Do-it-yourself wall preparation technology

Do-it-yourself wall preparation technology Technology of preparing walls for painting with your own hands

If you are doing to achieve comfort in your private house, then you definitely cannot do without repairs. If there are many rooms where painting the walls is the only option.

But with the use of modern paints and varnishes, you can paint all rooms and achieve amazing results.

In order for the walls to be able to please, their perfect evenness is required, which is difficult to achieve if you do not know about all the stages of preparing walls for painting.

Advantages and disadvantages of painting

When planning a renovation in any room of the house, you must immediately determine what exactly you want to see - glue wallpaper, lay tiles or paint walls.

The latter option has certain advantages and disadvantages, and you yourself are able to decide what to look for when choosing. The advantage of coloring can be considered:

  1. Do-it-yourself wall preparation technology Positive effect on the microclimate of the room - the walls that you plan to cook to stain correctly, it is required to prime, treat with an antiseptic, which in turn will prevent the fungus from developing and microscopic organisms to multiply. All cracks and pits must be removed from the surface, which means that there will be no room for harmful microbes to develop.
  2. Speed ​​and low cost - if your walls are quite normal in terms of evenness, and you just want to refresh the color, then within a couple of hours you will get a ready-made result without wasting money.
  3. Ease of use - painted walls are easily cleaned, they can be quickly washed, removing traces of children's creativity, food stains in the kitchen, as well as dirt from shoes in the corridor.

  4. Safety - the walls that are painted will never interest pets, because they cannot be scratched like wallpaper, they cannot be irrevocably stained with paws from the street, and therefore the coating will be able to retain its original appearance.
  5. Variability - since at the moment there is an incredibly large assortment of textures, colors and surfaces on the construction market, you can come up with the most unique and unique decor for any room.

Of the shortcomings, there are also those that you should pay attention to when choosing materials for indoor wall decoration. Let's highlight the following disadvantages:

  • Wall preparation - if the walls are problematic, then before painting them, a number of preparation works are required, which will require the ability to work with various tools and surfaces.
  • Features of the process - it will be difficult for an inexperienced person to paint the walls, because it is required not only to apply paint to the walls, but to do it competently to get a good result.

    If you cannot do this on your own, then you need to resort to the help of professionals, whose services are quite high.

  • Caring for walls that are painted - after the walls are painted, it needs to be washed regularly to get rid of small dust particles. Paints and varnishes with glossy surfaces do not need such maintenance.
  • Fortress - all walls, let alone painted, are not able to withstand mechanical stress, and all strong blows cause cracks, and the paint begins to peel off the surface.
  • Design - if you want to have at home not just plain walls, but an unusual texture or pattern, then it is better to resort to the services of a painter and designer, because without experience it simply will not work to achieve the beauty and quality of the surface.

Almost all rooms in an apartment or house are subject to wall painting, then this type of coating must be applied correctly. Each of the rooms has a specific functional purpose, and because of this, the choice of finishing material must be appropriate. Most of all paint is suitable for toilet and bathroom, and partially can be used in the kitchen. The design of the living room will not do without painting the walls in all sorts of colors, the use of various textures and patterns.

Details

Preparatory stages of the surface

The order of work when preparing walls for painting is important, but it is even more important to properly prepare.

It is required to remove all unnecessary from the surface so that it is perfectly clean. The walls should be free of old wallpaper, whitewash, paint, tiles or dirt stains. For all options, there is a specific method to effectively and quickly remove all unnecessary coverage. If we are talking about wallpaper, then to remove them without effort, you need to thoroughly wet the walls where they are glued and wait until the paper begins to swell. After that, it will be much easier to remove them.

Work is most conveniently done with a medium-sized spatula. If there are places where the surface is not completely cleaned, you need to do everything again, and sooner or later, under the influence of water, the wallpaper will still begin to move away from the walls. A more difficult process lies ahead if you need to manually remove paint from the walls. For the efficiency of the process and speed, it is necessary to observe not only the order of work, but also to have all the necessary equipment at hand.

One of the options would be to use an electric drill with a special attachment and an abrasive brush, or use a grinder.

This option will make it possible to fully remove the old paint and varnish material, but it will create a lot of dust and dirt around. If you choose to work in this way, you need to use a respirator or other mask with goggles to protect your respiratory system and eyes. For those looking for a cleaner paint stripper, a blow dryer is ideal.

Through it, it will be possible to warm up the wall in separate areas, as well as remove the paint and varnish material. As soon as the surface starts to bubble, remove the hair dryer and start scraping the paint off the wall.

The sooner this is done, the easier it will be to peel off the coating.It is difficult to work in this mode, especially if the room is large in area. Another disadvantage will be the high consumption of electrical energy, which will hit your pocket hard. If you want to try something new, you can try using a soldering lamp, but here you need to know and follow the rules with fire safety, since the work will be done with open fire.

In this case, remember that painted wood surfaces should never be treated with a blowtorch.

If you paint the walls with water-based emulsion, on the same surfaces, you can do without preparatory work if the walls are even, do not have cracks and other factors that interfere with the application of a new layer of paint.

Wall alignment

To paint the walls of any room in the house, you need to make the surface even. There are a couple of options for this - the use of drywall sheets or the use of a dry mixture, which are diluted with water, and then applied to the surface. It is easier to prepare walls with drywall sheets, but much more expensive and it "eats up" centimeters of usable space. If you have normal walls that need minor adjustments, this option should not be used.

It will be able to be appropriate only if the wall surface is so uneven, then the effort spent on its leveling and materials will exceed the price of the gypsum board.

For other cases, it will be enough to make a solution and perform work on leveling the surface. To prepare the required number of mixture, you first need to correctly assess the degree of wall unevenness, and then prepare the wall itself and level it with plaster, and then putty. It is required to remember that after all the stages of preparation for painting, the wall needs to be primed, and still wait until it dries and continue to act.

Drywall

If you decide to work with drywall sheets, then you need to know about the existence of a couple of options for fixing the sheets, without a frame and on it.

The second method involves the use of elements made of wood or metal, which, when combined, create a structure from which you can screw drywall sheets with screws. In this situation, it is not necessary to carry out preparatory work, but it is required to check that it is completely dry. The frameless method is when the alignment occurs by gluing sheets to the walls, using a special adhesive composition. Preparing walls for painting with your own hands is as follows:

  1. Do-it-yourself wall preparation technology If there is a small level difference and uneven places that are not more than 0.4 cm, then use gypsum putties, which are required to be applied in longitudinal lines to the sheet.

  2. If the irregularities are not more than 2 cm, then use an adhesive for drywall, and it is required to apply it to the desired areas - 0.3 meters from each other.
  3. If the differences are up to 4 cm, then plasterboard strips are glued to the walls, and then the sheet itself is attached.

Wall surfaces should be cleaned of dirt, dust, grease stains, and in wet areas a surface drying process is required. If there are risks of moisture absorption into the walls, it is best to cover them with a primer, which will increase the adhesion of concrete surfaces.

The leveling technology by this method is as follows:

  • Inspect the walls and study the level differences, flaws, using a building level.
  • Based on the results, there will be a choice of means by which the sheet will be glued to the wall surface.
  • Mark the walls.
  • Prepare drywall for installation, cut holes for light and electricity.

After installing the sheets on the surface, you must continue to prepare for painting.

Puttying will be a new stage. The seams must be filled using "Fugen", and after drying, the places of the corner room joints are pasted over with a special mesh, without which cracks in the material cannot be avoided. As soon as the mesh is fixed, using a wide spatula, it is required to distribute the putty with a new layer onto the mesh. In places where the sheets are attached with self-tapping screws, it is required to fill the holes from the caps with a narrow spatula. When working with corners, it is required to observe the order, taking turns working with all sides.

Before one dries, you should not start work from the second corner.

Dry mixes

Repairing a room and preparing walls is not an easy task and you cannot do it yourself, but with the right approach, the result will please you. After preparation, you need to properly plaster the walls, and you also need to install beacons and work on them. These can be slats, planks and profiles. Then prepare the solution and sprinkle it with a spatula on the walls near the lighthouses.

Smooth the mixture from top to bottom with a long spatula, remove excess mixture, and fill the voids and smooth again. When the work is over, remove the beacons and level the place where they were. The duration of 100% drying of the mixture is up to 15 days.

Recommendations

For finished walls that look awful, you can apply a different type of paint to brighten the surface. To do this, you will need to remove the old layer, carry out all the preparatory work and level the walls, as well as apply a new type of coating.

It is best to consult with a master what exactly is suitable for a particular room. If you have very curved walls, and you can only remove chips or pits, but not level the surface as a whole for painting, it is better to give preference to gluing wallpaper, which can hide the rest of the wall flaws, if you choose the pattern of the wallpaper canvas correctly. If you are painting everything for the first time, then you need to know that painting is performed in 2 layers.

For the first, a long-haired roller is required, which helps to paint the entire surface more quickly.The next one will be applied with a roller with short hairs to keep the surfaces beautiful and even.

It is better to use a tool with natural bristles, which will not leave hairs on the wall. It is required to apply paint and varnish material only in a single direction, since otherwise everything will be reflected on the finished walls. This is either vertical or horizontal application. You also need to choose the right time for painting, so that the light from the Sun does not enter the room, which will contribute to a very rapid drying of the paint, and not in room light, since it will be difficult to notice all the shortcomings. It is best to do the work during the day, when it is light outside, there is no direct sunlight and no artificial lighting is required.

You will learn about the correct filling of the walls from the video.

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