Drawings of a wooden greenhouse, advantages and disadvantages

Drawings of a wooden greenhouse, advantages and disadvantages Building a wooden greenhouse + pros and cons

Wooden greenhouses, built with their own hands, have been used before, and there are certain root causes for this, which we will discuss further.

How to correctly place a greenhouse on a suburban area? The main thing is to have the maximum light from the Sun, because you plan to grow plants outdoors or in the winter.

General information

Pluses

  1. Price - for wood products (slats , boards and timber) is much lower than those made of metal or plastic.
  2. Environmental friendliness - under the influence of high temperature, the wood will not emit either poisonous or toxic vapor masses.
  3. Ease of use - working with wood is not only easy, but also comfortable.

    The material does not require a builder's education in order to build greenhouses for cucumbers. Just a hammer, materials, a screwdriver and consumables in the form of screws or nails for wood are enough.

  4. Huge service life - raw material (we are talking about wood) can serve the owner from 5 to 7 years. If you follow the tree at least a little, and also regularly process it, the wood can stand for decades and this is not an exaggeration.

Cons

  1. Maintenance of the tree - the more often you paint or blot it with special compounds, the longer the material will serve , but without such actions, it remains to hope for a minimum period of application.

  2. Material Shade - When picking large widths or planks, they are able to provide more shade, which is not needed for greenhouse plants.

Let's look at how to select a place to build.

Details

Selecting a place for a greenhouse

Factors that are important to consider

There are the following nuances:

  • Ground illumination by means of sunlight.
  • Distance to the nearest water source.
  • The condition of the soil at the site.

  • Surface soil relief.

Ideally, it should be directed by the sides, one to the east and the other to the west. This way you get maximum illumination through sunlight. The construction site must have a perfectly flat surface. If there are pits or bumps, they need to be leveled.

You cannot build a greenhouse in the lowlands, because moisture will constantly accumulate there. And where there is always a high degree of humidity, diseases and fungi live there, because a humid climate is an ideal breeding ground. The video contains all the useful tips for placing the greenhouse on the light sides.

Dimensions of a conventional greenhouse

Drawings of a wooden greenhouse, advantages and disadvantages In general, there is no standard. Everything is required to be done exclusively for personal needs.

If you crave to do a thorough breeding of plants, he needs a large greenhouse, and if you just want to indulge, then you should not build a large building at once. The ideal size would be an area of ​​3 * 6 meters. The advantages of a large area are obvious, because the more space is allocated for planting, the more it will fit. But the more, the more difficult it is to produce heating. The fact is that without a minimum of +16.

5 degrees, nothing will grow, but only remain sitting in the ground, as if rooted to the spot.

How much space is required and what dimensions to choose the drawings of a wooden greenhouse

Central passage, that is, in simple terms, the path should be in the middle, and so it will be more comfortable to walk. Approach to Plants - You must have an approach to all plants, and it would be foolish to plant multiple rows of plants if you can only reach the first row. You will be able to inspect plants every day for signs of plants, insects, and also check if additional fertilizing and other work is required. Also calculate that the middle passage should be about 1 meter wide through the entire greenhouse.

This distance will make it possible to walk calmly and, if necessary, carry buckets. The beds can be 1-1 in size. 5 meters, it is not worth making it wider when it comes to home use. The optimal height is the one at which a person can safely service it. It is generally accepted that 2.

5 meters is the optimal height. The video tells how to build a simple greenhouse from a 5 cm bar and nails. Also in the building there are vents to ventilate everything, as well as a warm bed.

What shape to make a greenhouse

A greenhouse equipped with straight walls and a gable roof is considered practical and best.

Varieties

  1. Attached - they are built as an extension to the walls of any buildings from the southern part.

    This type of construction is suitable for economical loggias that want to save space on the site and material for the roof (glass, film or polycarbonate), because one side of the greenhouse is actually built. Ceramic bricks are the best materials to "attach" to.

  2. Gable - the usual, and probably the best in the opinion of summer residents. The inclined roofing angle is not more than 30 degrees, and in the greenhouse you can make a small house for ventilation directly in the roof, which is very convenient.
  3. Circular - in appearance it resembles a gazebo or even a pavilion for relaxation, and this type should be well ventilated, and for this additional vents are made.

Now consider the question of foundation.

Is a foundation required

There is a simple question - if you are building a greenhouse for a long time, of course, a foundation is needed. The required depth for the base will depend on the degree of frost penetration in your area. For example, for medium latitude with a shallow freezing depth, there is enough depth with a shovel bayonet.

Pros

  1. Insulation - the base needs to be insulated, which will prevent the soil from freezing in cold weather.

  2. An increase in the construction period is precisely the existence of a reason to increase the service life.

Cons

Manual work - digging a trench and future filling with cement is quite hard work.

Frame assembly of the greenhouse

The procedure is as follows:

  • Cut the bars to the desired length according to the previously selected scheme or plan. To solve the problem, you can use a hacksaw for wood or an angle grinder with an appropriate wheel.
  • Connect the previously prepared bars with nails (for 5 cm bars, nails with a length of 9 cm are suitable) or screws according to the chosen plan.

  • Deepen the uprights (the bars that will go into the ground) by 0.4-0. 5 meters.
  • On posts that are recessed into the ground, attach transverse bars for structural stability.

Now let's talk about the materials.

What material to choose - film, glass or polycarbonate

Photos of wooden greenhouses with their own hands are presented below as an example. Each of the materials has certain advantages and disadvantages, but a lot, of course, depends on the amount that you are willing to spend on building greenhouses. The best and most expensive is polycarbonate. The cheapest and far from the most reliable material is film, and glass is the most transmissive of the sun's rays and at the same time fragile material.

Polyethylene film

The cheapest material that can be found for building greenhouses.

Despite all the disadvantages, it is widely used by summer residents for greenhouse arrangement.

Pros :

  • Low price is the greatest advantage, and most of us are simply not ready to spend serious money (every person has certain reasons).
  • Ease of installation and dismantling - naturally, it will be difficult to strip off the film when it comes to dismantling the greenhouse building.
  • Lightweight material - film is the lightest material that can be used in greenhouses. For this reason, it is possible not to calculate the loads on the foundation from the film.

  • Ease and cost of maintenance - replacing a small piece of film is easy or costly.

Cons :

  • The film will quickly become unusable - the operating life of the material film is much less than that of glass or polycarbonate. More specifically, you will be lucky if the film will last from 3 to 6 years, and then you will be ready for repair work or a complete replacement after a short time.
  • Poor light transmission and thermal insulation - in winter, plants will not have enough sun rays and heat.What kind of heat can we talk about if the film thickness is measured in microns?
  • Regular repairs - although the film seems to be strong, but in reality, sharp wind gusts or a teenage neighbor who will throw a small stone into the greenhouse and will ruin everything.

Let's consider the second option.

Glass

The classic type of shelter for greenhouses, and most summer residents use old windows for greenhouses after dismantling on those that are made of metal-plastic. That's right, but the point is to throw out what can be useful and serve for years?

Pros:

  • Fire safety at high temperatures - when the greenhouse is warmed up (with electrical appliances or a stove) in the cool season, the glass will not emit dangerous and toxic fumes. In addition, there is no danger of material ignition compared to the same film.
  • Easy to maintain - cleaning the glass requires water and a rag, and the process will be more difficult than simply cleaning windows.

  • Natural and environmentally friendly.

Cons :

  • Drawings of a wooden greenhouse, advantages and disadvantages Need more light - on hot summer days, glass is able to let in too much light from the Sun. Naturally, if you give the plant more heat or light than needed, then the plants can simply burn out.
  • The fragility of the material - sometimes, the usual installation of glass can turn into horror, familiar? It is required to have glass in stock, and preferably a few for repair work or replacement. Remember that glass is the most fragile material in greenhouses.

  • Glass is heavy - in comparison with polycarbonate, and even more so with plastic wrap, glass is the heaviest. In connection with this factor, it is required to take into account the frame and, if necessary, the base.
  • Thermal conductivity - despite this word, there will be no heat in the cold season, on the contrary, everything will cool down. Heating a glass greenhouse requires much more fuel.

And now let's consider the third option.

Polycarbonate

For wooden single-slope greenhouses, such a popular and modern material as polycarbonate is used. Greenhouses from it do not need off-season repair work in comparison with other materials (film). The greenhouse from it will turn out to be well-lit, warm, and this is what is required for plants.

Pros :

  • Immunity to temperature, mechanical and chemical influences - the material is suitable for almost all temperature conditions, and greenhouses made of polycarbonate sheets will turn out to be very warm, which will greatly save money for heating.
  • Ease of use - the material can be cut into different shapes, stripes and circles, which cannot be done with the same glass.

  • Non-flammability - the polymer will not ignite when in contact with fire, does not crack or drip like simple plastics.
  • Long service life - about 3 years for film, and glass - up to the first pebble from a neighbor's boy. The service life of polycarbonate is approximately 20 years.
  • Thermal insulation and light transmittance - both in summer and in winter, plants will feel comfortable due to the warm microclimate and light.
  • Easy to install - the material is much easier to work with than glass.

    It is easy to cut, screw it, anyone can do it and no need to call specialists. The simplest skills of working with a hacksaw, screwdriver and hammer make it possible to make excellent greenhouses.

  • The material is UV protected - your crop will thank you.

Cons :

As such, there are no cons. You can mention the purchase costs, but is there something free? Great materials always come with a price tag.

Conclusion

Film greenhouses can be made if you need a temporary or small greenhouse. It is not recommended to use the film on large greenhouses that will stand for many years in a row. Glass can be used if you have a lot of it and you don't need it. You can build a decent greenhouse. Polycarbonate is the best option for large greenhouses and is 100% worth the money.

Plants with it will feel comfortable and good.

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