Recently, people often began to buy suburban areas to build a cozy house, a bathhouse on them. All this people do to come there on weekends or on vacation. As a rule, the first building after purchasing the site is a toilet. We can somehow manage without a house, a bath and a shower, but without such a building as a toilet there is no.
In most cases, the village toilet is the first experience in construction.
It is good that a village toilet is not a complex structure and a person, even without experience in construction, will be able to cope. Although a rustic toilet is not considered a complex building, there are some nuances that must be taken into account.
So how to build a village toilet:
And now we will analyze each stage in more detail.
Before starting the construction of a toilet, you need to decide on its type.
And we are not talking about the house itself, but about its internal structure.
There are several types of village toilets.
So, according to the type of device, they can be divided into groups:
In the event that the groundwater level in your area is higher than three and a half meters, then your choice is limited to the device of a toilet without a cesspool . Such restrictions apply to places where there are natural fractures or shale soil.
On soils with deep groundwater, it is possible to install a booth of any design.
Consider the option of a village toilet with a cesspool.
If you selected toilet with cesspool , it must be borne in mind that the depth of the pit should be one meter less than the groundwater level.
The volume of the pit depends on the number of people and the frequency of visits. For example, if your family consists of 2 or 3 people, then a hole with a volume of one and a half cubic meters will be enough for you.
If you want to equip a toilet in the country, then the volume of the cesspool can be made smaller.
The shape of the container can be any, but most often it is made square, in rare cases round.
The walls of the container can be lined with bricks, concrete, rubble masonry, wood, which has been treated with resin.
The container is also made of concrete rings, but in this case, the bottom and joints must be sealed with special compounds so that there are no leaks.
A cesspool must be equipped with a ventilation system.
That is, a large-diameter pipe is installed in the pit, the second end of the pipe (it should be 50-70 cm above the roof of the toilet).
The ventilation window is also made in the toilet itself, it can be located above the door or one of the side walls.
If the pit is filled by more than two-thirds of its volume, then the contents are pumped out using a special technique.
At the planning stage of the toilet, it is necessary to take into account the fact that the cesspool must be accessible by a sewer truck.
There are two types of drainage pit arrangement these are:
The pit is located directly under the house;
Backlash is a closet. The pit is off to the side. With this option, you can place the toilet in the house (make a warm country toilet), and all the sewage will drain through pipes (which are laid under a slope), then falling into the container.
The backlash-closet device is suitable for a house in which people live permanently, but for giving this option will be too expensive ..
When installing a backlash closet, it will be necessary to equip full ventilation, provide a water supply for flushing, and drain pipes must be laid lower than the ground freezes. And the cesspool is lowered lower, because the drain pipes must have a certain slope (2-3 meters).
A toilet without a cesspool is built faster, since in them all waste accumulates in an airtight container (it is placed right under the toilet seat) The difference is how waste is processed and odors are neutralized.
There are the following types of :
In this case, a container with peat, sawdust, ash, earth or a mixture of the above components is placed in the booth.
This name arose because the waste is, as it were, powdered with the above powders.
A kind of powder is a closet; crushed peat is used for sprinkling waste.
These types of toilets are also manufactured on an industrial scale.
Industrial peat toilets are similar to toilets with a cistern, but the cistern is filled not with water, but with peat chips.
In such a toilet, waste is drained into a container in which a solution containing microorganisms is poured. These organisms are involved in waste processing.
Such booths are often installed in public places.
Dry closets are sold together with plastic booths, as well as separately (toilet bowl with a capacity)
This type of toilet is very similar to a dry closet, but chemicals are used to process waste. Such substances are available in the form of tablets or powders. Waste processed with chemicals cannot be used as fertilizer. Waste from such a toilet can only be drained into the sewer and do this periodically.
The positive qualities of pitless toilets are obvious:
Such toilets also have negative qualities:
Restrictions mostly apply to pit latrines.
These standards are necessary in order to limit possible contamination . And so the norms are as follows:
And so on the site plan it is necessary to choose a place that will satisfy all the requirements.
Norms required for all types of toilets :
You have already taken the initial steps, it was the choice of the type of toilet and its location.
The next step is to choose the size of the toilet. It will not be difficult to determine these parameters. We have already described how to determine the volume of the cesspool you need (for 2-3 people, the volume of the pit should be 1.5 cubic meters).
The size of the toilet house will depend only on your preferences and dimensions, future users.
Most often, toilet houses are made of wood. But a house for a village toilet can be made of other suitable materials, for example, GVL, fiberboard, etc.
Usually, the roof of a village toilet is covered with slate. Such material is relatively inexpensive and lasts quite a long time.
But for the roof of the toilet, you can take another suitable material, since they attach the roof to a solid crate.
The final stage is the construction of the village toilet.
If you are going to make a toilet with a cesspool, then first of all they make a pit.
Consider how to make a cesspool.
First of all, a pit is dug in a suitable place, with dimensions 30-40 centimeters larger than the future drain pit.
Then clay is placed on the bottom and tamped.
Layers must be laid without voids, this is necessary so that sewage does not get into the soil.
Then the bottom and walls are laid out of brick, rubble or wood impregnated with resin. The most important factor is that the walls and bottom should not allow moisture to pass through, so the walls of the pit are plastered and coated with special waterproofing agents.
Soaked clay is laid between the walls of the drain pit and the ground.
Then an overlap is laid on top of the pit, made of boards.
Two holes are left in the ceiling, for the toilet seat and for the hatch.
The waste evacuation hatch is doubled so that unpleasant odors do not penetrate outside.
Then they install the ventilation pipe and only then build the toilet house.
You can buy houses for the toilet ready-made or build it from wood, making it a rectangular shape with a pitched roof, with your own hands.
If you do not want to strain with the waterproofing device, laying the walls and bottom, then you can easily install a plastic tank in the pit (septic tank).
Such tanks are produced in different volumes and designs.
Well, in this article we told you about how to build a village toilet on your site with your own hands. Good luck!
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