What is Goethe's color wheel and its features of application in the interior
The right combination of colors is the basis for the formation of a harmonious, stylish and completely holistic interior.
For the convenience of performing the works of an artist, designer, and also a fashion designer, a circle of colors was invented - a conditional form of color selection, which is in the form of various samples.
It is worth talking in more detail about Goethe's color wheel.
The wheel of colors is widely used in coloristics and design. In fact, this is a special rule that helps to navigate a large number of colors, as well as create the required shades in any color model.
In other words, the circle will represent a way of continuous color transitions.
The sectors of the figure are colored in different tones, which may be in a special order. The sectors of the figure are painted in different tones, which are arranged in a certain order. Their mutual arrangement will be determined by coloristic laws (color theory), and therefore the circle will help to make a choice of harmonious tint combinations.
Designers can think of the color wheel as a cheat sheet that reflects all possible color schemes.
It can be viewed online or hand-picked in hard copy. And, nevertheless, a number of certain factors will influence the choice of shades, taking into account the information of the circle.
Experts say that the color spectrum is perceived subjectively and depends on another composition in the room. Also, the perception of colors will be affected by the size of the painted surfaces, the shape, and because in each case it will be necessary to make a decision individually.
At the moment, the color wheel is the basic tool for constructing colors .
.. It will be based on three tones - blue, red and yellow. The result of their combination will be the rest of the shades, which are also reflected in the cheat sheet.
Note that there are different varieties of color circles, which differ in the number of sectors present in them.
All circles include a cold and warm zone, and this can be visually replaced - orange, red, yellow can be attributed to the first zone, and cyan, blue and green to the second.
Itten's circle of flowers
This form of representation of flowers will be the most popular, and for the first time 12 sectors were identified in Johannes Itten's ring of flowers, and therefore it is now considered classic. All 12 colors are arranged in a circle in such a way that contrasting tones are located in opposite zones. In the center of the ring there is a triangle with basic tones (red, blue and yellow), which, when mixed, will make it possible to obtain the rest of the colors.
The triangle itself is surrounded by a hexagon, in which three shades are indicated, obtained by mixing equal proportions of the primary colors (orange, purple and green).
The next layer around the circle is the rest of the shades of yellow, green, red, blue, purple and orange spectrum.
The thinker and poet Goethe also had a certain view on the construction of a circle of flowers. He noted the existence of "pure tones" that cannot be obtained by mixing paints. In Goethe's color wheel, whose photo is in the article, the colors alternate with additional ones (green, purple and orange), which are obtained by pairing the main ones. Despite the fact that the ring is closed on this, it will also mark the receipt of all other shades when combining the rest.
Oswald's circle of flowers
It is interesting that Oswald's large color circle is based on the harmony of color combinations, that is, only on pleasant sensations that a person experiences when evaluating the combination of tones. In order to determine such combinations, the scientist did a lot of research, and the result was an ordering of the shades that exist.
As in other systems, in such a circle you can select the main palette in the center, but it includes blue, red and green (the modern model of RGB colors is based on such tones). After that, the circle will be divided into 12 sectors, that is, shades, and each of them can be made from several layers in order of increasing color intensity towards the edge. In this and other models, there is no white and black, because the second is perceived as the maximum saturation of the tone, and the second is its complete absence.
Newton's color wheel
Isaac Newton was the first to try to bring all visible shades into a single system and draw a circle of colors. Newton's ring will include 7 sectors - yellow, red, cyan, orange, blue, purple and green. After a while, the scientist added purple to the circle, and placed it between purple and red.
Despite the shortcomings that Itten corrected afterwards (his circle is considered the most convenient for designers / artists), it was Isaac who was able to formulate the first laws of optical mixing. He also determined that when red and violet were combined, magenta was obtained, and entered it into the color model.
He introduced the idea of mixing tones while observing the decomposition of a light beam.
Experienced craftsmen rarely use the circle, and they also have a certain flair and valuable working skills, and therefore are able to form a harmonious interior even without knowledge of theory. Itten's circle helps a lot for beginners, which is the most convenient model of color combinations, which allows you to correctly choose complex and simple combinations.How do you use such a circle? There are several ways to match colors by rotating the model. You can combine tones in the ways described below.
This scheme is considered the easiest to use. It will include shades of one color - the lightest and most saturated. For example, if you are working in an online program, then when you hover the arrows over a bluish tone, a variety of shades of blue will appear in the window.
Contrasting or complementary combination
Complementary colors (that is, complementary) are opposite on the color wheel, and therefore they are often called contrasting ( for example, green and red for contrast). Their combination always looks interesting, bright, and most of the combinations resemble natural ones - you just have to look at the garden with raspberries.
To organize such a color scheme, adherence to a sense of proportion will be required. Otherwise, such contrasting duets can cause irritation.
Classic triad - combining three colors
Drawing a color wheel according to Goethe is interesting, and you can use the classic triad. It is formed by combining shades in the interior that are at the same distance from each other, equidistant. Such a combination looks impressive, including when using pastel-type shades.
And yet, for the harmony of the image, it is required to select one color and make it the main one, and use the other two for accents.
Analog combination from 2 to 5 colors
In Itten's circle there are a number of tones that, when combined, will give calmness, dispose and create coziness. There can be from 2 to 5 of them, and the use of two or three will be considered ideal. The three colors are analogous triad, and such combinations are widely found in nature. They are pleasing to the eye and harmonious (for example, yellow, yellowish-orange, yellowish-green in one interior).
All of the colors can be made the main ones, and the rest can be accent or complementary.
Contrasting triad or separately-complementary combination
Here, instead of opposite tones, adjacent colors are used. The result is a contrasting, but not very eye-straining interior. The simplest option would be to use a contrasting triad as the main and two complementary colors of the related-contrast type (they are located to the left and right of the additional tone).
Rectangular tetrad scheme
This model is made of four tones, and each pair is complementary (contrasting with each other).
There are a lot of options for using such combinations. You can get even the brightest combinations that children will definitely like, but one tone must be the main one, and the rest are additional. Otherwise, the interior will not be harmonious.
The square scheme resembles a rectangular one, but all tones are equidistant in it in a circle. The appearance of the room will turn out to be lively, dynamic.
An example would be the inclusion of yellow, blue-green, red-orange, and purple in the interior.
As a rule, such a scheme is used only by experienced designers, because it is considered the most complex. A hexagon is inscribed in the circle of flowers, and three pairs of additional shades will become the base.
Combination of tones separately
All sectors of the circle are graded into darker and lighter tones, starting from the center and towards the edge. Still, all the reflected colors in the circle can be categorized as cold, warm and neutral, and this can help with the selection of the required combinations.
Tones of the neutral type
The sphere of neutrals includes gray tones, as well as white and black. They are suitable for any shade, and also perfectly combine with each other. And yet, an interior that is made in only one neutral color is considered boring, and sometimes even gloomy, and therefore it is worth adding bright details to it.
For example, if you decide to decorate a room in shades of gray, be sure to enter accents in other shades:
Now one more kind of colors.
In the color wheel Newton's and Goethe's also have warm tones.
Their range in the color model is wide. They are perceived favorably, give a feeling of light and comfort. And yet, it is not always possible to choose successful combinations from such a group. For example, warm red is best combined with neutral white, cool blue or black. A combination of burgundy and gray, cool green or blue will also look great.
Note that beautiful combinations of warm colors are still to be found. For example, peach and brown, light orange will look perfect. The combination of red, yellow and orange is considered quite fashionable. But most often, when decorating the interior, warm-cold tandems are used, for example, mint and chocolate, blue and pink, turquoise and orange.
The colors in the purple to green circle are cool.
These are associations with grass, water, they will bring coolness, refresh on a hot day, and also give a feeling of peace. Dark blue with red and diluted white can be recognized as an excellent combination for the home. You need to add orange, pink, coral details to cold turquoise, and you will also get a very stylish composition.
A tandem of yellow and blue colors will be considered successful - they are elegantly combined and are suitable for creating a spring mood.If you carefully examine the color wheel and use one of the described models, and, for sure, you will be able to select a wonderful colorful palette for a home in which it will be joyful and pleasant to live.
The online application allows you to match color combinations for all the color schemes listed above.
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