Cement particle board (DSP) is in all respects an advantageous material for facing the foundation of a house. They are inexpensive in price and allow you to give a plinth an aesthetically pleasing appearance in a short time.
DSP can be confidently considered a versatile finishing material, which has not lost its relevance for several decades. Among its advantages are multifunctionality, environmental friendliness, a fairly wide range of standard sizes and textures.
CSP facade board
To in order to eliminate the mistake when choosing a DSP, it is recommended that you familiarize yourself with the information about the characteristics of these materials.
Before buying, you must carefully study the product passport and check whether it meets the requirements of GOST. According to them, the composition of each cement-bonded particle board should be as follows:
The composition of the DSP
All these data must be present in the passport, to which the certificate is attached without fail. Another important point when choosing a DSP is information about the manufacturer.
Before purchasing a product, it is advisable to call the store and find out the products of which factories it offers. After that, find information about each manufacturer and, on its basis, make up your own opinion about their products.
RF Certificate of Conformity
CE Certificate of Conformity for DSP
State standardization has taken into account the slightest nuances of the production and use of chipboard panels. GOST even regulates the degree of surface roughness of DSP. According to its requirements, the product must meet the following parameters:
Thickness of CBPB boards
All CBPB manufacturers offer plates of standard sizes: 320x125 cm and 270x125 cm. At the same time, the thickness products can be different: from 1 to 4 cm. Deviations in terms of the length and width of the panels are allowed, but the total error should not exceed 3 mm.
One of the most important characteristics of cement-bonded particle boards is weight.
It plays a special role in installation. The weight depends on the thickness and dimensions of the slab, therefore, when choosing a DSP, it is recommended to focus on the table.
|Product size (length, width cm)||Panel thickness (mm)||Panel weight (kg)||Panel area (m2)|
|270x125||10|| 45. |
|270x125||16||72.1|| 3. |
|270x125||36||164|| 3. |
|320х125||16||85, 6|| 4. |
Cement -particle panels there are several types:
Products with a milled surface deserve special attention. This processing method ensures the aesthetic appeal of the panel by giving it a certain texture. Cement-particle boards with brick and stone cladding are very popular. They are able to provide the facade and foundation of the building with a presentable appearance. In addition to this advantage, milled (like all other types of DSP) panels have excellent heat and sound insulation characteristics.
DSP milled and painted
Ordinary cement-bonded particle board of unattractive gray color. Manufacturers are doing their best to correct this shortcoming. To give the product a spectacular look, they use priming and staining. Both of these methods of processing the surface of DSP provide the product with additional protection against moisture. Therefore, the painted board is not only more attractive in appearance, but also more durable.
Many manufacturers apply a double coat of paint, which makes the veneer the most durable.
In recent years, cement bonded particleboards with cork cover have become increasingly popular. This environmentally friendly material provides high-quality protection against the effects of electromagnetic radiation, therefore it is relevant for use in geopathogenic zones. The cork coating forms an effective textured surface on the cement-bonded particleboard, which can mask the joints between the panels during installation.
Cement particle boards with cork coating
For finishing the foundation of a house, panels with a milled surface, painted, with finishing are most often chosen from stone chips or cork spraying.
Decorative CBPB "Brick" yellow
Decorative CBPB " Brick "gray"
Decorative board DSP "Brick" red
Standard gray slabs are not used in facing buildings. These products are used in the construction of partitions, rough covering of ceilings and walls, the manufacture of sandwich panels.
Slabs with natural stone chips
Cement-bonded particle boards CBPB with decorative stone chips, color white birch
Types of colors of DSP boards
In order to properly prepare the cement particle board for installation, you need to familiarize yourself with the features of this material. CBPB consists of cement and wood fibers, therefore it has a relatively low impact resistance. Installation rules require careful handling of these plates.
DSPs are easy to cut. It is easy to drill holes of the required diameter and depth in them, including through holes. It is this work that will need to be done, preparing the panel for facing the foundation.
The need to drill holes is caused by the fact that the DSP will need to be fixed to the posts of the battens pre-installed on the base. In order to simplify this task, experts recommend drilling the required number of holes in advance.
DSP: we drill surfaces
In this work, the following rules are followed:
Pitch between the screws
If it is not possible to pre-drill holes in the chipboard, during installation for panel fasteners use exclusively self-tapping screws with a strong and thin point. The head of these fasteners must be equipped with special blades designed to form indentations and allow them to be countersunk.
How to fix the DSP
For fixing chipboards to metal or wooden racks of the crate, it is impossible to use self-tapping screws designed to work with drywall and gypsum plasterboard.
To drill holes in the DSP, they take drills for working with metal or with a victorious edge coating.
At the stage of preparing panels for installation, it may be necessary to cut them.For sawing, you can use a circular saw or grinder. A diamond-coated segment disc is mounted on the tool.
DSP: we cut the material
DSP: we grind the boards
Before starting sawing, you need to take into account that during this task will generate a large amount of cement dust.
Therefore, when working indoors, it is recommended to use a dust collector.
Cement-particle boards are fixed on a solid base: a wooden or metal frame. For its device, the following materials and tools will be required:
Step 1. Draw up a diagram of the frame, focusing on the dimensions of the cement particle board: the panels should be installed intact, without preliminary cutting.
Based on this rule, they find the optimal step between the posts of the crate (but the distance between the supports should not be more than 60 cm).
It is more difficult to "lengthen" (build up) a wooden beam , therefore the length of the upright bar should be equal to the height of the house
The wood for the sheathing must be thoroughly dried and treated with an antiseptic
Metal sheathing for siding
Step 2. Appropriate marks are made on the foundation wall with a marker.
Step 3. If you need to install hangers, mark the points of their attachment to the foundation.
If the base is flat and does not need insulation, wooden or metal racks of the crate are not attached to the hangers, but directly to the wall.
Rules for the installation of metal lathing
Marking and fixing the bars
The CD-profile is attached to the wall using an ES-clip
Step 4. If in the device frame, wooden blocks are used, they are pre-coated with a composition that protects the wood from the formation of rot, fungus and mold.
Installation of wooden lathing
Docking metal lathing at the corner of the building
Installation of battens around the window
Finishing the basement with cement-bonded particleboards is carried out according to the technology of the ventilated facade. When installing the battens, it is extremely important not to allow the racks to deviate from the vertical.
If this requirement is not met, the skew of the frame will entail bending and subsequent destruction of the chipboard panels when they are attached to the lathing posts.
All frame supports must be in the same plane. In order to fulfill this condition, first of all, corner posts are installed, between which the lace is pulled. It will serve as a guide for the correct installation of the intermediate supports of the battens.
Frame for basement siding
If the foundation is insulated, heat-insulating material (mineral wool blocks or sheets of foam plastic is laid in the space between the frame posts ).
Any of these heaters are attached to the wall of the base with dowels with wide caps (umbrellas).
Thermal insulation materials
Ventilated facade technology provides for a gap between the thermal insulator and cladding panels. In the case of cement-bonded particleboards, a gap of 0.8-10 mm will be sufficient. Therefore, when installing the insulation, it is pressed against the foundation wall so as to provide the required gap.
If the lathing consists of wooden blocks, the supports are waterproofed before cementing the DSP to them. For this purpose, each bar in the places of fixation with the panel is wrapped with roofing glassine with bitumen impregnation and the edges of this waterproofing sheet are fastened with a construction stapler.
DSP is installed on the crate not close to each other, but at a distance of 4-5 mm. First of all, whole panels are mounted, and secondly, cut side panels. The caps of self-tapping screws, recessed in the plates, are covered with plaster putty, to which a little PVA glue is added.
After this composition dries, the places where the putty is applied are sanded with fine sandpaper. At the final stage of installation, dust is removed from the cement-bonded particleboards with a damp cloth.
Diagram of the false base
Possible designs of edges and seams
DSP fastening with self-tapping screws
Decorative seam strips with stone chips
Assembled basement slabs
Completed finishing of the house with DSP slabs with stone chips
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