounting holes that refer to the top of the plank if necessary.
Create a space of 0.9 cm from the top and between the bottom panel. In order to cover the docking points, an additional strip is needed. Similarly, install the concave corner profiles, and the corner-type profiles can be replaced with starting ones.
Work with openings has an increased level of complexity.
It is important to determine how the opening is located relative to the walls - flush or recessed. Flush procedure:
- Apply waterproofing along the contour of the window (required).
- Fix the J-profiles or trims - 2 horizontal and 2 vertical.
- Connect the profiles - you need to bend the created bridge-notch at the top of the profile in order to divert atmospheric precipitation. Remove excess material.
- When joining the side profile with the upper bridges must be inside.
The work is carried out in the same way with a "drowned" opening,
Installation of the first panel
Work starts from the less visible side of the house. insert the first panel with the locking part of the corner type profile. It needs to be snapped in, creating a distance from the lower locking section to the starting element, so that there is no distortion of the siding when the expansion appears from the influence of temperatures. Next, the first bar must be fixed to the frame with self-tapping screws.
Do not tighten the self-tapping screws until they stop so that there is no deformation of the siding panels when exposed to temperature expansion. They are placed in the central part of the site with holes for attaching siding perpendicular to the walls.
Installation of the remaining panels
Install further panels either overlapping or using an H-profile. When installing siding "overlapping":
Installation of H-panels is carried out in a similar way.
In the areas of openings, the excess part of the plank is trimmed. Under the roof, sheathing with metal siding panels is carried out taking into account the measurement of the distance from the bottom finishing lock and the section of the penultimate plank. Add 1-2 mm to this number. This is the width of the last siding strip. Prepare the last part, and you need to mark and cut it at the top, and also make hooks every 0.
2 meters. To do this, make cuts and bend to the side. Insert the last panel into the finish profile lock, and then click it into place.
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