Drawings of stairs to the cellar and basement

Drawings of stairs to the cellar and basement DIY metal stairs to the basement (cellar) + drawings

An important attribute of any cellar or basement there was a staircase. Without it, getting inside is almost impossible. If we talk about making a staircase to the basement with your own hands according to a drawing, then it is important to take into account the nuances and rules.

A person descends into the basement or cellar, and the descent sometimes reaches up to several meters, which means that the staircase should turn out to be safe and convenient for every tenant of the house. How to actually implement the idea? What is the optimal layout of the structure?

Is there a difference between basement and cellar stairs? The answers to such questions require consideration.

Types of stairs

There are two types of stairs that a person uses

They are needed for the same tasks, but completely different in design. What are they?

  • An ordinary staircase to the basement, of an additional type. It is quite simple and easy to make. Of the materials for creation, wood or metal is used.
  • Marching staircase - such structures are found in entrances, and it is recommended to purchase a finished product when creating a basement or cellar.

    It can be made of concrete, wood or metal.

The construction of the latter is more complicated, but it is much safer than a ladder. Which type is better, each person chooses for himself. Everything will depend on skills, funds, free time and desire.

Materials of manufacture

Before starting the process of creating a staircase with your own hands, you need to choose the right materials for the structure.

We invite you to find out about the features of each of the available materials:

  1. Drawings of stairs to the cellar and basement Wood is an excellent building material, and no complex skills and tools are required to process it. The material is cheap and easy to get in Russia. True, the cellar has certain temperature features, it is cold and damp. For this reason, the wood will need to be protected from moisture and decay, which will help with special antiseptic impregnations - so moss, lichens and insects will not accumulate on the stairs. After application, a film appears that protects the material.

    It is extremely necessary to process the ends and jibs. Such actions will help to increase the life of a wooden staircase.

  2. Metal - it is much stronger, more durable. But for its safety, protection is also needed, and although the material does not rot, it can become covered with rust, which can "eat" it. In addition, it will take a lot of effort to make the staircase to the basement made of metal by hand.

    Here it is important to connect the elements together, and it will not work to do this with screws or nails. This requires a welding machine and experience with it.

    Only in this way the structure will be durable and reliable.If old metal is used for work, then it is required to clean it in advance, remove traces of corrosion with an abrasive, and after manufacturing the staircase should be covered with anti-corrosion compounds. Alternatively, apply at least 3 coats of enamel or oil-based paint.

  3. Concrete is the heaviest and most durable material. The manufacture of such a staircase to the basement is the most labor-intensive, and the cost will be much more than the first two options. Even concrete needs to be protected, and for this it is covered in several layers of paint. Someone even finishes the surface with ceramic or paving slabs. Such a staircase will be more expensive, but it will be comfortable, beautiful and very reliable.

Please note that you cannot paint a staircase that has been filled with concrete only recently. The concrete should dry out within 30 days, and only after that you can start painting.

Ladder requirements and configuration

If you do everything wrong, then there is a great risk of falling and even injuring yourself. To prevent this from happening, we propose to consider certain design parameters:

  • Step height.
  • Width of steps.

  • Bias.
  • Lumen.
  • Width.

Equip yourself with a drawing of the staircase for the cellar. The first parameter will be width.

Naturally, we will not go to the basement or cellar empty-handed, often we need to bring cans or a bucket. This means that the width of the stairs should also make it possible to pass comfortably, keeping everything in hand. The ideal range is between 0.7 and 0.9 meters.

Everything will depend on the existing layout.

If space permits, then the march can be made a little wider. As for the staircase clearance in the finished basement, it is important to calculate it from the bottom step to the floor stick. When arranging a basement with a staircase, it is recommended to make a clearance of at least 1.9 meters.

The following principle works here - the higher the ceiling level, the more comfortable it is to be and go down. This way you will definitely not bang your head against the ceiling.

For ease of movement, an inclination of the product is required. Depending on the type of stairs for the basement, it can be from 22 to 75 degrees. Moreover, the smaller it is, the more area the staircase will take.

The attached structures are distinguished by a steep slope, and the marching ones are lower and more comfortable. There is a schematic image in the photo, which makes it clear which bias should be done. The ideal width for walking comfort is 0.25-0. 3 meters.

If you make the width larger, then it will be inconvenient to rise, especially for people with small stature. If smaller, descending and ascending will become hazardous to human health. Only the height of the steps remains. The recommended range is 0.12 to 0.

22 meters, no longer needed. Following these recommendations, the staircase to the basement from the house will be made correctly, and the structure will be safe and comfortable.

Ladder

Drawings of stairs to the cellar and basement This design is the simplest option.For you, we have prepared 4 types of products that even beginners can make. The first couple of models are a kind of wooden stairs for the cellar, and the second two are metal.

Wooden structure

Such a staircase will have the following configuration - length 2. 4 meters, march width 0.6 meters, and the step is only 0.3 meters. To bring the idea to life you will need:

  • A pair of boards as supports, size 0.

    1 * 0. 15 * 2. 4 meters.

  • Wooden boards (7 pieces) with a size of 0.05 * 0.

    1 * 0. 8 meters, which will play the role of steps.

  • Wood screws 0.5 * 10 cm (28 pieces).

Of the tools you will need a construction tape measure, a screwdriver, a hacksaw for wood, an abrasive, and impregnation.

How to make a ladder with your own hands?

Consider the algorithm of actions:

  1. Put two support boards on the table, and this will require a perfectly flat horizontal surface. From the edge of the board, measure and mark with a pencil or marker the places for fixing future steps. The fixing step according to the plan is 0.3 measure, and insert the starting cross-board from above. Careful alignment of the end connection is required.

  2. Fixing is done with a pair of screws for each stringer. As a result, it will take 4 screws to fix each step.
  3. When the first stage is fixed, start the second, etc.

So, everything is ready, you can put it in place and, if necessary, fix it.

Concrete staircase

It is considered an ideal option, because such a structure is durable, does not rust or decay, will not sag and creak, and safety is higher.

True, you will have to pay a lot for this, and also put a lot of effort into manufacturing. This is the creation of formwork, reinforcement, pouring with concrete, and after finishing (painting or laying tiles).

Conclusion

Assessing the whole situation, skills and strengths, you can choose a drawing of a staircase to the basement or cellar that suits you perfectly. Each of the types of stairs has certain advantages and disadvantages, for example, additional structures for the basement can be moved if necessary. Also, their production takes only a few hours, and the cost is low.

Disadvantage - there is no walking comfort and safety. In this regard, marching stairs are much better, but implementation requires a lot of resources, including financial ones. Visual videos will help you navigate when creating a staircase for a cellar.

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