Entry to the site to a private house - do it yourself + Photo and Video

Entry to the site to a private house - do it yourself + Photo and Video Devices for entering the site through the ditch: creation, requirements, order of work. Check-in at the suburban area makes it possible for its full service. Without the correct arrangement of the entrance to the site, it will not be possible to carry out construction work, import firewood, fertilizers, and even more so, a personal car. Even on foot, it will be difficult to enter an entrance that is not properly equipped.

Quite often you have to make a lot of effort to ensure the desired entrance, but the problem can be solved with your own hands if you understand the specifics of the work.

Arrangement options

You can assume that the owners of a plot in the country are lucky if it is located on flat terrain and there are no problems with approaching it. In fact, such territories have incredible relief - hills, holes, ravines, which means that there are obstacles in front of the entrance that will make it difficult for a car to approach. Typically, a drainage system is laid along the main road to drain sediment and flood water, and along the face of the site there is a trench, which is the most popular obstacle to entering the site.

The entry device can have several options:

  1. Normal, level entrance. This is perhaps the rarest case when it is enough only to lay the cover and install the gate of the required width.

  2. Entrance with a drainage system. The rules for arranging summer cottages recommend laying a drainage system along the road, which makes it necessary to create an entrance above the drainage trench when using a pipe.
  3. Enter through the ditch. If there is a large and wide ditch in front of the place where the gate should be, then the following methods of entry are used - using pipes, using wood sleepers, or laying reinforced concrete slabs. Depending on the width of the ditch, measures should be taken to strengthen the walls and create a reliable overlap.

  4. Angle drive. In this case, certain security measures are required when entering a vehicle.

Each option has its own, special specifics, which must be taken into account in order to ensure the normal arrival of not only a personal car, but also special equipment - if construction is underway, then a truck, as well as a truck crane, fire truck, ambulance van, etc.

Selecting the coverage

The device for entering the section through the ditch is subject to the most intense wear, which is due to the high requirements for the coverage. The choice of material for arrival should be made taking into account whether you have a personal car, what vehicles can drive up to your house, and whether parking is required.

The coating must be durable, strong, resistant to climatic influences in different seasons, frost-resistant, resistant to prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays.

Coating at the entrance area is of two types - economical rigid and simple, or with a high level of strength. In the first case, it is a compacted and leveled soil with a fill layer, which has such drainage components - gravel, sand and crushed stone.

Hard coverage deserves a separate discussion, which has several types:

  1. Entry to the site to a private house - do it yourself + Photo and Video Monolithic concrete pavement, which is performed by filling with mortar. When performing technology, it has a high indicator of strength and reliability, and this more than compensates for the rather high price.

    The disadvantages include the constant formation of concrete dust, if cars often call in.

  2. Covering from concrete slabs. Unlike the first type, there are even joint seams that are capable of collapsing, and this, after a certain period of time, will lead to a violation of the evenness of the coating.
  3. Asphalt. Such material will be much cheaper than filling with cement, but it is very difficult to apply it accurately and accurately.

    To do this, you can use the services of an asphalt paver with your own equipment (roller), and then the asphalt surface will help ensure that all the necessary requirements are met.

  4. Paving slabs or stone blocks. This coating is quite durable and strong, has a beautiful appearance, and therefore will be in great harmony with the general appearance of the site. But the cost of paving stones is quite large, and it will take a lot of time and special skills to masonry, and if you do not have them, you will also have to spend money on paying the master's work.
  5. Wooden flooring.

    Wood does not have a long service life and is susceptible to decay, but its strength, cheapness and availability makes it a popular material when creating decking for covering ditches and trenches.

The choice of coverage material for entering the site will largely depend on the financial condition of the owner. If the owners are not too rich, then most often they make a sand layer, but the most popular is still pouring with concrete.

Regulatory requirements

In addition to the general convenience of residents and appearance, the device for entering the site must necessarily comply with SNiP standards, which help to ensure at least the minimum safety requirements and do not provide an opportunity to interfere with other people.

The following normalized parameters are distinguished:

  • Entry to the site to a private house - do it yourself + Photo and Video be not less than 400-450 cm.

  • In the place where the entrance is adjacent to the main road, there must be an extension of at least 800 cm, which ensures a turn with a radius of at least 500 cm.
  • When creating for drainage in the carriageway ditch, a pipe with a diameter of more than 0.3 meters and a length of more than 4.5 meters is used.
  • The slope of the pipe under the carriageway must necessarily coincide with the level of the roadway.

The owner of the plot must determine the entry devices himself, but at the same time, he must not in any way degrade the capacity of the road and not create a personal parking lot on it. In the case when the site is also part of a gardening partnership, then the creation of a check-in should also take into account the rules that are established in the partnership.

How to create a drive through a drainage ditch?

A drive to the site should not block the drainage system, which means that you simply cannot fill the ditch. It will be possible to save drainage by laying a pipe with a diameter of 0.3-0.

5 meters depending on the amount of water that is removed. You can use plastic, metal, reinforced concrete, and even asbestos-cement products.

Arrangement of the entrance to the site through the ditch is carried out in the following order:

  1. The soil should be removed from the bottom of the ditch over the entire width of the drive at a depth of 20 cm, and tamp the surface.
  2. Entry to the site to a private house - do it yourself + Photo and Video A cushion of crushed stone and sand should be poured into the deepened area, and its thickness should be from 30 to 40 cm with careful sealing.
  3. The pipe must be laid in such a way that it protrudes at least 0.

    5 meters on each side. For example, with an entrance width of 5 meters, the pipe length must be at least 6 meters. It is advisable to attach a mesh to the ends of the pipe in order to prevent excessive clogging.

  4. Pour a mixture of crushed stone and sand on top of the pipe. The thickness of the layer should be at least 30 cm, and then thoroughly tamp everything.

  5. The final stage of arranging the entrance through the drainage system will be the formation of the pavement.

The entrance to the site through a ditch of increased strength is performed using concrete walls. Such a construction can be done as follows:

  1. All actions before laying and laying are performed in the same way as in the method above.
  2. After the pipe has been laid, formwork should be installed on its two sides, the height of which will correspond to or slightly more than the height of the ditch.
  3. Reinforcement steel rods must be installed in the formwork, the diameter of which should be from 1.

    2 to 1. 4 cm.

  4. After that, the reinforcing walls are poured. The width of the concrete strip should be between 15 and 20 cm.
  5. When the concrete is completely solidified, the formwork is completely dismantled.

  6. On top of the pipe, fill the entire space with a mixture of crushed stone and sand between the concrete walls.

When creating these types of ramps, the pipe must be laid parallel to the bottom of the ditch, that is, with the same slope. After filling the pipe, water should never seep through the manufactured embankment.

How to make a check-in from sleepers?

If the ditch is wide enough before entering the site, then you will need to make a flooring - a bridge. One of the quickest and cheapest options would be to use wooden railroad ties.

The fact is that it is the sleepers that are impregnated with special anti-rotting compounds, which, moreover, give the wood resistance to moisture. We also note that they are not strong enough for the movement of loaded trucks. In addition, sleepers (especially those that were used) have a special smell that becomes stronger in the sun.

But the material is attracted by the cheapness and ease of installation, even with your own hands. It should be borne in mind that in the season, when the soil will be highly moistened, the sleepers may begin to diverge.

In order to avoid such cases, they need to be very well fastened together.

Overlapping with a reinforced concrete slab

The device of an entrance through a ditch with overlapping with a reinforced concrete slab is performed quickly, but requires high costs. But the strength of this overlap makes it possible to call in any type of transport. The main disadvantage is the large weight, which will require paying for the work of the crane operator. Also, problems sometimes arise if the walls of the ditch are weak and cannot support the mass of the slab.

The most common option is to install supporting concrete walls on both sides. This will require the installation of formwork, after which the steel reinforcement is laid and the concrete is poured. The gap between this type of support and the walls of the ditch should be covered with rubble and sand, and then compacted.

Entry device with a slope

Often, entering the site is complicated by the presence of a downward or upward slope. In this case, spontaneous movements of cars should be excluded and the adhesion of the wheels to the road surface should be increased.

The most common way to solve this problem is to use the ramp principle, the maximum slope of which is 24 degrees.

The ramp for the entrance is made in the following order:

  1. Cut off the ground from the surface with the formation of steps.
  2. On the sides, the entrance is limited by curbs (concrete walls). To do this, make a formwork, install a reinforcing mesh and pour concrete.
  3. Pour crushed stone between the curbs, and its layer thickness should be from 12 to 18 cm with the formation of the required slope and good compaction.

  4. Pour the surface of the driveway with concrete, the thickness should be at least 10 cm.

If possible, top-coat can be applied. The most attractive option is paving slabs.

The order of concreting work

One of the most reliable and simple ways to arrange an entrance is to pour concrete. Thus, you will make both the entrance and the parking / parking area.

When concreting , observe the following order :

  1. Remove soil to a depth of 20-30 cm, and tamp the bottom.
  2. Fill with a cushion of crushed stone and sand, its thickness should be 25 to 35 cm (after compaction).
  3. On top of the pillow, lay a ready-made steel reinforcing mesh or install a reinforcing layer of steel reinforcement with a diameter of at least 1 cm, laying in the form of a mesh and cells of not more than 25 cm.
  4. Make a mortar of cement, and its brand must be at least M300 (1 part), sand (3 parts) and crushed stone (4 parts).
  5. Pour the resulting concrete mortar with a thickness of at least 12-15 cm over the runway and compact thoroughly.

    The surface should be leveled and checked with a level.

On the surface of the concrete, in no case should there be depressions in which water will accumulate. It is advisable to make the entrance with a slight slope from the center line so that sedimentary moisture can drain.

Alternative

If you have big problems, you can choose alternative solutions. With a large slope angle, you will have to make an entrance along a curved trajectory, which will help to gradually reduce the magnitude of the difference.

If the area in front of the site does not allow you to do this, then you will have to make an elongated entrance, which will run parallel to the site, and there must be a turning area in front of the gate. Too large irregularities and ditches sometimes have to be bypassed if you make an entrance to the site from the rear of the site. On the front side, you will need to make a convenient and small bridges to install a wicket for those who have income to housing, but do not arrive.

( 2 marks, average 5 of 5 )

.