Devices for entering the site through the ditch: creation, requirements, order of work. Check-in at the suburban area makes it possible for its full service. Without the correct arrangement of the entrance to the site, it will not be possible to carry out construction work, import firewood, fertilizers, and even more so, a personal car. Even on foot, it will be difficult to enter an entrance that is not properly equipped.
Quite often you have to make a lot of effort to ensure the desired entrance, but the problem can be solved with your own hands if you understand the specifics of the work.
You can assume that the owners of a plot in the country are lucky if it is located on flat terrain and there are no problems with approaching it. In fact, such territories have incredible relief - hills, holes, ravines, which means that there are obstacles in front of the entrance that will make it difficult for a car to approach. Typically, a drainage system is laid along the main road to drain sediment and flood water, and along the face of the site there is a trench, which is the most popular obstacle to entering the site.
The entry device can have several options:
Each option has its own, special specifics, which must be taken into account in order to ensure the normal arrival of not only a personal car, but also special equipment - if construction is underway, then a truck, as well as a truck crane, fire truck, ambulance van, etc.
The device for entering the section through the ditch is subject to the most intense wear, which is due to the high requirements for the coverage. The choice of material for arrival should be made taking into account whether you have a personal car, what vehicles can drive up to your house, and whether parking is required.
The coating must be durable, strong, resistant to climatic influences in different seasons, frost-resistant, resistant to prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays.
Coating at the entrance area is of two types - economical rigid and simple, or with a high level of strength. In the first case, it is a compacted and leveled soil with a fill layer, which has such drainage components - gravel, sand and crushed stone.
Hard coverage deserves a separate discussion, which has several types:
The disadvantages include the constant formation of concrete dust, if cars often call in.
To do this, you can use the services of an asphalt paver with your own equipment (roller), and then the asphalt surface will help ensure that all the necessary requirements are met.
Wood does not have a long service life and is susceptible to decay, but its strength, cheapness and availability makes it a popular material when creating decking for covering ditches and trenches.
The choice of coverage material for entering the site will largely depend on the financial condition of the owner. If the owners are not too rich, then most often they make a sand layer, but the most popular is still pouring with concrete.
In addition to the general convenience of residents and appearance, the device for entering the site must necessarily comply with SNiP standards, which help to ensure at least the minimum safety requirements and do not provide an opportunity to interfere with other people.
The following normalized parameters are distinguished:
The owner of the plot must determine the entry devices himself, but at the same time, he must not in any way degrade the capacity of the road and not create a personal parking lot on it. In the case when the site is also part of a gardening partnership, then the creation of a check-in should also take into account the rules that are established in the partnership.
A drive to the site should not block the drainage system, which means that you simply cannot fill the ditch. It will be possible to save drainage by laying a pipe with a diameter of 0.3-0.
5 meters depending on the amount of water that is removed. You can use plastic, metal, reinforced concrete, and even asbestos-cement products.
Arrangement of the entrance to the site through the ditch is carried out in the following order:
5 meters on each side. For example, with an entrance width of 5 meters, the pipe length must be at least 6 meters. It is advisable to attach a mesh to the ends of the pipe in order to prevent excessive clogging.
The entrance to the site through a ditch of increased strength is performed using concrete walls. Such a construction can be done as follows:
2 to 1. 4 cm.
When creating these types of ramps, the pipe must be laid parallel to the bottom of the ditch, that is, with the same slope. After filling the pipe, water should never seep through the manufactured embankment.
If the ditch is wide enough before entering the site, then you will need to make a flooring - a bridge. One of the quickest and cheapest options would be to use wooden railroad ties.
The fact is that it is the sleepers that are impregnated with special anti-rotting compounds, which, moreover, give the wood resistance to moisture. We also note that they are not strong enough for the movement of loaded trucks. In addition, sleepers (especially those that were used) have a special smell that becomes stronger in the sun.
But the material is attracted by the cheapness and ease of installation, even with your own hands. It should be borne in mind that in the season, when the soil will be highly moistened, the sleepers may begin to diverge.
In order to avoid such cases, they need to be very well fastened together.
The device of an entrance through a ditch with overlapping with a reinforced concrete slab is performed quickly, but requires high costs. But the strength of this overlap makes it possible to call in any type of transport. The main disadvantage is the large weight, which will require paying for the work of the crane operator. Also, problems sometimes arise if the walls of the ditch are weak and cannot support the mass of the slab.
The most common option is to install supporting concrete walls on both sides. This will require the installation of formwork, after which the steel reinforcement is laid and the concrete is poured. The gap between this type of support and the walls of the ditch should be covered with rubble and sand, and then compacted.
Often, entering the site is complicated by the presence of a downward or upward slope. In this case, spontaneous movements of cars should be excluded and the adhesion of the wheels to the road surface should be increased.
The most common way to solve this problem is to use the ramp principle, the maximum slope of which is 24 degrees.
The ramp for the entrance is made in the following order:
If possible, top-coat can be applied. The most attractive option is paving slabs.
One of the most reliable and simple ways to arrange an entrance is to pour concrete. Thus, you will make both the entrance and the parking / parking area.
When concreting , observe the following order :
The surface should be leveled and checked with a level.
On the surface of the concrete, in no case should there be depressions in which water will accumulate. It is advisable to make the entrance with a slight slope from the center line so that sedimentary moisture can drain.
If you have big problems, you can choose alternative solutions. With a large slope angle, you will have to make an entrance along a curved trajectory, which will help to gradually reduce the magnitude of the difference.
If the area in front of the site does not allow you to do this, then you will have to make an elongated entrance, which will run parallel to the site, and there must be a turning area in front of the gate. Too large irregularities and ditches sometimes have to be bypassed if you make an entrance to the site from the rear of the site. On the front side, you will need to make a convenient and small bridges to install a wicket for those who have income to housing, but do not arrive.
( 2 marks, average 5 of 5 )
Posted By: Work Style |08, Nov 2020
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