Recently, facade panels with insulation, which simultaneously perform several functions, have become more and more popular: they provide a decorative beautiful appearance, insulate your home, and significantly save family budget funds. In terms of their structure, heat-insulating panels of two or three layers are approximately the same - mineral wool or foam is used as a heater, then there is a protective layer, and outside there is a layer of decor - under a stone, tile, brick.
All panels for the facade can be divided into 2 groups:
If you classify them according to their characteristics, you get a huge variety of panels for exterior decoration.
Table 1. General classification of facade panels.
|By format||Long planks, rectangles, narrow planks, square|
|In appearance||Imitation of texture of stone, wood, brick, painting, plaster|
|By thermal insulation||Thermal panels, sandwiches with built-in insulation, without insulation|
|By types of fastening||Slots, locks, no fixing|
|By materials||Metal, composite, plastics, wood, polymers|
Of course, consumers are much more likely to choose panels with insulation, because immediately with such a finish they seem to kill two birds with one stone - both insulate the home and give the house a beautiful look.
Much also depends on the climatic conditions of the region of residence. If it is warm there all year round, then insulation is not needed.
Easy to install and durable facade panels very economical in price. If we compare the finished slab with insulation in terms of cost, then it is less than installing all its components separately:
And here - all in one, and there is no need to build frames and grids - for installing tiles.
Everything is attached to resins and adhesives, which additionally creates an external seal to the coating. And yet - important for home owners who decided to decorate their building with facade panels - the stylish appearance of the building, which is sometimes indistinguishable from natural finishing materials: sandstone, marble, brick, granite and so on.
Clinker tiles are also becoming especially popular as a decorative layer. It completely imitates brick or natural stone, and in cost - several times less. Plus the installation of such solid slabs is a matter that everyone can do, for this you do not need to have special professional skills of a builder.
Moreover, the external facade sheet looks like one piece - without seams, gaps, transitions and displacements of the overall pattern.
Some craftsmen manage to stick the tiles on the foam panels on their own. But you should not do this, because this is a laborious process that does not save money, since today the market offers a huge variety of ready-made facade panels with insulation - at low prices. The so-called combiterm has spread, which is the most budgetary execution of facade panels.
To summarize the above, such panels have a lot of advantages over other finishing materials:
External panels for houses differ in variety:
So according to the materials from which the facade panels are created, they can be divided into main types:
Pay Attention! Experts do not recommend installing external wood cladding - it is always exposed to moisture, even if it is impregnated with sealed solutions. Also, plastic should be installed taking into account climatic conditions.If the temperature in winter is low, then such material is not frost-resistant and will deform.
All facade panels are outwardly practically indistinguishable from natural materials:
This is possible thanks to modern technologies for the production of panels that completely imitate natural Components.
Moreover, you can choose a panel of any shade, any stone - according to the texture and degree of processing, any type of wood. Externally, the finish can easily resemble raw sandstone or smooth treated marble or granite, as well as solid pine or oak.
By size, all slabs can be classified into types:
The latter includes sandwich panels, in which the cladding is located on both sides of the main insulation material.
But the disadvantage of such coatings is the need for additional external finishing, since the appearance is not very pleasing to the eye.
The range of sizes of these external heaters is also huge - from 4 cm thick to 12-15 cm.
According to rigidity, panels can be divided into the following types:
All these devices slightly increase the cost of the plates, but are a guarantee of durability - at least 50 years old.
There are practically no difficulties when decorating the house with these plates.
But for the external facade to serve for many decades - without repair and reconstruction, it is worth following the basic rules of finishing:
In any case, consultations with a specialist will not interfere , he will advise how to take into account when finishing the type of your soil on which the house stands, the foundation, the age of the house, the former exterior wall decoration, the places where pipes and drains exit, and so on.
Observing all these settings, you can achieve an excellent result in the external insulation of the house and get undoubted bonuses from this:
Of the minuses, experts note the frequent mixing of layers of two-layer slabs due to different density of the material, therefore when buying, make sure that all panels are homogeneous, otherwise you will have to perform additional work after installation - for example, grouting panels.
Clinker tiles are the most common decorative part with insulation among panels. Due to the variety of colors and imitations, it will fit into any interior of the house arrangement, it can be:
The name of the tile is due to the main external decorative element - clinker - clay tiles, with a complex manufacturing technology by firing at a temperature of over a thousand degrees. Then these heavy-duty slabs are completely embedded in polystyrene foam or polyurethane foam using a special technique. Experts have proven that it is almost impossible to tear off such a tile , this requires a jackhammer and a force of more than three hundred kilograms. Tile tearing is extremely rare, and this defect can be easily eliminated using polyurethane foam.
Most often, the main insulation in such plates is OSB - a multilayer material made of shavings and chips, this provides not only strength, but also additional stiffness to the insulation.
Also as a basis are:
Owners like this type of cladding also because the facade in the future does not require special maintenance - the appearance is always like new and just produced. In addition, this type of panel reliably protects the walls of the house from destruction and environmental influences.
As for the color, experts recommend placing blocks with darker shades of clinker tiles and with a larger pattern under the basement. This will give the building a special style and solidity.
Ease of installation of the panels is due to the flat surface of the walls outside the house. If they are deformed or uneven, then plastering and rubbing should be done first. After all, if the surface is flat, then the slabs can be applied without crates and frames - with glue and resins.
Step 1. Cooking tools: hacksaw or grinder, hammer, level, tape measure, screwdriver, marker.
Step 2. Align the walls - according to the level of the most convex place.
Step 3. If you want to create a ventilated space between the cladding and the wall, make a lathing - preferably from metal profiles ..
. We make markings before installing the battens with a step of 40 cm.
Step 4. We attach the corner elements or screw the self-tapping screws to the crate, the caps of which are subsequently covered with the corresponding color with mastic. We fix the plates from any corner from bottom to top.
Step 5. Distribute the glue evenly over the entire area of the slab, and make glue points in the center and in the corners. When fixing, we press for 10 seconds, then let it stand for 5 minutes.
Step 6. Constantly using a level we check the correctness of installation.
Step 7. Where they come out communicative pipes or there are window openings, we cut the slab to size using a grinder. The seams are wiped in dry warm weather.
Step 8. 24 hours after gluing the boards, they are additionally fastened with special dowels into the seams.
Step 9. Grouting is done by applying grouting mixture on the entire surface of the panels, after which, after about a day, wipe the decor with a sponge or also the entire surface. If you do not want to grout yourself, you can purchase more expensive slabs with ready-made grout from the manufacturer.
That's it - you got a beautiful facade of the house and excellent thermal insulation. Statistics prove that with the correct installation of the facade with panels with insulation, the owners of such a house subsequently save up to 35% of the cost of internal heating, and after 2 years energy-saving factors compensate for all the costs of purchase and installation this type of cladding.
Today it is easy to decorate your home with different stone-imitating panels - you just have to choose which one Preferred stone for you:
To do this, simply select slabs that maximally reproduce these types of stones. All of them must meet the criteria:
All the criteria are fully met by panels for a stone, made with decor from different materials:
These types of finishes are outwardly indistinguishable from cobblestone, flat, rocky, burnt stone. Modern technologies for the production of such panels help to reproduce natural natural stones - with maximum accuracy.
But the price is very different from the cost of natural representatives, although in terms of performance, the insulation panels are also at a height and are not inferior to natural materials. Even special basement slabs for stone have been developed, with a high level of strength, a darker and larger pattern. Most often they are made of metal, which allows you to protect the lower part of the walls from influences of any nature, including moisture and temperature, wind, ultraviolet radiation. In addition, such insulation, stone-imitating slabs give the overall facade an original, expensive look.
The market is rich in a variety of facade panels.
How to choose those that will last a long time and will not require overpayments. To do this, you must follow the usual rules:
Thermal panels for the facade
If you do everything correctly, then the facade panels with insulation will reciprocate you and will serve for many years without breakdowns and deformations. And your home will always look like it has just been built and will have its own style and originality.
If you are in doubt with the choice, read our article on the topic - Facing the facade of the house. Which material is better?
Indeed, in your work on the design of the facade, you can be guided by the mixing of styles, at the same time using, for example, plaster and panels, or natural stones at the bottom - panels at the top, and so on. There is a runaway for imagination and the embodiment of the most unusual desires for the look of the house. But it is important that in addition to appearance, with the help of this type of facade panels, you simultaneously insulate it, and also reduce the level of noise penetration into the house. All these factors will help to maintain home coziness, a comfortable stay in the home.
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