Facade primer - the best manufacturers + instructions

The quality of the facade finish most of all depends on the correct preparation of the base. Without this, even the most expensive paints and decorative plasters will not give the expected effect. Particularly noteworthy is the priming of the surface - an uncomplicated, but very crucial stage. What is a facade primer, how to choose it correctly, and what is it actually needed for?

Facade primer - the best manufacturers + instructions

Priming the facade

Why do you need a facade primer

Exterior walls are constantly exposed to various negative influences that lead to the destruction of materials. And this applies not only to plastered or painted surfaces, but also facades sheathed with plastic and metal.

The greatest problem is moisture: it soaks the plaster, penetrates into the pores of the walls, under the cladding, as a result of which the finish flakes off, corrosion and mold appear. It is the primer that provides the walls with reliable protection from moisture, forming a thin but very durable water-repellent layer. After impregnation with a primer, the surface does not absorb water even during periods of prolonged rains.

Facade primer - the best manufacturers + instructions

Priming walls

In addition to increasing water resistance, priming compounds also perform other functions:

  • provide stable adhesion between the base and the topcoat, allow for a more even distribution of the finishing material over the surface;
  • strengthen the bases prone to crumbling, by deep penetration and filling the pores;
  • reduce the consumption of decorative materials when finishing the facade ;
  • thanks to special additives, they provide additional protection against fire, corrosion of metal elements and the development of fungi.

Facade primer - the best manufacturers + instructions

Why priming the facade of the house at all

How to choose a primer

For the application of the primer to be as effective as possible, the composition should be correctly selected.

Manufacturers make priming mixtures taking into account the characteristics of those materials from which the walls of buildings are made - brick and concrete, metal, wood, OSB boards and other types of surfaces.

Concrete and brick are durable, do not have a tendency to shedding, and therefore do not need additional strengthening. At the same time, they have a smooth, dense surface, which prevents reliable adhesion between the base and the plaster layer. This means that when choosing a primer, preference should be given to hydrophobic compounds with increased adhesive properties.

Facade primer - the best manufacturers + instructions

For brick walls, use a hydrophobic compound

The metal walls of garages and other similar buildings are also very smooth, but at the same time they are subject to corrosion.

Here primers with anti-corrosion additives and quartz sand content, which give the surface a roughness for better adhesion to the topcoat, are optimal.

Facade primer - the best manufacturers + instructions

For metal surfaces it is important to choose an anti-corrosion primer

The walls of wooden houses are most susceptible to decay, cracking, and pests.In addition, wood is a combustible material and needs to be protected from fire. For such surfaces, you should choose formulations containing fire retardants, insecticidal additives and antiseptics. And the presence of resins in the composition ensures the bonding of wood fibers to each other, which, in turn, reduces the absorbent properties of the material.

Facade primer - the best manufacturers + instructions

Wood needs a primer with fire retardants

Facade primer - the best manufacturers + instructions

Special antiseptic primer

OSB, although it consists of 90% wood, has completely different characteristics. Synthetic resin and wax, which are impregnated with wood chips, protect the material from insects, fungi, and significantly reduce the ability to absorb moisture. And yet, here one cannot do without a primer, because paint and plaster mortar are poorly adhered to a waxed surface, and a small percentage of absorbency is enough to deform the slabs in direct contact with water. Acrylic primers with high adhesion properties are best suited for OSB.

Facade primer - the best manufacturers + instructions

OSB walls should be treated with acrylic primer

Plastered surfaces, as well as walls made of shell rock, foam blocks have a porous surface prone to crumbling .

.. Here reinforcing primers are needed, which impregnate the upper layers of the material, fill the pores and glue the particles together.

Facade primer - the best manufacturers + instructions

Treat porous materials with reinforcing primers

Most of the primers on the market are universal, therefore they can be used on various surfaces. It all depends on the composition of the components, and in order to navigate well in the assortment of primers, you need to study in more detail the characteristics of such compositions by type.

Prices for front primer

Front primer

Types of primers by composition

By composition, primers are divided into the following types:

  • acrylic - water-soluble mixtures on an acrylic base, deep penetration and universal use. They are distinguished by the absence of toxic components, fast drying and a small consumption rate. Most often used for interior work, but can also be used for external surfaces. Suitable for concrete, wood, OSB boards. Acrylic compounds with the addition of silicone have increased hydrophobic properties;

    Facade primer - the best manufacturers + instructions

    Deep penetration acrylic primer

  • alkyd - mixtures with polymer compounds, characterized by anti-corrosion properties, as well as a high degree of adhesion and impregnation.

    They form a strong water-repellent film on the surface, resistant to mechanical stress and temperature extremes. Ideal for wood and metal substrates, can be used for the treatment of concrete surfaces, not suitable for materials prone to crumbling.Due to its excellent compatibility with acrylic and alkyd paints, as well as with various types of tile adhesives, alkyd primer is excellent for treating the substrate for painting and tiling;

  • mineral - primers based on gypsum, cement, limestone. They are used for leveling surfaces for finishing coat, suitable for brick, concrete and pre-plastered walls. They have good adhesion, do not contain toxic additives, form a strong water-repellent coating;
  • polyurethane - two-component universal mixtures, characterized by a high degree of adhesion.

    They are used for all types of surfaces, they can be applied even on a damp base. They dry quickly, provide reliable and durable protection, and act as an excellent base for painting and cladding.

    Facade primer - the best manufacturers + instructions

    Facade primer

Information on the composition and scope of application must be indicated on the packaging, next to the application instructions, therefore Before you buy a primer, read everything carefully.

Calculation of the amount of primer

Before starting work, you should accurately calculate how much primer you will need to process the facade. This is not difficult at all.

Consumption most of all depends on two factors - the composition of the mixture and the base material.

On average, primer consumption rates are as follows:

  • alkyd - 120 g / m2;
  • acrylic - 150 g / m2;
  • mineral - 300 g / m2;

Facade primer - the best manufacturers + instructions

Consumption of a primer for the facade

Consumption of anti-corrosion primers when applied to a metal base is about 60-80 g / m2. More precise values ​​for each specific type are indicated by the manufacturer on the packaging. Next, you should take into account the quality of the surface that will be primed - the more porous the base, the greater the consumption. If the wall material is rather loose, porous and highly absorbent, the primer is applied in two or even three layers.

Additionally, take into account the operating conditions and the type of finish: one layer is enough for siding, facing with stone or porcelain stoneware, for painting or decorative plaster it is better to apply 2 layers, especially if the house is located in a damp area.

For calculations, you need to determine the total area of ​​the facade, multiply it by the consumption rate for 1 m2 and the number of layers. For example, the area of ​​the facade is 75 m2, the base material is cement-sand plaster, it is planned to prime it in 2 layers with an acrylic compound. We carry out calculations:

75 m2 x 0.15 kg x 2 = 22.

5 kg

Depending on the volume received, select the optimal packing so that you do not overpay too, and a small supply of material remained. For example, FARBITEX acrylic primer is packaged in containers of 3, 5 and 10 kg, so in our case it is best to purchase 2 containers of 10 kg and 1 three-kilogram container.

Facade primer - the best manufacturers + instructions

Deep penetration acrylic primer

Comparative table of facade primers from different manufacturers

Name Brief characteristics Average market value

Facade primer - the best manufacturers + instructions

Deep penetration soil BOLARS

Transparent composition on an acrylic base, intended for bases with a high degree of water absorption - brickwork, concrete, aerated concrete blocks. Average consumption is 80 g / m2, drying time is 60 minutes. Packaged in cans of 1 kg, cans of 10, 5 and 3.

5 kg, tanks of 30 and 40 kg

520 rubles. / 10 kg

Facade primer - the best manufacturers + instructions

Primer CERESIT CT 16

Acrylic compound for for the preparation of concrete, cement-sand, brick surfaces, as well as chipboards for decorative plastering and painting. Consumption is 200-500 g / m2, drying period 3-6 hours. Packing 10 and 5 liters 1180 rubles. / 10 l

Facade primer - the best manufacturers + instructions

"Knauf" Betokontakt

Polymer-based composition containing quartz sand.

Differs in increased adhesive properties. Designed for the preparation of concrete substrates for plastering and painting. Consumption 350 g / m2, drying period 3-4 hours. Packaged in containers of 5 and 20 kg

518 rubles. / 5 kg

Facade primer - the best manufacturers + instructions

Knauf Tiefengrund

Universal composition for deep penetration.

Designed for all types of substrates for tiling, painting and decorative plaster. Consumption is 70-100 g / m2, drying time 30-50 minutes

720 rubles. / 10l

Facade primer - the best manufacturers + instructions

Belinka Base

Alkyd primer used for processing wooden facades. Contains antiseptics. Average consumption 100 ml / m2, drying time 10-12 hours.

Packaged in containers of 1, 2.5, 5 and 10 liters

2505 rubles. / 5l

Surface priming rules

Facade preparation

Despite the adhesive properties , primer mixtures do not fit well on surfaces covered with dust, soot from exhaust gases, oil stains. Detached and crumbling areas are also not subject to priming, since they will begin to crumble during the application of the composition. In addition, the primer does not mask irregularities and cracks, and therefore all defects will be visible under the finish.

The surface is prepared according to SNiP 3. 04. 01-87. To begin with, they clean the facade of old plaster or paint, and repair cracks, if any.

Facade primer - the best manufacturers + instructions

Removing the old plaster

The areas that are blackened from mold must be cleaned with a metal brush and treated with a chlorine-containing preparation (you can take the usual "whiteness") .

.. Remove oil stains with any solvent. Metal elements are also degreased and cleaned from corrosion.Small areas of rust can be sanded with coarse sandpaper, but if a large area is affected, it is better to use a metal brush or drill with a grinding attachment.

Finally, the base should be cleaned of dust in any convenient way.

Facade primer - the best manufacturers + instructions

Metal brush with scraper

Facade primer - the best manufacturers + instructions

Grinding attachment for drill

SNiP 03.04.01-87. Insulation and finishing coatings.

Download file

SNiP 3. 04. 01-87

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Electric drills

Dilution of the primer

Alkyd compounds are usually ready-to-use, and you do not need to dilute them, moreover, not every solvent is suitable for them. But acrylic-based primers can be diluted with plain water. When is this done?

If the primer is sold in a concentrated form, the instructions for use must indicate the proportions for diluting the solution with water.

They may differ from manufacturer to manufacturer, so carefully study the information on the packaging. It is impractical to apply undiluted composition, since this will significantly increase the cost of repairs.

Facade primer - the best manufacturers + instructions

Dilute the soil

Important! The diluted concentrate must be used in full on the same day, since its quality will noticeably deteriorate in a day. Such solutions cannot be stored, even in tightly closed containers. It is also not allowed to pour the remnants of the diluted primer into a container with a concentrate.

Experienced plasterers dilute the usual primer with water to save money when treating large facades. But only if the walls are concrete or brick, and the base is prepared for plastering or painting. Surfaces prone to shedding cannot be treated with diluted primer, especially for putty and decorative plaster, since a weak content of binders will cause the materials to peel off. When diluting, the mass fraction of water should not exceed 10% of the amount of soil.

Facade primer - the best manufacturers + instructions

Dilute two-component compositions according to the manufacturer's instructions

Application of primer to the surface

For For priming the facade, a roller with a telescopic handle and a medium-width paint brush are most often used, with which hard-to-reach areas are treated.

Additionally, you will need a wide plastic tray where the primer will be poured.

Facade primer - the best manufacturers + instructions

Telescopic rod

Facade primer - the best manufacturers + instructions

Roller with pallet

Step 1. Before use, the soil in the container is thoroughly mixed to distribute the components evenly. Pour a small amount into a plastic tray.

Facade primer - the best manufacturers + instructions

Stir the primer

Facade primer - the best manufacturers + instructions

Pour the primer into the tray

Step 2 .

The facade is processed in squares or in wide stripes, starting from the corner of the building.Take a roller, dip it in the solution, roll it out on a pallet for uniform impregnation and begin to prime the wall in a horizontal or vertical direction. It is necessary to apply the primer evenly so that there are no dry and semi-dry areas. At the same time, it is also not worth applying the solution too abundantly - the excess will drain to the ground, and you will only increase the material consumption.

Facade primer - the best manufacturers + instructions

Priming the facade

Step 3.

Areas around openings, in inner corners, at joints with protruding elements of the roof are primed with a paint brush. Splashes on glass or other elements that cannot be painted are immediately wiped off with a damp cloth, since it is more difficult to get rid of them after drying.

Facade primer - the best manufacturers + instructions

Primer application

Step 4. When finished, leave the surface to dry. Depending on the composition and air temperature, this will take from 2 to 6 hours for an acrylic primer, and about 10-12 hours for an alkyd one.

Facade primer - the best manufacturers + instructions

Primed wall

The second coat of primer is applied in the same way after the first is dry. The interval between priming the facade and finishing should not exceed 48 hours. When performing priming work, the air temperature should be in the range from +5 to +30 degrees, and the air humidity should not exceed 60%.

After completing priming, tools should be rinsed immediately with water. Dried soil splashes from the surface can be removed with a solvent or with vinegar essence.

To do this, you need to drip a little product onto the stain, wait a few minutes and wipe it off with a hard sponge.

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Pneumatic airbrushes, spray guns, texture guns

Video - Facade primer

Video - Tips for applying primer