How to draw up a dendrological plan of the site
To achieve greening of a land plot, you need to carefully plan the landscape. Plants need to be arranged beautifully on the territory to be decorated, keeping to the assigned order, so that during the growth process they do not interfere with each other.
Purchase of planting materials is made taking into account the available plants.
When erecting new objects, people try to preserve mature shrubs and trees as much as possible, and specialists put their location on the dendrological plan of the site in the form of generally accepted marks.
Single plants, as well as groups of plantings of the same species, are assigned their own serial number, written on the plan and recorded in the counting sheet.
In such documentation, the names of all plants are indicated, and all parameters and qualities are described in detail. From the documents, experts will learn about the height and trunk of the plant, the presence of damage, hollows and dry branches. This information allows the valuation of all plants and expresses its compensation value. Further, the issues of cutting down plantings that interfere with the construction process are being resolved, and the planting of new plant species is planned.
Deforestation, as well as the transplantation of green spaces that fall into the development zone or the laying of communications, is possible only with the permission of state bodies that are responsible for regulating issues in terms of environmental management.
For this reason, when designing various construction works, together with other types of surveys on the built-up area, dendrological studies are also carried out, thanks to which the dendroplan of the site is made. Such a document, along with the counting list, is provided to the regulatory state authorities, which provide the content and a felling ticket, which allows cutting down green spaces or replanting.
Felling of trees on the site is carried out with the permission of the authorities that control the implementation of the rules of environmental management by those living in the country, on the basis of the dendrological plan and statement. For all plants destroyed and damaged in construction work, the developer must pay in full their compensation. In addition, the company carries out landscaping of the site, which are required to compensate for damage and harm caused to nature.
Landscaping and landscaping of a garden plot is impossible if you do not draw up a competent plan. On a PC in special programs and software, a planting plan is developed, and at the same time it is mandatory to observe the established standard distances between the axes of plants and the structure. It is also important to maintain the gaps that are permissible between areas of green plantings that are located near each other.
A tree survey of the topographic type of trees at a summer cottage is carried out by specialists who assess tree plantations and enter their location on the dendrological plan. A plan made in time makes it possible to avoid mistakes when performing landscaping work and not cost a pretty penny.
The implementation of the planned measures for the improvement of the territory will also be accelerated, because the work is being carried out accurately, in accordance with the plan of the garden site.
The scale of the plan 1 to 500 will mean that 5 meters of the site on the map are depicted as a segment of 1 cm. During the development of landscape design projects, drawings can be applied that are made on a larger scale (1 in 100 or 1 in 200). This makes it possible to display each of the trees and indicate its height, species, and also the diameter of the trunk. Dendrological sketch of the site, made by a specialist on a scale of 1 to 100, with a detailed explication, which contains the names of the plants used in decorating the territory.
When drawing up a dendrological plan and a counting list on a scale of 1 to 500, symbols are used to denote vegetation in the form of shrubs and trees - circles with a diameter of 0.3 cm.If the drawings are heavily loaded, then the diameter of the circles must be reduced to 0.2 cm.
If you follow the rules for drawing up a dendrological plan, highlight trees (historical, coniferous and relict) with a color or an additional circle with a large diameter.
Multi-stemmed trees, as well as single-stemmed trees, are indicated on the plan of the garden plot with a simple circle. Groups of trees and shrubs can be represented on the plan as separate circles or ovals, occupying the same amount of space on the map, taking into account the scale, as on the site.
When shooting on trees, shoots and self-seeding are designated by contours, as well as shrubs, and not forgetting about assigning a serial number.
Please note that when transferring existing plants in the form of circles to the topographic plan, an error is allowed that is equal to 0.1 cm in the drawing scale. On the ground, this will be equivalent to 1/2 meter.
Below there are examples of a dendroplan of the garden areas, where construction objects and plantings are schematically marked.
The plan of the suburban area, on which they are marked with numbers in red circles, and the plants from the explication, are numbered in black circles. Roughly the plan of another summer cottage represents that the buildings are numbered with Roman numbers. It should be remembered that firs, spruces and yews prefer shade, and with a high level of humidity and an even heat regime, without sudden temperature changes.When planting barberry and cotoneaster, it is required to take into account that such shrubs require a lot of light. Moisture evaporation and constant temperature changes have a good effect on the well-being of such plants.
From the responsibility of landscape designers and creativity , which refers to the development of the dendroplane, depends on the beauty of the territorial design. In this case, over time, the appearance of the site should become better. For this, it is important to plant plantings under conditions that are favorable for future growth and healthy development. The planting plan is made taking into account the dimensions of the crowns of mature trees, flowering times and other conditions. When developing a dendrological plan and planning future plantings, specialists take into account many factors.
By means of plant varieties and placement method, you can shade the outlines of selected objects placed on the site. To get harmony and naturalness, it is required to organize the space, carried out by means of accent and structural plants.
Juniper or oak can be used as a neighbor for pine. Larch gets along with wild rose and fir.
For this reason, the amount of funding will have to be taken into account when landscaping and landscaping a plot of land.
Preparation of the dendrological plan and filling out the counting sheet should be done on a PC. When using a ready-made program, specialists will be able to quickly combine the actual site plan with the landing plan. Through modeling, you can even predict the territorial landscape after a given distance of time and see the plantations at their peak.
When planning plantings on a garden site, an assortment sheet is attached to the dendroplane, which lists all purchased plants.
Such a document allows you to draw up a project budget, justifying all expenditure items for the purchase of the required planting material. When filling out the list of the assortment, the plants are placed in groups in a specific sequence. At the beginning of the list there should be coniferous shrubs and trees, and after that the turn of shrubs and fruit trees will come. After that, it is required to add all deciduous plants, and then the vines. In the list of the assortment, all plant names must be indicated, including in Latin, and the required number of copies for planting.
In addition, the list of assortments reflects plant parameters, namely, crown projection, height, decorative properties, types of root system, etc.
It is possible to save trees and shrubs during the construction of residential buildings with a competent study of the site , as well as drawing up a plan with a counting sheet. In conclusion, we will say that such a plan, which was developed by the pros taking into account the requirements, makes it possible to optimally place the objects under construction, while preserving the trees and shrubs that are already growing on the site. This affects the reduction of financial expenses required for the organization of felling of plantations and further work on landscaping and its compensation. The survey will provide a competent approach to territorial improvement, which will preserve healthy vegetation in good condition.
This will increase the beauty of the site and reduce (or even eliminate) the acquisition, delivery and landing of large-sized trees.
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