Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

Cement particle board (DSP) is in all respects an advantageous material for facing the foundation of a house. They are inexpensive in price and allow you to give a plinth an aesthetically pleasing appearance in a short time.

DSP can be confidently considered a versatile finishing material, which has not lost its relevance for several decades. Among its advantages are multifunctionality, environmental friendliness, a fairly wide range of standard sizes and textures.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

CSP facade board

Criteria for choosing cement-bonded particle boards

To in order to eliminate the mistake when choosing a DSP, it is recommended that you familiarize yourself with the information about the characteristics of these materials.

Before buying, you must carefully study the product passport and check whether it meets the requirements of GOST. According to them, the composition of each cement-bonded particle board should be as follows:

  • wood chips should be no more than 24% of the total weight of the product;
  • the composition should contain special impurities in the amount of 2 , 5%: aluminum sulfate and liquid glass;
  • the ratio of water and cement - 65% and 8.5%, respectively.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

The composition of the DSP

All these data must be present in the passport, to which the certificate is attached without fail. Another important point when choosing a DSP is information about the manufacturer.

Before purchasing a product, it is advisable to call the store and find out the products of which factories it offers. After that, find information about each manufacturer and, on its basis, make up your own opinion about their products.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

RF Certificate of Conformity

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

CE Certificate of Conformity for DSP

Standard sizes, characteristics and properties of DSP

State standardization has taken into account the slightest nuances of the production and use of chipboard panels. GOST even regulates the degree of surface roughness of DSP. According to its requirements, the product must meet the following parameters:

  • roughness no more than 80 microns;
  • humidity no more than 1300 kg / m3;
  • tensile strength within 0.

    4 MPa;

  • flexural strength depends on the thickness of the panel and ranges from 9-12 MPa.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

Thickness of CBPB boards

All CBPB manufacturers offer plates of standard sizes: 320x125 cm and 270x125 cm. At the same time, the thickness products can be different: from 1 to 4 cm. Deviations in terms of the length and width of the panels are allowed, but the total error should not exceed 3 mm.

One of the most important characteristics of cement-bonded particle boards is weight.

It plays a special role in installation. The weight depends on the thickness and dimensions of the slab, therefore, when choosing a DSP, it is recommended to focus on the table.

Product size (length, width cm) Panel thickness (mm) Panel weight (kg) Panel area (m2)
270х125 8 36.5 3.375
270x125 10 45.

5

3.375
270x125 12 54.7 3.375
270x125 16 72.1 3.

375

270x125 20 91.1 3.375
270x125 24 109.3 3.375
270x125 36 164 3.

375

320x125 8 43 4.0
320x125 10 54 4.0
320x125 12 64.8 4.0
320х125 16 85, 6 4.

0

320x125 20 108 4.0
320x125 24 128 4.0
320x125 36 194.7 4.0

Types of DSP

Cement -particle panels there are several types:

  • with a smooth rough surface:
  • with a milled surface;
  • with a painted surface;
  • with a cork spray;
  • with stone chips.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

Sheet DSP

Products with a milled surface deserve special attention. This processing method ensures the aesthetic appeal of the panel by giving it a certain texture. Cement-particle boards with brick and stone cladding are very popular. They are able to provide the facade and foundation of the building with a presentable appearance. In addition to this advantage, milled (like all other types of DSP) panels have excellent heat and sound insulation characteristics.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

DSP milled and painted

Ordinary cement-bonded particle board of unattractive gray color. Manufacturers are doing their best to correct this shortcoming. To give the product a spectacular look, they use priming and staining. Both of these methods of processing the surface of DSP provide the product with additional protection against moisture. Therefore, the painted board is not only more attractive in appearance, but also more durable.

Many manufacturers apply a double coat of paint, which makes the veneer the most durable.

In recent years, cement bonded particleboards with cork cover have become increasingly popular. This environmentally friendly material provides high-quality protection against the effects of electromagnetic radiation, therefore it is relevant for use in geopathogenic zones. The cork coating forms an effective textured surface on the cement-bonded particleboard, which can mask the joints between the panels during installation.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

Cement particle boards with cork coating

For finishing the foundation of a house, panels with a milled surface, painted, with finishing are most often chosen from stone chips or cork spraying.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

Decorative CBPB "Brick" yellow

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

Decorative CBPB " Brick "gray"

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

Decorative board DSP "Brick" red

Standard gray slabs are not used in facing buildings. These products are used in the construction of partitions, rough covering of ceilings and walls, the manufacture of sandwich panels.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

Slabs with natural stone chips

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

Cement-bonded particle boards CBPB with decorative stone chips, color white birch

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

Types of colors of DSP boards

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

Facade decoration

Prices for cement-bonded particleboards

Cement-particle panels

Preparing the cement particle board for installation

In order to properly prepare the cement particle board for installation, you need to familiarize yourself with the features of this material. CBPB consists of cement and wood fibers, therefore it has a relatively low impact resistance. Installation rules require careful handling of these plates.

DSPs are easy to cut. It is easy to drill holes of the required diameter and depth in them, including through holes. It is this work that will need to be done, preparing the panel for facing the foundation.

The need to drill holes is caused by the fact that the DSP will need to be fixed to the posts of the battens pre-installed on the base. In order to simplify this task, experts recommend drilling the required number of holes in advance.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

DSP: we drill surfaces

In this work, the following rules are followed:

  • for fixing the panel use screws or self-tapping screws with a countersunk head;
  • the optimal diameter of fasteners is 3-6 mm;
  • the section of the hole in the plate must correspond to 1.2 of the diameter of the screw used;
  • fasteners should be located at a distance of 2 cm from the edge of the panel;
  • the optimal pitch between the screws is 20 cm, but this figure can be adjusted depending on the lathing scheme;
  • the pitch between the screws should not exceed 40 cm .

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

Pitch between the screws

If it is not possible to pre-drill holes in the chipboard, during installation for panel fasteners use exclusively self-tapping screws with a strong and thin point. The head of these fasteners must be equipped with special blades designed to form indentations and allow them to be countersunk.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

How to fix the DSP

For fixing chipboards to metal or wooden racks of the crate, it is impossible to use self-tapping screws designed to work with drywall and gypsum plasterboard.

To drill holes in the DSP, they take drills for working with metal or with a victorious edge coating.

At the stage of preparing panels for installation, it may be necessary to cut them.For sawing, you can use a circular saw or grinder. A diamond-coated segment disc is mounted on the tool.

Prices for popular models of circular saws

Circular saws

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

DSP: we cut the material

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

DSP: we grind the boards

Before starting sawing, you need to take into account that during this task will generate a large amount of cement dust.

Therefore, when working indoors, it is recommended to use a dust collector.

The structure of the frame (lathing) for the installation of DSP

Cement-particle boards are fixed on a solid base: a wooden or metal frame. For its device, the following materials and tools will be required:

  • galvanized metal profile designed for working with drywall, or wooden blocks with a section of 40 / 40-50 / 50 mm;
  • metal perforated hangers;
  • self-tapping screws with anti-corrosion coating;
  • drill or hammer drill;
  • screwdriver;
  • tape measure;
  • marker.

Sequence of works when installing battens

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

Surface preparation

Step 1. Draw up a diagram of the frame, focusing on the dimensions of the cement particle board: the panels should be installed intact, without preliminary cutting.

Based on this rule, they find the optimal step between the posts of the crate (but the distance between the supports should not be more than 60 cm).

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

Sheathing scheme

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

It is more difficult to "lengthen" (build up) a wooden beam , therefore the length of the upright bar should be equal to the height of the house

Prices for various types of timber

Bar

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

The wood for the sheathing must be thoroughly dried and treated with an antiseptic

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

Metal sheathing for siding

Step 2. Appropriate marks are made on the foundation wall with a marker.

Step 3. If you need to install hangers, mark the points of their attachment to the foundation.

If the base is flat and does not need insulation, wooden or metal racks of the crate are not attached to the hangers, but directly to the wall.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

Rules for the installation of metal lathing

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

Marking and fixing the bars

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

The CD-profile is attached to the wall using an ES-clip

Step 4. If in the device frame, wooden blocks are used, they are pre-coated with a composition that protects the wood from the formation of rot, fungus and mold.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

Installation of wooden lathing

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

Docking metal lathing at the corner of the building

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

Installation of battens around the window

Technology of facing the foundation with DSP panels

Finishing the basement with cement-bonded particleboards is carried out according to the technology of the ventilated facade. When installing the battens, it is extremely important not to allow the racks to deviate from the vertical.

If this requirement is not met, the skew of the frame will entail bending and subsequent destruction of the chipboard panels when they are attached to the lathing posts.

All frame supports must be in the same plane. In order to fulfill this condition, first of all, corner posts are installed, between which the lace is pulled. It will serve as a guide for the correct installation of the intermediate supports of the battens.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

Frame for basement siding

If the foundation is insulated, heat-insulating material (mineral wool blocks or sheets of foam plastic is laid in the space between the frame posts ).

Any of these heaters are attached to the wall of the base with dowels with wide caps (umbrellas).

Prices for thermal insulation materials

Thermal insulation materials

Ventilated facade technology provides for a gap between the thermal insulator and cladding panels. In the case of cement-bonded particleboards, a gap of 0.8-10 mm will be sufficient. Therefore, when installing the insulation, it is pressed against the foundation wall so as to provide the required gap.

If the lathing consists of wooden blocks, the supports are waterproofed before cementing the DSP to them. For this purpose, each bar in the places of fixation with the panel is wrapped with roofing glassine with bitumen impregnation and the edges of this waterproofing sheet are fastened with a construction stapler.

DSP is installed on the crate not close to each other, but at a distance of 4-5 mm. First of all, whole panels are mounted, and secondly, cut side panels. The caps of self-tapping screws, recessed in the plates, are covered with plaster putty, to which a little PVA glue is added.

After this composition dries, the places where the putty is applied are sanded with fine sandpaper. At the final stage of installation, dust is removed from the cement-bonded particleboards with a damp cloth.

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

Diagram of the false base

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

Possible designs of edges and seams

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

DSP fastening with self-tapping screws

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

Decorative seam strips with stone chips

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

Assembled basement slabs

Finishing the foundation of the house with front panels on the DSP with your own hands!

Completed finishing of the house with DSP slabs with stone chips

Prices for popular models of electric drills

Electric drill

Video - Lathing of a wooden house under siding

Video - Installing a profile for siding

Video - How to install profiles by plumb

Video - Installation of facade panels

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