Facing brick size: standard and euro formats

Brick is rightfully considered one of the best inventions of mankind - an artificial stone, which has long been used for the construction of houses. Previously, in order to give the facade a beautiful look, they used artistic masonry techniques. Today this process has been greatly simplified thanks to the production of stones with varying degrees of decorativeness. At the same time, the size of the facing brick, its strength and other characteristics meet all the requirements for the usual one, and it differs only in the best quality of the front surface, or the texture applied to it or a colored decorating layer.

Facing brick size: standard and euro formats
The size of the facing brick

Which bricks go to the facing

From the name of the brick it is quite clear that its purpose is to be able to beautifully decorate the exterior of a particular design.

Although today there are products so beautiful in design that at least put them on the shelf and admire them.

Facing brick size: standard and euro formats
Metallic version
Facing brick size: standard and euro formats
Colored engobe

They can be used not only for exterior facial work, but also for interior decoration. Moreover, today the presence of open masonry in the interior is in trend, and is the hallmark of many styles.

Facing brick size: standard and euro formats
Hand-molded clinker

Especially in such cases, antique clinker is in demand. From it, for example, you can erect a partition that will not need further decoration, lay out a fireplace wall or decorate an arch.

But still more often brick with a front quality or decorative coating is used for external work.

Facing brick size: standard and euro formats
Variant of interior wall decoration
Facing brick size: standard and euro formats
Column decoration
Facing brick size: standard and euro formats
Facing for a potbelly stove

Such aesthetic wealth, which was mentioned above, is mainly possessed by clay products, although other varieties of artificial stones (silicate, hyper-pressed) can also be used for facing work.

Their decorative effect consists either in the use of a pigment in molding, coloring the raw material in bulk, or in applying a relief on one spoon (sometimes a poke) by a mechanical method (rusty, chips, giving a curved shape). Most often they are used to decorate the upper part of the walls of low-rise buildings, to install fences, to build gazebos and other street structures.

Facing brick size: standard and euro formats
Dry pressed bricks
Facing brick size: standard and euro formats
Autoclave silicate stones
Facing brick size: standard and euro formats
Clinker for Bavarian masonry with the texture

But ceramics are suitable not only for the main external walls, but also for plinths - including for their construction, and not just the front design.

She has a much richer choice, since, in addition to the above-mentioned decor options, production technologies can provide for the use of colored clays, and their dyeing in bulk, and the application of textures.

Facing brick size: standard and euro formats
Surface texture
Facing brick size: standard and euro formats
Decorating with shotcrete
Facing brick size: standard and euro formats
Glaze

In this case, surface staining is usually carried out by applying engoba (a thin layer of liquid colored clay), or by glazing with firing. A brick subjected to the shotcrete procedure looks incredibly beautiful, when particles of mica or quartz are sprayed onto its surface under pressure. And what beautiful facades and interiors turn out at the same time!

Facing brick size: standard and euro formats
Everything is simple, no frills - the main thing is the beauty of the masonry
Facing brick size: standard and euro formats
Artistic masonry combined with an interesting texture of the brick itself
Facing brick size: standard and euro formats
Facade made of bricks with glaze
Facing brick size: standard and euro formats
Brick glaze in the interior

Prices for various types of facing bricks

Facing brick

Formatting bricks

In general, the formats for all types of artificial stones, regardless of the material of manufacture and purpose, have the same standard, and the size range may be limited or expand at the discretion of the manufacturer. Naturally, we are talking about Russian standards, since foreign manufacturers, whose products are also many in our market, are guided by the standards of their countries.

Therefore, let's first consider all the possible formats that are prescribed by Russian GOSTs.

Table 1. Brick formats according to GOST

Format name Dimension and application features

Facing brick size: standard and euro formats

1 NF

This is a basic size, single (1 NF), in which both ordinary and facial products are made. All other formats are tied to it.

Facing brick size: standard and euro formats

1.

4 NF

This option is called one and a half and denoted as 1.4 NF. With the same length and width, this brick is thickened and has a height of 88 mm instead of 65.

Facing brick size: standard and euro formats

2.1 NF

In this case, the increase is also applied a height that is already twice the corresponding size of a single format.

Therefore, this brick is called double.

Facing brick size: standard and euro formats

0.8 NF

Sizes are not indicated in this picture, but even visually it is visible that it has a lower height. For the 0.8 NF format, it is 55 mm, all other parameters are the same as for the above options.

Facing brick size: standard and euro formats

0.7 NF

Above were presented formats where variations only concerned the height of the brick. At 0.7 NF, it is standard, but the width is changed to the smaller side. Thus, with a standard length and height, such products have a width not 120, but 85 mm.

This makes it possible to reduce the thickness of the face layer of the masonry, and thereby reduce its weight.

Facing brick size: standard and euro formats

0.5 NF

Format 0.5 NF is longitudinal half a full-sized brick.This option is very convenient for continuous cladding (no ventilation gap), as well as great for interior work.

The table shows the main parameters of bricks produced according to Russian standards. If you notice, with variations in height and width, their length remains the same (250 mm). However, it is also envisaged to manufacture modular products with a length increased to 288 mm. The 1.3 NF format has also increased the width (138 mm) , the standard height is 65 mm.

There is a size option, designated 1.8 NF, in which the thickness is also increased (88 mm).

For imported bricks, for example, of German production, the main parameters in length are 240 mm , and in width 115 mm (in the EURO version 100 mm ). Available in four thicknesses: 52mm (DF); 65mm (RF); 71mm (NF) and 113mm (2DF) . The Belgian hand-molded clinker has the WFD format - with a thickness of 65 mm, has a length of 215 and a width of 100 mm.

Facing brick size: standard and euro formats
EURO format

So, choosing a brick for decorating a building - especially if it will participate in laying out the front mile , look carefully at the sizes, and select them so that it is convenient to work.

Note. During construction, the length of the walls is determined based on the size of the masonry material, taking into account the mortar joints.

Video - Formats of Russian bricks

Feasibility of brick cladding

Brick of face quality, and even more so with a decorative coating, is suitable for any work related to the construction or design of structures. In addition to the walls of houses, these can be outbuildings, fences, paving paths and terraces (only for clinker), gazebos and even flowerpots for plants.

Facing brick size: standard and euro formats
Facade with "Bavarian" cladding

Read more about the "Bavarian" masonry in a special article.

Facing brick size: standard and euro formats
Brick garage can be pretty too
Facing brick size: standard and euro formats
Clinker in pillar design and fence parapet
Facing brick size: standard and euro formats
The entire fence is built of facing bricks
Facing brick size: standard and euro formats
Summer kitchen
Facing brick size: standard and euro formats
Clinker in the courtyard landscape
Facing brick size: standard and euro formats
Brick bed
Facing brick size: standard and euro formats
Porch and walkways

Color and shape of facing bricks

If clay (without additional color decor) brick is used for facing work, its shades will vary from pale yellow to deep red. It depends on the type of clay used, which in nature is 6-7 shades due to the content of iron oxides.

Prices for various types of clay bricks

Clay bricks

Note! Of course, the cost of structures using front-quality bricks increases.But the difference is leveled by the fact that there is no need for plaster, and as a result, the need for its subsequent repair.

Facing brick size: standard and euro formats
Brick cladding of the facade of the house

Interesting cladding effects can be achieved using profiled (shaped) bricks. And if a few decades ago they were made by trimming a simple brick, now you can buy products of all kinds of shapes. They are used either for laying architectural elements of the facade, or for decorating stoves, columns or arches.

Facing brick size: standard and euro formats
Brick gusset
Facing brick size: standard and euro formats
Window frame
Facing brick size: standard and euro formats
Fence posts made of shaped bricks
Facing brick size: standard and euro formats
Semi-columns made of radial bricks

The figured framing of architectural elements of a building is the most expensive, since the price of such a brick is higher, and the qualifications of a bricklayer must be appropriate. Therefore, most homeowners make the decision to decorate the facade through texture and color.

We have already mentioned and even cited examples of the technologies used to achieve its diversity. However, design isn't always about choosing one color. The best aesthetic effect is obtained by combining several (usually no more than five) harmoniously combined shades. An example of such a selection is shown in the photo below.

Facing brick size: standard and euro formats
Combination of different shades of the same scale
Facing brick size: standard and euro formats
How to combine and alternate colors correctly
Facing brick size: standard and euro formats
Two-color masonry with a beautiful pattern

Shades can be varied both in the plexus of the entire masonry, and individual colors can be selected in a different color zones.

As a rule, these are openings and external corners of the house - as well as the basement, if it is also brick.

Glazed bricks are rarely used for full cladding, since it is very expensive, and the top layer is quite fragile, it can be damaged from impact. But its main properties are not inferior to clinker. More often, beautiful panels are created from it on the facade, or interiors are decorated.

Facing brick size: standard and euro formats
Beautiful ceramic facade with bricks with glaze

We have also mentioned hand-molded bricks.

The main manufacturer supplying the highest quality product is Belgium, but some Russian enterprises also make such bricks of good quality. It is used to style the building with an antique exterior, or to match the interior to a specific architectural style.

Facing brick size: standard and euro formats
The illusion of antiquity

This brick has a rough surface and deliberately uneven edges like on old crumbling masonry. It is this kind of brick that is also used for the restoration of the facades of old buildings, since the new one would look like something alien against the background of the old masonry.

Facing brick size: standard and euro formats
Several interesting options for facing masonry

But even from ordinary facing bricks that do not have surface decoration, you can make very beautiful masonry - due to various laying patterns that form an interesting pattern of seams.

And if you also combine colors and textures, you get an original and very aesthetic cladding.

Video - Facing brick. How to choose?

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