Drawings, types, norms and rules - Step by step - Overview + Video

Drawings, types, norms and rules - Step by step - Overview + Video Recently, people often began to buy suburban areas to build a cozy house, a bathhouse on them. All this people do to come there on weekends or on vacation. As a rule, the first building after purchasing the site is a toilet. We can somehow manage without a house, a bath and a shower, but without such a building as a toilet there is no.

In most cases, the village toilet is the first experience in construction.

It is good that a village toilet is not a complex structure and a person, even without experience in construction, will be able to cope. Although a rustic toilet is not considered a complex building, there are some nuances that must be taken into account.

Drawings, types, norms and rules - Step by step - Overview + Video Construction of the village toilet

So how to build a village toilet:

  • You need to choose the type of toilet;
  • You need to determine where the latrine will be located;
  • It is necessary to determine the dimensions and select materials for construction;
  • Start construction.

And now we will analyze each stage in more detail.

Type of village toilet

Before starting the construction of a toilet, you need to decide on its type.

And we are not talking about the house itself, but about its internal structure.

There are several types of village toilets.

Drawings, types, norms and rules - Step by step - Overview + Video So, according to the type of device, they can be divided into groups:

  1. With a cesspool device ;
  2. Without a cesspool.

In the event that the groundwater level in your area is higher than three and a half meters, then your choice is limited to the device of a toilet without a cesspool . Such restrictions apply to places where there are natural fractures or shale soil.

On soils with deep groundwater, it is possible to install a booth of any design.

Consider the option of a village toilet with a cesspool.

With cesspool

Drawings, types, norms and rules - Step by step - Overview + Video If you selected toilet with cesspool , it must be borne in mind that the depth of the pit should be one meter less than the groundwater level.

The volume of the pit depends on the number of people and the frequency of visits. For example, if your family consists of 2 or 3 people, then a hole with a volume of one and a half cubic meters will be enough for you.

If you want to equip a toilet in the country, then the volume of the cesspool can be made smaller.

Drawings, types, norms and rules - Step by step - Overview + Video The shape of the container can be any, but most often it is made square, in rare cases round.

The walls of the container can be lined with bricks, concrete, rubble masonry, wood, which has been treated with resin.

The container is also made of concrete rings, but in this case, the bottom and joints must be sealed with special compounds so that there are no leaks.

Drawings, types, norms and rules - Step by step - Overview + Video A cesspool must be equipped with a ventilation system.

That is, a large-diameter pipe is installed in the pit, the second end of the pipe (it should be 50-70 cm above the roof of the toilet).

The ventilation window is also made in the toilet itself, it can be located above the door or one of the side walls.

If the pit is filled by more than two-thirds of its volume, then the contents are pumped out using a special technique.

At the planning stage of the toilet, it is necessary to take into account the fact that the cesspool must be accessible by a sewer truck.

There are two types of drainage pit arrangement these are:

Drawings, types, norms and rules - Step by step - Overview + Video Normal.

The pit is located directly under the house;

Backlash is a closet. The pit is off to the side. With this option, you can place the toilet in the house (make a warm country toilet), and all the sewage will drain through pipes (which are laid under a slope), then falling into the container.

Drawings, types, norms and rules - Step by step - Overview + Video The backlash-closet device is suitable for a house in which people live permanently, but for giving this option will be too expensive ..

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When installing a backlash closet, it will be necessary to equip full ventilation, provide a water supply for flushing, and drain pipes must be laid lower than the ground freezes. And the cesspool is lowered lower, because the drain pipes must have a certain slope (2-3 meters).

Without a cesspool

A toilet without a cesspool is built faster, since in them all waste accumulates in an airtight container (it is placed right under the toilet seat) The difference is how waste is processed and odors are neutralized.

There are the following types of : Drawings, types, norms and rules - Step by step - Overview + Video

  • Powders - closet .

In this case, a container with peat, sawdust, ash, earth or a mixture of the above components is placed in the booth.

This name arose because the waste is, as it were, powdered with the above powders.

  • Drawings, types, norms and rules - Step by step - Overview + Video Peat toilet.

A kind of powder is a closet; crushed peat is used for sprinkling waste.

These types of toilets are also manufactured on an industrial scale.

Industrial peat toilets are similar to toilets with a cistern, but the cistern is filled not with water, but with peat chips.

  • Drawings, types, norms and rules - Step by step - Overview + Video Dry closet.

In such a toilet, waste is drained into a container in which a solution containing microorganisms is poured. These organisms are involved in waste processing.

Such booths are often installed in public places.

Dry closets are sold together with plastic booths, as well as separately (toilet bowl with a capacity)

  • Drawings, types, norms and rules - Step by step - Overview + Video Chemical toilet.

This type of toilet is very similar to a dry closet, but chemicals are used to process waste. Such substances are available in the form of tablets or powders. Waste processed with chemicals cannot be used as fertilizer. Waste from such a toilet can only be drained into the sewer and do this periodically.

The positive qualities of pitless toilets are obvious:

  1. Drawings, types, norms and rules - Step by step - Overview + Video No need to dig a hole and seal it;
  2. There is no need to order a sewer truck and organize an entrance to the pit;
  3. Very quickly built;
  4. Waste processed by microorganisms can be used as fertilizers;
  5. Waste powder - closet can be used as fertilizer.

Such toilets also have negative qualities:

  1. Industrial toilets are not cheap;
  2. There is a need to change the tank;
  3. Monitor the availability of waste neutralization products.

Installation standards

Restrictions mostly apply to pit latrines.

These standards are necessary in order to limit possible contamination . And so the norms are as follows:

  1. Drawings, types, norms and rules - Step by step - Overview + Video The toilet must be before the source of water (river, well, lake or well) at a distance of at least 25 m;
  2. The toilet must be located at least twelve meters from the basement or cellar;
  3. At least eight meters, from any inhabited buildings;
  4. Not less than four meters from buildings where animals are kept;
  5. Trees should be at a distance of four meters, and bushes should be at a distance of one meter.

And so on the site plan it is necessary to choose a place that will satisfy all the requirements.

Norms required for all types of toilets :

  1. Drawings, types, norms and rules - Step by step - Overview + Video Before the border of the site, the distance should be at least a meter;
  2. The doors of the toilet should not open towards the area located next door;
  3. It is necessary to take into account the direction of the wind when choosing the location of the toilet.
  4. When choosing a place where a toilet will be located, you need to pay attention not only to your own buildings, but also to those of your neighbors.
  5. In the event that you want to build a toilet with a cesspool, it will be necessary, among other requirements, to provide the entrance of a special car.

How to make a village toilet with your own hands?

You have already taken the initial steps, it was the choice of the type of toilet and its location.

The next step is to choose the size of the toilet. It will not be difficult to determine these parameters. We have already described how to determine the volume of the cesspool you need (for 2-3 people, the volume of the pit should be 1.5 cubic meters).

The size of the toilet house will depend only on your preferences and dimensions, future users.

Drawings, types, norms and rules - Step by step - Overview + Video

Drawings, types, norms and rules - Step by step - Overview + Video Most often, toilet houses are made of wood. But a house for a village toilet can be made of other suitable materials, for example, GVL, fiberboard, etc.

Usually, the roof of a village toilet is covered with slate. Such material is relatively inexpensive and lasts quite a long time.

But for the roof of the toilet, you can take another suitable material, since they attach the roof to a solid crate.

The final stage is the construction of the village toilet.

If you are going to make a toilet with a cesspool, then first of all they make a pit.

Consider how to make a cesspool.

Drawings, types, norms and rules - Step by step - Overview + Video First of all, a pit is dug in a suitable place, with dimensions 30-40 centimeters larger than the future drain pit.

Then clay is placed on the bottom and tamped.

Layers must be laid without voids, this is necessary so that sewage does not get into the soil.

Then the bottom and walls are laid out of brick, rubble or wood impregnated with resin. The most important factor is that the walls and bottom should not allow moisture to pass through, so the walls of the pit are plastered and coated with special waterproofing agents.

Drawings, types, norms and rules - Step by step - Overview + Video Soaked clay is laid between the walls of the drain pit and the ground.

Then an overlap is laid on top of the pit, made of boards.

Two holes are left in the ceiling, for the toilet seat and for the hatch.

The waste evacuation hatch is doubled so that unpleasant odors do not penetrate outside.

Drawings, types, norms and rules - Step by step - Overview + Video Then they install the ventilation pipe and only then build the toilet house.

You can buy houses for the toilet ready-made or build it from wood, making it a rectangular shape with a pitched roof, with your own hands.

Drawings, types, norms and rules - Step by step - Overview + Video If you do not want to strain with the waterproofing device, laying the walls and bottom, then you can easily install a plastic tank in the pit (septic tank).

Such tanks are produced in different volumes and designs.

Well, in this article we told you about how to build a village toilet on your site with your own hands. Good luck!


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