Recently, almost all developers, and ordinary people, in the construction or reconstruction of houses, use external decoration. That is, a box is being erected from scrap materials (cinder block, natural materials, foam blocks, frame houses). And then they decorate the facade and the whole building, as a facing material, decorative plaster, brick cladding, natural stone or the use of siding are used.
Today we will consider the most dynamically developing direction in finishing the facades of buildings - siding. Consider the concept itself, types and, of course, we will analyze in detail the installation of vertical siding, with our own hands.
Before proceeding to installation, you should understand the concept of siding, in translation from English siding - external cladding.
Siding are finishing panels made of different materials that are easy to assemble and fasten together, forming a single whole with each other.
Siding has two functions:
The first is decorative, since the panels can have different patterns, colors and embossing.
The second - protective, panels protect walls from harmful environmental influences (ultraviolet radiation, rain, hail, snow).
There is a wide variety of siding types:
Glued wood fiber panels, the process takes place at high temperature and high pressure with the addition of a binder.
Additionally coated with varnish or paint.
Not durable, the tendency to ignite these are the main disadvantages.
Cement . Mainly composed of cement and cellulose fiber.
The main disadvantages include the large weight of the elements, high cost, personal protective equipment is required during work.
Ceramic . Recently invented by Japanese developers, it is quite rare. The composition includes clay with additions of natural natural materials.
Made from PVC. It has many advantages, such as low cost, environmental friendliness, durability, and a wide range.
Aluminum - made of aluminum alloy. The panel is light about 1.5-2 kg.
for 1 sq. m. One of the most demanded materials.
The service life with correct installation is about 50 years.
Ease of installation and use for all types of finishing work.
Metallic are panels made of galvanized steel. It is considered the most demanded material. A polymer coating is applied to their surface (pural, plastisol, polyester).
But the color gamut is limited to 8 shades. Another type of coating is powder paint.
The range of colors with this method of painting is much larger.
As we can see the variety of siding is great.
But in most cases in Russia aluminum siding is used and there are a number of reasons for this:
Complete with panels, decorative elements are included that give the facades a finished look.
Installation work begins with preparatory work.
As always, before any work, you should prepare the surface.
If it is a wooden wall, then all protruding elements should be removed from it. It is advisable to additionally treat with varnish or paint. We remove all elements of the drain.
If the wall surface is brick, stone or concrete. All deposits and dirt should be removed.
Dismantle gutters, slope shutters. If there are large cracks, potholes, or chips, they should be repaired. We treat the surface with a primer.
After the surface is ready, you can start installing the battens
Before in order to start installing the lathing, you need to figure out the method of installing the siding itself.
Horizontal method , that is, the panels are placed horizontally on the surface.
Accordingly, the crate is located vertically. This method has long been widely used in Russia.
Vertical method , that is, the panels are placed vertically on the surface and, accordingly, the crate should be horizontal. This method has recently been used in Russia.
A 5 cm by 5 cm wooden bar is used for the lathing.
The bar must be dry and even.
In order for the slats to serve for a long time, they should be treated with an antiseptic and varnish, the best type of wood for lathing is pine.
A metal profile can also be used as beams.
The guides are located at intervals of 30-40 cm.
Installing siding is not that difficult and can be done by hand.
As with any material, there are sequences and tricks.
As with any building material, instructions are attached. We recommend that you study it before starting work.And also look for videos on the Internet as a guide.
Installation of panels is not recommended at temperatures below 10 degrees Celsius.
Also, before installation, the material must undergo temperature adaptation for about 10 hours.
We start with the purchase of material, this requires a calculation that will help you to make the managers in stores or an online calculator when ordering through the Internet. We recommend contacting specialized stores or firms, where they will definitely help you or tell you how many panels and fittings you need.
We start with the installation of platbands on the doors and windows, then we attach the corner profiles to the corners (sometimes they are attached at the final stage of assembly).
The corner profile is cut to the required length and attached to the crate, starting from the top, the fastening element is not screwed in or driven in until the end, leaving 1-2 mm for thermal expansion.
And also in the area of door and window openings we install a J-profile. Cut the profile with metal scissors or a fine-toothed file. In cold weather, experts recommend using only a file.
When facing windows and doors, a cut is made at 45 °, fastening is done with self-tapping screws or nails. The ebb is mounted at the bottom of the wall at the transition point with the base.
The ebb tide protects the foundation from water ingress, and also gives the design of the whole house a finished look.
Installation of vertical siding can be done in two ways:
From the center - is used when it is necessary to trim panels along the edges.
From corner - used when the width of the panel is a multiple of the width of the house.
From the center
It is important to check the vertical every 2-3 panels, for this, a level is usually used.
When we reach the windows and doors, we cut the panels, and the edges are inserted into the previously prepared J-profiles.
The fasteners are used the same as for other panels, and the gap for thermal expansion is unforgettable.
From the angle
In the second method, the technology does not change, only direction of installation. Choose the angle that you like and start editing.
As you can see, the installation process is laborious and requires care, accuracy and patience.
Recently, when decorating one wall, designers use both horizontal and vertical siding, and for the joints of two panels they use a special edging profile.
If you are doing siding installation with your own hands, then you already saving a lot of money.
Since on average for installation of 1 sq. m. firms and teams of workers take 600 - 1100 rubles.
If you do it for yourself, then you should approach this process responsibly, since the service life of siding is about 50 years.
And, of course, I don't want to redo it.
If the installation technology is carried out correctly, the siding will last a long time, and the room will receive additional noise reduction and insulation.
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