What to do at the dacha in the fall - the end of the season and 15 related affairs this
Dacha ... How much is there in this word - and the joy of the first berries, walking barefoot along the paths heated by the sun, rich harvest, quiet family evenings with the family in the gazebo and barbecue. But in order not to end up at the figurative "broken trough" in the next summer season, it is worthwhile to correctly finish the current, almost completed year.
This is the best time to complete all the work that will help you save your favorite suburban area, house and everything in it until spring. So, let's look at what to do in the country in the fall and how to prepare the site for winter.
Surely you have already begun to carry out the main part of the work, and we do not doubt your experience at all, but still it will not be superfluous to check everything again - what if something flew out of heads?
Preparing the lawn for wintering
So, it's worth starting with the largest area is a lawn. Make sure there is no debris on it, and if there is, you should definitely throw it away. A layer of fallen leaves or twigs will interfere with the natural process of photosynthesis, and can also become an excellent home for pests and pathogenic microscopic organisms.
In addition, the lawn should be mulched so that the previously sown grass is preserved and moisture evaporation is reduced. Also, do not forget about cutting the grass - a similar procedure should be carried out until the end of October in the middle lane.
In this case, be sure to take into account that the mowing height should be a couple of centimeters more than usual (i.e. if during the season you mowed the lawn up to 5 cm, then at the moment the height should be 6, or even 7 centimeters).
In the first half of October, do not forget to fertilize the lawn with phosphorus-potassium or a special autumn fertilizer for the lawn (everything should be done strictly according to the instructions). If pits and bald spots appear on the cover, be sure to patch them up, and this can be done if you add soil and sow seeds.
Conduct a well test at
General the well does not require special preparation of the well. But in the event that the water from the well has acquired an unpleasant aroma of hydrogen sulfide (it looks like the smell of rotten chicken eggs) or a cloudy sediment appears, you should definitely take measures to cleanse and disinfect. With small-sized wells (about two or three rings), you will probably cope on your own.
With the help of a pump or drainage pump, it is imperative to pump out water, go down into the well, and also clean the walls from dirt and silt.
Next, it remains to carry out a complete disinfection of the well. In order for the well to be disinfected, you can use special tablets, which are usually used to purify the water in the well.They must be dissolved in a bucket of water before use (use 1 tablet for 1 well ring), and then pour the mixture inside into a well filled with water, and leave it all for 8 hours. After that, the water should be pumped out again.
If you clean the well in the fall, you don't have to do it in the spring - the usual disinfection is enough, and in the spring you will have less work.
Conserve the septic tank
If you do not plan to use a septic tank in the country, it is imperative to conserve it. To do this, a couple of weeks before you plan to pump out all the liquid using a sewage machine, you should definitely clean the tank using special aerobic bacteria, they should simply be poured into the sewer. Next, you just have to pump out the silty masses from the septic tank and rinse all the equipment with a clean stream of water. For pumping out, it remains to call specialists on a sewer truck.
After carrying out all the procedures, the cleaned tank should be filled with water, since otherwise the septic tank may deform under the influence of low temperatures.
Preparing the water supply
The end of the summer cottage season is not always easy. The water supply system at the summer cottage is extremely vulnerable, and therefore it is worth thinking about its safety in advance. If you are not going to use it in the winter, you just have to drain the water from the pipes. To do this, you need to shut off the water supply and open the drain valve at the lower points so that the water flows out by gravity.
If for some reason there are no drain taps, then you should try using an automatic compressor. To blow through the pipes in the country house for the winter period, you should first close all the valves on the manifold and connect the compressor to the pipe.
Next, create a pressure that will correspond to 4 atmospheres and open one of the taps on the manifold - the water will definitely come out of the pipe under air pressure. Please note that this procedure must be repeated with each line. For the safety of the pipeline on the street area and in rooms that are not heated, the valves should be left slightly open, and the mixers should be dismantled.
Also, do not forget that you need to drain the water from the filters. If the pipes do not lie deep enough, then they should be insulated and for this purpose, over the place where they are located, lay sheets of expanded polystyrene / polystyrene foam and fix (dig in and press down with bricks).
Treatment of the cellar and basement from mold
The end of the summer season means that it is imperative to process the cellar and basement so that in winter there is no "mold kingdom" ...
The first step, even in dry weather, is to take out all the cans and other things, so that you can fully dry the room, and then treat the surface of the walls and other structures with antiseptic agents (this procedure should be repeated every few years).
An inexpensive tax in the form of a solution of copper sulfate (0.1 kg per 1 liter of water) can be used as an antiseptic. Fans of solving problems using exclusively radical methods advised to use a smoke sulfur bomb to treat the basement. To do this, seal all ventilation openings in an empty room in advance, cover all metal parts (if any) with polyethylene.
Next, check that there is no one left in the house (since you will have to spend the night in another place for a day), and set fire to the wick from the checker. Go out, close the door as tightly as possible, and after returning it is worth checking the entire room.
Protection of the house from rodents
Rats and mice in their summer cottage can spoil furniture and other property. To protect the country house from small rodents, it is recommended to use special repellents. Their advantage over standard mousetraps is that animals will not die - they will simply bypass your houses.
Agree that it is not pleasant enough if you come to the dacha after a long absence and find mouse corpses all over the site. Stocks of cereals, pasta and other potential rodent treats should be poured into sealed glass and metal jars in advance.
Preserving the toilet at the dacha in winter
It is extremely important to think about how the toilet at the dacha does not burst due to severe frosts. The case is similar to the one with pipes - you should drain the water from the tank and overflow (it will be much more convenient to immediately drain it). After that, plug the hole with an empty plastic bottle.
We do not recommend pouring non-freezing liquids into the toilet bowl, as this can damage the sewer system and its repair will cost you much more than replacing the toilet.
Preparing the refrigerator for winter
The rules for the end of the summer cottage season state that all electrical devices that will be left in the country for the winter should, above all, be carefully disconnect from the mains. Next, defrost the refrigerator completely and get rid of all excess moisture (it should flow out of the drain hole). To be on the safe side and everything was for sure, you should carefully turn the refrigerator upside down so that the remaining water has time to drain, and then the device should be returned to its original position. Leave the doors open to help prevent mold from forming in the refrigerator compartment.
Country washing machine - preparation
Believe me, no less care than a refrigerator, a washing machine left in the country house in the winter also requires. They should also be drained of all the water (turn over if necessary), dry, and then leave the door ajar and take out the powder receptacle so that it does not stink.Although these procedures are a little troublesome, they will make it possible to keep household appliances in excellent condition until next season.
TV and preparation for winter
If you are not one of those people who are afraid to leave a TV in a country house for the winter, then it is worth preparing it for that you will be gone for a long time. To do this, remove the batteries from the remote control (because they can start leaking), disconnect all cables from the device and pack the TV in dry material, such as cloth or paper.
Household items should not be left near heating devices. When you come to the dacha in the winter, you should not turn on the TV immediately to the outlet, as it will take a certain time to "warm up". If the warning is disregarded, otherwise, due to the formed condensation that has accumulated inside, a short circuit may even occur.
Dry and rinse everything
Yes, mold can appear not only in rooms. Houses that are not heated have a high level of humidity, so it is worthwhile to take care in advance to ventilate the rooms.
Blankets, pillows, bedding, tablecloths, curtains - all this should be washed, and then dried. When you put all the clean things in the closet, you should transfer them using silica gel (which is in bags), and an aromatic sachet (even lavender or juniper branches are perfect) so that the fabric does not start to rot. Before leaving for a city apartment, it is worth lubricating all the keyholes and hinges on the doors with oil so that in the spring time the doors will still open well.
Preparing firewood in advance
It is best to harvest firewood in early autumn or in the summer, so that they have time to dry properly before the start of the heating season. Chopped logs should be stored under a canopy.
Observations have shown that it takes about 4 hours to stack 5 to 7 cubic meters of firewood (assuming you don't work alone). Don't forget the stove / fireplace too! The chimney should be carefully inspected and cleaned with soot if required.
Cleaning of building materials and tools
Surely all summer residents have secluded corners in the yard, where all the pipes, beams, boards and other building materials that everyone is waiting for "their finest hour". So, the time has come to sort out your dear stocks. It is imperative to conduct an audit - maybe something should be thrown away? Rotting boards, cracked pipes are unlikely to be needed.
The remaining building materials should be removed under a canopy or even treated with an antiseptic impregnation and loosely covered with foil in such a way as to protect from rain. Garden tools should be removed to a utility room or shed. Finally, consider a couple more useful recommendations.
Preparing the house and protecting it
What else to do at the dacha in the fall? Unfortunately, the reality is that there are no fewer people who want to profit from someone else's expense. Summer cottages are still at risk when it comes to theft.
Unclean "comrades" are ready to steal not only valuable things, for example, home appliances, but in general everything that is bad. What to do in this case? It's simple - set up alarms, video surveillance, window bars, high fences and high-quality locks.
Exchange of contacts with neighbors
If you still have not had time to get to know your neighbors on the site, you should immediately fix it. This is required not only in order to successfully fit into the framework of social etiquette, but also for mutual assistance. It is worth exchanging phone numbers or other contact details with neighbors.
It is worth agreeing to contact each other if there are suspicions, if something is wrong in the neighboring area. In addition to all of the above, do not forget about the flower beds - you should dig everything up and store perennial flowers, cover the roses and other plants for which it is needed.
Posted By: Work Style |13, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |13, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |13, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |13, Nov 2020
Posted By: Work Style |06, Nov 2020