Do-it-yourself wood cladding of the facade - Technology. The way of facing the facade surface with natural wood still holds its positions and is one of the most popular methods of outdoor decoration. As new alternatives emerge, the range of possibilities for classic cladding also expands.
But no matter what technology you choose, the aesthetic properties and durability will depend on the quality of the installation work.
Among the main advantages of wood cladding, one can separately highlight the attractiveness of appearance and environmental friendliness.
On the other hand, wood is a problematic material, the use of which is directly associated with a high susceptibility to burning, biological damage and destruction of the structure due to a high level of humidity.
To minimize these risks, only the best, high quality wood should be purchased before use. Also, when choosing, take into account the type of wood, the presence of knots or other defects, the moisture coefficient and the quality of processing. With the slightest damage to the structure, you can get mold / mildew growth in the future. For this reason, when purchasing, regardless of the declared quality of the goods, conduct a thorough audit.
This is perhaps one of the most popular options. For this, it is advised to use pine lumber, as well as spruce or from other exotic species. As for the size, the length of the board should be from 4 to 5 meters, and the width is 0.1-0. 2 meters, thickness from 0.
2 to 0. 35 meters. You can familiarize yourself with the standard option for finishing the facade with wood (board) by looking at the photo.
Usually the process is not difficult and you just need to hammer the boards with nails on all sides of the fastening. But we advise you to pay attention to the models in which there are tongue-and-groove joints or something like that.
This is not only reliable, but also beneficial in terms of strengthening and sealing. But even in this case, you cannot do without reliable fixing of each element to the base.
The direction of the board is also important. Both horizontal and vertical arrangement of elements are practiced, but which one is better? As practice shows, configurations of a horizontal type look much better, but the option of placing boards vertically will be more durable. In this case, rainwater flows down, does not linger and does not destroy the structure of the tree on the sides and from the inside.
Interestingly, this material is very often confused with boards, block house and siding. But the lining has many differences from the listed materials, among which I would like to note the following:
Yes, we can say that the lining is an aesthetically attractive and neat material, but it, in turn, is difficult to install when used outdoors.
This type of making a facade from wood with your own hands is popular with plastic and metal materials, but even lumber can be used for the basis for siding.
At the same time, the main difference between siding and lining or boards is that not solid wood is used, but pressed - chip-wood facing, which is made from fibers; they, in turn, are compressed by high pressure at a certain temperature. Why is this method good for decoration?
If you look at the photo showing the siding trim, you can understand that the decorative properties of the decoration are at a height, but this is not one advantage. Thanks to dense pressing, the siding is durable and resistant (lasts up to 15 years). There are also panels that use a combination of composites and wood.
Thanks to this connection, the material will resist even contact with moisture, but take into account the nuances of fire and environmental safety, if this is in the first place for you, then siding is not your option.
If we talk about the combination of materials, then it is possible to affect not only the cladding as such, but also the finishing of the facade design as a whole ... Usually there are hybrid claddings that use stone and wood.
Stone decoration has many advantages, not only aesthetic, but also technical. This cladding is reliable in texture and texture, belongs to the traditional style, but it does not always need to be used for small houses.
Such a limitation is sometimes imposed due to the fact that the base of the walls is not reliable enough, and in some cases the stone visually reduces the building. Nevertheless, the use of natural heavy stone and wood is justified and popular.
With this design of the facade with wood and stone, fragmentary cladding with boards, clapboard and or siding on the main surfaces is required.
You can use the "zoning" technique, and then parts of different functionality will be finished with different materials.One option is to trim the facade with wood, and you can do incomplete decoration or reinforce the plinth, porch, bay window areas, corners or balconies.
Almost all types of wood sheathing are provided for installation on the battens. The lathing is a base of metal or wood beams and planks that must be installed over the walls. When using fasteners such as dowels, anchors and self-tapping screws, it is required to create a substructure with a small gap, which is necessary for natural ventilation.
Ideally for cladding the facade with wood, slats are suitable, the thickness of which is from 5 to 10 cm, but also count on the fact that you will need to place thermal insulation material in the gap between the slats. Between the frame rails there should be a distance of 0.3 to 0.5 meters, and this will make it possible to lay insulating boards in the gaps without modifications to the size.
You can place insulating material under the sheathing layer in the lathing to minimize heat loss.
Work should start from the bottom of the facade. The slats fixed on the wall are needed in order to lay basalt or mineral wool between them. Depending on which base material is chosen, and what thickness of insulation you want, the installation method is selected. The very finishing of the facade of the building will already be a kind of one big fixer after installation. Regarding wood, it is advisable to waterproof it with a layer of membrane film, which will create a vapor barrier effect.
But we advise you to either glue heavy and large sheets of insulation to the wall, or attach them with umbrella dowels. For the most part, this applies to mineral wool slabs.
On the open contour on the crate, installation of cladding elements is carried out. The board is nailed in the standard way from the base, which is sometimes stone. The segments are overlapped, that is, the top board should go over the bottom.
The fastening itself is made with nails or screws that are resistant to the corrosion process. If you nevertheless decide to finish with siding or clapboard, then this option should be fixed with groove-comb joints. If the material does not provide for tool joints, and the calculation is made for an equal straight joint, then additionally use the strip-strip. If design considerations permit, install rear strips to complement the internal joint insulation and create a physical support effect.
The installation and use of a wooden facade has many pitfalls, which are due to the specifics of this unique natural material.
Among them, we highlight the following:
At the same time, the products themselves can not only outwardly resemble the texture of wood fiber, but also reflect the design features of the masonry of log cabins with a similar texture.
With carefully and correctly installed wood sheathing, you can make the house and its image attractive. But the weak points of this type of design is the technical part, namely the low level of mechanical strength and protection from the negative effects of weather conditions.
The ideal solution would be wood finish on a plastic / metal base with siding, but then there will be no environmental friendliness and value of the material of natural origin. Also add the wood's ability to ventilate through microscopic pores. For this reason, try to think about everything in advance and only after that approach the decoration of various zones, and it will be possible to use stone decoration in some places, and plastic in others.
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